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1.
Anim. Reprod. (Online) ; 19(3): e20210069, set. 2022. tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1393202

Resumo

Morphological sperm evaluation supported by the morphometry can be used in the determination of the seminal quality and in the investigation of potential extenders. Although there are studies comparing TRIS and ACP extenders, there are no comparative studies between them for the computerized assisted semen analysis (CASA), sperm viability, membrane functionality and sperm morphometry parameters of cryopreserved canine semen. Hence, we aimed to evaluate the effects of ACP-106c and TRIS on post-freezing canine sperm quality. Five dogs were submitted to semen collection twice with one-week interval. The semen was evaluated within the parameters: total motility, vigor, concentration, viability, plasma membrane functionality, morphology and morphometry. In the morphometric evaluation, the morphologically normal sperm was measured as: length, width, area and perimeter of the head and the midpiece, tail length and total length. The parameters of ellipticity, elongation, regularity and roughness were determined. Then, the semen was divided into two aliquots that were diluted in TRIS or ACP-106c, with the addition of egg yolk and glycerol. The diluted semen was refrigerated and frozen. The thawed samples were evaluated. Total motility, viability, sperm membrane functionality and normal morphology reduced after thawing in both extenders (morphology reduced from 89.60 ± 1.3% to 84.40 ± 1.8 and 84.60 ± 1.1% in TRIS and ACP-106c, respectively). However, it did not differ between TRIS and ACP-106c. In the ACP106c the sperm head defects in cryopreserved semen were higher compared to fresh semen (P < 0.05). For all the morphometric parameters evaluated, there were no differences between fresh and cryopreserved samples (3.70 ± 0.4% vs. 2.30 ± 0.5%). In kinetics, with an interval of one week statistical differences between the extenders were found only in the parameters ALH and LIN (P < 0.05). Regardless of the extender, there were no changes in the morphometric parameters of sperm after thawing.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Cães , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Criopreservação/veterinária , Análise do Sêmen/veterinária , Sobrevivência Celular
2.
Ciênc. Anim. (Impr.) ; 30(04, Supl. 2): 1-9, 2020.
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1472539

Resumo

A onça-pintada é um dos principais animais da fauna brasileira e dentre todos os felinos, a onça-pintada (Panthera onca) somente é menor que o leão (Panthera leo) e o tigre (Panthera tigris), logo sendo classificada como o maior felino de todo o continente americano. Apesar de todo o reconhecimento e importância, a espécie vem sofrendo significativa redução no número de indivíduos. Já há bastante tempo essa espécie vem mantendo seu status de conservação como espécie vulnerável, segundo o Ministério do Meio Ambiente, e próximo de ameaçada, segundo classificação da Lista Vermelha da IUCN. As principais causas que levam à diminuição da população desta espécie estão ligadas à redução no número de suas presas naturais como cervos, queixadas e catetos, e principalmente devido à expansão de áreas urbanas, destruição dos habitats naturais, atropelamentos em rodovias e caça ilegal. Tais fatores capazes de reduzir a população desses animais vem se agravando constantemente devido principalmente as políticas públicas ineficazes para a proteção de espécies ameaçadas. Na contramão desta situação, pesquisadores trabalham visando o desenvolvimento de estratégias com o intuito de proteger a espécie. A estratégia de conservação de maior destaque e de resultado mais rápido a curto prazo são as biotécnicas reprodutivas, uma vez que tais técnicas são capazes de aumentar o número de indivíduos em um curto espaço de tempo. Nas biotécnicas reprodutivas, destaca-se a criopreservação (congelamento) de sêmen, técnica na qual se permite armazenar amostras sob temperaturas extremamente negativas, por um longo período de tempo e também deslocar o material para quaisquer localidades.


