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1.
Semina ciênc. agrar ; 37(5): 3223-3230, Sept.-Oct.2016. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1500521

Resumo

Bone nonunion is observed when the healing of a fracture fails and all processes of biologic repair cease. It is a frequent complication during fracture treatment in small animals. Nonunions are classified as viable or nonviable, and most cases result from technical error (e.g., inadequate or inappropriate choice of the type of stabilization), poor vascularization, excessive distance between the fragments, infection, and systemic disease, or local as well as idiopathic factors. The diagnosis is made when there is no radiographic evidence of bone healing. This condition cannot be treated conservatively; rather, nonunions require surgical intervention involving removal of implants (besides exuberant callus removal), proper alignment, and compression of the fracture site. As bone nonunion remains a common problem in clinical practice, the objective of this paper is to review the pathophysiology and methods for treating of the condition.


A não união óssea acontece quando ocorre falha na consolidação óssea de uma fratura, onde todos os sinais de reparação aparentemente cessaram. É uma freqüente complicação do tratamento de fraturas em pequenos animais. As não uniões são classificadas em viáveis e não-viáveis e podem resultar de diversos fatores como estabilização inadequada, vascularização deficiente, distância excessiva entre os fragmentos, infecção, doença sistêmica ou local e fatores idiopáticos. A maior parte das não uniões resulta de escolha inadequada da forma de estabilização ou falha técnica por parte dos cirurgiões. O diagnóstico é quando radiograficamente não existem sinais de evolução da consolidação óssea. Esta afecção não pode ser tratada de forma conservadora, o tratamento é cirúrgico e é mandatória remoção dos implantes que falharam, remoção do calo exuberante, alinhamento adequado e compressão do foco de fratura. O objetivo deste trabalho é revisar a fisiopatologia, assim como as formas de tratamento desta afecção tão comum na prática clínica.


Assuntos
Animais , Consolidação da Fratura , Cães/lesões
2.
Semina Ci. agr. ; 37(5): 3223-3230, Sept.-Oct.2016. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-745805

Resumo

Bone nonunion is observed when the healing of a fracture fails and all processes of biologic repair cease. It is a frequent complication during fracture treatment in small animals. Nonunions are classified as viable or nonviable, and most cases result from technical error (e.g., inadequate or inappropriate choice of the type of stabilization), poor vascularization, excessive distance between the fragments, infection, and systemic disease, or local as well as idiopathic factors. The diagnosis is made when there is no radiographic evidence of bone healing. This condition cannot be treated conservatively; rather, nonunions require surgical intervention involving removal of implants (besides exuberant callus removal), proper alignment, and compression of the fracture site. As bone nonunion remains a common problem in clinical practice, the objective of this paper is to review the pathophysiology and methods for treating of the condition.(AU)


A não união óssea acontece quando ocorre falha na consolidação óssea de uma fratura, onde todos os sinais de reparação aparentemente cessaram. É uma freqüente complicação do tratamento de fraturas em pequenos animais. As não uniões são classificadas em viáveis e não-viáveis e podem resultar de diversos fatores como estabilização inadequada, vascularização deficiente, distância excessiva entre os fragmentos, infecção, doença sistêmica ou local e fatores idiopáticos. A maior parte das não uniões resulta de escolha inadequada da forma de estabilização ou falha técnica por parte dos cirurgiões. O diagnóstico é quando radiograficamente não existem sinais de evolução da consolidação óssea. Esta afecção não pode ser tratada de forma conservadora, o tratamento é cirúrgico e é mandatória remoção dos implantes que falharam, remoção do calo exuberante, alinhamento adequado e compressão do foco de fratura. O objetivo deste trabalho é revisar a fisiopatologia, assim como as formas de tratamento desta afecção tão comum na prática clínica.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Cães/lesões , Consolidação da Fratura
3.
Acta sci. vet. (Online) ; 42: Pub. 1238, Dec. 12, 2014. tab
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-30947

