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1.
Rev. bras. ciênc. avic ; 17(4): 523-530, oct.-dec. 2015. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1490190

Resumo

The aim of this study was to design a new mechanical nesting system based on scientific works on the behavior of laying hens, and to compare its performance with that of a hand-operated Dutch nest. The equipment was assessed in two poultry houses; in the first one, the eggs were collected manually, whereas in the second one, the newly designed mechanical nest was used for the collection. A total of 7,800 hens and 800 males were housed in each poultry house, and the percentages of eggs produced, nest dirty eggs, floor eggs, and cracked and discarded eggs were determined between weeks 25 and 52. The percentage of eggs with microcracks, infertility, embryo mortality, bacterial contamination, fungal contamination, chicks with stunting syndrome and hatching from both types of nest was assessed in the hatchery on a fortnightly basis. The mechanical nest designed herein proved to be a good alternative to the hand-operated Dutch nest, but it still has to be improved in order to have the same performance, especially with regard to reduction in the incidence of floor eggs.


Assuntos
Animais , Aves Domésticas/anatomia & histologia , Aves Domésticas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Galinhas/anatomia & histologia , Galinhas/crescimento & desenvolvimento
2.
R. bras. Ci. avíc. ; 17(4): 523-530, oct.-dec. 2015. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-378948

Resumo

The aim of this study was to design a new mechanical nesting system based on scientific works on the behavior of laying hens, and to compare its performance with that of a hand-operated Dutch nest. The equipment was assessed in two poultry houses; in the first one, the eggs were collected manually, whereas in the second one, the newly designed mechanical nest was used for the collection. A total of 7,800 hens and 800 males were housed in each poultry house, and the percentages of eggs produced, nest dirty eggs, floor eggs, and cracked and discarded eggs were determined between weeks 25 and 52. The percentage of eggs with microcracks, infertility, embryo mortality, bacterial contamination, fungal contamination, chicks with stunting syndrome and hatching from both types of nest was assessed in the hatchery on a fortnightly basis. The mechanical nest designed herein proved to be a good alternative to the hand-operated Dutch nest, but it still has to be improved in order to have the same performance, especially with regard to reduction in the incidence of floor eggs.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Galinhas/anatomia & histologia , Galinhas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Aves Domésticas/anatomia & histologia , Aves Domésticas/crescimento & desenvolvimento
3.
Braz. J. Biol. ; 74(3): 656-658, 8/2014.
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-15063

Resumo

Microtheca spp. (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) are insect pests primarily related to Brassicaceae crops. In the State of Rio Grande do Sul (RS), southern Brazil, they are found on forage turnip, Raphanus sativus L. var. oleiferus Metzg., which is commonly grown during fall/winter seasons. This work reports the predation of Microtheca spp. larvae by Toxomerus duplicatus Wiedemann, 1830 (Diptera: Syrphidae) larvae, on forage turnip crop, in Santa Maria, RS. This register provides new information about Microtheca spp. natural enemies in Brazil, which might be a new option for integrate pest management of these species.(AU)


Microtheca spp. (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) são insetos-praga relacionados principalmente às culturas da família Brassicaceae. No Estado do Rio Grande do Sul (RS), no sul do Brasil, são encontrados no nabo forrageiro, Raphanus sativus L. var. oleiferus Metzg, comumente cultivado no outono/inverno. Este trabalho relata a predação de larvas de Microtheca spp. por larvas de Toxomerus duplicatus Wiedemann, 1830 (Diptera: Syrphidae), em nabo forrageiro, em Santa Maria, RS. Este registro oferece nova informação sobre os inimigos naturais de Microtheca spp. no Brasil os quais podem ser uma nova opção para o manejo integrado dessas espécies.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Besouros/fisiologia , Brassica napus/parasitologia , Dípteros/classificação , Besouros/classificação , Brasil , Larva , Controle Biológico de Vetores , Estações do Ano
4.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1489844

Resumo

This study analyzed broiler breeder age (29 or 60 wk-old) effects on physical characteristics of eggs (initial mass, mass loss, volume, diameter, surface area and density) and of eggshells(weight, volume, thickness, conductance, and porosity ), as well as the influence of embryo sex on hematological parameters and body, liver and heart weights during incubation (at days 13, 15, 18 and 21). Physical parameter values were lower in 29-wk-old broiler breeder eggs than those of 60-wk-old breeders, except for relative eggshell weight, which was higher. In both male and female embryos, erythrocytic parameters and the body, liver, and heart weights increased during the incubation. The embryos and their organs were heavier when derived from 60-wk-old breeder eggs as compared to 29-wk-old breeder eggs. At hatching, hematocrit values were higher in males than in females. Thrombocytes were the most frequent leukocytes in the blood. Thrombocyte percentage decreased and lymphocyte percentage increased during the last days of incubation. The results showed maternal age influence only on body, heart and liver weights, focal sex-related influence the hematocrit at hatching, and temporal effect of incubation on body and organ weights, as well as on red blood cell count, hematocrit, hemoglobin, plasma glucose, and lymphocytes, which increased during the incubation period, while mean corpuscular volume and thrombocyte values decreased.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-717858

