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1.
Rev. Ciênc. Agrovet. (Online) ; 21(1): 66-70, mar. 2022. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1366129

Resumo

The biological pest control has expanded in Brazil with the Trichogramma pretiosumas the main natural enemy. The microsatellite molecular markers Simple Sequence Repeat (SSR) have been the most used, as they are multiallelic, robust and reproducible, in several species. In order to optimize future processes of identification and analysis of the parasitoid's genetic diversity, twenty markers, isolated and characterized for the parasitoid wasp Trichogramma dendrolimi,were tested in 15 generations of T. pretiosum. Those markers, ten have been transferred and can be used to evaluate the genetic variation of T. pretiosum.(AU)


O controle biológico de pragas tem expandido no Brasil com o Trichogramma pretiosumcomo o principal inimigo natural. Os marcadores moleculares microssatélites de repetição de sequência simples (SSR) temsido os mais utilizados, por serem multialélicos, robustos e reprodutíveis, em várias espécies. No intuito de otimizar futuros processos de identificação e análise de diversidade genética do parasitoide, 20marcadores, isolados e caracterizados para a vespa parasitoide Trichogramma dendrolimi, foram testados em 15 gerações de T. pretiosum. Destes marcadores, dez foram transferidos e podem ser utilizados para avaliar a variação genética de T. pretiosum.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Variação Genética , Controle Biológico de Vetores , Repetições de Microssatélites , Himenópteros
2.
Acta sci., Biol. sci ; 42: e46915, fev. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1460956

Resumo

The tomato is a crop of great importance for Brazilian agriculture. Among the most damaging pests, the small tomato borer, Neoleucinodes elegantalis Guenée (Lepidoptera: Crambiadae) has caused great losses, since they directly reach the fruits to be commercialized, being used for its handling a large volume of insecticides. In this way, the use of alternative techniques that help in the management of this pest becomes of great importance. Among them, the use of the egg parasitoid Trichogrammaspp. has been promising. Thus, the present study aimed to evaluate the performance of Trichogrammaspecies and/or strains in N. elegantalisby selection of strains. The selection was made based on four lineages maintained in the Nucleus of Scientific and Technological Development in Phytosanitary Management of Pests (NUDEMAFI), being three strains of the species T. pretiosumand one of T. galloispecies. The parameters evaluated were percentage of parasitized eggs, egg viability, number of individuals per eggs, sex ratio and number of Trichogrammaspp. to be released. The T. galloi(T. g1) showed the best parameters for selection of the strain. Estimating the optimal number of T. g1 in eggs of small-fruit-borerwas 82 individuals per egg parasitoid. Therefore, this strain wasselected for the management of the small tomato-borer, whose eggs presented favorable physicochemical characteristics for the development of the parasitoid.


Assuntos
Animais , Controle Biológico de Vetores , Lepidópteros/parasitologia , Vespas
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