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1.
Braz. j. vet. pathol ; 16(2): 117-121, 2023. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1509606

Resumo

Biliary neoplasms are uncommon in cats and affect older animals. A 12-year-old female crossbreed cat showed prostration, lethargy, apathy, and severe jaundice. Ultrasonography showed distention of the gallbladder associated with severe obstruction of the bile ducts with thickening of the biliary wall, forming amorphous masses of irregular contour and heterogeneous appearance directed to the lumen measuring up to 2 cm. Necropsy showed a gallbladder with a yellowish and soft nodule measuring 3 × 3 cm, compressing the extrahepatic bile duct, occluding the passage of bile. There were also firm, yellowish multifocal to coalescing nodules in the liver, ranging from 0.5 to 1 cm, affecting 10% of the organ, in addition to lungs with firm, yellowish multifocal nodules ranging from 0.2 to 0.5 cm, affecting 20% of the organ. Histologically, gallbladder and bile ducts had malignant epithelial neoplastic proliferation, which was organized into multiple papillary and ductal projections, separated by moderate fibrovascular stroma compatible with gallbladder adenocarcinoma. The liver and lungs also contained neoplastic structures with a ductal appearance and papilliform projections identical to those observed in the gallbladder. The immunohistochemical examination (IHC) showed intense positive staining of epithelial neoplastic cells for pan-cytokeratin (AE1/AE3) and no staining for vimentin (Clone V9). The diagnosis of gallbladder adenocarcinoma with metastasis in the liver and lungs was established based on the clinical, macroscopic, histopathological, and immunohistochemical findings.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Adenocarcinoma/diagnóstico , Gatos , Metástase Neoplásica/diagnóstico , Vesícula Biliar/fisiopatologia
2.
Rev. Ciênc. Agrovet. (Online) ; 22(1): 78-84, mar. 2023. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1426346

Resumo

Polysaccharide storage myopathy (PSSM) is a genetic disorder or by undetermined cause characterized by the abnormal accumulation of glycogen and polysaccharides in skeletal muscle fibers. The present report describes two Percheron horses, from different properties in the municipality of Pouso Redondo -SC, with locomotor clinical signs that started after work. The clinical signs observed were rigid gait, mainly of the pelvic limbs, muscle weakness, and recumbency. In the first case, the animal was diagnosed with severe multifocal rhabdomyonecrosis, moderate multifocal myoglobin nephrosisand severe diffuse transmural fibrinonecrotic gastritis. PSSM was confirmed by the presence of polysaccharide inclusions in myofiber sarcolemma visualized by periodic acid-Schiff (PAS) staining. In the second case, the horse presented two episodes ofmuscle disorder after work. The therapeutic protocol was based on penicillin, flunixin meglumine and fluid therapy with ringer lactate. An increase in creatine kinase (669.0 UI/L) and aspartate aminotransferase (669.0 UI/L) was observed in the serum biochemical evaluation. Research for mutation in the GYS1 gene was performed, with a positive heterozygote result. After rest and gradual recovery, the horse was only submitted to light work, with no return of the clinical condition since then. Thus, this report describes two cases of PSSM with distinct clinical evolution and diagnostic methods.(AU)


A miopatia por acúmulo de polissacarídeos (PSSM) é uma desordem genética ou de causa indeterminada caracterizada pelo acúmulo anormal de glicogênio e polissacarídeos nas fibras musculares esqueléticas. O presente relato descreve dois cavalos Percheron, oriundos de diferentes propriedades do município de Pouso Redondo ­SC, com sinais clínicos locomotores que iniciaram após o trabalho. Os sinais clínicos observados foram marcha rígida, principalmente dos membros pélvicos, fraqueza muscular, e decúbito. No primeiro caso, o animal foi diagnosticado com rabdomionecrose multifocal acentuada, nefrose mioglobínica multifocal moderada e gastrite fibrinonecrótica transmural difusa acentuada. A PSSM foi confirmada pela presença de inclusões polissacarídicas no sarcolema de miofibras visualizadas pela coloração com ácido periódico de Schiff (PAS). No segundo caso, o equino apresentou dois episódios de disfunção muscular após o trabalho. O protocolo terapêutico foi baseado em penicilina, flunixin megluminee fluidoterapia com ringer lactato. Um aumento de creatina quinase (669,0 UI/L) e aspartato aminotransferase (669,0 UI/L) foi observado na avaliação bioquímica sérica. Foi realizada pesquisa de mutação nogene GYS1, com resultado heterozigoto positivo. Após repouso e recuperação gradual, o cavalo foi submetido apenas a trabalhos leves, sem retorno do quadro clínico desde então. Assim, este relato descreve dois casos com PSSM com evolução clínica e métodos diagnósticos distintos.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Polissacarídeos/análise , Cavalos , Doenças Musculares/patologia , Brasil
3.
Acta sci. vet. (Impr.) ; 50(suppl.1): Pub.753-4 jan. 2022. ilus
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1458561

