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1.
Vet. Not. (Online) ; 28(1): 1-10, abr. 2022. tab
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1395459

Resumo

Os carrapatos são os ectoparasitos que causam maiores prejuízos para a produção de bovinos, e em particular o Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus é responsável por graves prejuízos para os produtores de carne e leite, e seu controle vem sendo dificultado pela resistência desses ácaros de pequeno porte aos carrapaticidas comerciais. O objetivo do presente trabalho foi avaliar a eficiência in vitro de 08 (oito) bases químicas presentes nos principais acaricidas do mercado, sobre o Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus. Para tanto, amostras de carrapatos foram coletadas de uma propriedade rural do município de Vazante, MG, para a realização do teste de imersão de teleóginas (biocarrapaticidograma). As associações das bases químicas Cipermetrina 20% + Clorpirifós 50%; Cirpemetrina 15% + Clorpirifós 30% + Fention 15%; Cipermetrina 15% + Clorpirifós 25% + Butóxido de Piperonila 15%+ Citronela 1% e Clorpirifós 50% + Cipermetrina 6%, apresentaram eficiência de 100% no teste in vitro. Entretanto, Diclorvós 50% + Clorpirifós 20%; Supona 50%; Amitraz 12,5% e a Deltametrina 25% apresentaram eficiência menor que 95%. Os resultados obtidos sugerem uma relação direta entre produtos presentes no mercado versus resistência do Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus, enfatizando a necessidade do monitoramento dos mecanismos de resistência associado à implementação de um programa de controle estratégico de carrapatos, levando ao manejo adequado de acaricidas e uma política de fiscalização atuante por parte dos órgãos competentes com relação aos produtos químicos disponíveis no mercado para o controle do Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus.(AU)


Ticks are the ectoparasites that cause greater damage to the production of cattle, and in particular Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus is responsible for serious damage to meat and milk producers, and its control has been hampered by the resistance of these mites. small scale to commercial ticks. The objective of the present work was to evaluate the in vitro efficiency of 08 (eight) chemical bases present in the main acaricides in the market, on Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus. For that, samples of ticks were collected from a rural property in the municipality of Vazante, MG., Brazil, to perform the teleogener immersion test (biocarrapaticidogram). The associations of the chemical bases Cypermethrin 20% + Chlorpyrifos 50%; Cirpemetrina 15% + Chlorpyrifos 30% + Fention 15%; Cypermethrin 15% + Chlorpyrifos 25% + Piperonyl Butoxide 15% + Citronella 1% and Chlorpyrifos 50% + Cypermethrin 6%, showed 100% efficiency in the in vitro test. However, Dichlorvós 50% + Chlorpyrifos 20%; Suppose 50%; Amitraz 12.5% and Deltamethrin 25% showed efficiency less than 95%. The results obtained suggest a direct relationship between products present in the market versus resistance of Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus, emphasizing the need to monitor resistance mechanisms associated with the implementation of a strategic tick control program, leading to the appropriate management of mites and a active inspection policy by the competent bodies regarding the chemicals available on the market for the control of Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Infestações por Carrapato/tratamento farmacológico , Bovinos/parasitologia , Acaricidas/efeitos adversos , Brasil , Zona Rural , Rhipicephalus
2.
Vet. Not. (Online) ; 28(1)abr. 2022.
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1433533

Resumo

Os carrapatos são os ectoparasitos que causam maiores prejuízos para a produção de bovinos, e em particular o Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus é responsável por graves prejuízos para os produtores de carne e leite, e seu controle vem sendo dificultado pela resistência desses ácaros de pequeno porte aos carrapaticidas comerciais. O objetivo do presente trabalho foi avaliar a eficiência in vitro de 08 (oito) bases químicas presentes nos principais acaricidas do mercado, sobre o Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus. Para tanto, amostras de carrapatos foram coletadas de uma propriedade rural do município de Vazante, MG, para a realização do teste de imersão de teleóginas (biocarrapaticidograma). As associações das bases químicas  Cipermetrina 20% + Clorpirifós 50%; Cirpemetrina 15% + Clorpirifós 30% + Fention 15%; Cipermetrina 15% + Clorpirifós 25% + Butóxido de Piperonila 15%+ Citronela 1% e Clorpirifós 50% + Cipermetrina 6%, apresentaram eficiência de 100% no teste in vitro. Entretanto, Diclorvós 50% + Clorpirifós 20%; Supona 50%; Amitraz 12,5% e a Deltametrina 25% apresentaram eficiência menor que 95%. Os resultados obtidos sugerem uma relação direta entre produtos presentes no mercado versus resistência do Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus, enfatizando a necessidade do monitoramento dos mecanismos de resistência associado à implementação de um programa de controle

3.
Acta sci. vet. (Impr.) ; 50(supl.1): Pub. 814, 2022. ilus
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1401454