Resumo

Background: Circular external skeletal fixator Ilizarov is a fixation method widely used to stabilize fractures. The method is performed using several components but the ring stands out as the fundamental component of this device, and compression loads in the same plane of the ring are mainly due to the wires connected from one side to another of the implant. The axial load is reached on the rings with a proper tension distractor device connected to the wires and fixed with bolts, washers and nuts during surgical procedure. Additional loads to axial tension are employed during patient`s physical activities after surgery. The study aimed to compare the resistance to axial compression load and analyze the alloy composition of the Ilizarov rings with different diameter sizes and alloys. Materials, Methods & Results: We tested two diameters of rings acquired from three manufacturers for mechanical axial compression. Manufacture sample (N = 30 rings of each trademark) was divided into two groups (60 and 80 diameter mm). The tests to evaluate strength and deformation parameters were performed in a universal testing machine Kratos ® 3.000 MP KE model, equipped with a load cell of 3000 N with test speed of 10 mm per minute. We also evaluated the elemental alloy composition by the method of the TTPIXE (Thick Target Proton Induced X-Ray Emission) in external PIXE...(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Cães , Fixadores Externos/veterinária , Suporte de Carga , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Técnica de Ilizarov/veterinária
4.
Acta sci. vet. (Impr.) ; 42: Pub.1238-Dec. 12, 2014. tab
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1457216

Resumo

Background: Circular external skeletal fixator Ilizarov is a fixation method widely used to stabilize fractures. The method is performed using several components but the ring stands out as the fundamental component of this device, and compression loads in the same plane of the ring are mainly due to the wires connected from one side to another of the implant. The axial load is reached on the rings with a proper tension distractor device connected to the wires and fixed with bolts, washers and nuts during surgical procedure. Additional loads to axial tension are employed during patient`s physical activities after surgery. The study aimed to compare the resistance to axial compression load and analyze the alloy composition of the Ilizarov rings with different diameter sizes and alloys. Materials, Methods & Results: We tested two diameters of rings acquired from three manufacturers for mechanical axial compression. Manufacture sample (N = 30 rings of each trademark) was divided into two groups (60 and 80 diameter mm). The tests to evaluate strength and deformation parameters were performed in a universal testing machine Kratos ® 3.000 MP KE model, equipped with a load cell of 3000 N with test speed of 10 mm per minute. We also evaluated the elemental alloy composition by the method of the TTPIXE (Thick Target Proton Induced X-Ray Emission) in external PIXE...


Assuntos
Animais , Cães , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Fixadores Externos/veterinária , Suporte de Carga , Técnica de Ilizarov/veterinária
5.
Braz. j. vet. res. anim. sci ; 49(4): 301-306, 2012.
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-3723

Resumo

O trabalho descreve as lesões de menisco associadas com ruptura do ligamento cruzado cranial em 82 pacientes de diferentes raças, idades e pesos, com o objetivo de avaliar o tipo de ruptura de menisco associada a lesões do ligamento cruzado cranial. No período pré-operatório, os animais foram submetidos à avaliação clínica e radiológica. Todos os animais apresentaram ruptura total ou parcial do ligamento cruzado cranial; 21 (24,14%) animais não apresentaram nenhuma lesão de menisco, os restantes (75,86%) apresentaram apenas lesão no menisco medial. As lesões encontradas no menisco medial foram as seguintes: 33 joelhos (37,93%) apresentaram eversão do corno caudal (Tipo 1); 15 (17,24%) apresentaram lesão em alça de balde (Tipo 6); 3 (3,45%) lesão de fibrilação (Tipo 4); 3 (3,45%) ruptura longitudinal múltipla (Tipo 3); 3 (3,45%) lesão longitudinal (Tipo 2); 1 (1,15%) lesão tipo 7; e 10 (11,49) apresentaram lesões múltiplas. A meniscectomia parcial do menisco medial foi realizada em 63 (72,41%) joelhos e a meniscectomia total em 3 (13,04%). O procedimento cirúrgico para a resolução da ruptura do ligamento cruzado cranial incluiu: avanço da tuberosidade tibial (TTA) (49 joelhos), osteotomia niveladora do platô tibial (TPLO) (15 joelhos), osteotomia em cunha da tíbia (CWO) (14 joelhos), extracapsular (quatro joelhos) e meniscectomia (cinco joelhos). Todos os casos evoluíram com o retorno à função habitual do membro pélvico acometido na primeira semana do período pós-operatório, e com a ausência de complicações. A alta porcentagem (75,86%) de ruptura do menisco medial encontrada no presente trabalho demonstra a importância da avaliação prévia dos meniscos antes da realização da técnica de estabilização da articulação femorotibiopatelar.(AU)


