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A RT-PCR method for selective amplification and phenotypic characterization of all three serotypes of Sabin-related polioviruses from viral mixtures

Costa, Eliane Veiga da; Campos, Renata de Mendonça; Tavares, Fernando Neto; Grégio, Cátia Regina Valério; Burlandy, Fernanda Marcicano; Silva, Edson Elias da.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz; 107(5): 698-701, Aug. 2012. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-643761
Outbreaks caused by vaccine-derived polioviruses are challenging the final eradication of paralytic poliomyelitis. Therefore, the surveillance of the acute flaccid paralysis cases based on poliovirus isolation and characterization remains an essential activity. Due to the use of trivalent oral poliovirus vaccine (OPV), mixtures containing more than one serotype of Sabin-related polioviruses are frequently isolated from clinical samples. Because each poliovirus isolate needs to be individually analyzed, we designed polymerase chain reaction primers that can selectively distinguish and amplify a genomic segment of the three Sabin-related poliovirus serotypes present in mixtures, thus, optimizing the diagnosis and providing prompt information to support epidemiologic actions.
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