Resumo

Background: Botulism is a disease caused by the ingestion of neurotoxin produced by Clostridium botulinum, characterizedby flaccid paralysis, which can lead to high mortality. They have seven types of neurotoxins (A, B, C, D, E, F, and G) and,in birds, most cases are attributed to type C. They are considered sources of botulinum toxins where the decomposition oforganic matter occurs, like stagnant water and rotting food. The main feature of the disease in birds is ascending symmetricflaccid paralysis. The present study aims to describe an outbreak of type C botulism in backyard poultry in the state ofSanta Catarina, Southern Brazil.Case: A visit was made to the property with 160 backyard poultry with a history of high mortality in the municipality ofAgrolândia, Santa Catarina. Clinical signs were characterized by paralysis of the pelvic limbs, neck and pendular wings,which progressed to death within 48 h. There was a mortality rate of 37.5% (60/160) between March and May 2019. Thesebirds were kept in an overcrowded environment, with different species (chickens, ducks, teals, and turkeys) fed irregularly.The water supplied was provided from kitchen exhaust, accumulating in puddles on the floor that contained organic matterresidues such as animal feces, food waste and bone fragments. The disposal of the carcasses of birds that died was in thesame enclosure, buried superficially, facilitating the access of other birds to dig them up and consume them. Necropsywas performed on 2 chickens and one duck, no macroscopic or histopathological lesions were observed. Blood, liver, andgastrointestinal content samples were sent for research and identification of botulinum toxin through the serum neutralization test in mice. The presence of type C botulinum toxin was confirmed in the liver chicken of one sampled animals.Discussion: The identification of type C botulism toxin enabled the characterization of the outbreak, which is...


Assuntos
Animais , Botulismo/epidemiologia , Botulismo/veterinária , Clostridium botulinum tipo C/isolamento & purificação , Galinhas/microbiologia , Neurotoxinas , Brasil , Surtos de Doenças/veterinária
4.
Acta sci. vet. (Online) ; 50(suppl.1): Pub. 753, 15 fev. 2022. ilus
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-765212

Resumo

Background: Botulism is a disease caused by the ingestion of neurotoxin produced by Clostridium botulinum, characterizedby flaccid paralysis, which can lead to high mortality. They have seven types of neurotoxins (A, B, C, D, E, F, and G) and,in birds, most cases are attributed to type C. They are considered sources of botulinum toxins where the decomposition oforganic matter occurs, like stagnant water and rotting food. The main feature of the disease in birds is ascending symmetricflaccid paralysis. The present study aims to describe an outbreak of type C botulism in backyard poultry in the state ofSanta Catarina, Southern Brazil.Case: A visit was made to the property with 160 backyard poultry with a history of high mortality in the municipality ofAgrolândia, Santa Catarina. Clinical signs were characterized by paralysis of the pelvic limbs, neck and pendular wings,which progressed to death within 48 h. There was a mortality rate of 37.5% (60/160) between March and May 2019. Thesebirds were kept in an overcrowded environment, with different species (chickens, ducks, teals, and turkeys) fed irregularly.The water supplied was provided from kitchen exhaust, accumulating in puddles on the floor that contained organic matterresidues such as animal feces, food waste and bone fragments. The disposal of the carcasses of birds that died was in thesame enclosure, buried superficially, facilitating the access of other birds to dig them up and consume them. Necropsywas performed on 2 chickens and one duck, no macroscopic or histopathological lesions were observed. Blood, liver, andgastrointestinal content samples were sent for research and identification of botulinum toxin through the serum neutralization test in mice. The presence of type C botulinum toxin was confirmed in the liver chicken of one sampled animals.Discussion: The identification of type C botulism toxin enabled the characterization of the outbreak, which is...(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Botulismo/epidemiologia , Botulismo/veterinária , Clostridium botulinum tipo C/isolamento & purificação , Neurotoxinas , Galinhas/microbiologia , Brasil , Surtos de Doenças/veterinária
5.
Acta sci. vet. (Impr.) ; 49(supl.1): Pub. 704, 2021. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1363613

