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Oxidation of Reduced Graphene Oxide via Cellular Redox Signaling Modulates Actin-Mediated Neurotransmission.

Kang, Yiyuan; Liu, Jia; Yin, Suhan; Jiang, Yanping; Feng, Xiaoli; Wu, Junrong; Zhang, Yanli; Chen, Aijie; Zhang, Yaqing; Shao, Longquan.
ACS Nano; 14(3): 3059-3074, 2020 Mar 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32057235
Neurotransmission is the basis of brain functions, and controllable neurotransmission tuning constitutes an attractive approach for interventions in a wide range of neurologic disorders and for synapse-based therapeutic treatments. Graphene-family nanomaterials (GFNs) offer promising advantages for biomedical applications, particularly in neurology. Our study suggests that reduced graphene oxide (rGO) serves as a neurotransmission modulator and reveals that the cellular oxidation of rGO plays a crucial role in this effect. We found that rGO could be oxidized via cellular reactive oxygen species (ROS), as evidenced by an increased number of oxygen-containing functional groups on the rGO surface. Cellular redox signaling, which involves NADPH oxidases and mitochondria, was initiated and subsequently intensified rGO oxidation. The study further shows that the blockage of synaptic vesicle docking and fusion induced through a disturbance of actin dynamics is the underlying mechanism through which oxidized rGO exerts depressant effects on neurotransmission. Importantly, this depressant effect could be modulated by restricting the cellular ROS levels and stabilizing the actin dynamics. Taken together, our results identify the complicated biological effects of rGO as a controlled neurotransmission modulator and can provide helpful information for the future design of graphene materials for neurobiological applications.
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