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1.
Acta cir. bras ; 37(5): e370508, 2022. graf, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1393758

Resumo

Purpose: To evaluate the effect of physical exercise on the behavior of rodents with colorectal cancer induced through the use of elevated plus maze. Methods: We used 40 male hairless mice induced to colorectal cancer, divided into five groups: G1) submitted to pre- and post-induction swimming; G2) pre- and post-induction ladder; G3) post-induction swimming; G4) post-induction ladder; G5) sedentary. At the end of the 14th week, the animals were submitted to the plus maze test. Results: The mean length of stay in the open arm for G1 was 4.17 ± 6.50; G2 37.52 ± 40.7; G3 85.84 ± 42.5; G4 32.92 ± 23.17; and G5 4.09 ± 4.43. In the closed arm, it was 264 ± 23.43 in G1, 187.60 ± 47.73 in G2, 147.50 ± 40.03 in G3, 182.00 ± 40.40 in G4, and in G5 235.36 ± 14.28. In the center, G1 remained 31.86 ± 20.18, G2 74.85 ± 28.37, G3 66.69 ± 19.53, G4 60.55 ± 10.46, and G5 60.55 ± 23.65. Conclusions: Aerobic exercise for seven weeks after tumor induction showed less impact on the behavior of the animals. On the other hand, it significantly increased the animals' stress level when applied for 14 weeks before and after tumor induction. Key words


Assuntos
Animais , Ratos , Ansiedade , Roedores , Neoplasias Colorretais , Exercício Físico
2.
Acta cir. bras. ; 34(7): e201900701, 2019. ilus, graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-23662

Resumo

Purpose: To compare the use of new cyanoacrylate surgical adhesive associated with macroporous tapes in cutaneous synthesis. Methods: Male Wistar rats with a longitudinal incision of 4cm were used on the back, divided into four groups: GI used octyl-cyanoacrylate (Dermabond®), GII used N-2-butylcyanoacrylate, GIII used octyl-cyanoacrylate and macroporous tape and GIV used N-2-butyl cyanoacrylate and macroporous tape. On the fourteenth day, the rats were submitted to euthanasia, were divided in two parts, and a layer of skin subcutaneous tissue through an area of operative healing was removed. One part was submitted to the study of rupture strength with the use of tensiometer, and in the other part histological examination was performed. Results: No force test was similar between groups I and II, being different from groups III and IV (P <0.001), which were identical to each other (P> 0.05). The units were compared among the studied groups, and they were different with the use of macroporous tapes (P> 0.05). Conclusions: The purpose of macroporous tapes is associated with CA adhesives in cutaneous tissues that provide more resistant scars. The use of a combination of macroporous tapes leads to complete re-epithelialization, without provoking foreign body reaction, has hemostatic properties and does not cause an absorptive reaction.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Ratos , Adesivos/administração & dosagem , Adesivos/análise , Cianoacrilatos/análise , Fita Cirúrgica , Reepitelização , Ratos Wistar
3.
Acta cir. bras. ; 33(9): 806-815, set. 2018. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-735037

Resumo

Purpose: To evaluate the effects of oxidative stress in pregnant rats submitted to acute and chronic stress, relating to alterations in the uterus, placenta and fetus. Methods: Twenty-four female Wistar albino (Rattus norvegicus), were divided into four groups, for induction of oxidative stress the animals were submitted to cold and physical immobilization. Plasma fasting glucose and MDA were determined in all groups and the fetuses and placentas were measured. Results: There were no statistical differences in the levels of malonic dialdehyde (MDA), however the averages of chronic stress group were higher compared to control groups, which could explain the observed adverse effects; there was no correlation between puppies size, the weight of the placenta and MDA values. Conclusions: Chronic stress causes adverse effects, when compared to control groups; chronic stress group had fetuses, placentas and number of puppies, significantly lower compared to other groups. The rats exposed to chronic stress, also presented a higher frequency of fetal resorption.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Gravidez , Ratos , Estresse Oxidativo , Peroxidação de Lipídeos , Desenvolvimento Fetal , Placentação , Útero/anormalidades , Ratos Wistar , Modelos Animais
4.
Acta cir. bras. ; 32(5): 325-333, May 2017. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-17637

Resumo

Purpose: To evaluate the effects of enoxaparin and unfractionated heparin (UFH) administered in prophylactic and therapeutic doses on fetal vessels in healthy pregnant Wistar rats, according to Doppler velocimetry measurements. Methods: Fifty animals were assigned to one of five groups: controls (saline), prophylactic and therapeutic enoxaparin (1 and 2 mg/kg/day, respectively), and prophylactic and therapeutic UFH (72 and 400 UI/kg/day, respectively). Uterine horns were examined by ultrasound for identification of live fetuses. A sample of these fetuses underwent Doppler velocimetry. Spectral curves, peak systolic velocity (PSV), pulsatility index (PI), and resistance index (RI) of the middle cerebral artery, ductus venosus, and umbilical artery were investigated. Differences were considered statistically significant when p 0.05. Results: No significant differences in PSV, PI, or RI values were observed among the groups. Conclusion: Doppler velocimetry measurements revealed no significant effects of enoxaparin or unfractionated heparin on fetal vessels in pregnant Wistar rats.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Ratos , Fluxometria por Laser-Doppler , Enoxaparina/administração & dosagem , Enoxaparina/efeitos adversos , Heparina/administração & dosagem , Heparina/efeitos adversos , Ratos , Prenhez
5.
Acta cir. bras. ; 32(1): 56-64, Jan. 2017. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-15838

