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1.
J. Anim. Behav. Biometeorol. ; 7(1): 18-24, Jan.2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-20004

Resumo

Thermal environment management have been a barrier to increase quail production, once it exerts direct and indirect effects on egg production and welfare. The objective of this study was to develop a fuzzy model to predict feed intake of Japanese laying quails. The model was developed based on data derived from field measurements, laboratory and the literature, regarding the environmental influence on feed intake (FI, g) of Japanese quail in laying. Air temperature (°C) and relative humidity (%) were defined as input variable, and FI as output variable. Mandanis inference and center of gravity deuzzification methods were used for developing the model, as well as, trapezoidal membership functions for the input and output variables. The standard deviation (SD) among the values of observed and predicted FI by the fuzzy model, ranged from 0.01 g to 1.10 g, and the average deviation was 0.41 g. The average error (AE) and coefficient of determination (R²) found were 2.22% and 0.93, respectively. Therefore, the low values of SD, AE and high values R² indicate that the fuzzy model can be applied to estimate feed intake of Japanese quails.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Coturnix , Ração Animal , Comportamento Alimentar , Temperatura , Ingestão de Alimentos , Lógica Fuzzy
2.
J. Anim. Behav. Biometeorol ; 7(1): 18-24, Jan.2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1484261

Resumo

Thermal environment management have been a barrier to increase quail production, once it exerts direct and indirect effects on egg production and welfare. The objective of this study was to develop a fuzzy model to predict feed intake of Japanese laying quails. The model was developed based on data derived from field measurements, laboratory and the literature, regarding the environmental influence on feed intake (FI, g) of Japanese quail in laying. Air temperature (°C) and relative humidity (%) were defined as input variable, and FI as output variable. Mandani’s inference and center of gravity deuzzification methods were used for developing the model, as well as, trapezoidal membership functions for the input and output variables. The standard deviation (SD) among the values of observed and predicted FI by the fuzzy model, ranged from 0.01 g to 1.10 g, and the average deviation was 0.41 g. The average error (AE) and coefficient of determination (R²) found were 2.22% and 0.93, respectively. Therefore, the low values of SD, AE and high values R² indicate that the fuzzy model can be applied to estimate feed intake of Japanese quails.


Assuntos
Animais , Comportamento Alimentar , Coturnix , Ingestão de Alimentos , Ração Animal , Temperatura , Lógica Fuzzy
3.
J. Anim. Behav. Biometeorol. ; 6(3): 77-83, July.2018. tab
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-736225

Resumo

The Animal welfare is conditional on well-planned and well-managed exploitation, since the management of the animals strongly influences their behavior, their productivity and, consequently, the yield and quality of the final product. In this study, an investigative review was carried out of the literature, governmental databases and main institutions relating to animal welfare, seeking to highlight and discuss differences in legislation between Brazil and Portugal, in view of the interest and concern of the scientific community and the consumer market in relation to methods used for animal production. In Brazil, there is no specific legislation on the welfare of pigs and other related legislation is used as a basis. However, Portugal has more specific legislation on the subject. Considering the dissemination of knowledge and the growing concern with animal welfare in the European consumer market, it is noted that the need for its application standards that ensure animal welfare in production/breeding, possibly becoming a basic requirement in the coming years. However, Brazilian pig farms, like all other animal production activities, are still lacking specific legislation that is appropriate for Brazil, which ends up delaying the effective practice of welfare in productions, abstaining from the population of information about the activity. New studies are needed to ascertain the necessity and applicability of the legislation, and whether the legislation is effective in improving animal welfare or serves only to increase bureaucracy.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Suínos , Bem-Estar do Animal/legislação & jurisprudência , Indústria da Construção , Criação de Animais Domésticos/legislação & jurisprudência , Brasil , Portugal
4.
J. Anim. Behav. Biometeorol ; 6(3): 77-83, July.2018. tab
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1484249

