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1.
Acta sci. vet. (Impr.) ; 49(suppl.1): Pub.654-Jan 4, 2021. ilus
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1458514

Resumo

Background: Liposarcoma is a malignant neoplasm of lipoblasts with low incidence in dogs, representing 1.7% of tumorsdiagnosed in the spleen. In veterinary medicine, this neoplasm is classified morphologically into the myxoid, well-differentiated, undifferentiated and pleomorphic subtypes, the latter being one of the most aggressive forms, mainly in cavityorgans. This report refers to a primary splenic pleomorphic liposarcoma in a female dog, addressing anatomopathologicaland immunohistochemical aspects.Case: A 14-year-old, 35 kg bitch mongrel with history of absence of defecation, progressive weight loss, difficulty walking, sensitivity to abdominal palpation, prostration, pale mucous membranes, tachypnea and abdominal distention waspresented to diagnosis. The condition evolved to death and, on necroscopy, there was an increase in splenic volume withneoformation of whitish and reddish color, measuring 32 × 27 cm in its largest axes and weighing 8.9 kg. The neoformationexhibited areas of firm and soft consistency, and sectioning revealed focal areas of extensive necrosis and cavity collectionsof different diameters that allowed the flow of liquid serous contents with a brownish red color. Microscopy showed cellsof neoplastic morphology infiltrating the splenic parenchyma, mostly with slightly acidophilic cytoplasm and few intracytoplasmic lipid vacuoles, which varied in size and distribution. The nucleus of the cells was large, eccentric and irregular,with round to oval morphology, grossly lacy chromatin and single or multiple evident nucleoli. These cells exhibited markedanisocytosis, anisokaryosis and pleomorphism, with more than one mitotic figure per high magnification field visible. Mildinflammatory infiltrate, predominantly lymphocytic, permeated the neoplastic cells, and marked depletion of lymphoidfollicles and atrophy of the red pulp were found in the remaining splenic parenchyma. Immunohistochemical tests...


Assuntos
Feminino , Animais , Cães , Cães , Lipossarcoma/veterinária , Esplenopatias/veterinária , Hipovolemia/veterinária
2.
Acta sci. vet. (Online) ; 49(suppl.1): Pub. 654, 18 jun. 2021. ilus
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-31835

Resumo

Background: Liposarcoma is a malignant neoplasm of lipoblasts with low incidence in dogs, representing 1.7% of tumorsdiagnosed in the spleen. In veterinary medicine, this neoplasm is classified morphologically into the myxoid, well-differentiated, undifferentiated and pleomorphic subtypes, the latter being one of the most aggressive forms, mainly in cavityorgans. This report refers to a primary splenic pleomorphic liposarcoma in a female dog, addressing anatomopathologicaland immunohistochemical aspects.Case: A 14-year-old, 35 kg bitch mongrel with history of absence of defecation, progressive weight loss, difficulty walking, sensitivity to abdominal palpation, prostration, pale mucous membranes, tachypnea and abdominal distention waspresented to diagnosis. The condition evolved to death and, on necroscopy, there was an increase in splenic volume withneoformation of whitish and reddish color, measuring 32 × 27 cm in its largest axes and weighing 8.9 kg. The neoformationexhibited areas of firm and soft consistency, and sectioning revealed focal areas of extensive necrosis and cavity collectionsof different diameters that allowed the flow of liquid serous contents with a brownish red color. Microscopy showed cellsof neoplastic morphology infiltrating the splenic parenchyma, mostly with slightly acidophilic cytoplasm and few intracytoplasmic lipid vacuoles, which varied in size and distribution. The nucleus of the cells was large, eccentric and irregular,with round to oval morphology, grossly lacy chromatin and single or multiple evident nucleoli. These cells exhibited markedanisocytosis, anisokaryosis and pleomorphism, with more than one mitotic figure per high magnification field visible. Mildinflammatory infiltrate, predominantly lymphocytic, permeated the neoplastic cells, and marked depletion of lymphoidfollicles and atrophy of the red pulp were found in the remaining splenic parenchyma. Immunohistochemical tests...(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Cães , Lipossarcoma/veterinária , Cães , Hipovolemia/veterinária , Esplenopatias/veterinária
3.
Acta sci. vet. (Impr.) ; 47: Pub.1688-2019. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1458087

