Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 15 de 15
Filtrar
Mais filtros

Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Rev. Bras. Parasitol. Vet. (Online) ; 32(3): e004823, 2023. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1434869

Resumo

Increased interaction between wild and urban environments owing to human population growth, increased anthropization of biomes, and habitat loss for wild animals increases the spread of infectious and parasitic agents. The present study reports on the occurrence of gastrointestinal parasites in carnivorous mammals at two conservation institutions in the state of Goiás, Brazil. Fecal samples from 39 adult carnivores were collected after spontaneous defecation and analyzed by flotation and sedimentation. The structure and management data of each institution were recorded. Parasitism prevalence, binomial confidence intervals (CI) at 95%, variables associated with the presence of contact animals, size of the enclosure and type of food were recorded. The overall prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites in the samples analyzed was 71.8% (CI 55.1­83.0; 28/39). Ancylostomatidae, Toxocara spp., Toxascaris leonina, Strongyloides spp., Calodium hepaticum, and Trematoda eggs, and Cystoisospora spp. oocysts were detected. Environmental conditions were not correlated with parasitism prevalence; however, the parasites found could be managed, considering their biology, such as controlling synanthropic and domestic animals in captivity, feeding with healthy feed.(AU)


A crescente urbanização e a perda de hábitat para animais selvagens tem levado a uma maior interação entre ambientes selvagens e humanos, o que pode favorecer a disseminação de agentes infecciosos e parasitários. O presente estudo relata a ocorrência de parasitas gastrointestinais em mamíferos carnívoros em duas instituições de conservação no estado de Goiás, Brasil. Amostras fecais de 39 carnívoros adultos foram coletadas após a defecação espontânea e analisadas por flotação e sedimentação. Foram registrados os dados de estrutura e gestão de cada instituição. Prevalência de parasitismo, intervalo de confiança binomial (IC) a 95% e variáveis associadas a presença de animais de contato, tamanho do recinto e tipo de alimento foram registrados. A prevalência geral de parasitas gastrointestinais nas amostras analisadas foi de 71,8% (IC 55,1­83,0; 28/39). Foram detectados ovos de Ancylostomatidae, Toxocara spp., Toxascaris leonina, Strongyloides spp., Calodium hepaticum e de Trematoda e oocistos de Cystoisospora spp.. As condições ambientais não apresentaram correlação com a prevalência de parasitismo; entretanto, os parasitos encontrados podem ser manejados, considerando-se sua biologia, como controlar animais sinantrópicos e domésticos em cativeiro, e uso de alimentos livres de contaminantes.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Doenças Parasitárias em Animais , Gastroenteropatias/parasitologia , Animais Selvagens/parasitologia , Brasil
2.
Acta sci. vet. (Impr.) ; 49(suppl.1): Pub.595-Jan 4, 2021. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1458458

Resumo

Background: Calcinosis cutis is an uncommon dermatopathy characterized by the deposition of minerals in the skin,usually involving collagen and elastic fibers in the dermis. Usually, it results from dystrophic calcification and can begeneralized or focal. The dermatopathy may be primary or secondary to certain disorders, especially chronic proliferativeotitis, foreign body reactions, hyperadrenocorticism (HAC) and less frequently percutaneous penetration of calcium-richproducts. The aim of this report is to describe a presentation of calcinosis cutis affecting the skin of the back, internal faceof hind limbs and anal region of a 9-years-old bitch.Case: A 9-year-old, non-defined breed, bitch, ovariohysterectomized, weighing 9.45 kg, was attended at the DermatologicalService of companion animals at the Veterinary Hospital of the Federal University of Jataí (UFJ). The animal came in withthe complaint of extensive dorsal alopecia, covered by firm lesions, with a 3-month evolution, additionally to polyuria andpolydipsia. After physical examination, alopecic areas of great extension were confirmed on the dorsum, on the internalsurface of the hind limbs and in the anal region. Also, an exudative and painful lesion located on the back was detected,plus loss of elasticity of the ventral abdomen skin and visible abdominal vessels. The screening tests showed a markedincrease in the alanine aminotransferase enzyme (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and total cholesterol. The specificurinary density was decreased. On the ultrasound examination, hepatomegaly and an increase in the caudal pole of the leftadrenal were detected. Based on these findings, calcinosis cutis secondary to spontaneous hyperadrenocorticism (HAC)was suspected. For confirmation, skin biopsy and low dose dexamethasone suppression test (LDDS) were performed.LDDS test showed no reduction of serum cortisol after 8 h of dexamethasone dose administration and histopathological...