Resumo

The Animal welfare is conditional on well-planned and well-managed exploitation, since the management of the animals strongly influences their behavior, their productivity and, consequently, the yield and quality of the final product. In this study, an investigative review was carried out of the literature, governmental databases and main institutions relating to animal welfare, seeking to highlight and discuss differences in legislation between Brazil and Portugal, in view of the interest and concern of the scientific community and the consumer market in relation to methods used for animal production. In Brazil, there is no specific legislation on the welfare of pigs and other related legislation is used as a basis. However, Portugal has more specific legislation on the subject. Considering the dissemination of knowledge and the growing concern with animal welfare in the European consumer market, it is noted that the need for its application standards that ensure animal welfare in production/breeding, possibly becoming a basic requirement in the coming years. However, Brazilian pig farms, like all other animal production activities, are still lacking specific legislation that is appropriate for Brazil, which ends up delaying the effective practice of welfare in productions, abstaining from the population of information about the activity. New studies are needed to ascertain the necessity and applicability of the legislation, and whether the legislation is effective in improving animal welfare or serves only to increase bureaucracy.


Assuntos
Animais , Bem-Estar do Animal/legislação & jurisprudência , Criação de Animais Domésticos/legislação & jurisprudência , Indústria da Construção , Suínos , Brasil , Portugal
5.
J. Anim. Behav. Biometeorol. ; 5(3): 78-84, jul. 2017. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-16416

Resumo

The objective of this work was to compare different bedding materials in swine production systems by evaluating noise and thermal environment indexes. The experiment was performed during June and July, in the finishing phase, in a pig farm facility using superimposed beds. Three treatments were compared: superimposed beds comprised of shavings + sugarcane bagasse (S + B), superimposed bed comprised of sugarcane bagasse (BAG) and superimposed bed comprised of shavings (SHA); there was a concrete floor underneath all beds. Thermal comfort was evaluated by means of the black globe temperature (BGTI), temperature humidity index (THI), thermal radiation charge (TRC) and enthalpy (h) of the environment. The average noise level (dB) was also calculated. Significant differences between the BGHI means were observed between the evaluated treatments. The highest BGHI values occurred for treatment (S + B) in most time periods in relation to the other treatments. The lowest BGHI values were observed in the morning and evening, while the highest values occurred between 11:00 am and 03:00 pm. There was no significant difference between the treatments for the enthalpy values. The highest noise values were observed in treatment (SHA). However, in all treatments, noise remained below the levels recommended by the norm (NR- 15). The system with superimposed beds comprised by shavings provided highest thermal comfort for the animals in the finishing phase.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Temperatura , Ambiente Construído , Suínos
6.
R. bras. Saúde Prod. Anim. ; 18(2): 378-387, abr.-jun. 2017. tab
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-15298

Resumo

No sistema de criação em piso as galinhas são criadas diretamente em contato com o chão que pode ser coberto por diferentes tipos de materiais. Objetivou-se avaliar o ambiente térmico, o comportamento, os índices zootécnicos e a qualidade de ovos de galinhas poedeiras criadas em dois tipos de piso, maravalha e grama sintética. Foram utilizadas 120 galinhas da linhagem Hisex Brown®, destas, metade foi criada sobre maravalha e a outra metade sobre grama sintética (Tapete Astro Turf®) distribuídas em um delineamento inteiramente casualizado em medidas repetidas no tempo, com dois tratamentos e duas repetições com 30 galinhas por unidade experimental durante 56 dias. Avaliou-se as temperaturas máxima e mínima, bulbo seco, bulbo úmido e de globo negro, umidade relativa, índice de temperatura e umidade e índice de temperatura de globo negro e umidade; a frequência do comportamento natural; produção de ovos por ave/dia, por ave alojada, ovos comercializáveis, viabilidade, consumo de ração, conversão alimentar por dúzia e por massa e qualidade física dos ovos. Os dados foram analisados por meio da análise de variância e as médias comparadas pelo teste F, a 0,05 de probabilidade, exceto a frequência do comportamento que foi analisada pelo teste Qui- quadrado. Os índices zootécnicos das aves foram coerentes com as recomendações dos manuais da linhagem. Apenas foi observada diferença significativa para a melhor conversão alimentar por massa das aves criadas sob grama sintética. Desta forma, verifica-se que a grama sintética pode ser um excelente substrato para a cama de galinhas semipesadas na fase de produção.(AU)


