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1.
Sci. agric ; 79(02): 1-7, 2022. ilus, graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1498027

Resumo

Plectris aliena Chapin, 1934, a white grub that promotes serious damage to a variety of crops in North America and Australia, has been reported for the first time in Brazil. Larvae and adults of P. aliena were recorded in sugarcane crops in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul, sampled by trenches in the soil with light traps, respectively, during 2012 and 2013. Root consumption was also determined for the first, second and third instar larvae. The species is univoltine; adults were found mainly in Aug and the peak of third instar larval density was in Apr in all fields sampled. Pupae and adults of P. aliena were observed in the soil profile at depths of up to 60 and 80 cm, respectively. Larvae of P. aliena of the second and third instar consumed the primary and secondary roots of sugarcane, causing serious damage. Third instar larvae consumed 916 mg of root fresh matter, representing 72 % of the sugarcane root system. These results assist in furthering the understanding of its larval dynamics in the soil and provide support for Integrated Pest Management.


Assuntos
Animais , Besouros/parasitologia , Distribuição Temporal , Larva/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Saccharum/parasitologia
2.
Sci. agric ; 79(2): e20200128, 2022. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1290185

Resumo

Plectris alienaChapin, 1934, a white grub that promotes serious damage to a variety of crops in North America and Australia, has been reported for the first time in Brazil. Larvae and adults of P. aliena were recorded in sugarcane crops in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul, sampled by trenches in the soil with light traps, respectively, during 2012 and 2013. Root consumption was also determined for the first, second and third instar larvae. The species is univoltine; adults were found mainly in Aug and the peak of third instar larval density was in Apr in all fields sampled. Pupae and adults of P. aliena were observed in the soil profile at depths of up to 60 and 80 cm, respectively. Larvae of P. aliena of the second and third instar consumed the primary and secondary roots of sugarcane, causing serious damage. Third instar larvae consumed 916 mg of root fresh matter, representing 72 % of the sugarcane root system. These results assist in furthering the understanding of its larval dynamics in the soil and provide support for Integrated Pest Management.


Assuntos
Besouros , Controle de Pragas/métodos , Saccharum/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Pragas da Agricultura
3.
Sci. agric. ; 79(2)2022.
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-762542

Resumo

ABSTRACT: Plectris alienaChapin, 1934, a white grub that promotes serious damage to a variety of crops in North America and Australia, has been reported for the first time in Brazil. Larvae and adults of P. aliena were recorded in sugarcane crops in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul, sampled by trenches in the soil with light traps, respectively, during 2012 and 2013. Root consumption was also determined for the first, second and third instar larvae. The species is univoltine; adults were found mainly in Aug and the peak of third instar larval density was in Apr in all fields sampled. Pupae and adults of P. aliena were observed in the soil profile at depths of up to 60 and 80 cm, respectively. Larvae of P. aliena of the second and third instar consumed the primary and secondary roots of sugarcane, causing serious damage. Third instar larvae consumed 916 mg of root fresh matter, representing 72 % of the sugarcane root system. These results assist in furthering the understanding of its larval dynamics in the soil and provide support for Integrated Pest Management.

4.
Jaboticabal,; s.n; 22/02/2013. 78 p.
Tese em Português | VETTESES | ID: vtt-9671

Resumo

Este trabalho teve por objetivo avaliar a não preferência para alimentação e tolerância, em genótipos de soja, ao ataque de Diabrotica speciosa (Germar, 1824) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), assim como avaliar metodologias de pesquisa, em teste de preferência para oviposição, e avaliar graus de resistência do tipo antibiose. Os experimentos foram conduzidos em laboratório, sob condições controladas de temperatura (25 ± 2 ºC), umidade relativa (70 ± 10%) e fotofase (12 horas), exceto o experimento de não preferência para alimentação de larvas, o qual foi conduzido em condições de casa de vegetação. Foram utilizados 10 genótipos de soja para os testes de não preferência para alimentação de adultos (discos foliares e plantas jovens), quais sejam: IAC 100, BRSGO 8360, IGRA RA 626 RR, DM 339, BRS Valiosa RR, Dowling, IGRA RA 516 RR, PI 227687, PI 274454 e BR 16, dos quais seis foram selecionados para os testes subsequentes. Os experimentos de não preferência para alimentação de adultos, com e sem chance de escolha, foram realizados adotando-se dois modelos experimentais, utilizando-se discos foliares e folhas de plantas jovens de soja (não destacando-as da planta), avaliando a atratividade de adultos pelos genótipos de soja em diferentes períodos de tempo, e a área foliar consumida. Paralelamente à realização destes experimentos, foi quantificado o número de tricomas nas folhas dos genótipos de soja, com a finalidade de se observar a influência destas estruturas na preferência alimentar da vaquinha


This work aimed to evaluate the non-preference for feeding and tolerance, on soybean genotypes, to the attack of Diabrotica speciosa (Germar, 1824) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), as well as to assess research methodologies, in oviposition preference test, and evaluate the antibiosis type resistance degrees. The experiments were conducted in laboratory, under controlled conditions of temperature (25 ± 2 ºC), relative humidity (70 ± 10%), and photophase (12 hours), except the experiment of non-preference for larvae feeding, which was performed in greenhouse conditions. Ten soybean genotypes were used for non-preference for adults feeding tests (leaf discs and young plants), which were IAC 100, BRSGO 8360, IGRA RA 626 RR, DM 339, BRS Valiosa RR, Dowling, IGRA RA 516 RR, PI 227687, PI 274454 and BR 16, being six selected for the posterior tests. The non-preference for adults feeding experiments, carried out in free and no-choice tests, were fulfilled adopting two experiment models, using leaf discs and leaves of soybean young plants (not detaching them), assessing the adults attractiveness for soybean genotypes at different periods of time, and the leaf intake, being the value express in square centimeter for the test with leaf discs, and injury grade and leaf intake percentage for the test with young plants. Concomitantly to the performing of these experiments, the trichomes number on soybean genotypes leaves was assessed, for the purpose of observing the influence of these structures in the feeding preference of the leaf beetle

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