Assuntos
Feminino , Animais , Cães , Calcinose/veterinária , Dermatopatias/veterinária , Hiperfunção Adrenocortical/veterinária , Alopecia/veterinária , Polidipsia/veterinária , Poliúria/veterinária
3.
Acta sci. vet. (Online) ; 49(suppl.1): Pub. 595, Jan. 19, 2021. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-762675

Resumo

Background: Calcinosis cutis is an uncommon dermatopathy characterized by the deposition of minerals in the skin,usually involving collagen and elastic fibers in the dermis. Usually, it results from dystrophic calcification and can begeneralized or focal. The dermatopathy may be primary or secondary to certain disorders, especially chronic proliferativeotitis, foreign body reactions, hyperadrenocorticism (HAC) and less frequently percutaneous penetration of calcium-richproducts. The aim of this report is to describe a presentation of calcinosis cutis affecting the skin of the back, internal faceof hind limbs and anal region of a 9-years-old bitch.Case: A 9-year-old, non-defined breed, bitch, ovariohysterectomized, weighing 9.45 kg, was attended at the DermatologicalService of companion animals at the Veterinary Hospital of the Federal University of Jataí (UFJ). The animal came in withthe complaint of extensive dorsal alopecia, covered by firm lesions, with a 3-month evolution, additionally to polyuria andpolydipsia. After physical examination, alopecic areas of great extension were confirmed on the dorsum, on the internalsurface of the hind limbs and in the anal region. Also, an exudative and painful lesion located on the back was detected,plus loss of elasticity of the ventral abdomen skin and visible abdominal vessels. The screening tests showed a markedincrease in the alanine aminotransferase enzyme (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and total cholesterol. The specificurinary density was decreased. On the ultrasound examination, hepatomegaly and an increase in the caudal pole of the leftadrenal were detected. Based on these findings, calcinosis cutis secondary to spontaneous hyperadrenocorticism (HAC)was suspected. For confirmation, skin biopsy and low dose dexamethasone suppression test (LDDS) were performed.LDDS test showed no reduction of serum cortisol after 8 h of dexamethasone dose administration and histopathological...(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Cães , Calcinose/veterinária , Dermatopatias/veterinária , Hiperfunção Adrenocortical/veterinária , Alopecia/veterinária , Poliúria/veterinária , Polidipsia/veterinária
4.
Acta sci. vet. (Impr.) ; 49(supl.1): 731, 2021. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1366375

Resumo

Background: Hydronephrosis is the dilation of the pelvis and renal calyxes due to post-renal obstruction. The obstruction is often associated with extraluminal masses, blood clots and ureter ligation in castration procedures. Ureter ligation is reported as a malpractice. The renal function is reestablished if ligation is rapidly undone, but not for obstructions longer than four weeks. Often, clinical signs are results from months to years after the castration, when nephrectomy is the best therapeutic option. This paper aims to report a case of asymptomatic unilateral hydronephrosis in a 10-year-old dog caused by chronic ureter occlusion with Nylon 3.0 suture during an elective procedure. Case: A 10-year-old female pinscher dog, spayed 3 years ago was admitted at the Surgery Department of the Veterinary Hospital of the Federal University of Jataí (HV-UFJ). The animal was taken for periodontal treatment. In the physical and laboratory examination (complete blood count, hepatic and renal biochemical tests) no significant and noteworthy alterations were found. Ultrasonographic examination showed no changes in the topography and echotexture of the left kidney, however the right kidney was not visualized, with an anechoic structure suggestive of advanced and severe hydronephrosis. Therefore, exploratory laparotomy was proposed to identify the observed structure, with the periodontal treatment considered for a later time. So, a retroumbilical incision was made, followed by linea alba and the removal of simple isolated suture remaining from previous surgical procedure. In the cavity, the viscera were isolated and the left kidney was identified, observing preserved anatomy. On the other hand, the right kidney had altered topography and morphology, being exposed after release of adhesions in adjacent structures. The right renal artery and vein were dissected and a double ligature was made. Then, the right ureter was dissected, observing marked dilatation in the proximal portion and the presence of local ligation with Nylon 3.0. Right ureterectomy and right nephrectomy were performed. After nephrectomy, the capsule was ruptured, observing dark fluid in it and absence of tissue compatible with renal parenchyma. The material was preserved in 10% formaldehyde and sent for histopathological examination. Histopathology revealed risk of rupture of the renal capsule due to the advance of renal degeneration and complete absence of parenchyma. However, contrary to the severity of the histopathological, surgical and ultrasonographic findings, the patient did not present clinical signs at the time of diagnosis. Discussion: In the intraoperative evaluation, the cause of the hydronephrosis was verified to be in fact the ligation of the ureter, which may have been accidental or due to the malpractice of the veterinarian surgeon. Other possible causes such as adhesions and granulomas were ruled out because the Nylon 3.0 suture was found in the proximal portion of the right ureter. It is believed that the patient may have presented clinical signs of hydronephrosis that may have been confused by the tutors as postoperative complications, changes that if identified and performed in time, could have avoided the occurrence or worsening of hydronephrosis and subsequent nephrectomy. Clinically, the bitch did not show clinical signs presented in the literature as consistent with hydronephrosis such as polyuria, polydipsia, abdominalgia, external fistula and anorexia. Therefore, it is believed that this case is one of the first reports of the occurrence of severe hydronephrosis without typical clinical manifestations of hydronephrosis. This fact raises a warning about the thorough monitoring in the postoperative period by owners and veterinarians, in addition to highlighting concerns regarding the occurrence of medical malpractice versus surgical accidents.


