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1.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 37(11): 1247-1252, Nov. 2017. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-895358

Resumo

Equine multinodular pulmonary fibrosis (EMPF) diagnosed at the Laboratório Regional de Diagnóstico of Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária, Universidade Federal de Pelotas (LRD/UFPel), is described. Differential aspects of other pulmonary diseases in horses with pneumonia and interstitial fibrosis were discussed. The disease occurred in a 15-year-old equine that presented with clinical signs of respiratory distress, intermittent fever, anorexia, and dyspnea. Macroscopically, there was enlargement of the lungs with whitish, pale, firm and well-delimited nodules, approximately 7-10 cm in diameter, distributed throughout the parenchyma. Histologically, the lung nodules had alveolar spaces with walls covered by cuboidal epithelium containing macrophages, neutrophils, lymphocytes, hyperplasia of type II pneumocytes and, eventually, multinucleated giant cells. The interstitium was markedly thickened by mature fibrous connective tissue and collagen. There were intranuclear inclusion bodies in the macrophages. The PCR technique for detecting the EHV-5 DNA was positive. In a retrospective study of pneumonia cases in horses with interstitial fibrosis diagnosed in the LRD/UFPel, two animals had macroscopic and histological lesions similar to those with EMPF, but they were negative for EHV-5 in PCR. Four cases diagnosed with pneumonia and interstitial tissue fibrosis had a histological pattern that was different from that observed in the EMPF animal, thus eliminating the possibility of EMPF. It is concluded that EMPF is a sporadic disease that should be considered in cases of respiratory disease in horses. Reports of such cases are important to alert technicians about the occurrence of rare diseases in Brazil. It is also necessary to establish the true role of EHV-5 in the pathogenesis of EMPF. Cases of pulmonary fibrosis such as EMPF, in which the virus is not present, should be studied to establish whether it could be an idiopathic form of the disease.(AU)


Descreve-se a fibrose multinodular pulmonar equina (EMPF) diagnosticado no Laboratório Regional de Diagnóstico da Faculdade de Veterinária da Universidade Federal de Pelotas. Foram discutidos a patologia da doença e os aspectos diferenciais de outras enfermidades pulmonares de equinos que cursam com pneumonia e fibrose intersticial. A doença ocorreu em um equino sem raça definida de 15 anos de idade que apresentou sinais clínicos de dificuldade respiratória febre intermitente, anorexia e dispneia, com evolução de aproximadamente 10 dias. Macroscopicamente havia aumento de volume dos pulmões e nódulos esbranquiçados, pálidos, firmes e bem delimitados, de aproximadamente 7-10 cm de diâmetro, distribuídos pelo parênquima. Histologicamente, o tecido pulmonar apresentava nódulos caracterizados pela presença de espaços alveolares, com paredes revestidas por epitélio cuboidal achatado, contendo macrófagos e neutrófilos e havia, também, linfócitos e hiperplasia de pneumócitos tipo II e eventualmente células gigantes multinuacleadas. O interstício estava acentuadamente espessado por tecido conjuntivo fibroso maduro e por colágeno. Havia corpúsculos de inclusão intranucleares em macrófagos. A técnica de PCR para detecção do DNA de herpes vírus equino-5 (EHV-5) resultou positiva. Em um estudo retrospectivo de casos de pneumonia com fibrose intersticial diagnosticados no LRD entre 2000 e 2015, dois equinos apresentaram lesões macroscópicas e histológicas similares às de EMPF, porém resultaram negativos na PCR para detecção de EHV-5. Quatro casos de pneumonia com fibrose do tecido intersticial apresentaram padrão histológico diverso da EMPF descartando-se a possibilidade de tratar-se da doença. Conclui-se que EMPF é uma enfermidade esporádica, no entanto deve ser levada em consideração em casos de doença respiratória em equinos. A descrição dos casos diagnosticados é importante para alertar técnicos sobre a ocorrência da mesma no Brasil. É necessário estabelecer o real papel do EHV-5 na patogenia da doença. Casos de fibrose pulmonar semelhantes à EMPF em que não esteja presente o vírus, devem ser estudados a fim de ficar estabelecido se poderia ser uma forma idiopática da mesma doença.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Fibrose Pulmonar/patologia , Fibrose Pulmonar/veterinária , Doenças dos Cavalos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Diagnóstico Diferencial
2.
Acta sci. vet. (Impr.) ; 45: 1-7, 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1457650

