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1.
Ciênc. rural (Online) ; 52(2): e20210041, 2022. tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX, LILACS | ID: biblio-1286049

Resumo

Eurytrema coelomaticum is a trematode reported in the pancreatic ducts of ruminants. It is conjectured that may cause disorders in the pancreas, as well as digestive and metabolic processes dependent on them. This study, determined if there is an impairment of exocrine pancreatic function, and correlated it with parasite burden. Pancreas, blood, and fecal samples were collected from 119 bovines at a abattoir. Stool samples were subjected to the gelatin and x-ray film digestion tests (to detect the presence of trypsin in feces). Using blood samples, the following biochemical tests were performed: amylase, lipase, glucose, fructosamine, cholesterol, triglycerides, total protein, albumin, and globulins. Analyses were correlated with pancreatic parasite burden. Cattle with a high parasitic load presented higher incidence of negative tests in both gelatin digestion and x-ray film digestion tests (P < 0.001) when compared to non-parasitized animals and those with a low parasitic load. Changes in those tests only occurred if the parasitemia was moderate or severe. The activity of the amylase and lipase enzymes was significantly higher in animals with low parasitemia (P < 0.05), compared to non-parasitized animals and with a high parasitic burden. In this study, in cases of high parasitemia, negative results were observed in both gelatin and x-ray film in the feces digestion tests. However, the low infection of E. coelomaticum, higher levels of serum amylase and lipase that also indicated loss of pancreatic exocrine functions were reported.


Eurytrema coelomaticum, um trematódeo de ductos pancreáticos de ruminantes. Conjectura-se que possa ocasionar transtornos nas funções pancreáticas, mais especificamente nos processos digestivos e metabólicos dependentes destas. Neste estudo, o objetivo foi determinar se há comprometimento da função pancreática exócrina, correlacionado-a a carga parasitária. Foram utilizados pâncreas e respectivas amostras de sangue e fezes de 119 bovinos. As amostras de fezes foram submetidas aos testes de digestão da gelatina em tubo e digestão de filme radiográfico, ambos para detecção de tripsina nas fezes. Foram realizados os seguintes exames bioquímicos em amostras de sangue: amilase, lipase, glicemia, frutosamina, colesterol, triglicerídeos, proteínas totais, albumina e globulinas. Após isto, as análises bioquímicas foram correlacionadas com a quantidade numérica de parasitas encontrados no pâncreas (post-mortem). Houve maior quantidade de testes negativos (digestão do filme radiográfico e prova de digestão da gelatina) nos animais com alta carga parasitária (P < 0.001), quando comparados aos animais não parasitados e com baixa carga parasitária. Portanto, os exames supracitados se alteram somente se a quantidade de parasitas for moderada ou severa. As atividades das enzimas amilase e lipase foram significativamente maiores nos animais que apresentavam baixa parasitemia (P < 0.05), em comparação com os animais com alta carga parasitária e não parasitados. Conclui-se que em quadros de alta parasitemia há alteração significativa nos testes de digestão nas fezes, e que em quadros de baixa parasitemia há alterações significativas nos valores de amilase e lipase séricas, ambos comprovando alterações pancreáticas importantes, de acordo com o quadro de parasitemia.


Assuntos
Animais , Bovinos , Insuficiência Pancreática Exócrina/parasitologia , Pancreatite/parasitologia , Infecções por Trematódeos/complicações , Infecções por Trematódeos/veterinária , Amilases/sangue , Lipase/sangue , Trematódeos , Carga Parasitária/veterinária
2.
Acta sci. vet. (Impr.) ; 47(suppl.1): Pub.381-2019. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1458145

Resumo

Background: Edwardsiella tarda has been report as etiology of gastroenteritis in both human and veterinary medicine,usually associated with exposure to aquatic environments in immunocompromised individuals. The present report describesa case of typhlocolitis in a cow in the west region of Santa Catarina state, Brazil.Case: After clinically evaluation of animal and proceeding euthanasia and realized the necropsy. Tissue samples were collected, and routinely processed for histological examination. Histopathological lesions were described as mild, moderateand severe. Tissue and swabs samples of small and large intestine were sent to standard microbiological culture processing.At necropsy, cattle presented severe dehydration and emaciation. Eye and vaginal mucosa were severely congested. Theopening of the abdominal cavity revealed a great amount of greenish fluid and a large amount of fecal material, associatedwith diffuse severe peritonitis, evidenced by hyperemia and severe deposition of fibrin in the visceral and parietal peritonealsurface. In the serosa of the cecum, there were two points of rupture, observed in the proximal colon. The mucosa of cecumand colon were severely edematous, hyperemic, and presented diffusely distributed pinpoint round hemorrhages, as wellas fibrinonecrotic material adhered to the surface. Histologically, in the mucosa of cecum and colon, moderate to severediffuse inflammatory infiltrate of neutrophils, lymphocytes and plasma cells associated with multifocal severe necrosiswere observed. Moderate diffuse fibrin deposition was evidenced in the submucosa and muscular, as well as multifocalmoderate necrosis in the muscular layer. In the serous, severe diffuse inflammatory infiltrate of neutrophils associated withfibrin deposition and innumerous coccoid bacterial colonies were observed. The samples subjected to bacterial isolationshowed growth of Edwardsiella tarda. All samples were negative for Salmonella spp. and...


Assuntos
Feminino , Animais , Bovinos , Colite/veterinária , Colo/patologia , Doenças do Ceco/veterinária , Edwardsiella tarda , Tiflite/veterinária , Gastroenterite/veterinária
3.
Acta sci. vet. (Online) ; 47(suppl.1): Pub. 381, Mar. 30, 2019. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-19132

Resumo

Background: Edwardsiella tarda has been report as etiology of gastroenteritis in both human and veterinary medicine,usually associated with exposure to aquatic environments in immunocompromised individuals. The present report describesa case of typhlocolitis in a cow in the west region of Santa Catarina state, Brazil.Case: After clinically evaluation of animal and proceeding euthanasia and realized the necropsy. Tissue samples were collected, and routinely processed for histological examination. Histopathological lesions were described as mild, moderateand severe. Tissue and swabs samples of small and large intestine were sent to standard microbiological culture processing.At necropsy, cattle presented severe dehydration and emaciation. Eye and vaginal mucosa were severely congested. Theopening of the abdominal cavity revealed a great amount of greenish fluid and a large amount of fecal material, associatedwith diffuse severe peritonitis, evidenced by hyperemia and severe deposition of fibrin in the visceral and parietal peritonealsurface. In the serosa of the cecum, there were two points of rupture, observed in the proximal colon. The mucosa of cecumand colon were severely edematous, hyperemic, and presented diffusely distributed pinpoint round hemorrhages, as wellas fibrinonecrotic material adhered to the surface. Histologically, in the mucosa of cecum and colon, moderate to severediffuse inflammatory infiltrate of neutrophils, lymphocytes and plasma cells associated with multifocal severe necrosiswere observed. Moderate diffuse fibrin deposition was evidenced in the submucosa and muscular, as well as multifocalmoderate necrosis in the muscular layer. In the serous, severe diffuse inflammatory infiltrate of neutrophils associated withfibrin deposition and innumerous coccoid bacterial colonies were observed. The samples subjected to bacterial isolationshowed growth of Edwardsiella tarda. All samples were negative for Salmonella spp. and...(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Bovinos , Edwardsiella tarda , Colite/veterinária , Tiflite/veterinária , Doenças do Ceco/veterinária , Colo/patologia , Gastroenterite/veterinária
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