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Cães , Obstrução Ureteral/veterinária , Erros Médicos/veterinária , Hidronefrose/cirurgia , Hidronefrose/veterinária , Rim/cirurgia , Ovariectomia/veterinária , Salpingectomia/veterinária , Histerectomia/veterinária , Imperícia , Nefrectomia/veterinária
5.
Acta sci. vet. (Impr.) ; 49(suppl.1): Pub.593-Jan 4, 2021. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1458456

Resumo

Background: Trichuris vulpis, a species that belongs to Trichuris and shows a cosmopolitan distribution, parasitizes thegastrointestinal system of dogs causing trichuriasis. The infection occurs owing to ingestion of larval eggs and subsequentfixation of their adult form in the large intestine of the host. The objective of this paper is to report the case of a BorderCollie dog that arrived at the Veterinary Pathology and Parasitology Laboratory (LPPV) of the Federal University of Jataí(UFJ) after exhibiting signs of intense dehydration and sudden death caused by severe T. vulpis infection, and to elucidatethe macroscopic and microscopic histopathological correlations observed during necropsy.Case: A 7-year-old male Border Collie dog was referred for routine necroscopic examination on suspicion of death fromintoxication. In the history, there were reports of bone ingestion, restlessness, and polydipsia for three days, followed bysudden death. Although the animal presented an adequate body state during the necroscopic procedure, enophthalmia andpale oral and ocular mucosa were observed, which are characteristic signs of severe dehydration and anemia. On opening the abdominal cavity, the visceral serosa were found to be stained and severely dry. Greenish mucous content wasobserved throughout the intestine, and in the large intestine, a moderate amount of mucus associated with high parasiticinfestation by elongated parasites attached to the mucosa was identified. The parasites were harvested, stored in airtightvials containing 70% alcohol, processed, and subsequently identified as T. vulpis.Discussion: The necroscopic findings associated with the histopathology were compatible with T. vulpis infestation at highparasite intensity, with severe destruction of the intestinal mucosa and inability of water absorption, resulting in severedehydration. In cases of parasitism, villous atrophy with crypt hypertrophy occurs...


Assuntos
Masculino , Animais , Cães , Cães/parasitologia , Desidratação/veterinária , Tricuríase/veterinária , Causas de Morte , Trichuris
6.
Acta sci. vet. (Online) ; 49(suppl.1): Pub. 593, Jan. 11, 2021. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-762673

Resumo

Background: Trichuris vulpis, a species that belongs to Trichuris and shows a cosmopolitan distribution, parasitizes thegastrointestinal system of dogs causing trichuriasis. The infection occurs owing to ingestion of larval eggs and subsequentfixation of their adult form in the large intestine of the host. The objective of this paper is to report the case of a BorderCollie dog that arrived at the Veterinary Pathology and Parasitology Laboratory (LPPV) of the Federal University of Jataí(UFJ) after exhibiting signs of intense dehydration and sudden death caused by severe T. vulpis infection, and to elucidatethe macroscopic and microscopic histopathological correlations observed during necropsy.Case: A 7-year-old male Border Collie dog was referred for routine necroscopic examination on suspicion of death fromintoxication. In the history, there were reports of bone ingestion, restlessness, and polydipsia for three days, followed bysudden death. Although the animal presented an adequate body state during the necroscopic procedure, enophthalmia andpale oral and ocular mucosa were observed, which are characteristic signs of severe dehydration and anemia. On opening the abdominal cavity, the visceral serosa were found to be stained and severely dry. Greenish mucous content wasobserved throughout the intestine, and in the large intestine, a moderate amount of mucus associated with high parasiticinfestation by elongated parasites attached to the mucosa was identified. The parasites were harvested, stored in airtightvials containing 70% alcohol, processed, and subsequently identified as T. vulpis.Discussion: The necroscopic findings associated with the histopathology were compatible with T. vulpis infestation at highparasite intensity, with severe destruction of the intestinal mucosa and inability of water absorption, resulting in severedehydration. In cases of parasitism, villous atrophy with crypt hypertrophy occurs...(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Cães , Cães/parasitologia , Tricuríase/veterinária , Desidratação/veterinária , Causas de Morte , Trichuris
7.
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1489065