In the system of creation in floor the hens are created directly in contact with the floor that can be covered by different types of materials. The aim of this study was to evaluate the thermal environment, behavior, zootechnical indexes and quality of chicken eggs created in two types of flooring, wooden shavings and synthetic grass, were used 120 semi-heavy laying hens, Hysex Brown®, of these, half were created on wooden shaving and half on synthetic grass (Carpet Astro Turf®) distributed in a completely randomized in repeated measures in time in two treatments and two replications of 30 laying hens, during 56 days (two periods of 28 days). Were evaluated temperatures maximum and minimum, dry and wet bulb temperature, black globe temperature, relative humidity, temperature and humidity index and black globe temperature and humidity index; the frequency of natural behavior; the daily egg production per bird, per bird housed, and marketable, viability, feed consumption and feed conversion per dozen and per mass, average egg weight, specific weight and egg shell thickness. Data were analyzed using analysis of variance and means compared by F test at 0.05 probability, except the frequency of natural behavior that was analyzed using the chi square analysis test. The results show that the values of the zootechnical indexes of the layers are consistent with the guide strains recommendations, having no influence from the kind of floor used as bed. Only significant differences were observed in the feed intakeper mass of birds grown under synthetic grass. Thus, it seems that synthetic grass could be an excellent substrate for the bed of semi-heavy laying hens in the egg production phase.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Galinhas/anormalidades , Galinhas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Comportamento Animal
7.
J. Anim. Behav. Biometeorol ; 5(3): 78-84, jul. 2017. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1484222

Resumo

The objective of this work was to compare different bedding materials in swine production systems by evaluating noise and thermal environment indexes. The experiment was performed during June and July, in the finishing phase, in a pig farm facility using superimposed beds. Three treatments were compared: superimposed beds comprised of shavings + sugarcane bagasse (S + B), superimposed bed comprised of sugarcane bagasse (BAG) and superimposed bed comprised of shavings (SHA); there was a concrete floor underneath all beds. Thermal comfort was evaluated by means of the black globe temperature (BGTI), temperature humidity index (THI), thermal radiation charge (TRC) and enthalpy (h) of the environment. The average noise level (dB) was also calculated. Significant differences between the BGHI means were observed between the evaluated treatments. The highest BGHI values occurred for treatment (S + B) in most time periods in relation to the other treatments. The lowest BGHI values were observed in the morning and evening, while the highest values occurred between 11:00 am and 03:00 pm. There was no significant difference between the treatments for the enthalpy values. The highest noise values were observed in treatment (SHA). However, in all treatments, noise remained below the levels recommended by the norm (NR- 15). The system with superimposed beds comprised by shavings provided highest thermal comfort for the animals in the finishing phase.


Assuntos
Animais , Ambiente Construído , Temperatura , Suínos
8.
Rev. bras. saúde prod. anim ; 18(2): 378-387, abr.-jun. 2017. tab
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1493714

Resumo

No sistema de criação em piso as galinhas são criadas diretamente em contato com o chão que pode ser coberto por diferentes tipos de materiais. Objetivou-se avaliar o ambiente térmico, o comportamento, os índices zootécnicos e a qualidade de ovos de galinhas poedeiras criadas em dois tipos de piso, maravalha e grama sintética. Foram utilizadas 120 galinhas da linhagem Hisex Brown®, destas, metade foi criada sobre maravalha e a outra metade sobre grama sintética (Tapete Astro Turf®) distribuídas em um delineamento inteiramente casualizado em medidas repetidas no tempo, com dois tratamentos e duas repetições com 30 galinhas por unidade experimental durante 56 dias. Avaliou-se as temperaturas máxima e mínima, bulbo seco, bulbo úmido e de globo negro, umidade relativa, índice de temperatura e umidade e índice de temperatura de globo negro e umidade; a frequência do comportamento natural; produção de ovos por ave/dia, por ave alojada, ovos comercializáveis, viabilidade, consumo de ração, conversão alimentar por dúzia e por massa e qualidade física dos ovos. Os dados foram analisados por meio da análise de variância e as médias comparadas pelo teste F, a 0,05 de probabilidade, exceto a frequência do comportamento que foi analisada pelo teste Qui- quadrado. Os índices zootécnicos das aves foram coerentes com as recomendações dos manuais da linhagem. Apenas foi observada diferença significativa para a melhor conversão alimentar por massa das aves criadas sob grama sintética. Desta forma, verifica-se que a grama sintética pode ser um excelente substrato para a cama de galinhas semipesadas na fase de produção.