The following study describes meniscus ruptures associated to cranial cruciate ruptures, in 34 dogs of different breeds, ages and weights. Before surgery the animals underwent clinical and radiographic examinations. All animals presented either total or partial cranial cruciate ruptures: 21 (24.14%) of the animals didnt present any meniscus lesions, and the rest (75.86%) presented only a medial meniscus lesion. The lesions found in the medial meniscus were the following: 33 stifles (37.93%) presented with eversion of the caudal pole (Type 1), 15 (17.24%) showed a bucked handle lesion (Type 6), 3 (3.45%) presented with fibrillation lesion (Type 4), 3 (3.45%) multiple fibrillation lesion (Type 3), 3 (3.45%) longitudinal lesion (Type 2), 1 (1.15%) lesion type 7 and 10 (11.49%) presented multiple lesion. Surgical procedure for cranial cruciate rupture included: tibial tuberosity advancement (TTA) (49 stifle), tibial plateau leveling osteotomies (TPLO) (15 stifle), closing wedge osteotomy (CWO) (14 stifle), extracapsular (4 stifle) and meniscectomy alone (5 stifle), and all these techniques guaranteed weight baring and return to function in the first week after surgery, with no complications. Through this study we could demonstrate that meniscus tear is highly associated to cranial cruciate rupture and that the most common is type 1 (eversion of the caudal pole) and that cronicity of the lesion increases the probability of meniscus tear.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Cães , Meniscos Tibiais/anatomia & histologia , Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/anatomia & histologia , Ligamento Cruzado Posterior/anatomia & histologia , Cães , Osteotomia/veterinária , Articulações/anatomia & histologia
6.
Acta sci. vet. (Impr.) ; 39(3): 1-5, 20110000. ilus
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1456867

Resumo

Background: Currently many methods of internal fixation for the treatment of fractures in dogs are used. Attempting bone fixation with intramedullary nails is a traditional concept, making it a simple and versatile technique. However, biomechanical faults are frequent, and rotational instability, migration of the pin and the collapse of comminuted fractures are the most common problems observed afterwards. To avoid these complications, multiple intramedullary pins were first used and finally the intramedullary pin was locked into place (interlocking nail). In this study, a new method of intramedullary fixation using multiple locking intramedullary pins was developed for the treatment of femoral shaft fractures in dogs. Materials, Methods & Results: Seventeen mixed breed dogs, weighing between 10 and 20 kg, irrespective of the gender and age, that suffered different traumatic fractures, including complete, closed, transverse or short oblique of the middle third of the femur, were selected as subjects to the study. The fractures were stabilized with 3 Steinmann pins of different diameters that partially occluded the intramedullary canal. The pins were locked distally and proximally to the fracture by transverse insertion of Schanz pins. The diameters of the Steinmann and Schanz pins, used to stabilize the fractures, were selected by the measurement of the diameter of the proximal and distal intramedullary canal in radiographs of the contralateral limb. After a minimal invasive lateral approach to the femur, the bone fragments were exposed. A Shanz pin was inserted in the medial-lateral direction. The pin was inserted in such a way to divide the intramedullary canal in the proximal and caudal thirds of the femur. Upon insertion, the pin was cut short against the outer cortex. Next, the three Steinmann pins were inserted into the spinal canal by the retrograde method. The first to be introduced in the cranial part was the third largest pin in diameter. The distal fragment was exposed and a second Schanz screw was inserted. The fracture was reduced and Steinmann pins were inserted into the distal fragment until resistence was achieved. The three Steinmann pins were cut as close as possible to the greater trochanter. The knee and hip were tested for freedom of movement and lack of interference by the intramedullary pins. The patients were clinically and radiographically evaluated for bone healing. The procedure was performed without difficulty and bone healing progressed satisfactorily with consolidation being achieved between 45 and 90 days. Discussion: Femoral fractures occur frequently in dogs and result in a high number of studies describing different methods for bone fixation. Such studies usually conclude that internal fixation is the best option in most of the fracture types, which is the reason femoral fractures were chosen for our study. The advantages of the technique used in this study are: gentle handling of soft tissues with little damage to the vasculature, prevention of the migration of Steinmann pins by locking the Schanz screws, allowing an override in the placement of external fixators to avoid complications, also allowing preoperative planning. The technique was proven an effective method for reducing femoral fractures in dogs weighing between 10 and 20 kg, being easy to perform and complying with the principles of biologic osteosynthesis. Currently, there is not an ideal fixation method for all types of fractures in small animals; all have their advantages and disadvantages, depending on the type of fracture and patient, requiring further and ongoing studies regarding the methods and techniques for fixation of fractures.