The jaguar is one of the main important animals of the Brazilian fauna and among all felines, the jaguar (Panthera onca) is only smaller than the lion (Panthera leo) and the tiger (Panthera tigris), soon being classified as the largest cat from all over the American continent. Despite all the recognition and importance, the species has undergone a significant reduction in the number of individuals. This species has been maintaining its conservation status as a vulnerable species for a long time, according to the Brazilian Ministry of the Environment, and close to threatened, according to the classification of the IUCN Red List. The main causes that lead to a decrease in the population of this species are related to the reduction in the number of natural prey such as deer, peccary and collared peccary, and mainly due to the expansion of urban areas, destruction of natural habitats, being hit by roads and illegal hunting. Such factors capable of reducing the population of these animals have been constantly worsening due mainly to ineffective public policies for the protection of endangered species. Against this background, researchers are working to develop strategies to protect the species. The conservation strategy of greater prominence and of quicker result in the short term is the reproductive biotechniques, since such techniques are able to increase the number of individuals in a short period of time. In reproductive biotechniques, semen cryopreservation (freezing) stands out, a technique in which samples can be stored under extremely negative temperatures for a long period of time and the material can also be moved to any location.


Assuntos
Masculino , Animais , Bancos de Esperma/normas , Criopreservação/métodos , Criopreservação/veterinária , Meio Ambiente
3.
Ci. Anim. ; 30(04, Supl. 2): 1-9, 2020.
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-32260

Resumo

A onça-pintada é um dos principais animais da fauna brasileira e dentre todos os felinos, a onça-pintada (Panthera onca) somente é menor que o leão (Panthera leo) e o tigre (Panthera tigris), logo sendo classificada como o maior felino de todo o continente americano. Apesar de todo o reconhecimento e importância, a espécie vem sofrendo significativa redução no número de indivíduos. Já há bastante tempo essa espécie vem mantendo seu status de conservação como espécie vulnerável, segundo o Ministério do Meio Ambiente, e próximo de ameaçada, segundo classificação da Lista Vermelha da IUCN. As principais causas que levam à diminuição da população desta espécie estão ligadas à redução no número de suas presas naturais como cervos, queixadas e catetos, e principalmente devido à expansão de áreas urbanas, destruição dos habitats naturais, atropelamentos em rodovias e caça ilegal. Tais fatores capazes de reduzir a população desses animais vem se agravando constantemente devido principalmente as políticas públicas ineficazes para a proteção de espécies ameaçadas. Na contramão desta situação, pesquisadores trabalham visando o desenvolvimento de estratégias com o intuito de proteger a espécie. A estratégia de conservação de maior destaque e de resultado mais rápido a curto prazo são as biotécnicas reprodutivas, uma vez que tais técnicas são capazes de aumentar o número de indivíduos em um curto espaço de tempo. Nas biotécnicas reprodutivas, destaca-se a criopreservação (congelamento) de sêmen, técnica na qual se permite armazenar amostras sob temperaturas extremamente negativas, por um longo período de tempo e também deslocar o material para quaisquer localidades.(AU)


The jaguar is one of the main important animals of the Brazilian fauna and among all felines, the jaguar (Panthera onca) is only smaller than the lion (Panthera leo) and the tiger (Panthera tigris), soon being classified as the largest cat from all over the American continent. Despite all the recognition and importance, the species has undergone a significant reduction in the number of individuals. This species has been maintaining its conservation status as a vulnerable species for a long time, according to the Brazilian Ministry of the Environment, and close to threatened, according to the classification of the IUCN Red List. The main causes that lead to a decrease in the population of this species are related to the reduction in the number of natural prey such as deer, peccary and collared peccary, and mainly due to the expansion of urban areas, destruction of natural habitats, being hit by roads and illegal hunting. Such factors capable of reducing the population of these animals have been constantly worsening due mainly to ineffective public policies for the protection of endangered species. Against this background, researchers are working to develop strategies to protect the species. The conservation strategy of greater prominence and of quicker result in the short term is the reproductive biotechniques, since such techniques are able to increase the number of individuals in a short period of time. In reproductive biotechniques, semen cryopreservation (freezing) stands out, a technique in which samples can be stored under extremely negative temperatures for a long period of time and the material can also be moved to any location.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Criopreservação/métodos , Criopreservação/veterinária , Bancos de Esperma/normas , Meio Ambiente
4.
Semina ciênc. agrar ; 41(4): 1237-1246, jul.-ago. 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1373404