In the system of creation in floor the hens are created directly in contact with the floor that can be covered by different types of materials. The aim of this study was to evaluate the thermal environment, behavior, zootechnical indexes and quality of chicken eggs created in two types of flooring, wooden shavings and synthetic grass, were used 120 semi-heavy laying hens, Hysex Brown®, of these, half were created on wooden shaving and half on synthetic grass (Carpet Astro Turf®) distributed in a completely randomized in repeated measures in time in two treatments and two replications of 30 laying hens, during 56 days (two periods of 28 days). Were evaluated temperatures maximum and minimum, dry and wet bulb temperature, black globe temperature, relative humidity, temperature and humidity index and black globe temperature and humidity index; the frequency of natural behavior; the daily egg production per bird, per bird housed, and marketable, viability, feed consumption and feed conversion per dozen and per mass, average egg weight, specific weight and egg shell thickness. Data were analyzed using analysis of variance and means compared by F test at 0.05 probability, except the frequency of natural behavior that was analyzed using the chi square analysis test. The results show that the values of the zootechnical indexes of the layers are consistent with the guide strains recommendations, having no influence from the kind of floor used as bed. Only significant differences were observed in the feed intakeper mass of birds grown under synthetic grass. Thus, it seems that synthetic grass could be an excellent substrate for the bed of semi-heavy laying hens in the egg production phase.


Assuntos
Feminino , Animais , Comportamento Animal , Galinhas/anormalidades , Galinhas/crescimento & desenvolvimento
9.
J. Anim. Behav. Biometeorol. ; 2(4): 109-116, 2014. tab, ilus
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-379177

Resumo

This study objective was to assess the air quality by measuring gas concentrations, and assess the surface and inside temperatures of deep litter materials in a finishing swine building. The experiment was conducted during the months of June and July. It was compared three treatments: deep litter composed of shaving woods + sugarcane bagasse (M + B), deep litter composed of sugarcane bagasse (BAG) and deep litter consisting of shaving woods (MAR). The installation stalls had a concrete floor under the deep litter. Measurements of instantaneous concentrations of ammonia, NH3 (ppm), carbon dioxide (CO2 ppm) and carbon monoxide (CO, ppm) at the level of the animals were taken. Data relating to surface temperature and inside the deep litter for swine were collected at three different points within the stalls (center, in the frontal region and background of the stalls). It was observed that the "MAR" deep litter showed the highest average concentration of NH3 (2.88 ppm). The "BAG" deep litter showed the lowest values of NH3 for all time intervals evaluated. In the morning period was observed significant differences for all treatments. The highest CO2 concentration (1530 ppm) was observed in treatment "BAG" at 11 h 30 min. The surface temperatures of deep beddings showed no significant differences between the sampling points. The temperature inside the deep litter at the front of the stall treatment was higher (M+B) when compared to treatment (ABG) and (MAR). The concentration of CO, CO2 and NH3, measured, gases not reached levels that could cause harm to the health of animals.(AU)