Assuntos
Animais , Cães , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/veterinária , Osseointegração/fisiologia , Pinos Ortopédicos/veterinária , Radiografia/veterinária
7.
Acta sci. vet. (Online) ; 39(3): 1-5, 20110000. ilus
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-11573

Resumo

Background: Currently many methods of internal fixation for the treatment of fractures in dogs are used. Attempting bone fixation with intramedullary nails is a traditional concept, making it a simple and versatile technique. However, biomechanical faults are frequent, and rotational instability, migration of the pin and the collapse of comminuted fractures are the most common problems observed afterwards. To avoid these complications, multiple intramedullary pins were first used and finally the intramedullary pin was locked into place (interlocking nail). In this study, a new method of intramedullary fixation using multiple locking intramedullary pins was developed for the treatment of femoral shaft fractures in dogs. Materials, Methods & Results: Seventeen mixed breed dogs, weighing between 10 and 20 kg, irrespective of the gender and age, that suffered different traumatic fractures, including complete, closed, transverse or short oblique of the middle third of the femur, were selected as subjects to the study. The fractures were stabilized with 3 Steinmann pins of different diameters that partially occluded the intramedullary canal. The pins were locked distally and proximally to the fracture by transverse insertion of Schanz pins. The diameters of the Steinmann and Schanz pins, used to stabilize the fractures, were selected by the measurement of the diameter of the proximal and distal intramedullary canal in radiographs of the contralateral limb. After a minimal invasive lateral approach to the femur, the bone fragments were exposed. A Shanz pin was inserted in the medial-lateral direction. The pin was inserted in such a way to divide the intramedullary canal in the proximal and caudal thirds of the femur. Upon insertion, the pin was cut short against the outer cortex. Next, the three Steinmann pins were inserted into the spinal canal by the retrograde method. The first to be introduced in the cranial part was the third largest pin in diameter. The distal fragment was exposed and a second Schanz screw was inserted. The fracture was reduced and Steinmann pins were inserted into the distal fragment until resistence was achieved. The three Steinmann pins were cut as close as possible to the greater trochanter. The knee and hip were tested for freedom of movement and lack of interference by the intramedullary pins. The patients were clinically and radiographically evaluated for bone healing. The procedure was performed without difficulty and bone healing progressed satisfactorily with consolidation being achieved between 45 and 90 days. Discussion: Femoral fractures occur frequently in dogs and result in a high number of studies describing different methods for bone fixation. Such studies usually conclude that internal fixation is the best option in most of the fracture types, which is the reason femoral fractures were chosen for our study. The advantages of the technique used in this study are: gentle handling of soft tissues with little damage to the vasculature, prevention of the migration of Steinmann pins by locking the Schanz screws, allowing an override in the placement of external fixators to avoid complications, also allowing preoperative planning. The technique was proven an effective method for reducing femoral fractures in dogs weighing between 10 and 20 kg, being easy to perform and complying with the principles of biologic osteosynthesis. Currently, there is not an ideal fixation method for all types of fractures in small animals; all have their advantages and disadvantages, depending on the type of fracture and patient, requiring further and ongoing studies regarding the methods and techniques for fixation of fractures.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Cães , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/veterinária , Osseointegração/fisiologia , Pinos Ortopédicos/veterinária , Radiografia/veterinária
8.
Braz. j. vet. res. anim. sci ; 48(6): 512-518, 2011.
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-3591