Resumo

Background: Breeding of Crioulo horses in the southern region of Brazil is very significant. Notwithstanding, not all animals meet the standards defined for the breed, raising concern among breeders, owners and veterinarians, driving them to an effort to know and understand the development of Crioulo foals. In order to get a registry at Brazilian Association of Crioulo Horse Breeders (ABCCC), the foals must be presented to a certified technician as of 24 months of age and show the breed standards and measurements required. To date, there are no data concerning development of this breed available. Therefore, this study aims to describe the growth curve of Crioulo foals in the south region of Rio Grande do Sul.Materials, Methods & Results: The study was conducted in three Crioulo horse breeding farms in the cities of Santa Vitória do Palmar, Bagé and Aceguá, in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, for a period of two years (2013-2015). We followed up on 267 Crioulo foals from birth up to 24 months of age. Biometric evaluation was divided in 26 periods, with 40 animals in each and random repetition of individuals. Period one: birth to seven days; period two: seven to 21 days; monthly from 1st to 24th month. The three breeding farms presented similar environmental conditions and the horses were submitted to similar management. Measurements were taken on a monthly basis, using a mechanical scale for weight and a hippometer for height. The analysis were conducted on SAS/ETS® version 9.2. Logistic non-linear regression model was used to obtain growth curves for height and minimum, medium and maximum weight of the foals on their respective ages, by this way six growth curves were produced. Results show an increase in weight and height at 24 months of age compared to the moment of birth. This increase was accentuated during the first months of life, both in weight and height.[...]


Assuntos
Animais , Animais Recém-Nascidos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Cavalos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Pesos e Medidas Corporais/veterinária , Biometria , Valores de Referência
3.
Acta sci. vet. (Online) ; 45: 1-7, 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-20293

Resumo

Background: Breeding of Crioulo horses in the southern region of Brazil is very significant. Notwithstanding, not all animals meet the standards defined for the breed, raising concern among breeders, owners and veterinarians, driving them to an effort to know and understand the development of Crioulo foals. In order to get a registry at Brazilian Association of Crioulo Horse Breeders (ABCCC), the foals must be presented to a certified technician as of 24 months of age and show the breed standards and measurements required. To date, there are no data concerning development of this breed available. Therefore, this study aims to describe the growth curve of Crioulo foals in the south region of Rio Grande do Sul.Materials, Methods & Results: The study was conducted in three Crioulo horse breeding farms in the cities of Santa Vitória do Palmar, Bagé and Aceguá, in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, for a period of two years (2013-2015). We followed up on 267 Crioulo foals from birth up to 24 months of age. Biometric evaluation was divided in 26 periods, with 40 animals in each and random repetition of individuals. Period one: birth to seven days; period two: seven to 21 days; monthly from 1st to 24th month. The three breeding farms presented similar environmental conditions and the horses were submitted to similar management. Measurements were taken on a monthly basis, using a mechanical scale for weight and a hippometer for height. The analysis were conducted on SAS/ETS® version 9.2. Logistic non-linear regression model was used to obtain growth curves for height and minimum, medium and maximum weight of the foals on their respective ages, by this way six growth curves were produced. Results show an increase in weight and height at 24 months of age compared to the moment of birth. This increase was accentuated during the first months of life, both in weight and height.[...](AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Cavalos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Animais Recém-Nascidos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Pesos e Medidas Corporais/veterinária , Valores de Referência , Biometria
4.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 37(11): 1247-1252, nov. 2017. graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-23083