Resumo

Purpose: To compare the use of a new cyanoacrylate-based surgical glue and suture with sepa-rate points in skin wounds closure. Methods: Thirty-six rats were subjected to a 4cm dorsal longitudinal incision. Twelve were sub-jected to simple suture with polyamide 6-0, 12 rats underwent wall synthesis using Dermabond(r) and 12 was performed cutaneous synthesis with N-2-Butyl-Cyanoacrylate. Twelve of each group was euthanized on the seventh postoperative day, their blood was taken to biochemical tests and a layer of skin and subcutaneous tissue surrounding the surgical scar was randomly divided in two segments, to the submission of tension tests and to histological study. Results: There were no significant difference between groups (p>0.05). In the soft dermis there was more type I collagen production in group I (p 0.05), group II and III was similar re-sults (p>0.05). In the compact dermis, all 3 groups showed similar results (p>0.05). The biomechanical study was similarity between the glue groups (p>0.05) but the group III proved to be different from the others having a higher resistance (p>0.05) . Conclusion: This glue does not cause any inflammation or kidney and hepatic toxicity. Polyamide sutures are more resistant and the glue should be used alone only in less tension are-as.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Ratos , Cianoacrilatos/toxicidade , Cianoacrilatos/uso terapêutico , Técnicas de Sutura , Cicatrização
6.
Acta cir. bras. ; 30(10): 709-714, Oct. 2015. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-23328

Resumo

To evaluate the effect of ischemic postconditioning (IPC) on intestinal mucosa of rats subjected to ischemia and reperfusion process comparing two cycles of reperfusion and ischemia lasting two minutes each and four cycles of reperfusion and ischemia lasting 30 seconds each METHODS: Thirty Wistar rats were distributed into three groups: group A (10 rats), ischemia (30 minutes) and reperfusion (60 minutes); group B (10 rats), ischemia and reperfusion plus IPC by two lasting two minutes each; and Group C (10 rats), ischemia and reperfusion plus IPC by four cycles lasting 30 seconds each. Finally, a segment of small intestine was resected for histological analysis. We analysed the results according to Chiu et al . classification and proceeded to the statistical treatment by Kruskal-Wallis test (p 0.05). RESULTS: The mean degree of tissue injury according to Chiu et al . classification were: Group A, 2.77; in group B, 1.4; and group C, 1.4. B X C (p 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Ischemic postconditioning was able to minimize reperfusion injury of rats undergone mesenteric ischemia and reperfusion process. There was no difference in the effectiveness of the method comparing two cycles of two minutes with four cycles of 30 seconds by H&E histological evaluation of the ileum after 60-minute reperfusion.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Ratos , Pós-Condicionamento Isquêmico , Mucosa Intestinal , Reperfusão , Ratos Wistar
7.
Acta cir. bras. ; 29(supl.2): 38-42, 2014. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-11189

Resumo

PURPOSE: To determine the percentage of tumoral necrosis and volume after cyanogenic chemotherapy. METHODS: Histopathological findings of 20 Swiss mice inoculated subcutaneously in the left abdominal wall with 0.05 ml of cell suspension containing 2.5 x 105 viable cells of the Ehrlich tumor were evaluated. The tumor response to cyanogenic chemotherapy was determined using a system that comprises two inhibition factors of tumor growth by calculating the percentage of necrosis in the tumor tissue and calculation of tumor volume in treated animals relative to that in control animals. The importance of this system has been validated by the correlation between tumor inhibition in the groups treated with the respective percentages of necrosis. RESULTS: While the control group presented an average of 13.48 ± 14.71% necrosis and average tumor volume of 16.18 ± 10.94, the treated group had an average of 42.02 ± 11.58 and 6.8 ± 3.57, respectively. The tumor inhibition was significantly associated with treatment (p=0.0189). The analysis of necrosis percentage showed a significant prognostic importance (p=0.0001). CONCLUSION: It is concluded that the effect of cyanogenic chemotherapy showed strong inhibitory action of tumor growth, as well as an increase in its area of necrosis.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Necrose/patologia , Neoplasias/patologia , Tratamento Farmacológico , Hidrogênio
8.
Acta cir. bras. ; 29(7): 410-416, 07/2014. ilus, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-12371

