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1.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 15471, 2024 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38969697

RESUMO

This study examines the effect of phycoerythrin (PE) from a cyanobacterial Nostoc strain encapsulated with alginate as a potential prebiotic to produce synbiotic ice cream products with Lactobacillus casei. It was found that the addition of the encapsulated PE affected, mostly favourably, the physicochemical properties, antioxidant activity, probiotic survival, volatile compound contents, and sensory acceptability of the synbiotic ice cream samples before and after aging at the freezing periods of one day to eight weeks. Thus, it confirms the prebiotic potential of PE for synbiotic ice creams with L. casei.


Assuntos
Alginatos , Sorvetes , Lacticaseibacillus casei , Ficoeritrina , Simbióticos , Lacticaseibacillus casei/metabolismo , Sorvetes/microbiologia , Alginatos/química , Ficoeritrina/química , Simbióticos/administração & dosagem , Antioxidantes/química , Nostoc/metabolismo , Probióticos
2.
Braz J Microbiol ; 55(2): 1735-1744, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38727922

RESUMO

AIMS: To develop and characterize a functional lactose-free ice cream with added ginger and honey, evaluate the survival of Lacticaseibacillus casei CSL3 under frozen storage and the simulated gastrointestinal tract (GIT), as well as antioxidant activity and product acceptability. METHODS AND RESULTS: The survival of Lacticaseibacillus casei CSL3 was evaluated for 180 days, under frozen storage, and GIT at 60 days. At 15 days of storage, proximal composition, antioxidant activity, color, pH, acidity, fusion, density, overrun, and sensory analysis were performed. Ice cream was an effective food matrix for maintaining the viability of CSL3, with concentrations > 7 log CFU g- 1 during storage and GIT. In addition, the analysis showed overrun and prebiotic characteristics through high values of antioxidant activity and phenolic compounds, good acceptability, and purchase intention. CONCLUSIONS: The product has satisfactory market potential (acceptance rate of 95.19% and purchase intention rate > 96%), and it could become another means of inserting probiotics in food.


Assuntos
Mel , Sorvetes , Lacticaseibacillus casei , Probióticos , Zingiber officinale , Mel/análise , Zingiber officinale/química , Sorvetes/microbiologia , Sorvetes/análise , Lacticaseibacillus casei/química , Lacticaseibacillus casei/metabolismo , Probióticos/química , Humanos , Antioxidantes/química , Lactose/metabolismo , Trato Gastrointestinal/microbiologia , Armazenamento de Alimentos , Viabilidade Microbiana/efeitos dos fármacos
3.
Food Chem ; 454: 139839, 2024 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38810444

RESUMO

Probiotic lactic acid bacteria have been widely studied, but much less was focused on probiotic yeasts in food systems. In this study, probiotic Saccharomyces cerevisiae var. boulardii CNCM I-745 was employed to prepare ice cream added with and without inulin (1%, w/v). Metabolomics analysis on the effect of inulin showed 84 and 147 differentially expressed metabolites identified in the ice cream samples from day 1 and day 30 of storage (-18 °C), respectively. Various potential functional metabolites were found, including citric acid, ornithine, D-glucuronic acid, sennoside A, stachyose, maltotetraose, maltopentaose, maltohexaose, maltoheptaose, cis-aconitic acid, gamma-aminobutyric acid, L-threonine, L-glutamic acid, tryptophan, benzoic acid, and trehalose. Higher expression of these metabolites suggested their possible roles through relevant metabolic pathways in improving survivability of the probiotic yeast and functionality of ice cream. This study provides further understanding on the metabolic characteristics of probiotic yeast that potentially affect the functionality of ice cream.


Assuntos
Sorvetes , Inulina , Metabolômica , Prebióticos , Probióticos , Saccharomyces cerevisiae , Simbióticos , Inulina/metabolismo , Probióticos/metabolismo , Simbióticos/análise , Prebióticos/análise , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo , Sorvetes/análise , Sorvetes/microbiologia , Saccharomyces boulardii/metabolismo , Saccharomyces boulardii/química
4.
Med Sci (Basel) ; 12(2)2024 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38804378

