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1.
Acta sci. vet. (Impr.) ; 50(supl.1): 784, 2022. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1370253

Resumo

Background: Polioencephalomalacia (PEM) is a neurological disease in ruminants, which is characterized by malacia of brain gray matter. Thiamine deficiency and sulfur intoxication are the most common causes of PEM in sheep. Affected animals present signs of cerebrocortical syndrome, including amaurosis, ataxia, head pressing, mental depression, seizures, and opisthotonus. The neurological examination aims to determine the neurolocalization of the lesions and advanced imaging techniques are useful for confirming the affected area(s) in the central nervous system. The aim of this study is to describe clinical features and ante-mortem diagnosis using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in a sheep with PEM. Case: A 18-month-old male Dorper sheep from a flock started receiving concentrate 7 days before. According to the owner, no clinical signs of abnormality were observed on the previous morning. However, in the afternoon, the animal became selfisolated and did not follow the flock to the sheepfold. The following day, he was found in recumbency. Physical examination revealed lateral recumbency, rectal temperature 39.5ºC, 52 bpm, 120 bpm, congested mucous membranes, capillary refill time 1 s, ruminal (4/5 min) and intestinal hypomotility. The assessment of the central nervous system revealed a decreased level of consciousness, focal seizures, opisthotonus, and absence of menace response. The following differential diagnoses were listed: PEM, head trauma, focal symmetrical encephalomalacia, bacterial encephalitis, and rabies. Treatment was composed of dexamethasone [0.2 mg/kg - i.v., SID (1st-3rd day), 0.1 mg/kg, i.v., SID (4th-6th day), and 0.05 mg/kg, i.v., SID (7th-9th day)]; mannitol [1 g/kg - i.v. and diazepam 0.4 mg/kg, i.v. single dose at admission]; vitamin B1 [10 mg/kg - i.m., SID], furosemide [1 mg/kg - i.v., SID for 3 days] and sulfadoxine/trimethoprim [30 mg/kg - i.m., SID for 10 days]. After the initial treatment, the patient showed mild clinical improvement; however, the amaurosis was still present. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain was performed on the 2nd day of hospitalization, showing a symmetrical hypersignal in the parietal and occipital cortices, in the axial and sagittal sequences weighted in T2 and FLAIR. Discussion: This study aimed to describe the clinical signs and MRI findings in a sheep with PEM. In this case, the sudden change to the feed composition probably led to ruminal dysbiosis, inhibition of thiamine-producing microorganisms and proliferation of bacteria that synthesize thiaminase. Thiamine therapy proved to be effective and capable of reverting the clinical signs. The decrease in the level of consciousness, cortical blindness, and opisthotonus are due to alterations in the parietal cortex, in the occipital cortex, and in the cerebellum, respectively, which were demonstrated by hypersignal areas in the MRI. Therefore, the neurolocalization of the lesion based on neurologic examination and the MRI findings were related. The physicochemical and cytological evaluations of the cerebrospinal fluid, and dosage of thiamine and the concentration of hydrogen sulphide in the rumen were not performed. However, the response to thiamine treatment associated with the neurologic examination and MRI findings helped in determining the diagnosis. Additionally, MRI can be used as a useful tool for the ante mortem diagnosis of PEM.


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Deficiência de Tiamina/veterinária , Ovinos , Encefalomalacia/veterinária , Encefalomalacia/diagnóstico por imagem , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Necrose/veterinária , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso/veterinária
2.
Acta sci. vet. (Impr.) ; 45(suppl.1): Pub.224-2017. ilus
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1457797

Resumo

Background: Dermatosparaxis is an autosomal recessive genetic disease that affects the connective tissue of animals. Collagen proteins form fibrillar structures that provide strength and structure to the extracellular matrix of tissues and organs in the body. Therefore, changes in collagen synthesis result in hyperextensibility and skin fragility. Similar to dermatosparaxis in animals, some cases of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome type VIIC have been reported in humans. The objective of this study was to describe the clinical, anatomopathological, and molecular findings of a case of dermatosparaxis in a sheep bred by crossing the Santa Inês and White Dorper breeds. Case: A case of dermatosparaxis was reported in a 20-day-old female sheep, a cross between the Santa Inês and White Dorper breeds. The sheep exhibited hyperextensibility of the skin with minimal tension and increased joint volume shortly after birth. Because of clinical worsening and the poor prognosis of the disease, the owners opted for euthanasia. The necropsy revealed large ulcerated areas in several parts of the body, including the cervical, sternal, scapular, and thoracic regions, and the inner and outer thighs. The skin was extremely easy to be removed during the necropsy and the use of a scalpel was not necessary. Extensive areas of hemorrhage were observed in the subcutaneous tissue and small intestine. The histopathological findings of the skin lesions evidenced the presence of dermatosparaxis, particularly regarding the disorganization of collagen fibers. The tests involving Masson’s trichrome staining, picrosirius red staining, and Gomori’s trichrome staining under polarized light evidence of collagen fiber dysplasia.Discussion: The diagnosis of dermatosparaxis in this study was based on clinical, anatomopathological, and molecular analysis. Molecular diagnosis was confirmed by identification of SNP c.421G>T on the ADAMTS2 gene in both the mother and the sheep under study...


Assuntos
Animais , Dermatopatias Genéticas/patologia , Dermatopatias Genéticas/veterinária , Ovinos , Colágeno , Mutação
3.
Acta sci. vet. (Online) ; 45(suppl.1): Pub. 224, 2017. ilus
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-741000

Resumo

Background: Dermatosparaxis is an autosomal recessive genetic disease that affects the connective tissue of animals. Collagen proteins form fibrillar structures that provide strength and structure to the extracellular matrix of tissues and organs in the body. Therefore, changes in collagen synthesis result in hyperextensibility and skin fragility. Similar to dermatosparaxis in animals, some cases of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome type VIIC have been reported in humans. The objective of this study was to describe the clinical, anatomopathological, and molecular findings of a case of dermatosparaxis in a sheep bred by crossing the Santa Inês and White Dorper breeds. Case: A case of dermatosparaxis was reported in a 20-day-old female sheep, a cross between the Santa Inês and White Dorper breeds. The sheep exhibited hyperextensibility of the skin with minimal tension and increased joint volume shortly after birth. Because of clinical worsening and the poor prognosis of the disease, the owners opted for euthanasia. The necropsy revealed large ulcerated areas in several parts of the body, including the cervical, sternal, scapular, and thoracic regions, and the inner and outer thighs. The skin was extremely easy to be removed during the necropsy and the use of a scalpel was not necessary. Extensive areas of hemorrhage were observed in the subcutaneous tissue and small intestine. The histopathological findings of the skin lesions evidenced the presence of dermatosparaxis, particularly regarding the disorganization of collagen fibers. The tests involving Massons trichrome staining, picrosirius red staining, and Gomoris trichrome staining under polarized light evidence of collagen fiber dysplasia.Discussion: The diagnosis of dermatosparaxis in this study was based on clinical, anatomopathological, and molecular analysis. Molecular diagnosis was confirmed by identification of SNP c.421G>T on the ADAMTS2 gene in both the mother and the sheep under study...(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Dermatopatias Genéticas/patologia , Dermatopatias Genéticas/veterinária , Ovinos , Colágeno , Mutação
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