Resumo

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of exposure of enoxaparin and unfractionated heparin (UFH) in prophylactic and therapeutic doses on the fertility rates of pregnant healthy Wistar rats. METHODS: Enoxaparin and UFH were administered in prophylactic doses 1 mg/Kg/day 72 UI/Kg/day, and in therapeutic doses at 2 mg/kg/day 400UI/Kg/day. The rats were divided into five groups. The number of live and dead foetuses was quantified. The uterine horns were dissected and the presence of early and late reabsorptions (abortions) was determined. A p<0.05 was considered statistically significant. RESULTS: We did not observe statistically significant differences between groups when comparing the average weight of the foetuses and placentas, rate of female VS males, rates of pre-implantation loss (RPL), rates of efficiency implantation (REI), rates of post-implantation loss (RPIL) and rates of foetal viability (RFV). CONCLUSIONS: There was no significant effect on fertility with the use of anticoagulant drugs in pregnant healthy Wistar rats. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Animais , Feminino , Gravidez , Ratos , Heparina/toxicidade , Heparina/uso terapêutico , Enoxaparina/toxicidade , Enoxaparina/uso terapêutico , Fertilidade , Anticoagulantes/toxicidade , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Ratos Wistar , Trombofilia/terapia , Prenhez
9.
Acta cir. bras. ; 28(10): 728-732, Oct. 2013. graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-9056

Resumo

PURPOSE: To demonstrate the irreversible poisoning action of the acetone cyanohydrin (AC) in malignant cells. METHODS: Thirty male Swiss mice were inoculated with 1x10³ Ehrlich tumor (ET) cells. The mice were divided into three groups (n=10): CG (saline); ACG1 (1.864 mg/Kg of AC) and ACG2 (2.796 mg/Kg of AC), treated every 48 hours from day 3 until day 13. On day 15 the mice were euthanized and the number of viable cells in ascites was determined. In the meantime, ET cells were incubated with AC (0.5, 1.0, 2.0 μg/mL). Cell viability and percentage of growth inhibition (PGI) were checked after one, two, three, four, 18 and 24 hours. RESULTS: There was reduction in volume and number of viable cells in ACG1 and ACG2 compared to CG. In ACG1 one of the animals did not present ascites. In ACG2 two mice did not present ascites and in CG none of the mice present ascites. The action of AC was dose and time dependent and there was no significant difference among the three doses. CONCLUSION: The acetone cyanohydrin promoted reduction of the tumor and also prevented tumor development in 20% of the treated animals.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Ratos , Acetona/análise , Neoplasias/patologia , Ratos/classificação , Antineoplásicos
10.
Acta cir. bras. ; 28(11): 767-773, Nov. 2013. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-9107

Resumo

PURPOSE: To investigate the small intestinal tissue alterations in rats submitted to ischemia and tissue reperfusion using pentoxyfilline or prostaglandin E1. METHODS: Thirty five Wistar rats were used, distributed into group control (A) n=10 were submitted to intestinal ischemia and reperfusion during 60 minutes and no one drug have been utilized. In the group pentoxyfilline (B) n=10 have been utilized during tissue ischemia and reperfusion as well as prostaglandin E1 (C) n=10, but separately. In the group sham (D) n=5, the animals were submitted to surgical. After euthanasia of the animals, a segment of the small intestine was cut, stained by hematoxilin-eosin and histological analysis according to Chiu criteria. RESULTS: Histological results showed that using pentoxyflline or prostaglandin E1 the results during tissue reperfusion were better, since the levels of criteria from Chiu that predominated were level 2 and 3, indicating less tissue damage in comparison to the control group (group A) that showed levels 4 and 5, what means more severe histological tissue alterations. CONCLUSION: Use of pentoxyfilline or prostaglandin E1 promoted a beneficial effect during intestinal reperfusion, demonstrated by less severe histological lesions in the small intestine mucosa of rats submitted to ischemia and tissue reperfusion when helped by the drugs.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Ratos , Isquemia/metabolismo , Intestino Delgado/anatomia & histologia , Alprostadil , Ratos
11.
Acta cir. bras. ; 28(7): 518-522, July 2013. ilus, graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-9013

Resumo

PURPOSE: To investigate the expression of FAS ligand (FASL) in ipsilateral and contralateral testicles of rats submitted to ischemia/reperfusion. METHODS: Wistar rats (n=21) distributed into groups control (GC), n=5, testicular exposure; ischemia (GI), (n=8), Torsion in the left testicular Cord (TCT) for three hours followed by orchiectomy without distortion and orchietomy of the contralateral testicle after 24 hours; and reperfusion (GR), (n=8), left TCT for 3 hours and distortion and repositioning on the scrotum and bilateral orchiectomy after 24 hours. Quantification of the FASL expression by immune-histochemistry. RESULTS: Statistical analysis showed similarity between GC and GI (p>0.05), differences detected are concentrated on the GR (p<0.05), increase in immunoexpression of FASL in the subgroups Right GR (406.8+-61.5) and Left GR (135.3 +-28.9) with significant predominance in the GR subgroup. CONCLUSION: Ischemia/reperfusion increased the FASL expression significantly in contralateral testicles in GR, in rats.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Torção do Cordão Espermático/complicações , Isquemia/complicações , Testículo/anatomia & histologia , Ratos
12.
Acta cir. bras. ; 27(4): 325-332, 2012. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-3996

