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1.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 22(1): 606, 2022 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35524330

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 (coronavirus disease 2019) pandemic challenges provision and access to essential maternity care in low-resilience health systems. The aim of this study was to explore maternity healthcare workers' experiences of, and perceptions about providing maternity care during the COVID-19 outbreak in Lagos State, Nigeria. METHODS: This qualitative study conducted individual, remote, semi-structured interviews with midwives and traditional birth attendants (TBAs). Eligible participants spoke English, and provided maternity care during COVID-19 in Lagos, Nigeria. Participants were recruited via purposive and snowball sampling, from primary health facilities in seven Local Government Areas of Lagos State. Interview transcripts were analysed thematically following the framework method. RESULTS: Sixteen midwives (n = 11) and TBAs (n = 5) were interviewed from March to April 2021. Two overarching themes were identified from the data. 'Maternity care workers' willingness and ability to work during the COVID-19 pandemic' outlined negative influences (fear and uncertainty, risk of infection, burnout, transport difficulties), and positive influences (professional duty, faith, family and employer support). Suggestions to improve ability to work included adequate protective equipment, training, financial support, and workplace flexibility. 'Perceived impact of COVID-19 on women's access and uptake of maternity care' highlighted reduced access and uptake of antenatal and immunisation services by women. Challenges included overstretched health services, movement and cost barriers, and community fear of health facilities. Participants reported delayed healthcare seeking and unattended home births. Midwives and TBAs identified a need for community outreach to raise awareness for women to safely access maternity services. Participants highlighted the responsibility of the government to improve staff welfare, and to implement public health campaigns. CONCLUSIONS: Despite disruption to maternity care access and delivery due to COVID-19, midwives and TBAs in Lagos remained committed to their role in caring for women and babies. Nevertheless, participants highlighted issues of understaffing and mistrust in Lagos' underfunded maternity care system. Our findings suggest that future resilience during outbreaks depends on equipping maternity care workers with adequate working conditions and training, to rebuild public trust and improve access to maternity care.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Serviços de Saúde Materna , Tocologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Feminino , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Nigéria/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Gravidez , Pesquisa Qualitativa
2.
Glob Health Action ; 15(1): 2051222, 2022 Dec 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35522127

RESUMO

'The midwife's role in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals: Protect and Invest Together' is a report providing the reader the opportunity for understanding and appreciating the history of midwifery in Sweden and the interlinked nature of the United Nation's SDGs supporting health and wellbeing of women and children. To realise the opportunity to have a country with well-educated midwives of high academic standard, and, at the same time, promoting gender equality and equity we need to protect and invest together in midwives. This paper provides the foundation for a revitalised discussion on midwives' role for women and child health in the 21st century. The full Swedish Midwifery report was published in October 2021.


Assuntos
Tocologia , Desenvolvimento Sustentável , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Suécia
3.
Afr J Prim Health Care Fam Med ; 14(1): e1-e9, 2022 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35532110

RESUMO

BACKGROUND:  'Doing what the Romans do in Rome' was an expression raised by one of the midwives following workplace culture and disregarding women's birth choices. Midwifery practice in South Africa caters for a culturally diverse ethnic groups of childbearing women. Culturally appropriate care highlights the importance of including women in decision-making concerning their birth preferences including maternal positions during labour. Women's right to choose their maternal position and cultural preferences during labour has been overlooked, leading to poor maternal healthcare provision and negative birth experiences. AIM:  In this article, the researchers aimed to describe and explore midwives' perspectives on culturally appropriate care to support maternal positions during the second stage of labour. SETTING:  Midwives working in the maternity ward in a public hospital in South Africa. METHODS:  A qualitative descriptive design using individual interviews was used to collect data. The participants were selected using the purposive sampling method. The study population comprised 20 midwives who volunteered to participate in the study. Data were transcribed manually and analysed using thematic analysis. RESULTS:  The four main themes are as follows: (1) Caring for women from various ethnic groups, (2) midwives disregard women's beliefs and culture, (3) midwife personal cultural attributes and (4) midwifery unit workplace culture. CONCLUSION:  The authors concluded that culturally appropriate care towards the women's choices of birth position during the second stage of labour should form an integral part of the midwifery care rendered.