Resumo

Equine multinodular pulmonary fibrosis (EMPF) diagnosed at the Laboratório Regional de Diagnóstico of Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária, Universidade Federal de Pelotas (LRD/UFPel), is described. Differential aspects of other pulmonary diseases in horses with pneumonia and interstitial fibrosis were discussed. The disease occurred in a 15-year-old equine that presented with clinical signs of respiratory distress, intermittent fever, anorexia, and dyspnea. Macroscopically, there was enlargement of the lungs with whitish, pale, firm and well-delimited nodules, approximately 7-10 cm in diameter, distributed throughout the parenchyma. Histologically, the lung nodules had alveolar spaces with walls covered by cuboidal epithelium containing macrophages, neutrophils, lymphocytes, hyperplasia of type II pneumocytes and, eventually, multinucleated giant cells. The interstitium was markedly thickened by mature fibrous connective tissue and collagen. There were intranuclear inclusion bodies in the macrophages. The PCR technique for detecting the EHV-5 DNA was positive. In a retrospective study of pneumonia cases in horses with interstitial fibrosis diagnosed in the LRD/UFPel, two animals had macroscopic and histological lesions similar to those with EMPF, but they were negative for EHV-5 in PCR. Four cases diagnosed with pneumonia and interstitial tissue fibrosis had a histological pattern that was different from that observed in the EMPF animal, thus eliminating the possibility of EMPF. It is concluded that EMPF is a sporadic disease that should be considered in cases of respiratory disease in horses. Reports of such cases are important to alert technicians about the occurrence of rare diseases in Brazil. It is also necessary to establish the true role of EHV-5 in the pathogenesis of EMPF. Cases of pulmonary fibrosis such as EMPF, in which the virus is not present, should be studied to establish whether it could be an idiopathic form of the disease.(AU)


Descreve-se a fibrose multinodular pulmonar equina (EMPF) diagnosticado no Laboratório Regional de Diagnóstico da Faculdade de Veterinária da Universidade Federal de Pelotas. Foram discutidos a patologia da doença e os aspectos diferenciais de outras enfermidades pulmonares de equinos que cursam com pneumonia e fibrose intersticial. A doença ocorreu em um equino sem raça definida de 15 anos de idade que apresentou sinais clínicos de dificuldade respiratória febre intermitente, anorexia e dispneia, com evolução de aproximadamente 10 dias. Macroscopicamente havia aumento de volume dos pulmões e nódulos esbranquiçados, pálidos, firmes e bem delimitados, de aproximadamente 7-10 cm de diâmetro, distribuídos pelo parênquima. Histologicamente, o tecido pulmonar apresentava nódulos caracterizados pela presença de espaços alveolares, com paredes revestidas por epitélio cuboidal achatado, contendo macrófagos e neutrófilos e havia, também, linfócitos e hiperplasia de pneumócitos tipo II e eventualmente células gigantes multinuacleadas. O interstício estava acentuadamente espessado por tecido conjuntivo fibroso maduro e por colágeno. Havia corpúsculos de inclusão intranucleares em macrófagos. A técnica de PCR para detecção do DNA de herpes vírus equino-5 (EHV-5) resultou positiva. Em um estudo retrospectivo de casos de pneumonia com fibrose intersticial diagnosticados no LRD entre 2000 e 2015, dois equinos apresentaram lesões macroscópicas e histológicas similares às de EMPF, porém resultaram negativos na PCR para detecção de EHV-5. Quatro casos de pneumonia com fibrose do tecido intersticial apresentaram padrão histológico diverso da EMPF descartando-se a possibilidade de tratar-se da doença. Conclui-se que EMPF é uma enfermidade esporádica, no entanto deve ser levada em consideração em casos de doença respiratória em equinos. A descrição dos casos diagnosticados é importante para alertar técnicos sobre a ocorrência da mesma no Brasil. É necessário estabelecer o real papel do EHV-5 na patogenia da doença. Casos de fibrose pulmonar semelhantes à EMPF em que não esteja presente o vírus, devem ser estudados a fim de ficar estabelecido se poderia ser uma forma idiopática da mesma doença.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Fibrose Pulmonar/patologia , Fibrose Pulmonar/veterinária , Doenças dos Cavalos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Diagnóstico Diferencial
5.
Acta sci. vet. (Impr.) ; 44(supl): 01-04, 2016. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1457533