Resumo

PURPOSE: To determine the effects of end-to-side nerve repair performed only with fibrin glue containing nerve growth in rats. METHODS: Seventy two Wistar rats were divided into six equal groups: group A was not submitted to nerve section; group B was submitted to nerve fibular section only. The others groups had the nerve fibular sectioned and then repaired in the lateral surface of an intact tibial nerve, with different procedures: group C: ETS with sutures; group D: ETS with sutures and NGF; group E: ETS with FG only; group F: ETS with FG containing NGF. The motor function was accompanied and the tibial muscle mass, the number and diameter of muscular fibers and regenerated axons were measured. RESULTS: All the analyzed variables did not show any differences among the four operated groups (p>0.05), which were statistically superior to group B (p<0.05), but inferior to group A (p>0.05). CONCLUSION: The end-to-side nerve repair presented the same recovery pattern, independent from the repair used, showing that the addition of nerve growth factor in fibrin glue was not enough for the results potentiating.(AU)


OBJETIVO: Determinar os efeitos do reparo nervoso término-lateral realizado apenas com cola de fibrina contendo fator de crescimento nervoso em ratos. MÉTODOS: Setenta e dois ratos Wistar foram distribuídos em seis grupos: A - não submetido à secção nervosa; B - secção do nervo fibular (sem reparo); Os outros grupos tiveram o nervo fibular seccionado e então reparado na superfície lateral do nervo tibial intacto, com diferentes procedimentos: C - RNTL com suturas; D - RNTL com suturas e FCN; E - RNTL apenas com CF; F - RNTL com CF contendo FCN. A função motora foi acompanhada e a massa do músculo tibial, o número e o diâmetro das fibras musculares e axônios regenerados foram medidos. RESULTADOS: Não houve diferença entre as variáveis avaliadas nos quatro grupos operados (p>0,05), os quais foram superiores ao grupo B (p<0,05), mas inferiores ao grupo A (p>0,05). CONCLUSÕES: O reparo nervoso término-lateral mostrou o mesmo padrão de recuperação, independente do tipo de reparo utilizado, evidenciando que a adição de fator de crescimento nervoso na cola de fibrina não foi suficiente para a potencialização dos resultados.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Ratos Wistar/classificação , Fibrina/metabolismo , Sistema Nervoso/anatomia & histologia , Técnicas de Sutura/veterinária , Microcirurgia/veterinária
13.
Acta cir. bras. ; 26(2): 125-128, Apr. 2011. tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-7796

Resumo

PURPOSE: To study the antitumor action of Tabebuia avellanedae in experimentally induced colon carcinogenesis by azoxymethane in mice. METHODS: Fifty (n=50) mice were divided into five groups: in group I azoxymethane (AOM) was administered, in Group II - β-lapachone, in group III - vehicle (diluent) and in group IV - vehicle + AOM and finally in group V - β-lapachone + AOM. RESULTS: It was observed the presence of aberrant crypt foci in all animals of groups I and IV, 50 percent in group II and 90 percent in group V. CONCLUSION: The β-lapachone extracted from the Tabebuia avellanedae showed no protective effect of lesions induced by azoxymethane in colon of mice.(AU)


OBJETIVO: Estudar a ação antitumoral da Tabebuia avellanedae (Ipê-Roxo) na carcinogênese colônica induzida experimentalmente pelo azoximetano em camundongos. MÉTODOS: Foram utilizados 50 camundongos divididos em 5 grupos: grupo I administrado Azoximetano (AOM); grupo II - β-lapachona; grupo III - veículo (diluente); grupo IV - veículo + AOM; e grupo V - β-lapachona + AOM. RESULTADOS: Observou-se presença de focos de criptas aberrantes em todos os animais dos grupos I e IV, 50 por cento no grupo II e 90 por cento no grupo V. CONCLUSÃO: A β-lapachona extraída da Tabebuia avellanedae não apresentou efeito protetor das lesões induzidas pelo azoximetano em cólon de camundongos.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Camundongos/classificação , Antineoplásicos/análise , Tabebuia/classificação , Azoximetano/química
14.
Acta cir. bras. ; 25(1): 111-116, Jan.-Feb. 2010. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-6965

