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Engineering E. coli-E. coli cocultures for production of muconic acid from glycerol.

Zhang, Haoran; Li, Zhengjun; Pereira, Brian; Stephanopoulos, Gregory.
Microb Cell Fact; 14: 134, 2015 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26369810

BACKGROUND:

cis, cis-Muconic acid is an important chemical that can be biosynthesized from simple substrates in engineered microorganisms. Recently, it has been shown that engineering microbial cocultures is an emerging and promising approach for biochemical production. In this study, we aim to explore the potential of the E. coli-E. coli coculture system to use a single renewable carbon source, glycerol, for the production of value-added product cis, cis-muconic acid.

RESULTS:

Two coculture engineering strategies were investigated. In the first strategy, an E. coli strain containing the complete biosynthesis pathway was co-cultivated with another E. coli strain containing only a heterologous intermediate-to-product biosynthetic pathway. In the second strategy, the upstream and downstream pathways were accommodated in two separate E. coli strains, each of which was dedicated to one portion of the biosynthesis process. Compared with the monoculture approach, both coculture engineering strategies improved the production significantly. Using a batch bioreactor, the engineered coculture achieved a 2 g/L muconic acid production with a yield of 0.1 g/g.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our results demonstrate that coculture engineering is a viable option for producing muconic acid from glycerol. Moreover, microbial coculture systems are shown to have the potential for converting single carbon source to value-added products.
Selo DaSilva