Resumo

Background: Neosporosis is a cosmopolitan disease known as the main infectious cause of abortion in cattle, reported in several states in Brazil. The transplacental transmission in cattle is responsible for perpetuating the disease in the herd. In the state of Santa Catarina, previous studies on this protozoan in cattle are mostly serological surveys. To increase information about this reproductive disorder, this work describes the diagnosis of abortions due to Neospora caninum in dairy cattle from state of Santa Catarina and the follow-up for 4 years in a farm affected by neosporosis. Cases: From 2015 to 2019, necropsy was performed on 10 aborted bovine fetuses, between fifth and eighth month of pregnancy, with 1 fetus aborted in 2015, 3 in 2016, 2 in 2017 and, 4 in 2019, all originating from the same dairy property in the southern region of state of Santa Catarina. No macroscopic lesions were found. Histopathology revealed mild to moderate multifocal mononuclear necrotizing encephalitis in 5 fetuses, and multifocal mild mononuclear myositis and myocarditis in 4 and 3 fetuses, respectively. Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) using primers based on the Nc-5 gene was positive for N. caninum in five fetuses. Three visits were performed in the farm for epidemiological evaluation and blood samples collection for IgG antibodies anti-N. caninum (IFAT). The total herd was 170 Jersey, Holstein and crossbred cattle, raised in a semi-confined system with mechanical milking system. Since 2014, there has been a significant increase in abortions cases, approximately 20 cows had abortions; in the year 2015, approximately 10; in 2016, less than 5; in 2017, 4 cows aborted; in 2018, 11 abortions and, in 2019, there were 4 abortions. An increase in the rate of return to estrus was also reported, and both primiparous and multiparous cows had reproductive disorders. Abortions were recorded throughout the year and occurred predominantly between the fourth and sixth month of pregnancy. In 2016, an Indirect Immunofluorescence Reaction (IFAT) was performed on sera from 26 cows (13 with a history of reproductive disorders and another 13 without disorders). Of these, 50.0% (13/26) were seropositive, with titers ranging from 100 to 1600 (cutoff ≥100). The Enzyme Immunoassay (ELISA) of the entire herd was carried out in 2017, with 26.54% (43/162) of seropositivity, 8.02% (13/162) suspect, and 30.4% (17/56) had reproductive disorders. It was observed that only animals born on the property were used for replacement, there was less possibility of direct contact between dogs on the property with milking facilities, placental and fetal remains, properly disposing of these, incinerating or burying. Thirty animals were discarded from the property, 25 of which had reproductive disorders. All young female daughters of seropositive cows remained on the property for replacement. During the evaluation period, all dogs were eliminated. Discussion: In this study, the diagnosis of neosporosis was made through epidemiology, histopathological lesions characterized by mononuclear encephalitis, myocarditis and myositis, and detection of the agent by PCR, associated with serological techniques. The lesions observed are indicative of N. caninum infection and are compatible with lesions observed in other studies. Serological screening is important to complement the diagnosis of abortion by N. caninum and to help control the agent in herds. From this report it is concluded that N. caninum is an important agent of reproductive disorders in cattle in the southern region of Santa Catarina, the different serological analyzes showed a good screening index for the inclusion of control strategies. In addition, the monitoring of reproductive rates of affected properties becomes necessary over the years, allowing better observation of control strategies.


Assuntos
Animais , Bovinos , Coccidiose/complicações , Coccidiose/veterinária , Neospora/isolamento & purificação , Aborto Animal/etiologia , Morte Fetal/etiologia , Brasil , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática/veterinária
6.
Acta sci. vet. (Impr.) ; 48(suppl.1): Pub.546-4 jan. 2020. ilus
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1458373

Resumo

Background: Carcinomas are aggressive and invasive malignancies that originate from any type of epithelial cell and are responsible for many deaths in dogs. Carcinoma metastases occur primarily via the lymphatic route; however, they can occur by blood flow, thus reaching bone structures. In dogs, metastasis of mammary and squamous cell carcinomas to the skeletal system is poorly described. The aim of this study was to report two cases of dogs that developed metastases of carcinomas to the vertebral column. Cases: Case 1. A 10-year-old, male, mixed-breed dog with paralysis of the left pelvic limb, subcutaneous mass in the lumbar region, apathy, anorexia and progressive weight loss and with a previous history of amputation of the right pelvic limb resulting from squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) in the integument of the cranial face of the femorotibiopatellar joint. Due to the patient’s clinical condition and the negative prognosis associated with the neoplasia, euthanasia was performed. At necropsy, infiltrating the lumbar vertebrae from L5 to L7, a whitish and firm mass of approximately 15 x 8 cm was observed. Histologically, it comprised a malignant epithelial neoplastic development consisting of nests and cords interspersed with fibrovascular stroma, containing multiple keratine pearls. There was moderate to severe anisocytosis, severe anisokariosis, and about 4 mitosis figures for every 10 high power fields (400x). The histological features were consistent with an invasive SCC. Anti-cytokeratin and anti-p63 immunohistochemical (IHC) evaluations were performed, both with immunoreactivity in neoplastic cells. Case 2. An 8-year-old, female, Chihuahua with bilateral paralysis of the pelvic limbs, anorexia, and progressive weight loss, with a history of excision of solid mammary carcinoma. The clinical condition...