Resumo

A dioctofimose em cães é uma doença parasitária registrada em vários estados do Brasil, incluindo o Rio Grande do Sul que afeta, principalmente, animais errantes que habitam áreas alagadas. A resolução do caso quando atinge apenas um rim é cirúrgica, sendo assim necessária à realização de anestesia geral para o procedimento de nefrectomia unilateral. Dessa forma, a busca por protocolos mais seguros que mantém a integridade renal é fundamental. O objetivo desse trabalho é relatar a anestesia para o procedimento de nefrectomia como tratamento de dioctofimose em um cão errante da cidade de Pelotas-RS. No presente caso, foi realizada medicação pré-anestésica, com acepromazina, cetamina associados amorfina, e indução com propofol. A manutenção do plano anestésico com isoflurano diluído em oxigênio a 100%, e foi ainda realizado o bloqueio epidural com bupivacaína e morfina para dessensibilização regional. Após o término do procedimento cirúrgico o paciente recebeu analgesia pós-operatória com meloxicam, tramadol e dipirona, e permaneceu na internação por 10 dias para monitoração da função renal e tratamento de doença dermatológica concomitante. O protocolo anestésico foi efetivo e sem maiores complicações, após alta médica foi levado para o canil da prefeitura, onde aguarda adoção.


Dioctophymosis in dogs is a parasitic disease registered in several states of Brazil, including Rio Grande do Sul, mainly wandering animals that live in flooded areas. The resolution of the case is only a surgical measure, so it is necessary to perform general anesthesia for the unilateral nephrectomy procedure. In this way, a search for other data that maintains the ri is fundamental. The purpose of this work is to report anesthesia for the nephrectomy procedure as a treatment of dioctosis in a wandering dog in the city of Pelotas, RS. In the present case, premedication with acepromazine, ketamine associated with morphine, and induction with propofol were performed. The maintenance of the anesthetic plan with isoflurane was diluted in 100% oxygen, and it was also performed with epidural block with bupivacaine and morphine for regional desensitization. After the end of the clinical procedure, the patient received postoperative analgesia with meloxicam, tramadol and dipyrone and remained in the hospital for 10 days to monitor renal function and the concomitant dermatology process. The anesthetic protocol was effective and without major complications, after being discharged to the health service, where it was installed.


Assuntos
Masculino , Animais , Cães , Anestesia/métodos , Anestesia/veterinária , Infecções por Enoplida/cirurgia , Infecções por Enoplida/veterinária , Monitorização Ambulatorial da Pressão Arterial/veterinária , Nefrectomia/métodos , Nefrectomia/veterinária , Dioctophymatoidea
8.
Acta sci. vet. (Impr.) ; 48(suppl.1): Pub.476-4 jan. 2020. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1458303

Resumo

Background: Canine transmissible venereal tumor (CTVT) is a peculiar neoplasm resulting from the transmission of hostcancerous cells to another canid by implantation. Transmission occurs among reproductive age dogs, especially thosewith unrestricted sexual activity. It usually occurs on the external genitalia of dogs and other areas are unusual. However,implants have been described in injured mucosa, as well as metastases in lymph nodes, spleen, skin, anus and perianalspace, oral mucosa, nasal mucosa, eyeball and brain. The purpose of this report is to describe the first case of exclusivelyextragenital ocular CTVT in a prepubescent female dog.Case: A 6-month-old mixed-breed, non-spayed and prepubescent female dog, showing a fast-growing reddish-coloredmass in the right eye (RE), was examined. Blepharospasm, mild serosanguineous secretion, chemosis and a smooth surfacereddish mass with 2.5 cm in length occupying the orbital area were observed during physical examination, impairing thevisualization of the right eyeball. For ocular ultrasonography examination of the affected eye, acepromazine was used (0.03mg/kg) associated with methadone (0.3 mg/kg) intramuscularly, and propofol (4 mg/kg) for induction and 0.2 mg/kg formaintenance, intravenously. Ultrasonography examination evidenced an amorphous hyperechogenic structure, medial tothe RE, with homogeneous echotexture, punctiform vascularization to amplitude Doppler (Power Doppler), measuring 2.8cm in length and 1.4 cm in diameter, causing eyeball distortion and rejection. Based on ultrasonography results and withthe patient still anesthetized, an incisional biopsy of the peribulbar mass was performed with a 5 mm disposable punch.The final CTVT diagnosis was possible after histopathological analysis. No more CTVT nodules were found, especiallyin the vulva, which had a prepubescent appearance, consistent with age. Treatment...


