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1.
Acta sci. vet. (Impr.) ; 49(supl.1): Pub. 704, 2021. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1363613

Resumo

Background: Neosporosis is a cosmopolitan disease known as the main infectious cause of abortion in cattle, reported in several states in Brazil. The transplacental transmission in cattle is responsible for perpetuating the disease in the herd. In the state of Santa Catarina, previous studies on this protozoan in cattle are mostly serological surveys. To increase information about this reproductive disorder, this work describes the diagnosis of abortions due to Neospora caninum in dairy cattle from state of Santa Catarina and the follow-up for 4 years in a farm affected by neosporosis. Cases: From 2015 to 2019, necropsy was performed on 10 aborted bovine fetuses, between fifth and eighth month of pregnancy, with 1 fetus aborted in 2015, 3 in 2016, 2 in 2017 and, 4 in 2019, all originating from the same dairy property in the southern region of state of Santa Catarina. No macroscopic lesions were found. Histopathology revealed mild to moderate multifocal mononuclear necrotizing encephalitis in 5 fetuses, and multifocal mild mononuclear myositis and myocarditis in 4 and 3 fetuses, respectively. Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) using primers based on the Nc-5 gene was positive for N. caninum in five fetuses. Three visits were performed in the farm for epidemiological evaluation and blood samples collection for IgG antibodies anti-N. caninum (IFAT). The total herd was 170 Jersey, Holstein and crossbred cattle, raised in a semi-confined system with mechanical milking system. Since 2014, there has been a significant increase in abortions cases, approximately 20 cows had abortions; in the year 2015, approximately 10; in 2016, less than 5; in 2017, 4 cows aborted; in 2018, 11 abortions and, in 2019, there were 4 abortions. An increase in the rate of return to estrus was also reported, and both primiparous and multiparous cows had reproductive disorders. Abortions were recorded throughout the year and occurred predominantly between the fourth and sixth month of pregnancy. In 2016, an Indirect Immunofluorescence Reaction (IFAT) was performed on sera from 26 cows (13 with a history of reproductive disorders and another 13 without disorders). Of these, 50.0% (13/26) were seropositive, with titers ranging from 100 to 1600 (cutoff ≥100). The Enzyme Immunoassay (ELISA) of the entire herd was carried out in 2017, with 26.54% (43/162) of seropositivity, 8.02% (13/162) suspect, and 30.4% (17/56) had reproductive disorders. It was observed that only animals born on the property were used for replacement, there was less possibility of direct contact between dogs on the property with milking facilities, placental and fetal remains, properly disposing of these, incinerating or burying. Thirty animals were discarded from the property, 25 of which had reproductive disorders. All young female daughters of seropositive cows remained on the property for replacement. During the evaluation period, all dogs were eliminated. Discussion: In this study, the diagnosis of neosporosis was made through epidemiology, histopathological lesions characterized by mononuclear encephalitis, myocarditis and myositis, and detection of the agent by PCR, associated with serological techniques. The lesions observed are indicative of N. caninum infection and are compatible with lesions observed in other studies. Serological screening is important to complement the diagnosis of abortion by N. caninum and to help control the agent in herds. From this report it is concluded that N. caninum is an important agent of reproductive disorders in cattle in the southern region of Santa Catarina, the different serological analyzes showed a good screening index for the inclusion of control strategies. In addition, the monitoring of reproductive rates of affected properties becomes necessary over the years, allowing better observation of control strategies.


Assuntos
Animais , Bovinos , Coccidiose/complicações , Coccidiose/veterinária , Neospora/isolamento & purificação , Aborto Animal/etiologia , Morte Fetal/etiologia , Brasil , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática/veterinária
2.
Acta sci. vet. (Impr.) ; 47: Pub.1695-2019. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1458093

Resumo

Background: Immunocastration is a less invasive and painless procedure compared to surgical castration, which causesgreater stress to animals, especially when performed improperly. Immunocastration stimulates the production of antibodiesagainst Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone (GnRH), temporarily blocking the hormone production by the male gonads.Anatomopathological evaluation of animals submitted to immunocastration with the establishment of different degrees oftesticular degeneration helps to evaluate the efficacy of the different dose ranges used for this procedure. Because of thescarcity of information about this procedure in young bulls, the study aimed to compare the immunocastrated and noncastrated animals.Materials, Methods & Results: Eighteen Angus-Limousin bulls were used from weaning (7±1 months) to slaughtering(15±1 months) with the establishment of two groups composed of nine non-castrated (NC) and nine immunocastrated (IC)animals. In the IC group, three doses of GnRH synthesis inhibitor vaccine (Bopriva®) were applied on days 0 (weaning),87 and 223. At slaughter, scrotal circumference, weight (kg), width (cm), length (cm) and total size (width x length) of thetesticles were obtained, then were routinely processed for histopathological analysis. Four degrees of testicular degeneration was established: grade 0 (no changes), grade 1 (mild), grade 2 (moderate) and grade 3 (severe). Statistical analysiswas performed using Student’s t-test to compare the means of macroscopic variables. The scrotal circumference startedto decrease in the IC animals on day 132, with a certain growth from day 194. There was a significant difference betweenthe two groups for width (P = 0.001), length (P = 0.004), total size (P = 0.003) and scrotal circumference (P = 0.04).Testicles of the IC group tended to be lighter (P = 0.06)...