Assuntos
Serviços de Saúde Materna , Tocologia , Feminino , Hospitais Públicos , Humanos , Segunda Fase do Trabalho de Parto , Tocologia/métodos , Gravidez , Pesquisa Qualitativa , África do Sul
4.
Int J Circumpolar Health ; 81(1): 2071410, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35491889

RESUMO

While Inuit living in Nunavut have been advocating for decades for the return of birthing to their own communities, over two-third of births continue to occur outside of the territory. We conducted a literature review to answer the question, why has birthplace choice not been given back to Inuit yet. Based on our review we identified a number of factors impacting birthplace choice, including the organisation of the Nunavut medical system that is focused on primary health care and that cannot easily accommodate the potential clinical risks Western health care associates with birthing, often in isolation from socio-cultural risks; staffing vacancies and turn over in Nunavut, which creates challenges in continuity of care and in maintaining trust; and trends in Canada towards the medicalisation of birthing, which resulted in the displacement of traditional midwifery, and lately in the professionalisation of midwifery with training centres mostly located outside of Nunavut. We recognise that providing more options to birth in the north is complex. While birthing in the north as an option is a given objective, operationalising this objective in a consistent manner is likely going to be a challenge for years to come.


Assuntos
Inuítes , Tocologia , Regiões Árticas , Canadá , Feminino , Humanos , Nunavut , Gravidez
5.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 22(1): 425, 2022 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35596165

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mothers in rural Ethiopian communities prefer giving birth at home. In developing countries, traditional birth attendants play an important role in reducing the maternal mortality rate. In Ethiopia, however, their role during pregnancy, childbirth, the postnatal period, and their integration with health professionals is not clearly defined. This study aimed to explore the role of traditional birth attendants in feto-maternal care during pregnancy, childbirth, and the postnatal period, and integration with health professionals in the West Omo Zone, southern Ethiopia. METHODS: A qualitative descriptive design was used with triangulation of methods and data sources. We conducted in-depth interviews with traditional birth attendants, key informant interviews with health care professionals and community or religious leaders, and two focus group discussions with multiparous pregnant women. Each interview and focus group discussion was tape-recorded and the data obtained were transcribed and translated into English for analysis. The analysis was done based on thematic analysis framework. RESULTS: Traditional birth attendants stated that they used herbal remedies to treat nausea and vomiting, decrease pain during labor, and increase pregnant women's desire to push. The absence of incentives for their work, shortage of logistics, and lack of training was mentioned as challenges to the continuity of their roles. All study participants explained the importance of training traditional birth attendants on maternal and child health in rural communities. However, health care professionals reported that few traditional birth attendants advised mothers about traditional practices such as milk tooth extraction and uvulectomy. CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION: Traditional birth attendants continued their roles despite the existing challenges. There was no integration between TBA and the formal health care system. The need for training traditional birth attendants has been emphasized by all study participants and its impact on reducing feto-maternal death was recognized by health care professionals. Therefore, the federal ministry of health should works better for the development of TBAs to scale up their skills across all regions in the country.


Assuntos
Parto Domiciliar , Serviços de Saúde Materna , Tocologia , Criança , Feminino , Instalações de Saúde , Humanos , Gravidez , Pesquisa Qualitativa , População Rural
6.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 22(1): 353, 2022 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35461215