Assuntos
Feminino , Animais , Cães , Neoplasias Oculares/patologia , Neoplasias Oculares/veterinária , Tumores Venéreos Veterinários/patologia
9.
Acta sci. vet. (Impr.) ; 48(suppl.1): Pub.566-4 jan. 2020. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1458393

Resumo

Background: The nylon clamp, marketed as an accessory of electrical devices, has been used as an alternative method for definitive surgical hemostasis by ligature of arteriovenous vessels in ovariosalpingohisterectomy (OSH) in bitches and female cats. However, since May 2015, the Brazilian Veterinary Statutory Body (CFMV - Conselho Federal de Medicina Veterinária) banned its application, once it is a material still not regulated to be used in animals, in addition to the numerous reports of postoperative complications. This paper reports the migration of the clamp used in the OSH to the urinary bladder of the cat and the implications of the presence of the foreign body, in addition to discussing the use of this device in surgeries. Case: A 1-year-old Persian female cat, which, three months after an elective OSH in a private veterinary clinic, presented polyuria and hematuria. The patient presented pain at abdominal palpation; in the WBC were observed leucopenia and eosinophilia, indicating a chronic inflammatory process installed; the urinalysis showed the presence of crystals, increased urinary density, milky aspect indicating presence of pus, proteinuria and hematuria; on ultrasound were observed the presence of two amorphous mobile structures inside the bladder, producing acoustic shadow, measuring approximately 0.4 and 0.6 cm in diameter, suggesting the presence of bladder urolithiasis. Considering the results, the patient was sent for a cystotomy. The association of acepromazine (0.02 mg/kg), midazolam (0.2 mg/kg), morphine (0.2 mg/kg) and ketamine (10 mg/kg) was used intramuscularly as preanesthetic medication. For anesthetic induction, 5 mg/kg of propofol was applied intravenously, in addition to epidural anesthesia with 1 mL/4 kg of lidocaine along 0.1 mg/kg of morphine and, for maintenance, isoflurane in oxygen at 100%...


Assuntos
Feminino , Animais , Gatos , Bexiga Urinária , Corpos Estranhos/veterinária , Instrumentos Cirúrgicos/efeitos adversos , Instrumentos Cirúrgicos/veterinária , Nylons , Histerectomia/veterinária , Ovariectomia/veterinária , Salpingectomia/veterinária
10.
Acta sci. vet. (Online) ; 48(suppl.1): Pub. 476, Jan. 7, 2020. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-25449

Resumo

Background: Canine transmissible venereal tumor (CTVT) is a peculiar neoplasm resulting from the transmission of hostcancerous cells to another canid by implantation. Transmission occurs among reproductive age dogs, especially thosewith unrestricted sexual activity. It usually occurs on the external genitalia of dogs and other areas are unusual. However,implants have been described in injured mucosa, as well as metastases in lymph nodes, spleen, skin, anus and perianalspace, oral mucosa, nasal mucosa, eyeball and brain. The purpose of this report is to describe the first case of exclusivelyextragenital ocular CTVT in a prepubescent female dog.Case: A 6-month-old mixed-breed, non-spayed and prepubescent female dog, showing a fast-growing reddish-coloredmass in the right eye (RE), was examined. Blepharospasm, mild serosanguineous secretion, chemosis and a smooth surfacereddish mass with 2.5 cm in length occupying the orbital area were observed during physical examination, impairing thevisualization of the right eyeball. For ocular ultrasonography examination of the affected eye, acepromazine was used (0.03mg/kg) associated with methadone (0.3 mg/kg) intramuscularly, and propofol (4 mg/kg) for induction and 0.2 mg/kg formaintenance, intravenously. Ultrasonography examination evidenced an amorphous hyperechogenic structure, medial tothe RE, with homogeneous echotexture, punctiform vascularization to amplitude Doppler (Power Doppler), measuring 2.8cm in length and 1.4 cm in diameter, causing eyeball distortion and rejection. Based on ultrasonography results and withthe patient still anesthetized, an incisional biopsy of the peribulbar mass was performed with a 5 mm disposable punch.The final CTVT diagnosis was possible after histopathological analysis. No more CTVT nodules were found, especiallyin the vulva, which had a prepubescent appearance, consistent with age. Treatment...(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Cães , Tumores Venéreos Veterinários/patologia , Neoplasias Oculares/patologia , Neoplasias Oculares/veterinária
11.
Acta sci. vet. (Online) ; 48(suppl.1): Pub. 566, Nov. 25, 2020. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-33304