Assuntos
Masculino , Animais , Bovinos , Hormônio Liberador de Gonadotropina/antagonistas & inibidores , Testículo/anatomia & histologia , Testículo/efeitos dos fármacos
3.
Acta sci. vet. (Online) ; 47: Pub. 1695, Nov. 10, 2019. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-23821

Resumo

Background: Immunocastration is a less invasive and painless procedure compared to surgical castration, which causesgreater stress to animals, especially when performed improperly. Immunocastration stimulates the production of antibodiesagainst Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone (GnRH), temporarily blocking the hormone production by the male gonads.Anatomopathological evaluation of animals submitted to immunocastration with the establishment of different degrees oftesticular degeneration helps to evaluate the efficacy of the different dose ranges used for this procedure. Because of thescarcity of information about this procedure in young bulls, the study aimed to compare the immunocastrated and noncastrated animals.Materials, Methods & Results: Eighteen Angus-Limousin bulls were used from weaning (7±1 months) to slaughtering(15±1 months) with the establishment of two groups composed of nine non-castrated (NC) and nine immunocastrated (IC)animals. In the IC group, three doses of GnRH synthesis inhibitor vaccine (Bopriva®) were applied on days 0 (weaning),87 and 223. At slaughter, scrotal circumference, weight (kg), width (cm), length (cm) and total size (width x length) of thetesticles were obtained, then were routinely processed for histopathological analysis. Four degrees of testicular degeneration was established: grade 0 (no changes), grade 1 (mild), grade 2 (moderate) and grade 3 (severe). Statistical analysiswas performed using Students t-test to compare the means of macroscopic variables. The scrotal circumference startedto decrease in the IC animals on day 132, with a certain growth from day 194. There was a significant difference betweenthe two groups for width (P = 0.001), length (P = 0.004), total size (P = 0.003) and scrotal circumference (P = 0.04).Testicles of the IC group tended to be lighter (P = 0.06)...(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Bovinos , Testículo/anatomia & histologia , Testículo/efeitos dos fármacos , Hormônio Liberador de Gonadotropina/antagonistas & inibidores
4.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 37(11): 1331-1335, Nov. 2017. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-895359

Resumo

Proventricular dilatation disease (PDD) is a lethal and important disease of captive psittacine birds, and affects a wide range of species, including endangered ones, and lacks an effective treatment. This report describes PDD in three blue-and-gold macaws (Ara ararauna) in southern Brazil. All three macaws originated from the same aviary and presented similar clinical signs including anorexia, apathy, emaciation and prostration. At necropsy, one of the macaws presented an enlarged proventriculus. Histologically, lymphoplasmacytic infiltrates was observed in the ganglia and nerves of the esophagus, crop, proventriculus, ventriculus, heart, adrenal glands, and adrenal medulla of all three cases. Two macaws had meningoencephalomyelitis and one had myocarditis. Immunohistochemistry identified PaBV antigen in the brain, proventricular, ventricular ganglia, and epicardial ganglia, and cardiomyocytes of all three macaws.(AU)


A doença da dilatação proventricular (PDD) e uma importante e fatal doença de psitacídeos de cativeiro, que afeta uma grande variedade de espécies e não tem um tratamento efetivo até o momento. Este relato descreve PDD em três araras canindé (Ara ararauna) no sul do Brasil. Todas as três araras eram provenientes do mesmo criatório e apresentaram sinais clínicos semelhantes incluindo anorexia, apatia, emaciação e prostração. Na necropsia, uma das araras apresentou proventrículo dilatado. No exame histopatológico, infiltrados linfoplasmacitários foram observados em gânglios e nervos do esôfago, inglúvio, proventrículo, moela, coração, glândulas adrenais e rins de todos os casos. Adicionalmente, meningoencefalomielite foi observada em duas araras e miocardite em uma. A imuno-histoquímica identificou antígenos de PaBV no encéfalo, coração, proventrículo e moela de todos os casos.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Proventrículo/patologia , Gastropatias/veterinária , Doenças das Aves/patologia , Infecções por Mononegavirales/veterinária , Bornaviridae , Psittaciformes/anatomia & histologia
5.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 37(11): 1331-1335, nov. 2017. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-23079