Resumo

A Placa Óssea Bloqueada (POB) consiste em um novo sistema de fixação interna, onde a placa apresenta orifícios duplos, um liso para compressão e outro rosqueado para fixação do parafuso que se fixa à placa. Promove grande estabilidade à fratura, sendo possível associar parafusos neutros e compressivos. Parafusos tradicionais comprimem a placa ao osso, nas placas bloqueadas não existe esta força e o encaixe da cabeça do parafuso à placa resulta em menores danos ao suporte vascular periosteal. Treze cães com distúrbios ortopédicos diversos foram tratados cirurgicamente com placa bloqueada com resultados satisfatórios. A placa bloqueada pode ser utilizada na medicina veterinária, porém, é técnica que requer cuidado e planejamento pré-operatório, especialmente na sequência de aplicação dos diferentes tipos de parafusos. Apresenta custo elevado, mas confere estabilidade rígida do foco de fratura e minimiza a possibilidade de perda prematura da interface parafuso e osso, diminuindo a possibilidade de instabilidade precoce e soltura do implante.(AU)


Locking plate is a new internal fixation system where the plate features has double holes, one smooth for compression and other threaded for screw fixing that attaches the plate. It leads to greater stability to the fracture being possible to associate neutral and compressive screws. Traditional screws compress the plate to the bone, in the locking plates there are no such strength and the fit of the screw head to the plate results in less damage to the vascular periosteal support. Thirteen dogs with various orthopedic disorders were treated surgically by locking plate with satisfactory results. The locking plate can be used in veterinary medicine, however, it is a technique that requires care and preoperative planning, especially in the order of applying different types of screws. It is expensive, but provides rigid stability of the fracture site and minimizes the likelihood premature loss of the screw and bone interface, reducing the possibility of instability and early loosening of the implant.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Cães/classificação , Radiografia/veterinária , Placas Ósseas , Osteotomia/veterinária , Parafusos Ósseos/tendências
9.
São Paulo; s.n; 10/05/2013.
Tese em Português | VETTESES | ID: vtt-12516

Resumo

O reparo do ligamento cruzado cranial (LCCr) tem sido motivo de preocupação e pesquisas para desenvolver técnica cirúrgica efetiva. Recentemente novas técnicas tem se proposto a reestabelecer a biomecânica e função do joelho, chamadas de técnicas dinâmicas, entre elas Tibial Plateau Leveling Osteotomy (TPLO) e Tibial Tuberosity Advancement (TTA). Embora efetivas, várias são as complicações relatadas, e uma delas é o espessamento e desmite patelar, mais frequente com a técnica de TPLO, mas recentemente também relatada para a técnica de TTA. Vários foram os mecanismos propostos para explicar este fenômeno, embora a causa continue desconhecida. Baseado nisso é que a nossa pesquisa teve como objetivo avaliar de forma biomecânica ex vivo, as mudanças na tensão do ligamento patelar submetido às técnicas de TPLO e TTA, quando comparadas entre elas e com membros pélvicos sem osteotomia (íntegro e RLCCr). Foram testados de forma biomecânica ex vivo dez pares de membros pélvicos de cães entre dois a sete anos de idade e pesos entre 25 a 35 kg, sem predileção de raça ou sexo. As peças foram submetidas à carga de 30% do peso corporal, e testadas em três situações diferentes: a primeira com a articulação fêmoro-tíbio-patelar íntegra, numa segunda etapa com RLCCr, e por último com as técnicas de osteotomia, respeitando a regra, membros pélvicos direitos com TTA e membros pélvicos esquerdos com TPLO, e cada uma delas foi testada em duas situações de ângulos, a primeira 145 graus na articulação fêmoro-tíbio-patelar e 135 graus na articulação tíbio-társica e uma segunda situação invertendo os valores. Os dados foram submetidos a testes pareados não paramétricos de Friedman e Wilcoxon. Em quanto a força do ligamento patelar os resultados permitiram concluir que não existe diferença significativa entre o grupo íntegro e RLCCr, que existe diferença entre as técnicas de TTA e TPLO, quando comparadas com a situação íntegro e RLCCr e que existe diferença de força do ligamento patelar entre TPLO 145 versus TPLO 135 e entre TTA 145 versus TTA 135