Resumo

PURPOSE: To evaluate the antitumor effect of acetone cyanohydrin in Ehrlich ascites tumor cells in vitro. METHODS: The Ehrlich ascites tumor cells and lymphocytes were incubated with different concentrations of acetone cyanohydrin (0, 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, 10.0, 20.0 and 30.0 μg.mL-1), After 1, 2, 3, 4, 18 and 24 hours cell viability tests were performed by the trypan blue method. RESULTS: The results demonstrated a dose-dependent cytotoxic effect against the cells of Ehrlich ascites tumor. The concentrations of 20 and 30 μg.mL-1 was 100 percent of cell death in only 1 and 2 hours respectively. In lower doses of 0.5, 1.0 and 2.0 μg.mL-1 the cytotoxic effect was less intense, increasing gradually with time. CONCLUSIONS: At low concentrations of 0.5, 1.0 and 2.0 μg.mL-1, more than 90 percent of cell death was observed only after 24 hours of incubation which is the evidence that the tumor cell has the ability to poison cumulatively and irreversibly itself with the acetone cyanohydrin when compared with the results presented by human lymphocytes that the same doses and at the same time of incubation reached a maximum of 30 percent of cell death, suggesting an activity of rhodanese differentiated between the two cells.(AU)


OBJETIVO: Avaliar o efeito antitumoral da acetona cinidrina em células do tumor ascítico de Ehrlich in vitro. MÉTODOS: Células do tumor ascítico de Ehrlich e linfócitos foram incubadas com diferentes concentrações de acetona cianidrina (0, 0,5, 1,0, 2,0, 10,0, 20,0 e 30,0 μg.mL-1), depois de 1, 2, 3, 4, 18 e 24 horas foi verificada a viabilidade celular atravéz do método de azul de trypan. RESULTADOS: Os resultados demonstraram um efeito citotóxico dose dependente frente as células do tumor ascítico de Ehrlich. Nas concentrações de 20 e 30 μg.mL-1 ocorreu 100 por cento de morte celular em apenas 1 e 2 horas respectivamente. Nas doses mais baixas de 0,5, 1,0 e 2,0 μg.mL-1 o efeito citotóxico foi menos intenso, aumentando gradativamente com o tempo. CONCLUSÕES: Nas concentrações baixas de 0,5. 1,0 e 2,0 μg.mL-1, foi observado mais de 90 por cento de morte celular somente após 24 horas de incubação o que evidência a capacidade da célula tumoral de se intoxicar de maneira irreversível e acumulativa com a acetona cianidrina, quando comparadas com os resultados apresentados pelos linfócitos humanos que nas mesmas doses e nos mesmos tempos de incubação atingiram um máximo de 30 por cento de morte celular, o que sugere uma atividade de rodanase diferenciada entre as duas células.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Ratos , Acetona/efeitos adversos , Carcinoma de Ehrlich/tratamento farmacológico , Citotoxinas/administração & dosagem , Citotoxinas/efeitos adversos , Acetona/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico
15.
Acta cir. bras. ; 25(1): 71-79, Jan.-Feb. 2010. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-6960

Resumo

PURPOSE: To determine the influence of low-power laser (660 nm) on the collagen percentage and macrophages in skin wounds in diabetic rats. METHODS: 30 male Wistar rats were used, distributed in two groups: laser treated diabetic (n= 15); untreated diabetic (n = 15). The diabetes was induced by intravenous injection of alloxan into the dorsal vein of the penis, at a rate of 0.1 ml of solution per 100 g of body weight. A wound was made on the back of all the animals. Groups 2 were treated with Aluminium Gallium Indium Phosphide - InGaAlP type diode laser (Photon Laser III DMC®) with a continuous output power of 100 mW and wavelength (?) of 660 nm (4 J/cm²) for 24 s. five animal from each group was sacrificed on the 3rd, 7th and 14th days after wounding. Samples were taken, embedded in paraffin, stained with hematoxylin-eosin, Masson's trichrome, and immunohistochemical macrophage. morphometrically analyzed using the Image Pro Plus 4.5 software. The percentages of collagen fibers and macrophages were determined from the samples from the euthanasia animals. RESULTS: The data were treated statistically using analysis of variance (ANOVA) and the Post-hocTukey test. The significance level was set at 0.05 or 5 percent. CONCLUSION: The low-power laser (660 nm) was shown to be capable of influencing the collagen percentage in skin wounds by increasing the mean quantity of collagen fibers and macrophages.(AU)


OBJETIVO: Determinar a influência do diodo laser InGaAlP (660 nm) sobre o percentual de colágeno e macrófagos em feridas cutâneas de ratos diabéticos. MÉTODOS: Para tanto 30 ratos machos Wistar foram distribuídos em dois grupos: diabético tratado com laser (n=15), diabético não tratado (n = 15). O diabetes foi induzido por injeção intravenosa de aloxana na veia dorsal do pênis, a uma taxa de 0,1 ml de solução por 100 g de peso corporal. A lesão foi confeccionada no dorso de todos os animais utilizando um punch de 8mm. 2 grupos foram tratados com o diodo laser arsenieto de gálio e alumínio dopado com, fosforeto de índio - InGaAlP (tipo Photon Laser III DMC®) com uma potência contínua de 100 mW e comprimento de onda (?) de 660 nm (4 J/cm²) por 24 s. cinco animais de cada grupo foi sacrificado no 3, 7 e 14 dias após a lesão. As amostras obtidas foram emblocadas em parafina, coradas com hematoxilina-eosina, tricrômico de Masson, e para a analise dos macrófagos foi realizado um imunohistoquímico. Os resultados foram avaliados morfometricamente pelo programa Image Pro Plus 4.5. RESULTADOS: Os dados foram tratados estatisticamente pela análise de variância (ANOVA) e pós-teste de Tukey. O nível de significância foi fixado em 0,05 ou 5 por cento. CONCLUSÃO: O laser de baixa potência (660 nm) mostrou-se capaz de influenciar o percentual de colágeno em feridas cutâneas, aumentando a quantidade média de fibras colágenas e macrófagos.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Ratos , Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade/efeitos adversos , Pele/lesões , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/induzido quimicamente , Macrófagos/imunologia , Cicatrização , Colágeno/análise , Colágeno/imunologia
16.
Acta cir. bras. ; 25(1): 117-120, Jan.-Feb. 2010. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-6966