Resumo

Proventricular dilatation disease (PDD) is a lethal and important disease of captive psittacine birds, and affects a wide range of species, including endangered ones, and lacks an effective treatment. This report describes PDD in three blue-and-gold macaws (Ara ararauna) in southern Brazil. All three macaws originated from the same aviary and presented similar clinical signs including anorexia, apathy, emaciation and prostration. At necropsy, one of the macaws presented an enlarged proventriculus. Histologically, lymphoplasmacytic infiltrates was observed in the ganglia and nerves of the esophagus, crop, proventriculus, ventriculus, heart, adrenal glands, and adrenal medulla of all three cases. Two macaws had meningoencephalomyelitis and one had myocarditis. Immunohistochemistry identified PaBV antigen in the brain, proventricular, ventricular ganglia, and epicardial ganglia, and cardiomyocytes of all three macaws.(AU)


A doença da dilatação proventricular (PDD) e uma importante e fatal doença de psitacídeos de cativeiro, que afeta uma grande variedade de espécies e não tem um tratamento efetivo até o momento. Este relato descreve PDD em três araras canindé (Ara ararauna) no sul do Brasil. Todas as três araras eram provenientes do mesmo criatório e apresentaram sinais clínicos semelhantes incluindo anorexia, apatia, emaciação e prostração. Na necropsia, uma das araras apresentou proventrículo dilatado. No exame histopatológico, infiltrados linfoplasmacitários foram observados em gânglios e nervos do esôfago, inglúvio, proventrículo, moela, coração, glândulas adrenais e rins de todos os casos. Adicionalmente, meningoencefalomielite foi observada em duas araras e miocardite em uma. A imuno-histoquímica identificou antígenos de PaBV no encéfalo, coração, proventrículo e moela de todos os casos.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Proventrículo/patologia , Gastropatias/veterinária , Doenças das Aves/patologia , Infecções por Mononegavirales/veterinária , Bornaviridae , Psittaciformes/anatomia & histologia
6.
Ci. Rural ; 45(8): 1509-1514, Aug. 2015. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-27540

Resumo

Objetivou-se verificar a divergência genética entre linhagens de codornas de corte e seus cruzamentos para as características de desempenho através da análise multivariada. Foram utilizadas quatro linhagens de codornas de corte em um sistema de cruzamentos dialélicos completos, proporcionando a formação de 16 grupos de progênies, sendo quatro parentais puros: L1, L2, L3 e L4; seis grupos genéticos mestiços F1: G12, G13, G14, G23, G24 e G34; e seis grupos genéticos mestiços F1 recíprocos. Foram avaliadas as seguintes variáveis: peso corporal médio ao nascimento, aos 28, aos 35 e aos 42 dias de idade; o consumo médio de dieta do nascimento aos 35 e aos 42 dias de idade; a conversão alimentar do nascimento aos 35 e aos 42 dias de idade; e o ganho em peso do nascimento aos 35 e aos 42 dias de idade. O desempenho dos grupos genéticos foi avaliado por meio da análise de variância multivariada e a primeira variável canônica, usando os testes do maior autovalor de Roy e da união-interseção de Roy para as comparações múltiplas. O estudo da divergência genética foi feito por meio da análise por variáveis canônicas e pelo método de otimização de Tocher. As três primeiras variáveis canônicas explicaram 88,82% da variação entre os grupos genéticos. A divergência genética entre os grupos genéticos avaliados permitiu a formação de quatro grupos: 1 - L1, G12, G23, G21 e G41; 2 - G13 e G31; 3 - L4 e G43; 4 - G32; 5 - G14 e G24; 6 - G42 e 7 - L2, L3 e G34, identificando a L4 como a linhagem que mais influiu na formação de novo grupos.(AU)


The objective was to evaluate the genetic divergence between lineages of quail and their crosses to the performance characteristics through multivariate analysis. Four lines of quails were used in a complete diallel system, provided training to 16 groups of progenies, four parental pure: L1, L2, L3 and L4; six genetic groups crossbred F1: G12, G13, G14, G23, G24 and G34; and six reciprocal F1 crossbred genetic groups. The variables were evaluated: mean body weight at birth, at 28, at 35 and 42 days of age; the average consumption of diet from birth to 35 and 42 days of age; feed conversion birth at 35 and 42 days of age; and the weight gain from birth to 35 and 42 days of age. The performance of genetic groups was assessed by multivariate analysis of variance and the first canonical variable, using the tests of the largest eigenvalue of Roy and Roy union-intersection for multiple comparisons. The study of genetic diversity was done by canonical variate analysis and by the optimization method of Tocher. The first three canonical variables explained 88.82% of the genetic variation between groups. The genetic divergence between the analyzed genetic groups allowed the formation of four groups: 1 - L1, G12, G23, G21 and G41; 2 - G13 and G31; 3 - L4 and G43; 4 - G32; 5 - G14 and G24; 6 - G42 and 7 - L2, L3, identifing L4 G34 as the lineage that most influenced the formation of new groups.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Variação Genética , Aves Domésticas/genética
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