Cranial cruciate ligament repair (RLCCr) has been the focus of research to develop an effective surgical technique. Currently new dynamic techniques such as Tibial Plateau Leveling Osteotomy (TPLO) and Tibial Tuberosity Advancement (TTA) have been proposed to restore the biomechanical knee function. Several complications have been reported despite of technique effectiveness. Patellar ligament inflammation and desmitis are usually reported as complication for TPLO but it was also reported for TTA. Several mechanisms have been proposed to explain this phenomenon but the cause remains unknown. Based on this complication, our objective was to evaluate the patellar ligament tension changes in the TPLO and TTA using an ex vivo model comparing both techniques one each other and with normal hind limbs. The sample population was ten pairs of cadaveric hind limb from dogs weighing 25 to 35 kg and with two to seven years of age without any predilection for breed or sex. The pieces were axially loaded using a material testing machine with 30% body weight in three different situations. The first test was performed with the CCL intact followed by the second test with the LCC transection and finally with osteotomy techniques for the third test. TPLO and TTA were always performed in the left and right hind limb respectively. The tests were conducted in two variations of angles joints. The first variation maintained a stifle angle of 145 degrees with the tibio-tarsal angle of 135 degrees and the second variation had inverted the values between these joints. Data were analyzed using Friedman and Wilcoxon test with repeated measures. In much the strength of the patellar ligament the results showed that there is no significant difference between the group intact and RLCCr that exists between the different techniques TTA and TPLO, when compared with the situation of integrity and RLCCr and strength that exists apart from the ligament TPLO patellar between 135 and 145 versus TPLO between TTA 145 versus 135

10.
São Paulo; s.n; 30/06/2010.
Tese em Português | VETTESES | ID: vtt-6097

Resumo

Na atualidade, vários são os métodos de osteossíntese utilizados na reparação de fraturas de fêmur em cães, porém alguns apresentam complicações na técnica, e outros não encontram-se disponíveis na atividade profissional diária de alguns médicos veterinários da América Latina. O presente trabalho teve como objetivo desenvolver um novo modelo simples de osteossíntese, baseado na utilização de pinos de Steinmann e Schanz denominado pinos intramedulares múltiplos bloqueados (PIMB), e testar biomecanicamente a resistência as forças de flexão em comparação com a técnica de pino intramedular único (PIU). Para tanto foram utilizados fêmures bilaterais de oito cadáveres de cães com peso entre 15 a 25 quilos que foram divididos em dois grupos, o primeiro grupo composto por oito fêmures utilizou os pinos intramedulares múltiplos bloqueados e o segundo grupo composto por oito fêmures utilizou pino intramedular único, ocupando entre 40 - 42 % do canal medular como controle do Grupo 1. Os dois grupos de fêmures foram submetidos a ensaios não destrutivos para avaliar a resistência as forças de flexão, com forças entre 0 e 50 Kg, e velocidade de deslocamento de 5mm/minuto, num dispositivo de quatro pontos. Os resultados encontrados nas condições apresentadas neste estudo mostraram que a técnica de pinos intramedulares múltiplos bloqueados apresenta uma menor resistência as forças de flexão comparada com a técnica de pino intramedular único