Resumo

Cryopreservation of epididymal sperm is a useful tool for preserving the genetic potential of valuable animal specimens. The domestic cat is used as a model to study and develop cryogenics for other felines. However, regulation of the entire cryopreservation process is essential for the success of this biotechnology. Thus, our aim was to evaluate the effects of glycerol equilibration time and freezethaw stages on the quality of epididymal sperm obtained from domestic cats. Epididymal sperm were recovered with TRIS and immediately evaluated for total motility (TM), vigor, viability, membrane functionality (HOST), and morphology. Then, TRIS-20% egg yolk was added to the samples, which were equally divided into two 1.5 mL tubes and refrigerated at 4 ºC for 1 hour. Subsequently, glycerol was added at a final concentration of 5%. The samples were incubated with glycerol (equilibration time) for either 5 or 10 minutes (groups G5 and G10, respectively) and then frozen. Thawing occurred at 37 ºC for 30 seconds. The samples were evaluated at all stages. A reduction in TM was observed only after thawing; however, it was higher in G5 (39.00 ± 4.07%) than in G10 (18.50 ± 4.54%). Vigor declined in both groups after thawing; however, they did not differ from each other. Sperm viability was maintained in G5 after glycerolization (53.60 ± 2.59%); in G10, sperm viability decreased in the glycerolized sample (48.80 ± 2.93%) when compared to that in the fresh sample (59.90 ± 1.74%). Post-thaw viability of G5 (33.80 ± 1.89%) was higher than that of G10 (18.80 ± 3.01%). In the HOST, a decrease in viability was only observed after thawing, with no difference between the groups (41.50 ± 2.84% for G5 and 40.20 ± 3.49% for G10). With regard to sperm morphology, normal sperm decreased while sperm with post-thaw secondary defects increased in both groups. In conclusion, a shorter equilibration time for glycerolization preserves epididymal sperm quality better and the freeze-thaw process is the most critical stage of thawing.(AU)


A criopreservação dos espermatozoides epididimários é uma ferramenta útil para preservar o potencial genético de um animal valioso. Além disso, o gato doméstico é modelo eleito para o estudo e desenvolvimento da criogenia para os demais felinos. Contudo, para o sucesso dessa biotécnica é essencial o controle de todo o processo de criopreservação. Assim, objetivou-se avaliar o efeito do tempo de equilíbrio da glicerolização e das etapas da congelação-descongelação sobre a qualidade dos espermatozoides epididimários de gato doméstico. Para tanto, espermatozoides epididimários foram recuperados com TRIS e imediatamente avaliados quanto à motilidade total (MT), vigor, viabilidade, funcionalidade de membrana (HOST) e morfologia. Em seguida, as amostras foram adicionadas de TRIS-gema a 20%, fracionadas igualmente em dois tubos de 1,5 mL, refrigeradas a 4 ºC por 1 hora e, posteriormente, adicionadas de glicerol na concentração final de 5%. As amostras foram incubadas com glicerol (tempo de equilíbrio) por 5 ou 10 minutos (grupos G5 e G10, respectivamente) e depois congeladas. A descongelação ocorreu a 37 ºC por 30 segundos. As amostras foram avaliadas em todas as etapas. Uma redução na MT foi observada apenas na pós-descongelação, no entanto G5 (39,00 ± 4,07%) foi superior ao G10 (18,50 ± 4,54%). O vigor declinou pós-descongelação em ambos os grupos; contudo, não diferiram entre si. A viabilidade espermática foi mantida no G5 pós-glicerolização (53,60 ± 2,59%), diferentemente do observado em G10, em que a amostra glicerolizada (48,80 ± 2,93%) reduziu em relação à fresca (59,90 ± 1,74%). A viabilidade pós-descongelação de G5 (33,80 ± 1,89%) foi superior à de G10 (18,80 ± 3,01%). No HOST, uma redução da viabilidade só foi observada pósdescongelação, não havendo diferença entre os grupos (41,50 ± 2,84% para G5 e 40,20 ± 3,49% para G10). Em relação à morfologia espermática, os espermatozoides normais diminuíram, enquanto os espermatozoides com defeitos secundários pós-descongelação aumentaram em ambos os grupos. Conclui-se que um menor tempo de equilíbrio para a glicerolização preserva melhor a qualidade dos espermatozoides epididimários e a etapa mais crítica do processo de congelação-descongelação é a descongelação.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Gatos , Espermatozoides/enzimologia , Criopreservação/veterinária , Glicerol/efeitos adversos , Biotecnologia/métodos
5.
Anim. Reprod. (Online) ; 17(1): e20190067, 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1461486