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) remains a leading cause of maternal morbidity and mortality worldwide. Midwives play a key role in the initial management of PPH. Uterotonic agents are widely used in its prevention and treatment, with oxytocin the first-line agent. Nonetheless, a standardized guideline for optimal dose and rate of administration has not been clearly defined. The aim of this study was to investigate French midwives' practices regarding first-line oxytocin treatment and the factors influencing its delayed administration. METHODS: This multicenter study was based on clinical vignettes of PPH management collected using an anonymous online questionnaire. A random sample of midwives from 145 maternity units in France from 15 randomly selected perinatal networks were invited to participate by email. The Previously validated case vignettes described two different scenarios of severe PPH. Vignette 1 described a typical immediate, severe PPH, and vignette 2 a less typical case of severe but gradual PPH They were constructed in three successive steps and included multiple-choice questions proposing several types of clinical practice options at each stage. For each vignette separately, we analyzed the lack of prompt oxytocin administration and the factors contributing to them, that is, characteristics of the midwives and organizational features of maternity units. Bivariate analysis and multivariable logistic regression analysis were applied. RESULTS: In all, 450 midwives from 87 maternity units provided complete responses. Lack of promptness was observed in 21.6% of responses (N = 97) in Vignette 1 and in 13.8% (N = 62) in Vignette 2 (p < .05). After multivariate analysis, the risk of delay was lower among with midwives working in university maternity hospitals (ORa 0.47, 95% 0.21, 0.97) and in units with 1500 to 2500 births per year (ORa 0.49, 95% CI 0.26, 0.90) for Vignette 1. We also noticed that delay increased with the midwives' years of experience (per 10-year period) (ORa 1.30, 95% CI 1.01, 1.69). CONCLUSIONS: This study using clinical vignettes showed delays in oxytocin administration for first-line treatment of PPH. Because delay in treatment is a major cause of preventable maternal morbidity in PPH, these findings suggest that continuing training of midwives should be considered, especially in small maternity units.


Assuntos
Tocologia , Ocitócicos , Hemorragia Pós-Parto , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Ocitócicos/uso terapêutico , Ocitocina/uso terapêutico , Hemorragia Pós-Parto/tratamento farmacológico , Hemorragia Pós-Parto/prevenção & controle , Gravidez , Inquéritos e Questionários
7.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 22(1): 376, 2022 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35490235

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Labour pain usually brings with it many concerns for a parturient and her family. The majority of the women in labour pain may require some sort of pain relief method during this period, be it pharmacological or non-pharmacological. In Tanzania, the use of non-pharmacological methods to relief labour pain remains low among nurse-midwives. We analysed the experiences of nurse-midwives in the use of non-pharmacological methods to manage labour pain, in two selected districts of Pwani and Dar es Salaam regions in eastern Tanzania. This paper describes Non-pharmacological Methods (NPMs) currently used by nurse-midwives, the facilitators, myths and fears related to the use of NPMs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An exploratory qualitative study using in-depth interviews was conducted with 18 purposively recruited nurse-midwives working in labour wards in two selected district hospitals in Pwani and Dar es Salaam regions in eastern Tanzania. Qualitative conventional content analysis was used to generate categories describing the experience of using non-pharmacological methods in managing labour pain. RESULTS: This study revealed that nurse-midwives encouraged women to tolerate labour pain and instructed them to change positions and to do deep breathing exercises as a means to relief labour pain. Nurse-midwives' inner motives facilitated the use of non-pharmacological strategies for labour pain relief despite the fear of using them and myths that labour pain is necessary for childbirth. CONCLUSION: This study generates information about the use of non-pharmacological strategies to relief labour pain. Although nurse-midwives are motivated to apply various non-pharmacological strategies to relief labour pain, fear and misconceptions about the necessity of labour pain during childbirth prohibit the effective use of these strategies. Therefore, together with capacity building the nurse-midwives in the use of non-pharmacological strategies to relief labour pain, efforts should be made to address the misconceptions that may partly be of socio-cultural origin.