RESUMO

Maintaining a healthy lifestyle can extend life expectancy and improve a person's health status. In addition to physical activity and bad habits related to smoking and alcohol, diet is also a determining factor. Following a healthy diet pattern over time and supporting a healthy body weight contributes to reducing the risk of developing more severe complications associated with very common diseases such as chronic kidney disease (CKD), diabetes, or cardiovascular diseases. The 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans promote the adoption of fat-free or low-fat diets and discourage the consumption of foods with added sugar and solid fats, such as ice creams and other frozen desserts. On the other hand, ice cream, from a nutritional and healthy point of view, can be considered a possible food choice, due to its greater palatability and high nutritional content, but its consumption must be scheduled in a balanced diet. In this retrospective study, 36 patients with chronic renal failure were enrolled. Two different diets were proposed (A and B). In Diet B, lemon sorbet was added twice a week as an alternative food to replace fruit or snacks making the diet more varied and palatable. Nutritional status and biohumoral, immunological, and blood parameters were evaluated after 6 months. A statistical analysis shows a significant inter-group difference in creatinine and azotemia between T0 and T1. Intra-group significant differences were found in lymphocytes (p = 0.005) and azotemia (p < 0.001) in Diet A, and in azotemia (p < 0.001) and transferrin (p < 0.001) in Diet B. The results indicated that ice cream represented a good alternative food in both groups of patients regarding nutritional values and patient satisfaction. Furthermore, the treatment with ice cream allowed for better control of azotemia, maintaining stable levels even in patients with advanced CKD. This study concludes that ice cream could exert beneficial effects in addition to CKD patients' dietary regimens.


Assuntos
Sorvetes , Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Humanos , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/dietoterapia , Feminino , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Idoso , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto , Estado Nutricional
5.
Food Chem ; 449: 139187, 2024 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38604029

RESUMO

Pickering emulsions stabilized by protein particles are of great interest for use in real food systems. This study was to investigate the properties of microgel particles prepared from different plant proteins, i.e., soybean protein isolate (SPI), pea protein isolate (PPI), mung bean protein isolate (MPI), chia seed protein isolate (CSPI), and chickpea protein isolate (CPI). MPI protein particles had most desirable Pickering emulsion forming ability. The particles of SPI and PPI had similar particle size (316.23 nm and 294.80 nm) and surface hydrophobicity (2238.40 and 2001.13) and emulsion forming ability, while the CSPI and CPI particle stabilized emulsions had the least desirable properties. The MPI and PPI particle stabilized Pickering emulsions produced better quality ice cream than the one produced by SPI particle-stabilized emulsions. These findings provide insight into the properties of Pickering emulsions stabilized by different plant protein particles and help expand their application in emulsions and ice cream.


Assuntos
Emulsões , Tamanho da Partícula , Proteínas de Plantas , Emulsões/química , Proteínas de Plantas/química , Microgéis/química , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Sorvetes/análise , Cicer/química , Vigna/química
6.
Acta Odontol Scand ; 83: 160-165, 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38628100

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aims were to explore the trend in basic oral treatment needs and total operating cost of public dental services (PDS) in relation to total excise tax revenue generated from sugary products during 2011-2020 and to evaluate the impact of tax policy in excise tax revenue of sugary products and average sugar consumption. METHODS: The study comprised longitudinal data retrieved from Finnish registries during the years 2011-2020. Basic oral treatment needs, and total operating cost of PDS, total excise tax revenue generated from sugary products and average sugar consumed (kg per capita) during the years 2011-2020 were obtained. Simplified panel analyses and sensitivity analyses were used to evaluate the effects of explanatory variables on outcomes.  Results: An approximate one EUR 1,000,000 increase in total excise tax revenue generated from sugary products corresponds to a 0.4% increase in total operating cost of PDS. There was a significant positive trend in total operating cost of PDS in Finland over the study period. Similarly, an approximate one EUR 1,000,000 rise in total excise tax revenue corresponds to a 0.2% increase in basic oral treatment needs. Additionally, there was a statistically significant difference in the average excise tax revenue for sugary products between the periods before and after 2017. CONCLUSION: No change in average sugar consumption was observed despite implementing the new sugar policy. Therefore, it may be worthwhile to reconsider the excise tax on sweets and ice cream as it will significantly increase the total national revenues.