Resumo

Background: The nylon clamp, marketed as an accessory of electrical devices, has been used as an alternative method for definitive surgical hemostasis by ligature of arteriovenous vessels in ovariosalpingohisterectomy (OSH) in bitches and female cats. However, since May 2015, the Brazilian Veterinary Statutory Body (CFMV - Conselho Federal de Medicina Veterinária) banned its application, once it is a material still not regulated to be used in animals, in addition to the numerous reports of postoperative complications. This paper reports the migration of the clamp used in the OSH to the urinary bladder of the cat and the implications of the presence of the foreign body, in addition to discussing the use of this device in surgeries. Case: A 1-year-old Persian female cat, which, three months after an elective OSH in a private veterinary clinic, presented polyuria and hematuria. The patient presented pain at abdominal palpation; in the WBC were observed leucopenia and eosinophilia, indicating a chronic inflammatory process installed; the urinalysis showed the presence of crystals, increased urinary density, milky aspect indicating presence of pus, proteinuria and hematuria; on ultrasound were observed the presence of two amorphous mobile structures inside the bladder, producing acoustic shadow, measuring approximately 0.4 and 0.6 cm in diameter, suggesting the presence of bladder urolithiasis. Considering the results, the patient was sent for a cystotomy. The association of acepromazine (0.02 mg/kg), midazolam (0.2 mg/kg), morphine (0.2 mg/kg) and ketamine (10 mg/kg) was used intramuscularly as preanesthetic medication. For anesthetic induction, 5 mg/kg of propofol was applied intravenously, in addition to epidural anesthesia with 1 mL/4 kg of lidocaine along 0.1 mg/kg of morphine and, for maintenance, isoflurane in oxygen at 100%...(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Gatos , Instrumentos Cirúrgicos/efeitos adversos , Instrumentos Cirúrgicos/veterinária , Nylons , Bexiga Urinária , Corpos Estranhos/veterinária , Ovariectomia/veterinária , Histerectomia/veterinária , Salpingectomia/veterinária
12.
Vet. Zoot. ; 26: 1-4, 29 nov. 2019. tab
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-25116

Resumo

O uso do diagnóstico ultrassonográfico especialmente em pequenos animais vem se tornando uma prática cada vez mais comum na rotina clinica médico veterinária. O presente estudo teve como objetivo quantificar e analisar os exames ultrassonográficos realizados em pacientes felinos no Hospital Veterinário da UFG/REJ durante o ano de 2017. Por meio do levantamento dos dados constatou-se que foram realizados 208 diagnósticos por imagem por meio da ultrassonografia, onde 29,33%, 29%, 8% e 3% dos casos correspondem a patologias dos sistemas digestório, urinário, reprodutivo e respiratório respectivamente. Dessa forma este estudo retrospectivo permitiu identificar e quantificar, quais são os achados e as patologias mais frequente em felinos em nossa rotina clínica, demonstrando também a importância da aplicabilidade da ultrassonografia para o diagnóstico das enfermidades.(AU)


The use of ultrasonographic diagnosis, especially in small animals, has become an increasingly common practice in routine veterinary medical practice. The present study aimed to quantify and analyze the ultrasound examinations performed in feline patients at the UFG / REJ Veterinary Hospital during the year 2017. Through the data collection, it was verified that 208 diagnoses were performed per image through ultrasonography, where 29,33%, 29%, 8% and 3% of the cases correspond to diseases of the digestive, urinary, reproductive and respiratory systems, respectively. In this way, this retrospective study allowed to identify and quantify the most frequent findings and pathologies in cats in our clinical routine, also demonstrating the importance of the applicability of ultrasonography for the diagnosis of diseases.(AU)


El uso del diagnóstico ultrasonográfico especialmente en pequeños animales, se está convirtiendo en una práctica cada vez más común en la rutina clínica veterinaria. El presente estudio tuvo como objetivo cuantificar y analizar los exámenes ultrasonográficos realizados en pacientes felinos en el Hospital Veterinario de la UFG / REJ durante el año 2017. A través del levantamiento de los datos se constató que se realizaron 208 diagnósticos por imagen a través de la ultrasonografía, donde 29,33%, 29%, 8% y 3% de los casos corresponden a patologías de los sistemas digestivo, urinario, reproductivo y respiratorio respectivamente. De esta forma este estudio retrospectivo permitió identificar y cuantificar, cuáles son los hallazgos y las patologías más frecuentes en felinos en nuestra rutina clínica, demostrando también la importancia de la aplicabilidad de la ultrasonografía para el diagnóstico de las enfermedades.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Gatos , Ultrassonografia/estatística & dados numéricos , Ultrassonografia/veterinária , Diagnóstico por Imagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Diagnóstico por Imagem/veterinária , Estudos Retrospectivos
13.
Vet. zootec ; 26: 1-4, 25 fev. 2019. tab
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1503556