Assuntos
Dor do Parto , Tocologia , Enfermeiras Obstétricas , Feminino , Hospitais de Distrito , Humanos , Dor do Parto/terapia , Tocologia/métodos , Gravidez , Tanzânia
8.
Midwifery ; 109: 103333, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35405404

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To identify the challenges and opportunities for rolling out a bespoke model of group antenatal care called Pregnancy Circles (PC) within the National Health Service: what kind of support and training is needed and what adaptations are appropriate, including during a pandemic when face-to-face interaction is limited. DESIGN: Exploratory qualitative study (online focus group). Study co-designed with midwives. Data analysed thematically using an ecological model to synthesise. SETTING: Five maternity services within the National Health Service. PARTICIPANTS: Seven midwives who facilitated PCs. Three senior midwives with implementation experience participated in the co-design process. FINDINGS: Three themes operating across the ecological model were identified: 'Implementing innovation', 'Philosophy of care' and 'Resource management'. Tensions were identified between group care's focus on relationships and professional autonomy, and concepts of efficiency within the NHS's market model of care. Midwives found protected time, training and ongoing support essential for developing the skills and confidence needed to deliver this innovative model of care. Integrating Pregnancy Circles with continuity of carer models was seen as the most promising opportunity for long-term implementation. Midwives perceived continuity and peer support as the most effective elements of the model and there was some evidence that the model may be robust enough to withstand adaptation to online delivery. KEY CONCLUSIONS: Midwives facilitating group care enjoyed the relationships, autonomy and professional development the model offered. Harnessing this personal (micro-level) satisfaction is key to wider implementation. Group care is well aligned with current maternity policy but the challenges midwives face (temporal, practical and cultural) must be anticipated and addressed at macro and meso level for wider implementation to be sustainable. The PC model may be flexible enough to adapt to online delivery and extend continuity of care but further research is needed in these areas. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Implementation of group care in the NHS requires senior leadership and expertise in change management, protected time for training and delivery of the model, and funding for equipment. Training and ongoing support, are vital for sustainability and quality control. There is potential for online delivery and integrating group care with continuity models.


Assuntos
Serviços de Saúde Materna , Tocologia , Obstetrícia , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Cuidado Pré-Natal , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Medicina Estatal
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35409865

RESUMO

In Germany, midwives are involved in extensive antenatal and postnatal care. As health professionals, they can play a key role in strengthening health literacy (HL) of parents on how to prevent chronic allergic diseases in their children. The objective of this study is to explore midwives' perspectives regarding HL-sensitive counselling in early childhood allergy prevention (ECAP). Twenty-four qualitative semi-structured interviews were conducted with midwives, and data were analyzed using qualitative content analysis. Only a small number of study participants were aware of HL as a concept. However, most of these use screening and counselling strategies which consider individual information needs and which support parental HL. HL sensitivity in counselling is largely based on the midwives' "gut feelings" and counselling experience, rather than on formal education. The midwives were largely aware of evidence-based ECAP recommendations; however, allergy prevention was not seen as a stand-alone topic but as part of their general counselling on infant feeding and hygiene. They found parents to be more open to receiving complex prevention information during antenatal counselling. In order to strengthen midwives' roles in HL-sensitive ECAP counselling, their formal education should provide them with explicit HL knowledge and counselling skills. ECAP should be an inherent part of antenatal care.


Assuntos
Letramento em Saúde , Hipersensibilidade , Tocologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Aconselhamento , Feminino , Humanos , Hipersensibilidade/prevenção & controle , Tocologia/métodos , Gravidez , Cuidado Pré-Natal , Pesquisa Qualitativa
10.
Glob Health Action ; 15(1): 2054110, 2022 Dec 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35389334

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Around 20% of births in Somaliland take place at health facilities staffed by trained healthcare professionals; 80% take place at home assisted by Traditional Birth Attendants (TBAs) with no formal training. There has been no research into women's choice of place of birth. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we explore multipara women's needs and preferences when choosing the place of birth. METHOD: An explorative qualitative study using individual in-depth interviews analysed inductively using content analysis. The interviews were conducted in Somaliland with 25 multiparous women who had experience of giving birth both at home and at a health facility within the past three years. RESULTS: The results provide a description of how, for women in Somaliland, a lack of reproductive agency in facility-based births makes home births a first choice regardless of potential risks and medical need. The women in this study desired intentionality in their role as mothers and sought some measure of control over the environment where they planned to give birth, depending on the circumstances of that particular birth. The results describe what quality care means for multipara women in Somaliland and how women choose birthplace based on previous experiences of care. The expectation of respectful care was a vital part for women when choosing a place of birth. CONCLUSION: To meet women's needs and preferences in Somaliland, further investments are needed to strengthen the midwifery profession and to define and test a context specific midwife-led continuity of care model to be scaled up. A dialogue to create new roles and responsibilities for the TBAs who attend most home births is further needed to link them to the formal healthcare system and assure timely healthcare seeking during pregnancy and birth.


