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1.
Rev. bras. ciênc. vet ; 29(3): 115-120, jul./set. 2022. il.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1411214

Resumo

O nematoide Lagochilascaris sp. pertencente à família Ascarididae é um parasito cujo o hospedeiro definitivo pode ser o gato. Considerada uma zoonose rara na medicina veterinária, a lagoquilascaríase é responsável por causar lesões luminais e possui um tropismo particular pela região cervical e cabeça. A infecção ocorre através da ingestão da carne de animais silvestres mal cozida pelo homem e através da caça pelos felinos. Este trabalho tem como objetivo realizar um levantamento dos casos de lagoquilascaríase ocorridos em gatos domésticos nas cidades de Bento Gonçalves, Farroupilha e Caxias do Sul, localizadas na região da Serra Gaúcha. Foi realizada uma pesquisa através de questionário encaminhado por e-mail, durante os meses de abril a julho de 2020, a 44 médicos veterinários dos municípios de Bento Gonçalves, Farroupilha e Caxias do Sul, sendo 13 (29,54%) veterinários de Bento Gonçalves, 10 (22,73%) de Farroupilha e 21 (47,73%) de Caxias do Sul. Destes profissionais, 17 (38,63%) já atenderam casos de animais parasitados por este nematódeo; 9 (20,45%) em Bento Gonçalves; 3 (6,81%) em Farroupilha e 5 (11,36%) em Caxias do Sul. No total foram atendidos 36 casos de lagoquilascaríase no período de 2016 a 2020, sendo que a maior ocorrência foi na cidade de Bento Gonçalves, com 25 casos, seguida por Caxias do Sul com 6 casos e Farroupilha com apenas 5 casos relatados. Apesar da literatura considerar a lagoquilascaríase uma doença rara, este levantamento mostra que há vários casos acontecendo na espécie felina na Serra Gaúcha.


The nematode Lagochilascaris sp. belonging to the family Ascarididae is a parasite whose definitive host may be the cat. Considered a rare zoonosis in veterinary medicine, lagochilascariasis is responsible for causing luminal lesions and has a particular tropism for the cervical region and head. Infection occurs through the ingestion of undercooked meat from wild animals by humans and through hunting by felines. This work aims to carry out a survey of cases of lagochilascariasis that occurred in domestic cats in the cities of Bento Gonçalves, Farroupilha and Caxias do Sul, located in the Serra Gaúcha region. A survey was carried out through a questionnaire sent by email, during the months of April to July 2020, to 44 veterinarians from the municipalities of Bento Gonçalves, Farroupilha and Caxias do Sul, of which 13 (29.54%) were veterinarians from Bento. Gonçalves, 10 (22.73%) from Farroupilha and 21 (47.73%) from Caxias do Sul. Of these professionals, 17 (38.63%) have already treated cases of animals parasitized by this nematode; 9 (20.45%) in Bento Gonçalves; 3 (6.81%) in Farroupilha and 5 (11.36%) in Caxias do Sul. In total, 36 cases of lagochilascariasis were treated in the period from 2016 to 2020, with the highest occurrence being in the city of Bento Gonçalves, with 25 cases, followed by Caxias do Sul with 6 cases and Farroupilha with only 5 reported cases. Although the literature considers lagochilascariasis a rare disease, this survey shows that there are several cases happening in feline species in Serra Gaúcha.


Assuntos
Animais , Gatos , Doenças Parasitárias/epidemiologia , Zoonoses/parasitologia , Gatos/parasitologia , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Helmintíase Animal/epidemiologia , Nematoides/parasitologia
2.
Acta sci. vet. (Impr.) ; 49(suppl.1): Pub.612-Jan 4, 2021. ilus
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1458475

Resumo

Background: Juvenile-onset ischemic dermatopathy is a rare dermatosis in dogs. Reports on this condition are scarce inthe literature, and its pathogenesis is poorly understood. This disease consists of a set of alterations that exhibit similarclinical and histological characteristics, and which are associated with cutaneous vasculopathic processes. Consequently,this case report describes the clinical case of a dog diagnosed with juvenile-onset ischemic dermatopathy.Case: A 9-month-old female mongrel dog exhibited significant tegumentary alterations, while other contact animals (siblingsand mother) did not. The patient history did not contain a complete record of vaccines, and included previous therapeuticfailures. A general skin examination revealed the presence of erythematous lesions containing crusts and erosions associated with extended areas with alopecia, especially in the ears, nose, and tail. Therefore, skin cytology and a parasitologicalexamination of the skin and cerumen were performed. These tests revealed the presence of neutrophilic inflammatoryprocess, bacterial inflammation, and various yeast-like structures compatible with Malassezia sp. The parasitological examination of the cerumen revealed the presence of numerous mites of the Otodectes cynotis species. Consequently, the dogreceived a treatment that included amoxicillin with potassium clavulanate, itraconazole, therapeutic baths with a shampoocontaining chlorhexidine and miconazole, and an antiparasitic medication containing sarolaner, which was administeredonce every 35 days. Thirty days later, the patient returned with a significant improvement of the lesions, except those inthe ears and tail; consequently, material from these two body areas was submitted to histopathological examination, andadditional tests were performed to allow differential diagnosis. The histopathological report indicated the existence of...


