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ERCC1 expression levels predict the outcome of platinum-based chemotherapies in advanced bladder cancer: a meta-analysis.

Li, Shan; Wu, Junrong; Chen, Yongbin; Tang, Weizhong; Peng, Qiliu; Deng, Yan; Xie, Li; Wang, Jian; Huang, Shan; Li, Ruolin; Qin, Xue; Zhao, Jinmin.
Anticancer Drugs; 25(1): 106-14, 2014 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24025563
The objective of this study was to provide a precise evaluation of whether expression levels of excision repair cross-complementation group 1 (ERCC1) are associated with objective response, overall survival (OS), and median survival in patients with advanced bladder cancer treated with platinum-based chemotherapy. Systematic computerized searches of the electronic databases PubMed, EMBASE, Ovid, ASCO, and CNKI were performed and a meta-analysis was carried out to evaluate the correlation between ERCC1 expression levels and objective response rate, OS, or progression-free survival in patients with advanced bladder cancer receiving platinum-based chemotherapy. References within the articles identified were also searched manually. STATA package version 11.0 was used for the comprehensive quantitative analyses. A total of six studies involving 356 patients, of which ERCC1 expression was high/positive in 138 (38.8%) and low/negative in 218 (61.2%), were included in the meta-analysis. The median age of the patients was 63.7 years. The objective response rate favored patients with ERCC1 low/negative expression after platinum-based chemotherapy, but showed no significant difference [odds ratio 0.86, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.36-2.06, P=0.734]. The median OS time and the median progression-free survival time were significantly prolonged when ERCC1 low/negative expression was compared with ERCC1 high/positive expression (hazard ratio 0.69, 95% CI 0.54-0.89, P=0.004, and hazard ratio 0.76, 95% CI 0.66-0.89, P=0.000, respectively). In conclusion, low/negative expression of ERCC1 was associated with higher objective response, median progression-free survival, and median OS in patients with advanced bladder cancer treated with platinum-based chemotherapy. ERCC1 may be a suitable marker of prognosis and sensitivity to platinum-based chemotherapy in patients with advanced bladder cancer. Larger studies and further clinical trials are warranted to confirm these findings.
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