Assuntos
Parto Domiciliar , Tocologia , Tomada de Decisões , Feminino , Humanos , Parto , Gravidez , Pesquisa Qualitativa
11.
Pan Afr Med J ; 41: 119, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35465382

RESUMO

Introduction: the quality of maternity services is an essential factor in reducing maternal and newborn morbidity and mortality, which remains extremely high in Africa. In Mozambique, maternal mortality rate is 451.6 deaths per 100,000 live births (2017). The reasons for this are complex, but one important factor to reduce this burden is to provide effective and efficient care, to improve institutional deliveries. To reduce maternal and newborn mortality rates in Nampula, researchers from Lúrio University and the University of Saskatchewan, carried out an implementation research program, including various interventions such as training activities for health professionals in maternal and child health care. We planned a mid-project evaluation, to assess the trainings´ impact on the quality of services at Marrere Hospital Maternity. Methods: quantitative pre-post study, carrying out two cross-sectional surveys about maternity service quality, one being conducted after five health professionals´ trainings and the other after six more trainings. The two surveys included samples of post-partum women in the maternity, calculated with a 10% margin error and 90% confidence interval for the first survey, and with a 7% margin error and 95% confidence interval for the second. The surveys were entered into REDCap and analysed to assess frequencies, percentages, mean and standard deviations. This research was approved by the Institutional Committees of Bioethics at Lúrio University and at the University of Saskatchewan. Results: one hundred and sixteen post-partum women were surveyed at the maternity, assessing standards of patient centred care during delivery labour. Most areas showed no improvement. Some positive improvements were delivering women were given the option to have a person of their choice accompany them during labour (75%), notably a traditional birth attendant (34%), and they had continuous support from a health professional (68%). But many shortcomings persisted in areas of privacy (33%) and confidentiality (57%). Conclusion: the quality of patient centred care at Marrere Hospital Maternity did not improve much with health professionals´ trainings. Decreasing the large turnover rate of such staff, reviewing their learning styles, and promoting continuous professional capacity building would be the next steps to improve quality of care.


Assuntos
Serviços de Saúde Materna , Tocologia , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Mortalidade Infantil , Recém-Nascido , Mortalidade Materna , Moçambique , Gravidez
12.
AMA J Ethics ; 24(4): E326-332, 2022 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35405060

RESUMO

Until the mid-20th century, birth in the United States for Latinx Indigenous peoples was an ancestral ceremony guided by midwives and traditional healers (parteras curanderas). As American physicians and nurses increasingly differentiated themselves from traditional midwives, midwives of color in particular were disparaged and excluded from helping women give birth and thus from making birth a cultural foothold in their lives. As a result, communities of Latinx Indigenous peoples were culturally and spiritually separated-via the marginalization of parteras-from important health traditions, which caused suffering and illness. Reimplementation of birth as ceremony means babies can be born (and communities reborn) into an ancestral cultural ecology characterized by safety and cultural reclamation of healing.


Hasta mediados del siglo XX, los partos para los pueblos indígenas latinx en los Estados Unidos eran una ceremonia ancestral guiada por parteras y curanderas tradicionales (parteras curanderas). En la medida que médicos y enfermeros estadounidenses se diferenciaron cada vez más de las parteras tradicionales, las parteras de color en especial fueron menospreciadas y excluidas de ayudar a las mujeres a dar a luz y, por lo tanto, de hacer del parto un punto de apoyo cultural en sus vidas. Como consecuencia, las comunidades de pueblos indígenas latinx fueron separadas cultural y espiritualmente (a través de la marginalización de las parteras) de importantes tradiciones de la salud, lo que generó dolor y enfermedad. La reimplementación del parto como ceremonia significa que los bebés pueden nacer (y las comunidades renacer) dentro de una ecología cultural ancestral caracterizada por la seguridad y la recuperación cultural de la curación.


