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Bifurcations of synchronized responses in synaptically coupled Bonhöffer-van der Pol neurons.

Tsumoto, Kunichika; Yoshinaga, Tetsuya; Kawakami, Hiroshi.
Phys Rev E Stat Nonlin Soft Matter Phys; 65(3 Pt 2A): 036230, 2002 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-11909235
The Bonhöffer-van der Pol (BvdP) equation is considered as an important model for studying dynamics in a single neuron. In this paper, we investigate bifurcations of periodic solutions in model equations of four and five BvdP neurons coupled through the characteristics of synaptic transmissions with a time delay. The model can be considered as a dynamical system whose solution includes jumps depending on a condition related to the behavior of the trajectory. Although the solution is discontinuous, we can define the Poincaré map as a synthesis of successive submaps, and give its derivatives for obtaining periodic points and their bifurcations. Using our proposed numerical method, we clarify mechanisms of bifurcations among synchronized oscillations with phase-locking patterns by analyzing periodic solutions observed in the coupling system and its subsystems. Moreover, we show that a global behavior of chaotic itinerancy or a phenomenon of chaotic transitions among several quasiattracting states can be observed in higher-dimensional systems of the synaptically four and five coupled neurons.
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