Resumo

This study evaluated the effect of the extract of Aloe vera at concentrations of 10% and 20% on the cryopreservation of sperm from the epididymis of domestic cats. Epididymal spermatozoa were recovered using the flotation technique and used in the treatments: control (TRIS-egg yolk at 20%), T10% (TRIS plus 10% of A. vera extract), and T20% (TRIS plus 20% of A. vera extract). The spermatozoa were subjected to 4ºC for 60 minutes, followed by 20 minutes in nitrogen vapors, and stored in a cryogenic cylinder. The samples were thawed at 37°C for 30 seconds. The sperm motility decreased (P0.05) during freezing; however, after thawing, it decreased (P0.05). The effect of the crude A. vera extract was not satisfactory on the cryopreservation of epididymal spermatozoa of domestic cats after thawing; although the motility of spermatozoa was similar to that found with the use of egg yolk, and it presented maintenance of the chromatin integrity. However, it is necessary to understand the action of the substances present in A. vera with the feline spermatozoa, well as the standardization and adjustment of physicochemical characteristics aiming at the future application of the vegetal extract.


Assuntos
Masculino , Animais , Gatos , Aloe/efeitos adversos , Aloe/química , Criopreservação/métodos , Criopreservação/veterinária , Gatos/fisiologia
6.
Anim. Reprod. ; 17(1): e20190067, 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-24194

Resumo

This study evaluated the effect of the extract of Aloe vera at concentrations of 10% and 20% on the cryopreservation of sperm from the epididymis of domestic cats. Epididymal spermatozoa were recovered using the flotation technique and used in the treatments: control (TRIS-egg yolk at 20%), T10% (TRIS plus 10% of A. vera extract), and T20% (TRIS plus 20% of A. vera extract). The spermatozoa were subjected to 4ºC for 60 minutes, followed by 20 minutes in nitrogen vapors, and stored in a cryogenic cylinder. The samples were thawed at 37°C for 30 seconds. The sperm motility decreased (P<0.05) after thawing in the three treatments. Only the spermatozoa in the control treatment maintained post-thawing vigor. The viability of spermatozoa decreased in the treatments with A. vera (P<0.05). According to the hypoosmotic test, all treatments maintained the sperm membrane functionality (P>0.05) during freezing; however, after thawing, it decreased (P<0.05) in the T10% and T20% treatments. The morphology and chromatin condensation of spermatozoa did not differ, regardless of the treatments and time of evaluation (P>0.05). The effect of the crude A. vera extract was not satisfactory on the cryopreservation of epididymal spermatozoa of domestic cats after thawing; although the motility of spermatozoa was similar to that found with the use of egg yolk, and it presented maintenance of the chromatin integrity. However, it is necessary to understand the action of the substances present in A. vera with the feline spermatozoa, well as the standardization and adjustment of physicochemical characteristics aiming at the future application of the vegetal extract.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Gatos , Aloe/efeitos adversos , Aloe/química , Criopreservação/métodos , Criopreservação/veterinária , Gatos/fisiologia
7.
Acta sci. vet. (Impr.) ; 46: Pub.1603-2018. tab
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1457893