Assuntos
Equidade em Saúde , Tocologia , Feminino , Promoção da Saúde , Humanos , Parto , Gravidez
13.
BMJ Open ; 12(4): e051791, 2022 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35379613

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Literature has assessed skilled birth attendants (SBAs) utilisation, but little is known about what contributes to the changes in SBA use. Multivariate decomposition analysis was thus applied in this study to examine; levels, trends, inequalities and drivers of changes in SBA utilisation. DESIGN AND SETTING: A cross-sectional analysis of five-waves of NDHS-data (1990, 2003, 2008, 2013, and 2018), collected through similar multistage sampling across the 36 states and the federal-capital-territory of Nigeria. PARTICIPANTS: Women of reproductive age (15-49 years), and with at least one birth in the last 5 years preceding each of the surveys. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: SBA use is the response variable while explanatory variables were classified into; Demographics, Health, Economic and Corporal factors. METHODS: Chi-square test for trends of proportions across the ordered survey years assessed trends in SBA use. MDA that quantifies and partition predictors effect into endowment and coefficient components evaluated contributors to changes in SBA use. Statistical analysis was carried out at a 95% confidence interval in Stata 16. RESULTS: SBA use increased with significant (p<0.05) linear trends by 12% between 2003 and 2018. The decomposition analysis showed that differences in characteristics (endowment) accounted for 11.5% of the changes while the remaining 88.5% were due to differences in effects (coefficient). SBA utilisation rises by 61% when respondents decided on her health compared to when such decisions were made by the spouse. Utilisation of SBA, however, fell by 88% among women who reside in the states with high rural populations percentage. CONCLUSIONS: SBA use remained low in Nigeria, and slowly increase at the rate of <1% yearly. Women health decision-making power contributed most to positive changes. Residing in states with high rural populations has a negative impact on SBA use. Maternal health programmes that strengthen women's health autonomy and capacity building in rural communities should be encouraged.


Assuntos
Tocologia , Cuidado Pré-Natal , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nigéria/epidemiologia , Gravidez , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Adulto Jovem
14.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 22(1): 309, 2022 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35410189

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are major shortfalls in the midwifery workforce which has been exacerbated by the COVID 19 pandemic. Midwives have high levels of burnout and many, often early career midwives, are planning to leave the profession. There are reports of a poor workplace culture in maternity units, including bullying. Support is essential for the welfare of the workforce to be able to cope with the demands of their jobs. Supportive strategies, such as Clinical Supervision, a recognised approach in healthcare, enable reflection in a facilitated, structured way, and can enhance professional standards. The purpose of this research is to study burnout levels in midwives, those exiting their workplace and perceptions of workplace culture in relation to access to, and attendance of, monthly Clinical Supervision. METHODS: This study will be a cluster randomised controlled trial of maternity sites within Sydney and the surrounding districts. Twelve sites will be recruited and half will receive monthly Clinical Supervision for up to two years. Midwives from all sites will be requested to complete 6-monthly surveys comprising validated measurement tools: the Copenhagen Burnout Inventory (CBI), the Australian Midwifery Workplace Culture (AMWoC) tool and the Clinical Supervision Evaluation Questionnaire (CSEQ) (the latter for intervention sites only). Primary outcomes are the levels of burnout in midwives (using the CBI). Secondary outcomes will be the quality of the intervention (using the CSEQ), perceptions of workplace culture (using the AMWoC tool) and midwives' intention to stay in their role/profession, as well as sick leave rates and numbers of exiting staff. We will also determine the dose effect - ie the impact in relation to how many Clinical Supervision sessions the midwives have attended, as well as other supportive workplace strategies such as mentoring/coaching on outcomes. DISCUSSION: Through attending monthly Clinical Supervision we hypothesise that midwives will report less burnout and more positive perceptions of workplace culture than those in the control sites. The potential implications of which are a productive workforce giving high quality care with the flow-on effect of having physically and psychologically well women and their babies. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The ACTRN Registration number is ACTRN12621000545864p , dated 10/05/2021,.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , COVID-19 , Tocologia , Enfermeiras Obstétricas , Austrália , Esgotamento Profissional/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Humanos , Preceptoria , Gravidez
15.
S Afr Fam Pract (2004) ; 64(1): e1-e12, 2022 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35384679