Resumo

Background: Cardiac anomalies account for 3.5% of congenital defects in horses. Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) is characterized by ventricular septal defect, pulmonary stenosis, dextroposition the aorta and right ventricular hypertrophy secondary. Pentalogy of Fallot (POF) is a variation and is characterized by a defect in the right atrioventricular valve or persistence of the ductus arteriosus, in addition to the other defects observed in tetralogy. Affected animals usually have stunted growth, exercise intolerance, weakness, lethargy, cyanosis, dyspnea and syncope. The aim of this study was to describe a case of POF, as diagnosed in a Crioulo foal in southern Brazil. Case: Clinical signs were observed at the fifth day of life and were characterized by cyanosis, intense tracheal stertor, tachycardia, marked heart murmur, HR 160 bpm, RR 80 breaths/min, T 39.8C and syncope. These signs worsened with physical activity. Endoscopic evaluation of the upper airways revealed no anatomical conformation changes or tissue dysfunction. A cardiac ultrasound showed a loss of continuity of the interventricular septum, right ventricular wall thickening and a hyperechoic appearance of the area where the right atrioventricular valve (tricuspid) should be. The crises have become more severe and more frequent, the animal began to show signs of ischemia, such as loss of motor coordination and limited [...]


Assuntos
Animais , Anormalidades Congênitas/veterinária , Cardiopatias Congênitas/diagnóstico , Cardiopatias Congênitas/veterinária , Cavalos/anormalidades , Comunicação Interventricular , Estenose da Valva Pulmonar/veterinária
6.
Acta sci. vet. (Online) ; 44(supl): 01-04, 2016. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-482952

Resumo

Background: Cardiac anomalies account for 3.5% of congenital defects in horses. Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) is characterized by ventricular septal defect, pulmonary stenosis, dextroposition the aorta and right ventricular hypertrophy secondary. Pentalogy of Fallot (POF) is a variation and is characterized by a defect in the right atrioventricular valve or persistence of the ductus arteriosus, in addition to the other defects observed in tetralogy. Affected animals usually have stunted growth, exercise intolerance, weakness, lethargy, cyanosis, dyspnea and syncope. The aim of this study was to describe a case of POF, as diagnosed in a Crioulo foal in southern Brazil. Case: Clinical signs were observed at the fifth day of life and were characterized by cyanosis, intense tracheal stertor, tachycardia, marked heart murmur, HR 160 bpm, RR 80 breaths/min, T 39.8C and syncope. These signs worsened with physical activity. Endoscopic evaluation of the upper airways revealed no anatomical conformation changes or tissue dysfunction. A cardiac ultrasound showed a loss of continuity of the interventricular septum, right ventricular wall thickening and a hyperechoic appearance of the area where the right atrioventricular valve (tricuspid) should be. The crises have become more severe and more frequent, the animal began to show signs of ischemia, such as loss of motor coordination and limited [...](AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Cardiopatias Congênitas/diagnóstico , Cardiopatias Congênitas/veterinária , Anormalidades Congênitas/veterinária , Cavalos/anormalidades , Estenose da Valva Pulmonar/veterinária , Comunicação Interventricular
7.
Acta sci. vet. (Online) ; 42(suppl.1): Pub. 62, 15 ago. 2014. ilus
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-31099

Resumo

Background: The rhinosporidiosis is caused by Rhinosporidium seeberi, an aquatic parasite that occur in flooded regions. The disease can affect several species, including horses. In Brazil, there are few reported cases and the mortality rate is low, thus its epidemiological importance is related to its zoonotic aspects. The transmission of Rhinosporidium seeberi occurs via contaminated water or soil and subsequent infection through mucosal injury where a granulomatous lesion is developed. In horses, nasal mucosa is the most affected area and laryngeal affection is rare. The aim of this work is to describe a case of nasal and laryngeal rhinosporidiosis in a horse, focusing on diagnosis and therapeutics. Case: A 07-year-old crossbreed male was referred to the Veterinary Clinics Hospital (HCV) of UFPel, RS, with clinical history of cough and nasal discharge. In the clinical examination, the patient showed a proliferative mass near the nasal septum located medially in the left nostril, tracheal rales and respiratory distress. Hematologic findings were in agreement with the reference values for the species. The tumor was removed with the animal standing using local anesthesia and sedation and the fragments were fixed in 10% formaldehyde solution and sent for histopathological examination. Fifteen days later, the patient was referred for further evaluation in the HCV, showing the...(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Rinosporidiose/diagnóstico , Rinosporidiose/veterinária , Rhinosporidium/isolamento & purificação , Doenças da Laringe/veterinária , Cavalos , Doenças Respiratórias/diagnóstico , Doenças Respiratórias/veterinária
8.
Acta sci. vet. (Impr.) ; 42(suppl.1): Pub.62-30 jul. 2014. ilus
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1457268