Resumo

PURPOSE: To evaluate the influence of pulmonary instillation of Benzo[a]pyrene in lung apoptosis of Wistar rats. METHODS: Male Rattus norvegicus albinus, Wistar lineage was carried through an intra-pulmonary instillation of the Benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) dilution in alcohol 70 percent. Three experimental groups had been formed with 08 animals each: Control Group (Alcohol 70 percent); B[a]P Group 40 mg/kg; e B[a]P Group 80mg/kg, submitted to euthanasia 16 and 18 weeks after the experimental procedure. The pulmonary sections had been processed by TUNEL method and submitted to the histomorphometric analysis to quantify the apoptotic cell number. RESULTS: After 16 weeks, mean of apoptotic cells number in control group (19,3±3,2) was greater than 40mg/Kg group (11,8±1,9; p<0,01) and 80mg/Kg group (7,0±1,4; p<0,01). Significant difference also observed between 40mg/Kg and 80mg/Kg (p<0,05). After 18 weeks, mean of apoptotic cells number in control group (18,0±2,2) was greater than 40mg/Kg group (8,8±1,7; p<0,01) and 80mg/Kg group (5,5±1,3; p<0,01). Significant difference wasn't observed between 40mg/Kg and 80mg/Kg (ns). CONCLUSION: Intra-pulmonary instillation of Benzo[a]pyrene induces significant decrease of apoptotic activity in lung tissue.(AU)


OBJETIVO: Avaliar a influência da instilação intrapulmonar de Benzo[a]pireno na apoptose pulmonar de ratos Wistar. MÉTODOS: Rattus norvegicus albinus, linhagem Wistar machos foram submetidos à instilação intra-pulmonar da diluição em álcool 70 por cento de Benzo[a]pireno (B[a]P). Foram formados três grupos experimentais com 08 animais cada: Grupo Controle (álcool 70 por cento); Grupo B[a]P 40 mg/kg; e Grupo B[a]P 80mg/kg, submetidos a eutanásia 16 e 18 semanas após o procedimento experimental. As secções pulmonares foram processadas pelo método TUNEL e submetidas à análise histomorfométrica para quantificação do número de células apoptóticas. RESULTADOS: Após 16 semanas, a média do número de células apoptóticas do grupo controle (19,3±3,2) mostrou-se maior que o grupo 40mg/Kg (11,8±1,9; p<0,01) e 80mh/Kg (7,0±1,4; p<0,01). Diferença significante foi também observada entre os grupos 40mg/Kg e 80mg/Kg (p<0,05). Após 18 semanas, a média do número de células apoptóticas do grupo controle (18,0±2,2) mostrou-se maior que o grupo 40mg/Kg (8,8±1,7; p<0,01) e 80mh/Kg (5,5±1,3; p<0,01). Não foi observada diferença significante entre os grupos 40 e 80mg/Kg (ns). CONCLUSÃO: A instilação intrapulmonar de Benzo[a]pireno induziu diminuição significativa da atividade apoptótica em tecido pulmonar.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Ratos , Apoptose/imunologia , Benzopirenos/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias/etiologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Instilação de Medicamentos , Benzopirenos/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/imunologia
17.
Acta cir. bras. ; 23(2): 157-166, Mar.-Apr. 2008. ilus, graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-3614

Resumo

PURPOSE: To study the effect of the modulation of inositol hexaphosphate (IP6) in the biological immunohistochemistry expression of cellular signaling marker apoptosis, in model of carcinogenesis of colon induced by azoxymethane (AOM). METHODS: Wistar rats (N=112) distributed in 4 groups (n=28): Control; B, AOM (5 mg kg-1, 2x, to break week 3); C, IP6 (in water 1 percent, six weeks); D, IP6+AOM. Weekly euthanasia (n=7), from week three. Immunohistochemistry of ascendant colon with biological marker inositol 1,4,5 triphosphate receptor type III (Itpr3). Quantification of the immune-expression with use of computer-assisted image processing. Analysis statistics of the means between groups, weeks in groups, groups in weeks, and established significance when p<0.05. RESULTS: One proved significant difference between groups in the expression of Itpr3, p<0.0001; with Itpr3 reduction of BxD group, p<0.001. CONCLUSION: Inositol hexaphosphate promotes modulation of biological markers with reduction of Itpr3 in carcinogenesis of colon.(AU)