RESUMO

BACKGROUND:  Many health systems were poorly prepared for the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and found it difficult to protect maternity and reproductive health services. The aim of the study was to explore the influence of the COVID-19 pandemic on the ability of maternity healthcare providers to maintain the positive practices introduced by the CLEVER Maternity Care programme and to elicit information on their support needs. METHODS:  This multimethod study was conducted in midwife-led obstetric units (MOUs) and district hospitals in Tshwane District, South Africa and included a survey questionnaire and qualitative reports and reflections by the CLEVER implementation team. Two five-point Likert-scale items were supplemented by open-ended questions to provide suggestions on improving health systems and supporting healthcare workers. RESULTS:  Most of the 114 respondents were advanced midwives or registered nurses (86%). Participants from MOUs rated the maintenance of quality care practices significantly higher than those from district hospitals (p = 0.0130). There was a significant difference in perceptions of support from the district management between designations (p = 0.0037), with managers having the most positive perception compared with advanced midwives (p = 0.0018) and registered nurses (p = 0.0115). The interpretation framework had three main themes: working environment and health-system readiness; quality of patient care and service provision; and healthcare workers' response to the pandemic. Health-facility readiness is described as proactive, reactive or lagging. CONCLUSION:  Lessons learned from this pandemic should be used to build responsive health systems that will enable primary healthcare workers to maintain quality patient care, services and communication.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Serviços de Saúde Materna , Tocologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Humanos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Gravidez , Melhoria de Qualidade
16.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 22(1): 285, 2022 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35382772

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Expectant fathers experience a range of different emotions during their wife's pregnancy; one of these feelings is fear. It has adverse consequences on both the father and his family. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of midwifery-led counseling on the fear of childbirth among expectant fathers. METHODS: A two-armed parallel design randomized controlled trial was conducted from July to August 2020. Fifty expectant fathers with severe fear of childbirth at the 24th-27th weeks of gestation, in the Iranian setting, were assigned to intervention and control groups (allocation ratio1:1) using permuted block randomization. Participants assigned to the intervention group were engaged in six 60-90-min midwifery-led counseling sessions (twice a week) in the Skyroom platform. Measures were administered at recruitment, post-intervention, and one-month follow-up. The primary outcome was the change in fear of childbirth score between groups over time. Secondary outcomes were changes in the General Self-Efficacy score as well as changes in the frequency of the preferred type of delivery between groups over time. RESULTS: The mean age of the participants was 31.64 (3.33) years. In the intention-to-treat analysis, the fear of childbirth score in the intervention group significantly decreased (ß = - 11.84; 95% Confidence Interval: - 21.90 to - 1.78; P = 0.021) compared to that of the control group. In terms of secondary outcomes, the intervention group showed a significant increase in General Self-Efficacy compared to the intervention group at one-month follow-up measurement (ß = 1.43; 95% Confidence Interval: 0.28 to 2.58; P = 0.014). However, the frequency of preferred delivery type was not significantly different between the intervention and control groups (P = 0.139). CONCLUSIONS: Midwifery-led counseling can be an effective approach in reducing expectant fathers' childbirth fear with potential clinical significance. Although the inconclusive results imply more research on this issue. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Registration number: IRCT20150608022609N6 . Registered 12/04/2019.