Resumo

O uso do diagnóstico ultrassonográfico especialmente em pequenos animais vem se tornando uma prática cada vez mais comum na rotina clinica médico veterinária. O presente estudo teve como objetivo quantificar e analisar os exames ultrassonográficos realizados em pacientes felinos no Hospital Veterinário da UFG/REJ durante o ano de 2017. Por meio do levantamento dos dados constatou-se que foram realizados 208 diagnósticos por imagem por meio da ultrassonografia, onde 29,33%, 29%, 8% e 3% dos casos correspondem a patologias dos sistemas digestório, urinário, reprodutivo e respiratório respectivamente. Dessa forma este estudo retrospectivo permitiu identificar e quantificar, quais são os achados e as patologias mais frequente em felinos em nossa rotina clínica, demonstrando também a importância da aplicabilidade da ultrassonografia para o diagnóstico das enfermidades.


The use of ultrasonographic diagnosis, especially in small animals, has become an increasingly common practice in routine veterinary medical practice. The present study aimed to quantify and analyze the ultrasound examinations performed in feline patients at the UFG / REJ Veterinary Hospital during the year 2017. Through the data collection, it was verified that 208 diagnoses were performed per image through ultrasonography, where 29,33%, 29%, 8% and 3% of the cases correspond to diseases of the digestive, urinary, reproductive and respiratory systems, respectively. In this way, this retrospective study allowed to identify and quantify the most frequent findings and pathologies in cats in our clinical routine, also demonstrating the importance of the applicability of ultrasonography for the diagnosis of diseases.


El uso del diagnóstico ultrasonográfico especialmente en pequeños animales, se está convirtiendo en una práctica cada vez más común en la rutina clínica veterinaria. El presente estudio tuvo como objetivo cuantificar y analizar los exámenes ultrasonográficos realizados en pacientes felinos en el Hospital Veterinario de la UFG / REJ durante el año 2017. A través del levantamiento de los datos se constató que se realizaron 208 diagnósticos por imagen a través de la ultrasonografía, donde 29,33%, 29%, 8% y 3% de los casos corresponden a patologías de los sistemas digestivo, urinario, reproductivo y respiratorio respectivamente. De esta forma este estudio retrospectivo permitió identificar y cuantificar, cuáles son los hallazgos y las patologías más frecuentes en felinos en nuestra rutina clínica, demostrando también la importancia de la aplicabilidad de la ultrasonografía para el diagnóstico de las enfermedades.


Assuntos
Animais , Gatos , Diagnóstico por Imagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Diagnóstico por Imagem/veterinária , Ultrassonografia/estatística & dados numéricos , Ultrassonografia/veterinária , Estudos Retrospectivos
14.
Ci. Rural ; 44(8): 1431-1436, Aug. 2014. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-27027

Resumo

The effects of sildenafil on retrobulbar and retinal circulation were studied in 18 adult male, albino, homozygous rabbits, of the New Zealand White breed, randomly divided into 3 groups of 6 animals, for drug treatment at a dose of 3.5mg kg-1 every 24 hours, for 7, 15 and 30 days. Nine animals used for control were treated with saline solution at 0.9%. It was evaluated intraocular pressure (IOP), mean arterial pressure (MAP), ocular perfusion pressure (PPO), B-mode ultrasonography and fluorescein angiography before and at the end of treatments. A slight decrease in results of IOP, MAP and PPO after treatment with sildenafil was evident, however, there was no statistical significance. It was observed significant increased diameter of the ophthalmic artery after 7 and 30 days of treatment and decreased mean arterial pressure after 7, 15 and 30 days of treatment, with no statistical difference. On fluorescein angiography, it was observed that the arterial, arteriovenous and venous stages initiated more rapidly in animals after treatment, with significant difference on the arteriovenous stage at the 7th and 15th days. It was possible to admit that the sildenafil citrate improves blood circulation in the retina of rabbits, by increasing the speed of blood flow and decreasing the perfusion pressure.(AU)