Assuntos
Sorvetes , Bebidas Adoçadas com Açúcar , Humanos , Bebidas , Finlândia , Impostos , Açúcares da Dieta , Açúcares
7.
MMW Fortschr Med ; 166(7): 33, 2024 04.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38637384

Assuntos
Sorvetes , Rubus , Humanos
8.
J Texture Stud ; 55(2): e12825, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38453624

RESUMO

The number of consumers following plant-based diets has increased and in turn, the variety of plant-based foods available on the market has also increased. Many plant-based foods aim to mimic the functionality and sensory properties of conventional dairy products; however, they may not be suitable for specific populations. Dysphagia, for example, is a swallowing condition requiring texture-modified foods that meet specific criteria. While many conventional thickened products exist that are safe for individuals with dysphagia, the growing interest in plant-based eating alongside the increasing prevalence of dysphagia prompts a need for research on the use and safety of thickened plant-based alternatives. This study investigated the sensory properties of a thickened protein-enhanced ice cream (dairy and whey) compared to thickened protein-enhanced plant-based frozen desserts (cashew and pea, and coconut and pea). The formulations were evaluated using the International Dysphagia Diet Standardization (IDDSI) Spoon Tilt Test and a sensory trial (n = 104 participants, 47 flexitarians and 57 typical consumers) using static (hedonic scales and check-all-that-apply [CATA]), and dynamic (temporal check-all-that-apply (TCATA)) methods. The dairy and whey sample consistently passed the IDDSI test, while the plant-based samples did not. TCATA identified that the plant-based samples had an increased cohesiveness and adhesiveness, and decreased slipperiness when compared to the dairy and whey sample. The differences in textural properties may explain why the plant-based samples did not pass the IDDSI test. The study identified that although plant-based foods strive to mimic conventional dairy products, they have different textural and flavor properties.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Deglutição , Sorvetes , Humanos , Dieta , Laticínios
9.
J Dairy Sci ; 107(6): 3468-3477, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38246535

RESUMO

Ice cream manufacture commonly results in the accumulation of wasted product that contains valuable food-grade quality components, including fat, carbohydrates, and protein. Methods have been developed for recovering the fat from this waste stream, but this results in the generation of a co-product rich in fermentable carbohydrates. This study aimed to investigate the potential for using this co-product as a fermentation substrate for production of antimicrobial peptides, called bacteriocins, by dairy starter cultures. Results showed that Streptococcus thermophilus B59671 and Lactococcus lactis 11454 produced the broad-spectrum bacteriocins thermophilin 110 and nisin, respectively, when the fermentation substrate was melted ice cream, or a co-product generated by a modified butter churning technique. Bacteriocin production varied depending on the brand and variety of vanilla ice cream used in this study. When an alternate enzyme-assisted fat extraction technique was used, S. thermophilus metabolism was impaired within the resulting co-product, and thermophilin 110 production was not observed. Lactococcus lactis was still able to grow in this co-product, but antimicrobial activity was not observed. Results from this study suggest the co-product generated when using the churning technique is a better choice to use as a base medium for future studies to optimize bacteriocin production.


Assuntos
Bacteriocinas , Fermentação , Sorvetes , Lactobacillales , Bacteriocinas/metabolismo , Bacteriocinas/biossíntese , Lactobacillales/metabolismo , Streptococcus thermophilus/metabolismo , Lactococcus lactis/metabolismo
10.
Food Sci Technol Int ; 30(3): 273-281, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36650737

RESUMO

Sugar-free food has been gaining popularity because of low-calorie content. But sugar replacement by high-intensity sweeteners can negatively affect sensory. In this study, the effect of the addition of sucralose (Suc), stevioside (Ste), and erythritol (Ery) as sugar substitutes on the sensory profile and overall acceptance of ice cream were evaluated by penalty analysis (PA) based on the check-all-that apply (CATA) method, with those of the partial least squares (PLS) regression. Twelve sweetening agents of ice cream samples were presented to 106 consumers who answered on an overall liking question using the 15-point hedonic scale and a CATA question with 32 attributes that described the sensory characteristics of ice cream. The results showed that mixed sweeteners (60%Suc+20%Ste+20%Ery or 60%Suc+10%Ste+30%Ery) can present an advantageous performance when used separately, and making ice cream similar to that of sucrose (Sac) added. Adding Suc, Ste, and Ery to ice cream hardly felt bitterness, astringency, and chemical-like sensations of the sweetening agent. The significant difference between different sweeteners is the intensity and speed of sweetness. Developing combination of high-potency sweeteners that can make sweetness appear quickly could open up new ways to design sugar-free ice cream.


Assuntos
Diterpenos do Tipo Caurano , Glucosídeos , Sorvetes , Sacarose/análogos & derivados , Edulcorantes , Eritritol/análise , Sorvetes/análise , Paladar , Carboidratos
11.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 257(Pt 1): 128183, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37977455

RESUMO

Pickering emulsions are of great interest to the food industry and their freeze-thaw stability important when used in frozen foods. Particles of soybean isolate (SPI) were heat treated and then crosslinked with transglutaminase (TG) enzyme to produce Pickering emulsions. The protein particles produced using unheated and uncrosslinked SPI (NSPI) was used as the benchmark. The mean particle size, absolute zeta potential, and surface hydrophobicity of protein particles produced using heat treatment and TG crosslinking (at 40 U/g) SPI (HSPI-TG-40) were the highest and substantially higher than those produced using NSPI. The thermal treatment of protein particles followed by crosslinking with TG enzyme improved the freeze-thaw stability of Pickering emulsions stabilized by them. The Pickering emulsions produced using HSPI-TG-40 had the lowest temperature for ice crystal formation and they had better freeze-thaw stability. The plant-based ice cream prepared by HSPI-TG-40 particle-stabilized Pickering emulsions had suitable texture and freeze-thaw stability compared to the ice cream produced using NSPI. The Pickering particles produced using heat treatment of SPI followed by crosslinking with TG (at 40 U/g) produced the most freeze-thaw stable Pickering emulsions. These Pickering particles and Pickering emulsions could be used in frozen foods such as ice cream.


Assuntos
Sorvetes , Proteínas de Soja , Proteínas de Soja/química , Emulsões/química , Congelamento , Temperatura Baixa , Tamanho da Partícula
12.
Microbiol Spectr ; 12(1): e0116723, 2024 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38038456

RESUMO

IMPORTANCE: Antilisterial LAB strains have been proposed as biological control agents for application in food processing environments. However, the effect of resident food processing environment microbiota on the performance on antilisterial LAB strains is poorly understood. Our study shows that the presence of microbiota collected from ice cream processing facilities' environmental surfaces can affect the attachment and inhibitory effect of LAB strains against L. monocytogenes. Further studies are therefore needed to assess whether individual microbial taxa affect antilisterial properties of LAB strains and to characterize the underlying mechanisms.


Assuntos
Sorvetes , Lactobacillales , Listeria monocytogenes , Microbiota , Manipulação de Alimentos , Microbiologia de Alimentos
13.
J AOAC Int ; 107(1): 140-145, 2024 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37819769

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cannabis sativa is known to produce a class of terpenophenolic compounds named cannabinoids. The two main ones are cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which have therapeutic properties. In the development of cannabis-based preparations, it is important to have suitable analytical methods for the analysis of the principal cannabinoids. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to develop and validate a simple and rapid HPLC method with photodiode array detection for determination of CBD and THC in Cannabis sativa oil extract and infused ice cream, including a stability study. METHOD: Chromatographic separation of CBD and THC was performed with a C18 column, with a mobile phase consisting of acetonitrile and water with formic acid (80 + 20 v/v) in isocratic elution mode, with detection at 208 nm for CBD and 280 nm for THC and 1.0 mL/min flow rate. RESULTS: The method was linear over a range of 1-5 µg/mL for CBD, and 20-100 µg/mL for THC; the relative standard deviation was <3.6%, the recovery ranged between 98.8 and 102.5% for oil and between 84 and 94% for ice cream, QL was 0.33 µg/mL for CBD and 2.30 µg/mL for THC, and the assay demonstrated adequate selectivity. CBD and THC were stable for at least 28 days under light protection at 22°C, 4°C, and -20°C in the oil and for at least 60 days at -20°C in the ice cream. CONCLUSIONS: The results showed that the method was suitable for quantitative determination of CBD and THC in Cannabis sativa oil extract and infused ice cream, and it is useful for quality control purposes. HIGHLIGHTS: The method is simple and fast, and it is useful for the quality control of a new product corresponding to an ice cream based on a Cannabis sativa oil extract.


Assuntos
Canabidiol , Canabinoides , Cannabis , Sorvetes , Canabinoides/análise , Cannabis/química , Dronabinol/análise , Sorvetes/análise , Canabidiol/análise , Extratos Vegetais/química
14.
BMJ Open Qual ; 12(Suppl 2)2023 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37783514

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Oral nutritional supplement (ONS) prescription iscommonly recommended for older patients with hip fractures. However, ONS compliance is often low. Ice cream may be a promising nutritional intervention. Using a Plan-Do-Study Act methodology we describe the second cycle of a project using an ice cream based nutritional supplement called Nottingham-Ice cream (N-ICE CREAM) to address malnutrition in older adults. The project aimed to identify whether N-ICE CREAM is a suitable option/alternative to standard ONS. METHODS: Fifty older (≥ 65 years) inpatients with hip or spine fractures were recruited. Both groups received two days each of N-ICE CREAMand milkshake ONS. We measured compliance, acceptability (rating 0"dislike a lot" to 7 "like a lot"), attitudes towards prescription length (rating 0 "very unconfident" to 4 "very confident") and preference. RESULTS: Mean (standard deviation, SD) patient age was 80.6 (7.7) years. The majority (n = 21, 67.7%) preferred N-ICE CREAM. Mean compliance to N-ICE CREAM was greater in both groups (group A (n = 22) 69.9 (30.0)% and group B (n = 26) 56.3 (39.3)%) compared to milkshake ONS (group A (n = 22) 43.4 (4.7)% and group B (n = 26) 53.6 ± (40.2)%). Mean acceptability ratings were higher for N-ICE CREAM, thus the overall impression score was greater. Confidence score for both products decreased with increasing time. CONCLUSIONS: N-ICE CREAM is more accepted by older patients with hip or spine fractures compared to milkshake ONS. Further research should explore long-term compliance and clinical outcomes.


Assuntos
Sorvetes , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral , Humanos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Paladar , Suplementos Nutricionais , Hospitais
15.
J Food Sci ; 88(11): 4353-4374, 2023 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37623912

RESUMO

Pectin extraction from watermelon peel (WP) and pomegranate peel (PP) was carried out using three different extraction methods: classical solvent extraction (CSE), ultrasound-assisted extraction (UAE), and microwave-assisted extraction (MAE). Extraction parameters (pH, temperature, time, and speed/amplitude/power) were optimized to target maximum crude pectin yield (CPY), while the sample-to-solvent ratio (SS) was determined to be fixed at 1:10 w/v at all experiments. CPY was increased by low pH, high temperature, and long time. The pectins obtained at optimum conditions were characterized regarding the physicochemical and rheological properties, and the pectin solutions were found to be typical pseudoplastic fluids. WP pectin extracted with MAE and PP pectin extracted with UAE were determined to have the best emulsifying properties and added to the ice cream formulations. MAE had the maximum CPY of 9.40% for WP (pH = 1.3, 6 min, 596 W) and the best emulsifying properties. UAE had the best emulsifying properties for PP and the CPY was 11.56% in conditions of pH = 1.5, a temperature of 69°C, an extraction time of 29 min, and a 32% amplitude. The use of PP pectin resulted in a significant increase in the apparent viscosity of ice cream mix and also the first dripping time and the hardness of ice cream over commercial emulsifier. Melting properties and hardness values of ice cream with WP pectin were comparatively closer to those of ice cream with commercial emulsifier. On the other hand, the first dripping time and hardness value of ice cream with PP pectin having 60.25 min and 3.84 N, respectively, were higher than those of commercial ice cream having 53.75 min and 2.14 N, respectively. Practical Application: The utilization of WP and PP, which are good sources for pectin production, benefits both a sustainable environment and a sustainable food industry. Pectin extracted from WP and PP as an emulsifier in ice cream can ensure the production of ice creams with good melting properties. Pectin can be used as a healthy, sustainable, and economical alternative emulsifier in the ice cream industry.


Assuntos
Citrullus , Sorvetes , Punica granatum , Pectinas/química , Emulsificantes/química , Solventes
16.
World J Microbiol Biotechnol ; 39(11): 288, 2023 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37632594

RESUMO

L-glutaminase is a hydrolytic enzyme with wide biotechnological applications. Mostly, these enzymes are employed in the feed industry for flavor enhancement and acrylamide mitigation. Also, L-glutaminase may have antiviral and antineoplastic effects making it a good choice for pharmaceutical applications. In this study, the strain Monascus ruber URM 8542 was identified through classical and molecular taxonomy using partial sequencing of ß-tubulin and calmodulin genes. Subsequently, the optimal culture conditions were evaluated by submerged fermentation (L-glutamine 10 g.L- 1) for L-glutaminase excretion. The isolate was identified as M. ruber URM 8542 which showed significant extracellular enzyme production with a yield of 11.4 times in relation to the specific activity of intracellular L-glutaminase. Regarding the optimization experiments, several factors such as L-glutamine concentration, temperature, and pH were compared using a full factorial design (23). The concentrations greater than 1% proved to be significantly better for glutaminase production (R2 = 0.9077). Additionally, the L-glutaminase was optimally active at pH 7.0 and 30 ºC. The L-glutaminase was remarkably stable across an alkaline pH range (7.0-8.0) and had a thermal stability ranging from 30 ºC to 60 ºC for 1 h. Taken together, these findings suggest that the L-glutaminase produced by M. ruber is a promising candidate for pharmacological application, although further studies need to be performed. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of L-glutaminase production by Monascus ruber.


Assuntos
Sorvetes , Monascus , Glutaminase/genética , Glutamina , Monascus/genética
17.
J Dairy Sci ; 106(12): 8479-8492, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37641309

RESUMO

Commercial manufacturing of dairy products involves the addition of dairy ingredients (such as nonfat dry milk and milk protein concentrates), as well as nondairy additives (such as gums, stabilizers, emulsifiers, and texture modifiers) to get the best product appearance, maintain the product quality, and extend shelf life. Though these nondairy additives are not harmful, consumers do not prefer them in dairy food formulations. Therefore, the dairy industry is working on improving the inherent functionality of dairy ingredients using different processes. Recently, fibrillation emerged as a new technique to convert globular proteins such as whey proteins into fibrils, which provide enhanced viscosity, foaming, and emulsification capacity. Therefore, skim milk was subjected to microfiltration followed by ultrafiltration of microfiltration permeate to fractionate whey proteins. Then, whey proteins were selectively fibrillated and mixed back with other streams of microfiltration and ultrafiltration to get fibrillated skim milk. Fibrillated skim milk was spray-dried to get fibrillated nonfat dry milk (NDM). Visible whey protein fibrils were observed in reconstituted fibrillated NDM, which showed survival of fibrils in fibrillated NDM. Fibrillated NDM showed significantly higher viscosity than control NDM. Fibrillated NDM also showed higher emulsification capacity, foaming capacity, and stability than the control NDM but lower gel strength. Considering the improved functionality of fibrillated NDM, they can be used in product formulations such as ice cream mix, where the thickening of a solution, good emulsification, and foaming properties are required.


Assuntos
Sorvetes , Proteínas do Leite , Animais , Proteínas do Soro do Leite , Proteínas do Leite/análise , Leite/química , Sorvetes/análise , Viscosidade , Manipulação de Alimentos/métodos
18.
J Oleo Sci ; 72(9): 811-818, 2023 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37574285

RESUMO

This study highlights the use of red palm oil (RPO) as an alternative to dairy fat in a hard ice cream sample in the presence of different stabilizers; maltodextrin (MALTOD) and modified starch (MSTARCH). No stabilizer was added in the control sample (CO), while the different ratios of RPO to each stabilizer were 4:1, 3:2, and 2:3, coded as MALTOD1, MALTOD2, MALTOD3 for maltodextrin, and MSTARCH1, MSTARCH2, and MSTARCH3 for modified starch, respectively. These samples were compared regarding overrun, physical, and sensory properties. For MALTOD, sample MALTOD3 had the highest overrun (49.31±13.78%), while MALTOD2 had the highest viscosity (7.90±0.03 Pa.s) and hardness (1.09±0.07 kg), and MALTOD1 had the lowest melting properties (61.10±0.20%). For MSTARCH, sample MSTARCH1 had the highest hardness (3.39±0.07 kg), MSTARCH2 had the highest overrun (67.64±2.27%), and MSTARCH3 had the highest viscosity (8.19±0.24 Pa.s) and the lowest melting properties (39.83±0.20%). Samples MALTOD3 and MSTARCH1 were selected for comparison with commercial samples in terms of sensory acceptance and preference. There was no significant difference (p > 0.05) between the sensory acceptability of MALTOD3 and MSTARCH1. However, both samples received a significantly lower (p < 0.05) ranking than the commercial samples in terms of appearance, texture, flavour, meltability, and overall acceptance. Future studies are recommended to improve the RPO-based ice cream sample, particularly in terms of its sensory properties.