Os objetivos do presente trabalho foram avalia r a qualidade do ar, por meio das concentrações de gases, e as temperaturas superficiais e no interior de diferentes materiais de cama sobreposta, em instalações para terminação de suínos. O experimento foi desenvolvido durante os meses de junho e julho. Compararam-se três tratamentos: cama sobreposta composta por maravalha+bagaço de cana (M+B), cama sobreposta composta por bagaço de cana (BAG) e cama sobreposta composta por maravalha (MAR). As baias da instalação possuíam piso de concreto sob a cama. Foram feitas medições das concentrações instantâneas de amônia (NH3, ppm), dióxido de carbono (CO2, ppm) e monóxido de carbono (CO, ppm) ao nível dos animais. Dados relativos à temperatura superficial e no interior da cama sobreposta de suínos foram coletados em três pontos distintos dentro das baias (no centro, na região frontal e no fundo das baias). Observou-se que a cama “MAR” foi a que apresentou o maior valor médio de concentração de NH3 de 2,88 ppm. A cama “BAG” apresentou os menores valores de NH3 em todos os horários avaliados, com o período da manhã apresentando diferença significativa em relação às outras camas. O maior valor de concentração de CO2 (1530 ppm) ocorreu no tratamento com cama “BAG”, às 11 h 30 min. As temperaturas superficiais das camas sobrepostas não apresentaram diferenças significativas entre os pontos de coleta. A temperatura no interior das camas na parte da frente da baia foi superior no tratamento (M+B), quando comparada ao tratamento (BAG) e (MAR). A concentração dos gases CO, CO2 e NH3, mensurados, não atingiram níveis que possam causar danos à saúde dos animais. (AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Suínos , Temperatura , Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados , Dióxido de Carbono , Monóxido de Carbono , Amônia
10.
J. Anim. Behav. Biometeorol ; 2(4): 109-116, 2014. tab, ilus
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1484160

Resumo

This study objective was to assess the air quality by measuring gas concentrations, and assess the surface and inside temperatures of deep litter materials in a finishing swine building. The experiment was conducted during the months of June and July. It was compared three treatments: deep litter composed of shaving woods + sugarcane bagasse (M + B), deep litter composed of sugarcane bagasse (BAG) and deep litter consisting of shaving woods (MAR). The installation stalls had a concrete floor under the deep litter. Measurements of instantaneous concentrations of ammonia, NH3 (ppm), carbon dioxide (CO2 ppm) and carbon monoxide (CO, ppm) at the level of the animals were taken. Data relating to surface temperature and inside the deep litter for swine were collected at three different points within the stalls (center, in the frontal region and background of the stalls). It was observed that the "MAR" deep litter showed the highest average concentration of NH3 (2.88 ppm). The "BAG" deep litter showed the lowest values of NH3 for all time intervals evaluated. In the morning period was observed significant differences for all treatments. The highest CO2 concentration (1530 ppm) was observed in treatment "BAG" at 11 h 30 min. The surface temperatures of deep beddings showed no significant differences between the sampling points. The temperature inside the deep litter at the front of the stall treatment was higher (M+B) when compared to treatment (ABG) and (MAR). The concentration of CO, CO2 and NH3, measured, gases not reached levels that could cause harm to the health of animals.


Os objetivos do presente trabalho foram avalia r a qualidade do ar, por meio das concentrações de gases, e as temperaturas superficiais e no interior de diferentes materiais de cama sobreposta, em instalações para terminação de suínos. O experimento foi desenvolvido durante os meses de junho e julho. Compararam-se três tratamentos: cama sobreposta composta por maravalha+bagaço de cana (M+B), cama sobreposta composta por bagaço de cana (BAG) e cama sobreposta composta por maravalha (MAR). As baias da instalação possuíam piso de concreto sob a cama. Foram feitas medições das concentrações instantâneas de amônia (NH3, ppm), dióxido de carbono (CO2, ppm) e monóxido de carbono (CO, ppm) ao nível dos animais. Dados relativos à temperatura superficial e no interior da cama sobreposta de suínos foram coletados em três pontos distintos dentro das baias (no centro, na região frontal e no fundo das baias). Observou-se que a cama “MAR” foi a que apresentou o maior valor médio de concentração de NH3 de 2,88 ppm. A cama “BAG” apresentou os menores valores de NH3 em todos os horários avaliados, com o período da manhã apresentando diferença significativa em relação às outras camas. O maior valor de concentração de CO2 (1530 ppm) ocorreu no tratamento com cama “BAG”, às 11 h 30 min. As temperaturas superficiais das camas sobrepostas não apresentaram diferenças significativas entre os pontos de coleta. A temperatura no interior das camas na parte da frente da baia foi superior no tratamento (M+B), quando comparada ao tratamento (BAG) e (MAR). A concentração dos gases CO, CO2 e NH3, mensurados, não atingiram níveis que possam causar danos à saúde dos animais.


Assuntos
Animais , Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados , Suínos , Temperatura , Amônia , Dióxido de Carbono , Monóxido de Carbono
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