Os efeitos do sildenafil sobre a circulação retrobulbar e a retiniana foram estudados em 18 coelhos machos adultos, albinos, homozigotos, da raça Nova Zelândia Branco, distribuídos aleatoriamente em 3 grupos de 6 animais, para tratamento com o fármaco na dose de 3,5mg kg-1 a cada 24 horas, por 7, 15 e 30 dias. Nove animais foram utilizados para controle, tratados com solução fisiológica a 0.9%. Foram avaliadas a pressão intraocular (PIO), a pressão arterial média (PAM) e a pressão de perfusão ocular (PPO), ultrassonografia em modo-B e a angiografia fluoresceínica, antes e ao término dos tratamentos. Evidenciou-se discreta diminuição nos resultados da PIO, da PAM e da PPO após tratamento com sildenafil, entretanto não houve significância estatística. Observou-se aumento significativo do diâmetro da artéria oftálmica após 7 e 30 dias de tratamento e diminuição da pressão arterial média após 7, 15 e 30 dias de tratamento, sem diferença estatística. À angiografia fluoresceínica, observou-se que as fases arterial, artério-venosa e venosa iniciaram-se mais rapidamente nos animais após o tratamento, com diferença significativa na fase artério-venosa ao 7o e 15o dias. Foi possível admitir que o citrato de sildenafil melhora a circulação de sangue na retina de coelhos, através do aumento da velocidade do fluxo de sangue e diminuição da pressão de perfusão.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Coelhos , Citrato de Sildenafila/administração & dosagem , Citrato de Sildenafila/uso terapêutico , Retina/efeitos dos fármacos , Circulação Sanguínea/efeitos dos fármacos
15.
Tese em Português | VETTESES | ID: vtt-8180

Resumo

O propósito deste estudo foi comparar, utilizando parâmetros clínicos e histológicos, as alterações córneo-conjuntivais promovidas pelo uso local de solução anestésica a base de cloridrato de proparacaína a 0,5% e de solução anestésica a base de cloridrato de tetracaína a 1% em coelhos. Foram utilizados 63 coelhos da raça Nova Zelândia, espécie Oryctolagus cuniculus, saudáveis, com peso corpóreo médio de 2500g, com três a quatro meses de idade. Desses, 21 eram de pelagem vermelha, sendo 13 machos e 8 fêmeas, e 42 albinos, sendo 31 machos e 11 fêmeas, distribuídos, por meio de sorteio, em nove grupos de sete animais (G1, G2, G3, G4, G5, G6, G7, G8 e G9). Os animais pertencentes aos grupos G1, G2 e G3 foram tratados com colírio a base de cloridrato de proparacaína a 0,5%, aqueles que constituíram os grupos G4, G5 e G6 com colírio a base de cloridrato de tetracaína a 1% e, aqueles que pertenciam aos grupos G7, G8 e G9 com solução fisiológica a 0,9%. Os animais pertencentes aos grupos G1, G4 e G7 foram tratados por três dias, aqueles pertencentes aos grupos G2, G5 e G8 por sete dias e, aqueles que compuseram os grupos G3, G6 e G9, por 15 dias. O protocolo terapêutico instituído foi o mesmo para todos os grupos, constando de instilação de uma gota da solução em cada olho, a cada duas horas, durante doze horas do dia, perfazendo um total de seis instilações diárias em cada olho. Ao final dos tratamentos, os animais foram submetidos à eutanásia utilizando injeção de thiopental sódico, na dose de 65 mg por quilograma de peso vivo, na veia marginal da orelha. Para a avaliação histológica foram utilizados dois animais machos albinos de cada grupo experimental, perfazendo um total de 36 olhos. Nos animais tratados com colírio de cloridrato de tetracaína verificaram-se alterações clínicas que incluíram conjuntivite em 100% dos animais, blefarite e presença de secreção do tipo mucosa em 69,05 a 100% dos olhos, sendo que, apenas um animal apresentou ceratite puntiforme em um olho ao quinto dia de tratamento. A única alteração clínica apresentada nos olhos dos animais tratados com cloridrato de proparacaína caracterizou-se por discreta hiperemia em até 21,43% dos olhos. Clinicamente, não foi verificada diferença estatística entre os grupos tratados com cloridrato de proparacaína e aqueles que receberam solução fisiológica. Histopatologicamente, foi observada uma toxicidade ao cloridrato de proparacaína menor do que a causada pela tetracaína e não foi observada diferença estatística quando se comparou ao grupo controle, tratado com solução fisiológica. As lesões histológicas nas conjuntivas constituíram em edema, hiperemia, linfoangiectasia, hiperplasia de folículos linfóides e de células globosas e infiltrados inflamatórios do tipo mononuclear com presença de eosinófilos. Diante dos resultados, permitiu-se concluir que o tratamento com as soluções anestésicas não produziu alterações estatisticamente significativas nas córneas hígidas de coelhos e, o colírio a base de cloridrato de tetracaína a 1% promoveu alterações significativas nas pálpebras e conjuntiva ocular hígidas de coelhos

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA