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Selenoprotein S inhibits inflammation-induced vascular smooth muscle cell calcification.

Ye, Yali; Bian, Weixia; Fu, Fen; Hu, Jian; Liu, Hongmei.
J Biol Inorg Chem; 23(5): 739-751, 2018 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29721770
Vascular calcification is a prominent feature of many diseases including atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (CVD), leading to high morbidity and mortality rates. A significant association of selenoprotein S (SelS) gene polymorphism with atherosclerotic CVD has been reported in epidemiologic studies, but the underlying mechanism is far from clear. To investigate the role of SelS in inflammation-induced vascular calcification, osteoblastic differentiation and calcification of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α were compared between the cells with and without SelS knockdown. LPS or TNF-α induced osteoblastic differentiation and calcification of VSMCs, as showed by the increases of runt-related transcription factor 2 (Runx2) protein levels, Runx2 and type I collagen mRNA levels, alkaline phosphatase activity, and calcium deposition content. These changes were aggravated when SelS was knocked down by small interfering RNA. Moreover, LPS activated both classical and alternative pathways of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) signaling in calcifying VSMCs, which were further enhanced under SelS knockdown condition. SelS knockdown also exacerbated LPS-induced increases of proinflammatory cytokines TNF-α and interleukin-6 expression, as well as increases of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress markers glucose-regulated protein 78 and inositol-requiring enzyme 1α expression in calcifying VSMCs. In conclusion, the present study suggested that SelS might inhibit inflammation-induced VSMC calcification probably by suppressing activation of NF-κB signaling pathways and ER stress. Our findings provide new understanding of the role of SelS in vascular calcification, which will be potentially beneficial to the prevention of atherosclerotic CVD.
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