Resumo

Background: The emergence of the NUDE and SCID immunosuppressed mice lineages generated knowledge on various mechanisms of lymphocyte maturation and human autoimmune diseases. Information on haematological and biochemical parameters of these lineages is still scarce, making it impossible to infer homeostasis by comparing data, or to detect genetic influences on the parameters for these species. Haematological and biochemical tests were carried out on Balb/c NUDE and C57BL/6 SCID mice of both sexes, aiming to analyse the presence of genetic influence on possible variations of such parameters and to verify reference values for both lineages.Materials, Methods & Results: One hundred and forty mice (Mus musculus) of the Balb/C NUDE and C57BL/6 SCID lineages were used in the present study. The animals were previously anesthetized, the blood collection procedure was performed by cardiac puncture and the samples were collected in the presence of heparin and intended for haematological and biochemical evaluation, under standardized conditions. The haematological evaluation consisted of red blood cell count, leukocyte counts, platelet counts, haematocrit, haemoglobin concentration, mean corpuscular volume (MCV), and mean corpuscular haemoglobin concentration (MCHC). The quantified biochemical parameters were: urea, creatinine, alanine aminotransaminase (ALT), aspartate aminotransaminase (AST) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP). While analysing the obtained data, it was possible to observe that only females presented divergences (P < 0.05) in the red blood cell series, in haemoglobin and in mean haemoglobin concentration (MCH). Regarding the analysis of the white blood cell series, females only presented differences (P < 0.05) in the leukocyte count. For males, there were variations (P < 0.05) in the counts of leukocytes, eosinophils, lymphocytes and neutrophils.[...]


Assuntos
Animais , Camundongos , Biomarcadores/análise , Terapia de Imunossupressão , Variação Genética/imunologia , Testes Hematológicos/métodos , Testes Hematológicos/veterinária
8.
Acta sci. vet. (Online) ; 46: Pub. 1603, 2018. tab
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-735401

Resumo

Background: The emergence of the NUDE and SCID immunosuppressed mice lineages generated knowledge on various mechanisms of lymphocyte maturation and human autoimmune diseases. Information on haematological and biochemical parameters of these lineages is still scarce, making it impossible to infer homeostasis by comparing data, or to detect genetic influences on the parameters for these species. Haematological and biochemical tests were carried out on Balb/c NUDE and C57BL/6 SCID mice of both sexes, aiming to analyse the presence of genetic influence on possible variations of such parameters and to verify reference values for both lineages.Materials, Methods & Results: One hundred and forty mice (Mus musculus) of the Balb/C NUDE and C57BL/6 SCID lineages were used in the present study. The animals were previously anesthetized, the blood collection procedure was performed by cardiac puncture and the samples were collected in the presence of heparin and intended for haematological and biochemical evaluation, under standardized conditions. The haematological evaluation consisted of red blood cell count, leukocyte counts, platelet counts, haematocrit, haemoglobin concentration, mean corpuscular volume (MCV), and mean corpuscular haemoglobin concentration (MCHC). The quantified biochemical parameters were: urea, creatinine, alanine aminotransaminase (ALT), aspartate aminotransaminase (AST) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP). While analysing the obtained data, it was possible to observe that only females presented divergences (P < 0.05) in the red blood cell series, in haemoglobin and in mean haemoglobin concentration (MCH). Regarding the analysis of the white blood cell series, females only presented differences (P < 0.05) in the leukocyte count. For males, there were variations (P < 0.05) in the counts of leukocytes, eosinophils, lymphocytes and neutrophils.[...](AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Camundongos , Terapia de Imunossupressão , Biomarcadores/análise , Variação Genética/imunologia , Testes Hematológicos/métodos , Testes Hematológicos/veterinária
9.
Acta sci. vet. (Impr.) ; 45: 1-5, 2017. tab
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1457647