OBJETIVO: Estudar os efeitos da modulação do inositol hexafosfato (IP6) na expressão imunoistoquímica de marcador biológico de sinalização celular de apoptose, em modelo de carcinogênese induzida pelo azoximetano (AOM). MÉTODOS: Ratos Wistar (N=112) distribuídos em 4 grupos (n=28): A, controle; B, AOM (5 mg Kg-1, 2x, a partir semana 3); C, IP6 (em água a 1 por cento, seis semanas); D, IP6+AOM. Eutanásia semanal (n=7), a partir de semana três. Imunoistoquímica de colo ascendente com marcador biológico inositol 1,4,5 trisphosphate receptor type III (Itpr3). Quantificação da imunoexpressão com uso de processamento imagem assistida computador. Análise estatística da expressão média entre grupos, semanas em grupos e grupos em semanas, e estabelecido significância quando p<0.05. RESULTADOS: Evidenciou-se diferença significante entre grupos na expressão de Itpr3, p<0.0001; com diminuição Itpr3 de grupo BxD, p<0.001. CONCLUSÃO: O inositol hexafostato promove a modulação de marcador biológico com diminuição Itpr3 em carcinogênese de colo.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Apoptose , Neoplasias do Colo/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Ácido Fítico/administração & dosagem , Ácido Fítico/farmacologia , Azoximetano , Imuno-Histoquímica , Ratos Wistar
18.
Acta cir. bras. ; 22(supl.1): 16-20, 2007. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-2889

Resumo

PURPOSE: To elaborate an experimental model of pulmonary carcinogenesis in Wistar rats. METHODS: Male Rattus norvegicus albinus, Wistar lineage was carried through an intra-pulmonary instillation of the Benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) dilution in alcohol 70 percent, a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon widely known by its power of tumoral induction. Three experimental groups had been formed with 08 animals each: Control Group (Alcohol 70 percent); B[a]P Group 10 mg/kg; e B[a]P Group 20mg/kg, submitted to euthanasia 08, 10, 12 and 14 weeks after the experimental procedure. The pulmonary sections had been colored by hematoxilin-eosin (HE) and submitted to the morphometrical analysis to describe the tissue alterations. RESULTS: The presence of diffuse inflammatory alterations was observed in all groups, however, at the analysis of the pulmonary tissue of the experimental groups, it had been observed hyperplasic alterations (BALT hyperplasia), and in one of the animals of the experimental group 20mg/kg (12 weeks), it was noticed the presence of cellular epithelial tracheal pleomorphism, suggesting the adenocarcinoma formation in situ. CONCLUSION: The main secondary alterations to the intra-pulmonary instillation of B[a]P in Wistar rats were: cellular proliferation, inflammatory alterations of several degrees and nodular lymphoid hyperplasias. The association of an activator agent of the pulmonary metabolic reply is necessary to establish the ideal reply-dose to the development of the lung cancer.(AU)


OBJETIVO: Elaborar um modelo experimental de carcinogênese pulmonar em ratos wistar. MÉTODOS: Rattus norvegicus albinus, linhagem Wistar foram submetidos a instilação intra-pulmonar da diluição em álcool 70 por cento de Benzo[a]pireno (B[a]P), um hidrocarboneto aromático policíclico amplamente conhecido por seu poder de indução tumoral. Foram formados três grupos experimentais com 08 animais cada: Grupo Controle (álcool 70 por cento); Grupo B[a]P 10 mg/kg; e Grupo B[a]P 20mg/kg, submetidos a eutanásia 08, 10, 12 e 14 semanas após o procedimento experimental. As secções pulmonares foram coradas por HE e submetidas a análise morfométrica para descrição das alterações teciduais. RESULTADOS: em todos os grupos observou-se a presença de alterações inflamatórias difusas, porém na análise do tecido pulmonar dos grupos experimentais, observou-se alterações hiperplásicas (hiperplasia de BALT), e em um dos animais do grupo experimental 20mg/kg (12 semanas) notou-se a presença de pleomorfismo celular epitelial traqueal, sugerindo a formação de adenocarcinoma in situ. CONCLUSÃO: as principais alterações secundárias à instilação intra-pulmonar de B[a]P em ratos Wistar foram: proliferação celular, alterações inflamatórias de diversos graus e hiperplasias nodulares linfóides. A associação de um agente ativador da resposta metabólica pulmonar pode ser necessária para estabelecimento da dose-resposta ideal ao desenvolvimento do câncer de pulmão.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Ratos , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Benzo(a)pireno/toxicidade , Carcinógenos/toxicidade , Cocarcinogênese , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Adenocarcinoma/induzido quimicamente , Neoplasias Pulmonares/induzido quimicamente , Ratos Wistar
19.
Acta cir. bras. ; 21(supl.4): 40-44, 2006. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-2102