Assuntos
Tocologia , Adulto , Aconselhamento , Pai , Medo/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Irã (Geográfico) , Masculino , Tocologia/métodos , Parto/psicologia , Gravidez , Smartphone
17.
BMJ Open ; 12(4): e057292, 2022 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35365534

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Our primary and secondary objectives were to measure and understand the determinants of independent midwives' implementation of teleconsultations and their intention to continue these in the future. DESIGN: A two-phase mixed-methods approach: (1) quantitative data to measure factors determining the initiation and continuation of teleconsultation, collected by an online survey from 29 April to 15 May 2020, at the end of the first COVID-19 lockdown, followed by (2) qualitative data to understand these determinants, by interviewing some participants in May-July 2020 to explore the quantitative findings in more detail. SETTING: Mainland France PARTICIPANTS: The target population comprised independent midwives currently practising in France. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary and secondary outcomes were binary variables: implementation of teleconsultations, and intention to continue them. The qualitative results provided the themes explaining these decisions. RESULTS: We obtained 1491 complete responses from independent midwives, that is, 28.3% of French independent midwives, and interviewed 22 volunteers among them. Among the 1491, 88.5% implemented teleconsultations and 65.8% intended to continue them. Both individual and organisational factors favoured implementation of teleconsultations: older age (adjusted OR (aOR): 0.40, 95% CI: 0.28 to 0.58), female gender (aOR: 6.88, 95% CI: 2.71 to 17.48), married or living with a partner (aOR: 1.67, 95% CI: 1.10 to 2.52) and working in a group practice (midwives only-aOR: 2.34, 95% CI: 1.47 to 3.72; multiprofessional group-aOR: 1.75, 95% CI: 1.16 to 2.64). The qualitative analysis did not identify any new factors but helped us to understand the satisfaction better: midwives adopted telemedicine for their patients' access to and continuity of care, to maintain their professional activity and income, and to limit the risks of infection. CONCLUSION: Personal and organisational factors motivated the implementation of teleconsultation during the pandemic, but maintaining it raises technical, regulatory, and ethical issues.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Tocologia , Consulta Remota , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Feminino , Humanos , Tocologia/métodos , Gravidez , Inquéritos e Questionários
19.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 22(1): 436, 2022 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35366877

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Midwives report a challenging work environment globally, with high levels of burnout, insufficient work resources and low job satisfaction. The primary objective of this study was to identify factors in the organisational and psychosocial work environment associated with midwives' job satisfaction. A secondary objective was to identify differences in how midwives assess the organisational and psychosocial work environment compared to Swedish benchmarks. METHODS: This nation-wide, cross-sectional web survey study analysed midwives' assessment of their organisational and psychosocial work environment using the COPSOQ III instrument. A multivariable, bi-directional, stepwise linear regression was used to identify association with job satisfaction (N = 1747, 99.6% women). A conventional minimal important score difference (MID ± 5 as a noticeable difference with clinical importance) were used to compare midwives' results with Swedish benchmarks. RESULTS: A multivariable regression model with 13 scales explained the variance in job satisfaction (R2 = .65). Five scales, possibilities for development, quality of work, role conflict, burnout and recognition, explained most of the variance in midwives' job satisfaction (R2 = .63) and had ß values ranging from .23 to .10. Midwives had adverse MID compared to Swedish benchmarks with higher difference in mean values regarding quantitative demands (8.3), work pace (6.0) emotional demand (20.6), role conflicts (7.9) and burnout (8.3). In addition, lower organisational justice (-6.4), self-rated health (-8.8), influence (-13.2) and recognition at work (-5.8). However, variation and meaning of work showed a beneficial difference in mean values with 7.9 and 13.7 respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Midwives reported high levels of meaningfulness in their work, and meaningfulness was associated with job satisfaction. However, midwives also reported adversely high demands and a lack of influence and recognition at work and in addition, high role conflict and burnout compared to Swedish benchmarks. The lack of organisational resources are modifiable factors that can be taken into account when structural changes are made regarding organisation of care, management and resource allocation. Midwives are necessary to a high quality sexual, reproductive and perinatal health care. Future studies are needed to investigate if job satisfaction can be improved through professional recognition and development, and if this can reduce turnover in midwives.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , Tocologia , Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Satisfação no Emprego , Masculino , Reorganização de Recursos Humanos , Gravidez
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