Currently, there are several methods of fixation used in the repair of femoral fractures in dogs, but some show complications in the technique, and others are not available daily in the professional activity of some veterinarians from Latin America. This study aimed the development of a new, simple model for bone fixation, based on the use of Steinmann and threaded pins, used as multiple locked intramedullary pins (MLIP), and biomechanically test the implants resistance to bending forces. Therefore, we used bilateral femurs of eight cadaveric dogs weighing between 15-25 kg, divided into two groups; in the first group multiple locked intramedullary pins were used in eight femurs, and in the second group, the control group, we used a single intramedullary pin (SIP) occupying between 40-42% of the intramedullary canal, of eight femurs. Both groups were subjected, in a four point device, to nondestructive testing to evaluate the resistance to flexion forces, with forces varying between 0 and 50 kg, and a speed of 5mm/minute. The results under the conditions presented in this study showed that technique locked multiple pins has a lower resistance to bending forces compared with the technique of single intramedullary pin

11.
MEDVEP. Rev. cient. Med. Vet. ; 8(27): l6683, out.-dez. 2010. ilus
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-1599

Resumo

As claudicações decorrentes de moléstias na articulação escapuloumeral são de alta incidência naclínica ortopédica veterinária e o correto diagnóstico é de alta complexidade. É importante ter bomconhecimento das moléstias que acometem esta articulação. As doenças do ombro são divididas emcongênitas e adquiridas, dentro das doenças congênitas as citadas no trabalho são: osteocondrose /osteocondrite, luxação congênita, displasia, ossifi cação incompleta do glenóide caudal, sinovite e condrometaplasiasinovial. O objetivo deste trabalho é descrever as doenças não traumáticas do ombrocom a fi nalidade de facilitar seu diagnóstico e proporcionar o tratamento cirúrgico para cada umadelas(AU)


The lamenesses due to shoulder joint diseases are very common in the veterinary orthopedics and thecorrect diagnosis is not simple. It is important to have a good knowledge of the disease can that affectthis joints. The diseases of the shoulder could be congenital or acquired, the congenital diseases citedin this study are: osteochondritis/osteochondrosis, congenital dislocation, dysplasia, incomplete ossification of the glenoid, synovitis and synovial chondrometaplasia. The treatment can be conservativeor surgical; the treatment of choice in most of them is surgical. The purpose of this study is to describethe non-traumatic diseases of the shoulder in order to facilitate the diagnosis and provide the correctsurgical treatment for each one of them(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Articulação do Ombro/fisiopatologia , Animais Domésticos , Ombro/cirurgia , Cirurgia Veterinária
12.
MEDVEP, Rev. Cient. Med. Vet., Pequenos Anim. Anim. Estim ; 8(27): l6683-668, out.-dez. 2010. ilus
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1485387

Resumo

As claudicações decorrentes de moléstias na articulação escapuloumeral são de alta incidência naclínica ortopédica veterinária e o correto diagnóstico é de alta complexidade. É importante ter bomconhecimento das moléstias que acometem esta articulação. As doenças do ombro são divididas emcongênitas e adquiridas, dentro das doenças congênitas as citadas no trabalho são: osteocondrose /osteocondrite, luxação congênita, displasia, ossifi cação incompleta do glenóide caudal, sinovite e condrometaplasiasinovial. O objetivo deste trabalho é descrever as doenças não traumáticas do ombrocom a fi nalidade de facilitar seu diagnóstico e proporcionar o tratamento cirúrgico para cada umadelas


The lamenesses due to shoulder joint diseases are very common in the veterinary orthopedics and thecorrect diagnosis is not simple. It is important to have a good knowledge of the disease can that affectthis joints. The diseases of the shoulder could be congenital or acquired, the congenital diseases citedin this study are: osteochondritis/osteochondrosis, congenital dislocation, dysplasia, incomplete ossification of the glenoid, synovitis and synovial chondrometaplasia. The treatment can be conservativeor surgical; the treatment of choice in most of them is surgical. The purpose of this study is to describethe non-traumatic diseases of the shoulder in order to facilitate the diagnosis and provide the correctsurgical treatment for each one of them


Assuntos
Animais , Animais Domésticos , Articulação do Ombro/fisiopatologia , Cirurgia Veterinária , Ombro/cirurgia
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