Resumo

Background: The rhinosporidiosis is caused by Rhinosporidium seeberi, an aquatic parasite that occur in flooded regions. The disease can affect several species, including horses. In Brazil, there are few reported cases and the mortality rate is low, thus its epidemiological importance is related to its zoonotic aspects. The transmission of Rhinosporidium seeberi occurs via contaminated water or soil and subsequent infection through mucosal injury where a granulomatous lesion is developed. In horses, nasal mucosa is the most affected area and laryngeal affection is rare. The aim of this work is to describe a case of nasal and laryngeal rhinosporidiosis in a horse, focusing on diagnosis and therapeutics. Case: A 07-year-old crossbreed male was referred to the Veterinary Clinics Hospital (HCV) of UFPel, RS, with clinical history of cough and nasal discharge. In the clinical examination, the patient showed a proliferative mass near the nasal septum located medially in the left nostril, tracheal rales and respiratory distress. Hematologic findings were in agreement with the reference values for the species. The tumor was removed with the animal standing using local anesthesia and sedation and the fragments were fixed in 10% formaldehyde solution and sent for histopathological examination. Fifteen days later, the patient was referred for further evaluation in the HCV, showing the...


Assuntos
Masculino , Animais , Cavalos , Doenças da Laringe/veterinária , Rhinosporidium/isolamento & purificação , Rinosporidiose/diagnóstico , Rinosporidiose/veterinária , Doenças Respiratórias/diagnóstico , Doenças Respiratórias/veterinária
9.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 33(12): 1471-1477, Dec. 2013. graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-9994

Resumo

The Crioulo breed of horses performs in one of the most physically demanding equestrian competitions, the Marcha de Resistência, which is a contest in which the horses run 750 km in 15 days. The study's aim was to characterize the metabolic responses during this period. We evaluated eleven Crioulo horses in the competition, specifically, two males and nine females. Blood samples were collected 24 hours before the contest and on the 4th, 9th, 11th, 14th and 15th days of competition. We evaluated CK, AST, LDH, glucose, lactate, urea, creatinine, sodium, potassium, chloride, magnesium, total calcium, ionized calcium, total protein, hematocrit and the white blood cell count. At the end of the competition, the mean values of serum AST were 1151±358 IU/ L the mean LDH values were 7418±1695 IU/L and CK was 13,867±3998UI /L. There was a significant increase in urea, creatinine and lactate (p<0.0001). A decrease in the mean values of chloride, sodium, potassium, and total and ionized calcium was observed (p≤0.0002). An evaluation of the total leukocytes and segmented neutrophils (p≤0.0002) revealed their increased values, and decreased values were observed for hematocrit, plasma protein and total lymphocytes (p≤0.0003). The values of glucose, on average, remained constant. Based on these data, we conclude that the Marcha de Resistência competition necessitated a high muscular demand and the depletion of energy and electrolytes, suggesting an inflammatory process in the animals evaluated. (AU)