Resumo

Background: The giant anteater is a Xenarthra of the Myrmecophagidae family. It is classified in Brazil as vulnerablespecie, however, in Rio de Janeiro and Rio Grande do Sul it is probably extinct. In an attempt to contribute to the preservation of the species, many injured animals are referred for treatment and rehabilitation, but the lack of information aboutmorphology may hinder a more efficient clinical-surgical approach. The knowledge on the topography, dimensions andmorphology of lymph nodes of a given species is essential for medical practice. The aim of this study was to identify anddescribe the general morphology of the superficial lymph nodes of Myrmecophaga tridactyla.Materials, Methods & Results: Ten cadavers of adult Myrmecophaga tridactyla were used in this study. They were fixedand preserved with 10% formaldehyde solution and dissected throughout their length to locate their superficial lymphnodes. Lymph nodes of each center were removed for mesoscopic analysis. Measurements of width, length and thicknesswere obtained by a digital caliper. The superficial lymph nodes observed in the head were the mandibular and the intermandibular, while in the neck were identified superficial cervical and deep cervical lymph nodes. In the thoracic limbs,the axillary and the axillary accessory lymph nodes were present. In the pelvic limbs just one lymph node, the femoral,was observed, located in the thick subcutaneous fascia of the medial surface of the thigh. The main anatomical differencesfound in the lymph nodes of M. tridactyla are the absence of parotid, popliteal and subiliac lymph nodes and the presenceof intermandibular lymph nodes and the developed femoral lymph nodes, which are unique in the pelvic limbs of this species. Moreover, some superficial lymph nodes were formed by several small lymph nodes, forming clusters, as observedin the proper and accessory axillary and femoral...


Assuntos
Animais , Linfonodos/anatomia & histologia , Sistema Linfático , Xenarthra/anatomia & histologia , Animais Selvagens
4.
Acta sci. vet. (Online) ; 47: Pub. 1688, Oct. 18, 2019. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-23816

Resumo

Background: The giant anteater is a Xenarthra of the Myrmecophagidae family. It is classified in Brazil as vulnerablespecie, however, in Rio de Janeiro and Rio Grande do Sul it is probably extinct. In an attempt to contribute to the preservation of the species, many injured animals are referred for treatment and rehabilitation, but the lack of information aboutmorphology may hinder a more efficient clinical-surgical approach. The knowledge on the topography, dimensions andmorphology of lymph nodes of a given species is essential for medical practice. The aim of this study was to identify anddescribe the general morphology of the superficial lymph nodes of Myrmecophaga tridactyla.Materials, Methods & Results: Ten cadavers of adult Myrmecophaga tridactyla were used in this study. They were fixedand preserved with 10% formaldehyde solution and dissected throughout their length to locate their superficial lymphnodes. Lymph nodes of each center were removed for mesoscopic analysis. Measurements of width, length and thicknesswere obtained by a digital caliper. The superficial lymph nodes observed in the head were the mandibular and the intermandibular, while in the neck were identified superficial cervical and deep cervical lymph nodes. In the thoracic limbs,the axillary and the axillary accessory lymph nodes were present. In the pelvic limbs just one lymph node, the femoral,was observed, located in the thick subcutaneous fascia of the medial surface of the thigh. The main anatomical differencesfound in the lymph nodes of M. tridactyla are the absence of parotid, popliteal and subiliac lymph nodes and the presenceof intermandibular lymph nodes and the developed femoral lymph nodes, which are unique in the pelvic limbs of this species. Moreover, some superficial lymph nodes were formed by several small lymph nodes, forming clusters, as observedin the proper and accessory axillary and femoral...(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Xenarthra/anatomia & histologia , Linfonodos/anatomia & histologia , Sistema Linfático , Animais Selvagens
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