Assuntos
Sorvetes , Amido , Óleo de Palmeira , Polissacarídeos
19.
Nutrients ; 15(14)2023 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37513648

RESUMO

To determine the potential bioavailability of macroelements (Ca, Mg, P, K), probiotic ice cream samples (Lactaseibacillus paracasei L-26, Lactobacillus casei 431, Lactobacillus acidophilus LA-5, Lactaseibacillus rhamnosus and Bifidobacterium animalis ssp. lactis BB-12) from sheep's milk with inulin, apple fiber and inulin, or apple fiber and control samples were submitted to in vitro digestion in the mouth, stomach and small intestine. The bioavailability of calcium in the ice cream samples ranged from 40.63% to 54.40%, whereas that of magnesium was 55.64% to 44.42%. The highest bioavailability of calcium and magnesium was shown for the control samples. However, adding 4% inulin reduced the bioavailability of calcium by about 3-5% and magnesium only by about 5-6%. Adding 4% apple fiber reduced the bioavailability of calcium by as much as 6-12% and magnesium by 7-8%. The highest bioavailability of calcium was determined in ice cream with L. paracasei, and the highest bioavailability of magnesium was determined in ice cream with L. casei. The bioavailability of phosphorus in ice cream ranged from 47.82% to 50.94%. The highest bioavailability of phosphorus (>50%) was in sheep ice cream fermented by B. animalis. In the control ice cream, the bioavailability of potassium was about 60%. In ice cream with inulin, the bioavailability of potassium was lower by 3-4%, and in ice cream with apple fiber, the bioavailability of potassium was lower by up to 6-9%. The bioavailability of potassium was significantly influenced only by the addition of dietary fiber. The results of the study confirmed the beneficial effect of bacteria on the bioavailability of Ca, Mg and P.


Assuntos
Bifidobacterium animalis , Sorvetes , Probióticos , Simbióticos , Animais , Ovinos , Leite/metabolismo , Inulina/metabolismo , Disponibilidade Biológica , Sorvetes/microbiologia , Cálcio , Magnésio , Lactobacillus acidophilus , Bifidobacterium animalis/metabolismo
20.
Appl Environ Microbiol ; 89(8): e0076523, 2023 08 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37432121

RESUMO

Several microbial taxa have been associated with food processing facilities, and they might resist by attaching on tools and equipment even after sanitation procedures, producing biofilms that adhere to the surfaces and might embed other microorganisms, including spoilers and pathogens. There is increasing evidence that these communities can be transferred to the final product. To explore the microbial contamination routes in a facility producing ice creams, we collected foods and environmental swabs from industrial surfaces of equipment and tools and performed taxonomic and functional analyses of the microbial DNA extracted from the environmental samples. Our results suggest that complex communities dominated by psychrotrophic bacteria (e.g., Pseudomonas and Acinetobacter spp.) inhabit the food processing environment, and we demonstrate that these communities might be transferred from the surfaces to the products. Functional analysis performed on environmental samples highlighted the presence of several genes linked to antimicrobial resistance and adherence on abiotic surfaces; such genes were more abundant on food contact (FC) than on other surfaces. Metagenome-assembled genomes (MAGs) of Pseudomonas stutzeri showed genes linked with biofilm formation and motility, which are surely linked to colonizing capabilities in the processing lines. The study highlights clear potential advantages of applying microbiome mapping in the food industry for source tracking of microbial contamination and for planning appropriate ad hoc sanitization strategies. IMPORTANCE Several microbial species might permanently establish in food processing facilities, thus contributing to food loss. In fact, food contact surfaces might transfer microorganisms to intermediates and products, potentially representing a hazard to human health. In this work, we provide evidence of the existence of complex microbial communities overcoming sanitation in an ice cream-producing facility. These communities harbored several genes that could potentially lead to attachment to surfaces and antimicrobial resistance. Also, prediction of routes of contamination showed that several potential spoilage taxa might end up in the final product. Importantly, in this work, we show that mapping the environmental microbiome is a high-resolution technique that might help food business operators ensure food quality and safety through detection of potentially hazardous microorganisms.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos , Sorvetes , Humanos , Virulência , Bactérias/genética , Manipulação de Alimentos , Biofilmes , Microbiologia de Alimentos
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