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Characterization of two tea glutamate decarboxylase isoforms involved in GABA production.

Mei, Xin; Xu, Xinlan; Yang, Ziyin.
Food Chem; 305: 125440, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31494496
Tea (Camellia sinensis) contains two active glutamate decarboxylases (CsGADs), whose unclear properties were examined here. CsGAD1 was 4-fold higher than CsGAD2 in activity. Their Km values for L-glutamate were around 5 mM. CsGAD1 and CsGAD2 performed best at 55 and 40 °C, respectively, and were both stimulated by calcium/calmodulin (Ca2+/CaM). Over 40 °C, their calmodulin-binding domains degraded. CsGADs were most active at pH 5.6, and were stimulated by Ca2+/CaM at pH 5.6-6.6, but inactivated at pH 3.6. Ca2+/CaM restored the CsGAD1 activity suppressed by inhibitors. CsGADs and CsCaM were localized to the cytosol. CsGAD1 was more highly expressed in most tissues, while CsGAD2 expression was more induced under stresses. The characteristics we first elucidated here revealed that CsGAD1 is the predominant isoform in tea plant, with CsGAD2 exhibiting a supplementary role under certain conditions. The information will contribute to regulation of GABA tea quality.
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