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Increasing cGMP-dependent protein kinase I activity attenuates cisplatin-induced kidney injury through protection of mitochondria function.

Maimaitiyiming, Hasiyeti; Li, Yanzhang; Cui, Wenpeng; Tong, Xiaopeng; Norman, Heather; Qi, Xinyu; Wang, Shuxia.
Am J Physiol Renal Physiol; 305(6): F881-90, 2013 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23825069
Cisplatin is widely used to treat malignancies. However, its major limitation is the development of dose-dependent nephrotoxicity. The precise mechanisms of cisplatin-induced kidney damage remain unclear, and the renoprotective agents during cisplatin treatment are still lacking. Here, we demonstrated that the expression and activity of cGMP-dependent protein kinase-I (PKG-I) were reduced in cisplatin-treated renal tubular cells in vitro as well as in the kidney tissues from cisplatin-treated mice in vivo. Increasing PKG activity by both pharmacological and genetic approaches attenuated cisplatin-induced kidney cell apoptosis in vitro. This was accompanied by decreased Bax/Bcl2 ratio, caspase 3 activity, and cytochrome c release. Cisplatin-induced mitochondria membrane potential loss in the tubular cells was also prevented by increased PKG activity. All of these data suggest a protective effect of PKG on mitochondria function in renal tubular cells. Importantly, increasing PKG activity pharmacologically or genetically diminished cisplatin-induced tubular damage and preserved renal function during cisplatin treatment in vivo. Mitochondria structural and functional damage in the kidney from cisplatin-treated mice was inhibited by increased PKG activity. In addition, increasing PKG activity enhanced ciaplatin-induced cell death in several cancer cell lines. Taken together, these results suggest that increasing PKG activity may be a novel option for renoprotection during cisplatin-based chemotherapy.
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