Resumo

Background: Animal models are widely used in scientific research because of the ability to generate information from an organism like everything under a given experimental condition. Hematological and biochemical tests in laboratory animals are essential for the validation of several scientific studies. In addition, it standardizes physiological values for these animals according to their sex, age, lineage, environment, and nutritional status. The present work aims to establish reference values for biochemical and hematological standards in Balb/c mice, for males and females.Materials, Methods & Results: A total of 50 male and female mice were used at reproductive age. The procedures for collecting, processing, and analyzing the samples were standardized. The collected blood samples were immediately transferred to eppendorf tubes containing heparin, and intended for hematological and biochemical evaluation. The hematological evaluation consisted of Red blood cell count (RBC), Leukocyte counts (WBC), Platelet counts (PLT), Hematocrit (HCT), Hemoglobin concentration (HGB), Mean corpuscular volume (MCV), and Mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC). Already the quantified biochemical parameters were: urea, creatinine, alanina aminotransaminase (ALT), aspartato aminotransaminase (AST) and fosfatase alcalina (FAL). The differential leukocyte count was also performed. Hematological results obtained for males and females were: 9.19 ± 3.35 (106/mm³) and 7.3 ± 2.01(106/mm³) of RBC; 35.8 ± 6.7% and 38.44 ± 3.93% of HCT; 11.51 ± 2.17 g/dL and 11.85 ± 1.56 g/dL of HGB; 45.83 ± 15.03 fL and 60.26 ± 18.25 fL of VCM; 31.80 ± 1.15% and 31.88 ± 0.99% of MCHC; and, 5380 ± 1994.21(10³/mm³) and 3564 ± 1071(10³/mm³) of WBC. The platelet counts were 878.92 ± 84.19 and 678.28 ± 227.21, for males and females respectively.[...]


Assuntos
Animais , Camundongos , Animais de Laboratório , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C/sangue , Contagem de Células Sanguíneas/veterinária , Testes Hematológicos/veterinária , Valores de Referência
10.
Acta sci. vet. (Online) ; 45: 1-5, 2017. tab
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-20219

Resumo

Background: Animal models are widely used in scientific research because of the ability to generate information from an organism like everything under a given experimental condition. Hematological and biochemical tests in laboratory animals are essential for the validation of several scientific studies. In addition, it standardizes physiological values for these animals according to their sex, age, lineage, environment, and nutritional status. The present work aims to establish reference values for biochemical and hematological standards in Balb/c mice, for males and females.Materials, Methods & Results: A total of 50 male and female mice were used at reproductive age. The procedures for collecting, processing, and analyzing the samples were standardized. The collected blood samples were immediately transferred to eppendorf tubes containing heparin, and intended for hematological and biochemical evaluation. The hematological evaluation consisted of Red blood cell count (RBC), Leukocyte counts (WBC), Platelet counts (PLT), Hematocrit (HCT), Hemoglobin concentration (HGB), Mean corpuscular volume (MCV), and Mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC). Already the quantified biochemical parameters were: urea, creatinine, alanina aminotransaminase (ALT), aspartato aminotransaminase (AST) and fosfatase alcalina (FAL). The differential leukocyte count was also performed. Hematological results obtained for males and females were: 9.19 ± 3.35 (106/mm³) and 7.3 ± 2.01(106/mm³) of RBC; 35.8 ± 6.7% and 38.44 ± 3.93% of HCT; 11.51 ± 2.17 g/dL and 11.85 ± 1.56 g/dL of HGB; 45.83 ± 15.03 fL and 60.26 ± 18.25 fL of VCM; 31.80 ± 1.15% and 31.88 ± 0.99% of MCHC; and, 5380 ± 1994.21(10³/mm³) and 3564 ± 1071(10³/mm³) of WBC. The platelet counts were 878.92 ± 84.19 and 678.28 ± 227.21, for males and females respectively.[...](AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C/sangue , Animais de Laboratório , Contagem de Células Sanguíneas/veterinária , Testes Hematológicos/veterinária , Valores de Referência
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