Resumo

This study analyzed broiler breeder age (29 or 60 wk-old) effects on physical characteristics of eggs (initial mass, mass loss, volume, diameter, surface area and density) and of eggshells(weight, volume, thickness, conductance, and porosity ), as well as the influence of embryo sex on hematological parameters and body, liver and heart weights during incubation (at days 13, 15, 18 and 21). Physical parameter values were lower in 29-wk-old broiler breeder eggs than those of 60-wk-old breeders, except for relative eggshell weight, which was higher. In both male and female embryos, erythrocytic parameters and the body, liver, and heart weights increased during the incubation. The embryos and their organs were heavier when derived from 60-wk-old breeder eggs as compared to 29-wk-old breeder eggs. At hatching, hematocrit values were higher in males than in females. Thrombocytes were the most frequent leukocytes in the blood. Thrombocyte percentage decreased and lymphocyte percentage increased during the last days of incubation. The results showed maternal age influence only on body, heart and liver weights, focal sex-related influence the hematocrit at hatching, and temporal effect of incubation on body and organ weights, as well as on red blood cell count, hematocrit, hemoglobin, plasma glucose, and lymphocytes, which increased during the incubation period, while mean corpuscular volume and thrombocyte values decreased.

6.
Arq. Inst. Biol ; 75(4)2008.
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1461975

Resumo

ABSTRACT Rice cultivars were evaluated in regard to their resistance to attack by the stem bug Tibraca limbativentris Stal, 1860 (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) in an experiment carried out in the greenhouse at Embrapa Arroz and Feijão, Brazil, in randomized augmented Federer blocks with ten replications. Seven traits related to plant resistance were evaluated. A total of 64 rice cultivars were used, 60 of which were considered traditional, and 4 of which were more recent cultivars, used as controls: Cica 8, Bonança, Primavera and BR IRGA 409. The results showed that the cultivars Nenenzinho, Miúdo Branco, Lageado Ligeiro, Guabirú, Branco Tardão, Agulhinha do Seco, Arroz do Governo, Arroz Misturado, Vermelho Trinca Ferro, Vermelhão, Chatão, Cutião Vermelho, Bacaba Branco, Catetão, Buriti, Bacaba, Agulha, Arroz Comum, Vermelho, Pingo DÁgua, Marabá Branco, Come Cru Vermelho and Agulhão stood out as resistant, possibly of the antibiosis type, while the cultivars Pela Mão, Arroz do Governo, Cana Roxa, Come Cru Branco, Bico Preto, Pingo de Ouro, Matão, Gojobinho, Buriti, Rabo de Burro, Poupa Preguiça, Vermelho Trinca Ferro, Miúdo Branco, Ligeiro Curto, Vermelho Agulha, Agulhão, Marabá Branco, Gojoba/75 Dias/Ligeiro, Pingo DÁgua, Arroz Comum and Vermelho were revealed as probably tolerant to attack of the stem bug and therefore should be explored in breeding programs for resistance to T. limbativentris.


RESUMO A resistência de cultivares de arrozao ataque do percevejo-do-colmo, Tibraca limbativentris Stal, 1860 (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae), foi avaliada em experimento conduzido em casa-de-vegetação na Embrapa Arroz e Feijão no período de dezembro de 2004 a fevereiro de 2005, em delineamento experimental de blocos aumentados de Federer com dez repetições. Na avaliação foram considerados sete caracteres de resistência ao ataque do inseto. Foram utilizados 64 cultivares de arroz, sendo 60 considerados tradicionais e quatro cultivares mais atuais como testemunhas: Cica 8, Bonança, Primavera e BR IRGA 409. Os resultados obtidos apontaram que os cultivares Nenenzinho, Miúdo Branco, Lageado Ligeiro, Guabirú, Branco Tardão, Agulhinha do Seco, Arroz do Governo, Arroz Misturado, Vermelho Trinca Ferro, Vermelhão, Chatão, Cutião, Vermelho, Bacaba Branco, Catetão, Buriti, Bacaba, Agulha, Arroz Comum, Vermelho, Pingo DÁgua, Marabá Branco, Come Cru Vermelho e Agulhão destacaram-se como resistentes possivelmente do tipo antibiose, enquanto os cultivares Pela Mão, Arroz do Governo, Cana Roxa, Come Cru Branco, Bico Preto, Pingo de Ouro, Matão, Gojobinho, Buriti, Rabo de Burro, Poupa Preguiça, Vermelho Trinca Ferro, Miúdo Branco, Ligeiro Curto, Vermelho Agulha, Agulhão, Marabá Branco, Gojoba/75 Dias/Ligeiro, Pingo DÁgua, Arroz Comum e Vermelho mostraram-se provavelmente como tolerantes ao ataque do percevejo-do-colmo podendo, portanto, ser devidamente explorados em programas de melhoramento para resistência a T. limbativentris.

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