Resumo

PURPOSE: To investigate clinical and histologically the bone repair in treated animals with calcitonin and sodic diclofenac. METHODS: Ninety-six femoral defects were created in forty-eight animals distributed in four groups (n=24): either left untreated, treated with the sodic diclofenac or calcitonin or both. Follow-up was 7, 14 and 21 days. Histological sections stained by haematoxylin-eosin was observed under light microscopy (100X) and quantitatively scored for their trabecular formation. The groups and subgroups were compared being used the Kruskall-Wallis test. RESULTS: Smaller trabecular formation was observed in the animals of the group II and larger trabecular formation in the animals of the group III. Was found significant differences in the comparison between all the groups (Kruskall-Wallis, p <0.05). CONCLUSION: The obtained data suggest that the bone repair is a time-dependent process, which can be delayed by the sodic diclofenac and accelerated by the calcitonina, when used separately. The associated use of calcitonina and sodic diclofenac didn't show to be the best therapeutic option in the treatment of bone defects surgically created.(AU)


OBJETIVO: Investigar clínica e histologicamente o reparo ósseo em animais tratados com calcitonina e diclofenaco sódico. MÉTODOS: Foram criados 96 defeitos femorais, em 48 animais distribuídos em quatro grupos (n = 24): não tratados, tratados com diclofenaco sódico ou calcitonina ou ambos. O período de seguimento foi 7, 14 e 21 dias. As secções coradas por hematoxilina e eosina foram observadas sob microscopia óptica (100x) e analisadas quantitativamente em relação à neoformação trabecular. Os grupos e subgrupos foram comparados utilizando-se o teste de Kruskall-Wallis. RESULTADOS: Foi observada menor formação de trabéculas ósseas nos animais do grupo II e maior formação de trabéculas ósseo nos animais do grupo III. Foram encontradas diferenças significantes na comparação entre todos os grupos (Kruskall-Wallis, p <0.05). CONCLUSÃO: Os dados obtidos sugerem que o reparo ósseo é um processo tempo-dependente, que pode ser retardado pelo diclofenaco e acelerado pela calcitonina, quando utilizados isoladamente. O uso associado de calcitonina e diclofenaco sódico não mostrou ser a melhor opção terapêutica no tratamento de defeitos ósseos criados operatoriamente.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Osteogênese , Osso e Ossos/anormalidades , Osso e Ossos/anatomia & histologia , Calcitonina/administração & dosagem , Calcitonina/uso terapêutico , Diclofenaco/administração & dosagem , Diclofenaco/uso terapêutico , Ratos
20.
Acta cir. bras. ; 21(supl.4): 36-39, 2006. ilus, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-2101

Resumo

PURPOSE: To verify the relationship between AgNOR expression and lung tissues changes of Wistar rats after pulmonary instillation of benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P). METHODS: Male Rattus norvegicus albinus,Wistar lineage were given a single intrapulmonary instillation of B[a]P at doses of 10 and 20 mg/kg in a volume of approximately 0,3 ml. After 7 and 21 days the rats were killed and the lung slices submitted to a histological technique of AgNOR. AgNOR dots were quantified and the result analyzed by statistical tests; p < and = 0,05 was considered significant. RESULTS: The mean values of AgNOR dots for the experimental groups 10/7 (1,51±0,86) and 10/21 (1,84±0,13) were statistically different (p = 0,009). Among the groups 20/7 (1,63±0,11) and 20/21 (2,48±0,28) was observed statistically significant difference (p = 0,003). CONCLUSION: The AgNOR technique can be useful in identification of cells changes induced by B[a]P.(AU)


OBJETIVO: Verificar a relação entre a expressão de AgNOR e alterações teciduais pulmonares em ratos Wistar após instilação pulmonar de benzo[a]pireno (B[a]P). MÉTODOS: Rattus norvegicus albinus, linhagem Wistar machos foram submetidos à instilação pulmonar única de B[a]P em doses de 10 e 20mg/kg, em um volume aproximado de 0,3 ml. Os animais foram sacrificados após 7 e 21 dias e o tecido pulmonar submetido a técnica histológica de AgNOR. Os pontos AgNOR foram quantificados e os resultados analisados estatisticamente; foram considerados significantes os valores de p < e = 0,05. RESULTADOS: Os valores médios de pontos AgNOR no grupo experimental 10/7 (1,51±0,86) e 10/21 (1,84±0,13) foram estatisticamente significantes (p = 0,009). Entre os grupos 20/7 (1,63±0,11) e 20/21 (2,48±0,28) a diferença observada foi também considerada significante (p = 0,003). CONCLUSÃO: A técnica de AgNOR pode ser útil na identificação de alterações celulares induzidas pelo B[a]P.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Benzo(a)pireno/isolamento & purificação , Benzo(a)pireno , Biomarcadores/análise , Pulmão/anatomia & histologia , Pulmão/patologia , Ratos Wistar/anatomia & histologia
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