O cavalo Crioulo realiza uma das provas de maior exigência física nas modalidades equestres. A Marcha de Resistência é uma competição na qual os animais percorrem 750km durante 15 dias. O objetivo desse estudo foi caracterizar as respostas metabólicas ocorridas nesse período. Foram avaliados 11 equinos da raça Crioula inscritos na competição, sendo dois machos e nove fêmeas. Foram efetuadas coletas de sangue 24h antes da prova e no 4º, 9º, 11º, 14º e 15º dia de competição. Foram avaliados a concentração sanguínea de creatininoquinase, aspartato aminotransferase, lactato desidrogenase, glicose, lactato, uréia, creatinina, sódio, potássio, cloreto, magnésio, cálcio total, cálcio iônico, proteínas totais, hematócrito e o leucograma. Ao final da competição os valores médios de AST sérica foram de 1151±358 UI/L, os valores de médios de LDH foram de 7418±1695 UI/L e de CK foi de 13867±3998UI/L. Houve aumento significativo nos valores de uréia, creatinina e lactato (p<0,0001). Foi observada diminuição nos valores médios de cloreto, sódio, potássio, cálcio total e iônico (p≤0,0002). Na avaliação hematológica foi constatada elevação nos valores de leucócitos totais e segmentados (p≤0,0002) e diminuição nos valores de hematócrito, proteína plasmática total e linfócitos (p≤0,0003). Os valores de glicose, em média mantiveram-se constantes. Com base nesses dados conclui-se que a competição Marcha de Resistência determinou elevada exigência muscular, com depleção energética e eletrolítica, além de sugerir um processo inflamatório nos animais avaliados. (AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Cavalos/metabolismo , Condicionamento Físico Animal/fisiologia , Análise Química do Sangue
10.
Tese em Português | VETTESES | ID: vtt-2185

Resumo

A criação de equinos da raça Crioula vem crescendo em todo Brasil nos últimos anos, porém ainda há uma escassez de informações sobre esta raça. Para caracterizar o condicionamento físico de cavalos Crioulos em treinamento para o Freio de ouro, assim como a resposta metabólica de cavalos Crioulos submetidos a Marcha de Resistência, foram realizados experimentos que estão apresentados em dois artigos. O primeiro artigo teve como objetivo determinar o limiar anaeróbico (V4) de cavalos Crioulos em treinamento para prova Freio de ouro. Foram avaliados 23 animais sendo submetidos a testes de desempenho composto por três etapas de velocidade progressiva de 6m/s, 8m/s e 10m/s com duração de cinco minutos cada etapa até que fosse atingida a concentração de 4mmol/dL de lactato sanguíneo. As concentrações de lactato sanguíneo elevam-se a partir da velocidade de exercício de 6,0m/s sendo que 90% (n=20) dos animais atingiram 4 mmol/L de lactato em uma velocidade entre 6 8m/s com uma média de frequência cardíaca que variou de 121 a 140bpm nessas velocidades. Concluiu-se que a V4 do cavalo Crioulo está entre as velocidades de 6 8m/s e frequência cardíaca entre 121 e 140bpm. O segundo artigo teve como objetivo caracterizar as respostas metabólicas ocorridas durante a Marcha de Resistência na qual são percorridos 750km em 15 dias de competição. Foram avaliados 11 animais inscritos na competição, sendo dois machos e nove fêmeas da raça Crioula. Foram efetuadas coletas de sangue com e sem EDTA, e fluoreto 24h antes da prova e no 4º, 9º, 11º, 14º e 15º dias de competição. Foram avaliados CK, AST, LDH, glicose, lactato, uréia, creatinina, sódio, potássio, cloreto, magnésio, cálcio total, cálcio iônico, proteínas totais, hematócrito e leucograma. Ao final da competição os valores médios de AST sérica foram de 1151±358 UI/L, os valores médios de LDH foram de 7418±1695 UI/L e de CK foi de 13867±3998UI/L. Houve aumento significativo nos valores de uréia, creatinina e lactato (p<0,0001). Foi observado diminuição nos valores médios de cloreto, sódio, potássio, cálcio total e iônico (p?0,0002). Quanto a avaliação hematológica foi constatada elevação nos valores de leucócitos totais e segmentados (p?0,0002) e diminuição nos valores de hematocrito, proteína plasmática total e linfócitos (p?0,0003) .Os valores de glicose, em média mantiveram-se constantes. Com base nesses dados conclui-se que a competição “Marcha de Resistência” determinou elevada exigência muscular, com depleção energética e eletrolítica, além de sugerir um processo inflamatório nos animais avaliados

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