Resumo

Background: Cutaneous fibroma is a benign neoplasm affecting the fibroblasts and collagen matrix that develops in the dermis or subcutaneous tissue. This neoplasm is uncommon in cattle, and few reports have described the treatment and resolution of this neoplasm. Despite its benign character, a veterinarian should consider cutaneous fibroma in the differential diagnosis of skin tumors. This report aims to describe a rare case of large fibroma in the scapular region in a cow, with emphasis on the clinical-surgical and anatomopathological aspects of the condition. Case: A 3-year-old Girolando 3/4 cow was attended to at a rural property in Lagamar-MG, Brazil. According to the owner, the animal presented with a small mass in the right scapular region that grew progressively over 1 year and 6 months. Clinical examination revealed an exuberant and painless increase in volume on palpation in the proximal region of the right thoracic limb, which, in its vertical axis, extended from the proximal end of the scapula to near the olecranon tuberosity, and, in its horizontal axis, extended from the 6th intercostal space to the scapulohumeral joint, reaching the dimensions 66 cm and 62 cm, respectively. It presented with multiple nodules that were firm in consistency with extensive areas of ulceration. Neoplasia was suspected, and surgical excision was decided upon. The cow was sedated and restrained in the left lateral decubitus position. Trichotomy and antisepsis of the operative field were performed followed by an infiltrative anesthetic block around the tumor. The tumor was excised maintaining a safety margin of 1 cm. Dermorrhaphy was not possible, and healing by secondary intention was awaited. In the postoperative period, antibiotic therapy with benzathine penicillin, analgesia with meloxicamand dipyrone and daily dressing of the wound were performed. There were no postoperative complications and complete healing occurred approximately 100 days after surgery. One year after the surgical procedure, the owner reported that the cow did not present with recurrence of the neoplasm. The resected tumor weighed 11.2 kg, and, when cut, presented with solid conformation and whitish coloration. Tumor fragments were harvested, fixed in 10% formalin, and sent for histopathological examination, which revealed neoproliferation of remarkable cellular density composed of dense, well vascularized fibrocollagenous connective tissue arranged in multidirectional bundles and undulating pattern. Mild cellular pleomorphism was identified, and no mitosis figures were observed. Alcian blue staining was negative for mucopolysaccharides, differing from Masson's trichrome staining, which widely stained the fibrocollagenous tissue blue. In view of these findings, the diagnosis of cutaneous fibroma was confirmed. Discussion: Cutaneous fibromas are benign neoplasms of fibrous tissue, and they are uncommon in cattle and may be associated with bovine papillomavirus and/or trauma. Although the origin of cutaneous fibroma is not clear, the present report stands out due to the large size of the tumor mass. The complete healing of the surgical wound, the absence of recurrence one year after surgery and the return of the animal to dairy production demonstrate that the surgical treatment was adequate. The macro- and microscopic characteristics of the cutaneous fibroma in this case corroborate with other cases reported in the literature. Large cutaneous fibroma is uncommon in bovines, and may hinder surgical excision and prolong healing time, as well as the complete recovery of the animal. Moreover, the differential diagnosis with other neoplasms of fibroblastic origin is relevant, especially for those with malignant biological behavior, such as fibrosarcoma and myxosarcoma.


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Bovinos , Neoplasias Cutâneas/veterinária , Fibroma/cirurgia , Fibroma/veterinária , Fibroblastos Associados a Câncer
4.
Acta sci. vet. (Impr.) ; 49(supl.1): Pub. 675, 2021. ilus
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1363007

Resumo

Background: Lipomas are adipocytic tumors of slow and expansive growth. They can be classified into several subtypes depending on the tissue present next to the neoplastic adipocytes. One of such subtypes is the fibrolipoma, which is formed by well-differentiated adipocytes and fibrous connective tissue. This neoplasm has been little described in cattle, and rare reports present the treatment and resolution of the case. Thus, the dissemination of cases of fibrolipomas in cattle is essential to help veterinarians diagnose this neoplasm. The present report describes a case of fibrolipoma in the distal pelvic limb of a cow successfully treated by surgical excision. Case: A 4-year-old 3/4 Girolando cow from the municipality of Vazante, MG, Brazil, was treated on the farm. According to the owner, the animal had been showing tumoral growth in the left pelvic limb over the period of 1 year and 3 months. The tumor involved the entire left metatarsus and was 40 x 37 cm, without ulcerations and painless on palpation. A neoplasm was suspected and surgical excision was the chosen approach. The cow was sedated, positioned and restrained in right lateral recumbency for surgery. The operative field was prepared and a subcutaneous locoregional ring block was performed dorsally to the tumor. The tumor mass was excised with a safety margin of 1 cm. After removal, the mass was found to weigh 10.4 kg and to be yellowish-white upon sectioning. Due to the distance between the edges of the surgical wound, skin suture could not be performed. Thus, second-intention healing and wound protection with bandages were the choice of management. In the postoperative period, the adopted treatment consisted of antibiotic therapy with benzathine penicillin, analgesia with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, daily dressings and wound protection with bandages. The animal did not show postoperative complications and, over 8 months of monitoring after surgery, there was no recurrence of the neoplasm and the cow was in productive activity. Tumor fragments were fixed in 10% buffered formalin and sent for histopathological examination, which revealed a neoplasm of mesenchymal cells in the subcutaneous adipose tissue supported by dense fibrovascular stroma with solid arrangement. A large amount of dense connective tissue was found among the neoplastic cells. In view of these findings, the diagnosis of fibrolipoma was established. Discussion: Fibrolipoma is a benign neoplasm little described in the veterinary literature, especially in cattle, with only 3 cases reported. To the knowledge of the authors, this is the first report of this neoplasm in the distal limb of cattle. Fibrolipomas are a rare type of lipoma formed by well-differentiated lipocytes and fibrous tissue. The fibrolipoma described in this report was 40 cm in diameter and weighed 10.4 kg, so it can be classified as a type of giant lipoma, as it was more than 10 cm in diameter and more than 1 kg in weight. In the present report and in others in the medical literature, surgical removal of the fibrolipoma resulted in complete recovery of the patient without postoperative complications. Surgical excision is the treatment of choice in these cases and usually promotes healing. However, surgery must be performed early and the neoplasm must be completely removed. The histological characteristics of the fibrolipoma in this case are similar to those found in other cases in cattle and corroborate the choice for surgical treatment and maintenance of the animal in the herd. Although rare, fibrolipomas should be included in the differential diagnosis of tumors of slow and expansive growth in cattle.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Bovinos , Pelve/cirurgia , Tecido Adiposo/patologia , Lipoma/cirurgia , Lipoma/veterinária
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