Assuntos
Feminino , Animais , Cães , Cães/lesões , Cães/microbiologia , Dermatopatias Bacterianas/veterinária , Vasculite/veterinária , Dermatomicoses/veterinária , Malassezia
3.
Acta sci. vet. (Online) ; 49(suppl.1): Pub. 612, 3 mar. 2021. ilus
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-19307

Resumo

Background: Juvenile-onset ischemic dermatopathy is a rare dermatosis in dogs. Reports on this condition are scarce inthe literature, and its pathogenesis is poorly understood. This disease consists of a set of alterations that exhibit similarclinical and histological characteristics, and which are associated with cutaneous vasculopathic processes. Consequently,this case report describes the clinical case of a dog diagnosed with juvenile-onset ischemic dermatopathy.Case: A 9-month-old female mongrel dog exhibited significant tegumentary alterations, while other contact animals (siblingsand mother) did not. The patient history did not contain a complete record of vaccines, and included previous therapeuticfailures. A general skin examination revealed the presence of erythematous lesions containing crusts and erosions associated with extended areas with alopecia, especially in the ears, nose, and tail. Therefore, skin cytology and a parasitologicalexamination of the skin and cerumen were performed. These tests revealed the presence of neutrophilic inflammatoryprocess, bacterial inflammation, and various yeast-like structures compatible with Malassezia sp. The parasitological examination of the cerumen revealed the presence of numerous mites of the Otodectes cynotis species. Consequently, the dogreceived a treatment that included amoxicillin with potassium clavulanate, itraconazole, therapeutic baths with a shampoocontaining chlorhexidine and miconazole, and an antiparasitic medication containing sarolaner, which was administeredonce every 35 days. Thirty days later, the patient returned with a significant improvement of the lesions, except those inthe ears and tail; consequently, material from these two body areas was submitted to histopathological examination, andadditional tests were performed to allow differential diagnosis. The histopathological report indicated the existence of...(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Cães , Dermatopatias Bacterianas/veterinária , Cães/lesões , Cães/microbiologia , Vasculite/veterinária , Malassezia , Dermatomicoses/veterinária
4.
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1432929

Resumo

Resumo O nematoide Lagochilascaris sp. pertencente à família Ascarididae é um parasito cujo o hospedeiro definitivo pode ser o gato. Considerada uma zoonose rara na medicina veterinária, a lagoquilascaríase é responsável por causar lesões luminais e possui um tropismo particular pela região cervical e cabeça. A infecção ocorre através da ingestão da carne de animais silvestres mal cozida pelo homem e através da caça pelos felinos. Este trabalho tem como objetivo realizar um levantamento dos casos de lagoquilascaríase ocorridos em gatos domésticos nas cidades de Bento Gonçalves, Farroupilha e Caxias do Sul, localizadas na região da Serra Gaúcha.  Foi realizada uma pesquisa através de questionário encaminhado por e-mail, durante os meses de abril a julho de 2020, a 44 médicos veterinários dos municípios de Bento Gonçalves, Farroupilha e Caxias do Sul, sendo 13 (29,54%) veterinários de Bento Gonçalves, 10 (22,73%) de Farroupilha e 21 (47,73%) de Caxias do Sul. Destes profissionais, 17 (38,63%) já atenderam casos de animais parasitados por este nematódeo; 9 (20,45%) em Bento Gonçalves; 3 (6,81%) em Farroupilha e 5 (11,36%) em Caxias do Sul. No total foram atendidos 36 casos de lagoquilascaríase no período de 2016 a 2020, sendo que a maior ocorrência foi na cidade de Bento Gonçalves, com 25 casos, seguida por Caxias do Sul com 6 casos e Farroupilha com apenas 5 casos relatados. Apes

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