Assuntos
Animais , Cães , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/veterinária , Carcinoma/veterinária , Coluna Vertebral , Compressão da Medula Espinal/veterinária , Metástase Linfática , Imuno-Histoquímica , Paresia/veterinária
7.
Acta sci. vet. (Online) ; 48(suppl.1): Pub. 546, 8 nov. 2020. ilus
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-765620

Resumo

Background: Carcinomas are aggressive and invasive malignancies that originate from any type of epithelial cell and are responsible for many deaths in dogs. Carcinoma metastases occur primarily via the lymphatic route; however, they can occur by blood flow, thus reaching bone structures. In dogs, metastasis of mammary and squamous cell carcinomas to the skeletal system is poorly described. The aim of this study was to report two cases of dogs that developed metastases of carcinomas to the vertebral column. Cases: Case 1. A 10-year-old, male, mixed-breed dog with paralysis of the left pelvic limb, subcutaneous mass in the lumbar region, apathy, anorexia and progressive weight loss and with a previous history of amputation of the right pelvic limb resulting from squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) in the integument of the cranial face of the femorotibiopatellar joint. Due to the patients clinical condition and the negative prognosis associated with the neoplasia, euthanasia was performed. At necropsy, infiltrating the lumbar vertebrae from L5 to L7, a whitish and firm mass of approximately 15 x 8 cm was observed. Histologically, it comprised a malignant epithelial neoplastic development consisting of nests and cords interspersed with fibrovascular stroma, containing multiple keratine pearls. There was moderate to severe anisocytosis, severe anisokariosis, and about 4 mitosis figures for every 10 high power fields (400x). The histological features were consistent with an invasive SCC. Anti-cytokeratin and anti-p63 immunohistochemical (IHC) evaluations were performed, both with immunoreactivity in neoplastic cells. Case 2. An 8-year-old, female, Chihuahua with bilateral paralysis of the pelvic limbs, anorexia, and progressive weight loss, with a history of excision of solid mammary carcinoma. The clinical condition...(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Cães , Carcinoma/veterinária , Metástase Linfática , Coluna Vertebral , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/veterinária , Compressão da Medula Espinal/veterinária , Imuno-Histoquímica , Paresia/veterinária
8.
Acta Vet. Brasilica ; 13(3): 105-109, Sept. 13, 2019. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1453180

Resumo

Idiopathic renal hematuria is diagnosed in situations where the cause of hematuria is not clear, even after ruling out all possible differential diagnoses. A 14-year-old female Cocker Spaniel with continuous hematuria as the only clinical sign for two months. Concomitant changes were ruled out by blood tests, urinalysis, and abdominal ultrasonography. It was evidenced that hematuria originated from the left kidney through ureteral catheterization and the diagnosis of idiopathic renal hematuria was determined by excluding other possible causes of renal hematuria. Idiopathic renal hematuria is a rarely reported disease but has great importance as a differential diagnosis in cases where the main clinical sign is hematuria.


A hematúria renal idiopática é diagnosticada em situações onde a razão da hematúria não é esclarecida, descartando-se todos os possíveis diagnósticos diferenciais. Um cão, fêmea, Cocker Spaniel com 14 anos de idade manifestou hematúria contínua como único sinal clínico, por dois meses. Foram descartadas alterações concomitantes, por meio de exames de sangue, urinálise e ultrassonografia abdominal. A hematúria proveniente do rim esquerdo foi evidenciada através de cateterização ureteral e o diagnóstico de hematúria renal idiopática foi obtido por meio da exclusão de outras possíveis causas de hematúria renal. A hematúria renal idiopática é uma doença pouco relatada, no entanto apresenta grande importância como diagnóstico diferencial nos casos onde o principal sinal clínico é a hematúria.


Assuntos
Feminino , Animais , Cães , Hematúria/cirurgia , Hematúria/diagnóstico , Hematúria/veterinária , Nefropatias/diagnóstico , Nefropatias/veterinária
9.
Acta Vet. bras. ; 13(3): 105-109, Sept. 13, 2019. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-23608

Resumo

Idiopathic renal hematuria is diagnosed in situations where the cause of hematuria is not clear, even after ruling out all possible differential diagnoses. A 14-year-old female Cocker Spaniel with continuous hematuria as the only clinical sign for two months. Concomitant changes were ruled out by blood tests, urinalysis, and abdominal ultrasonography. It was evidenced that hematuria originated from the left kidney through ureteral catheterization and the diagnosis of idiopathic renal hematuria was determined by excluding other possible causes of renal hematuria. Idiopathic renal hematuria is a rarely reported disease but has great importance as a differential diagnosis in cases where the main clinical sign is hematuria.(AU)


A hematúria renal idiopática é diagnosticada em situações onde a razão da hematúria não é esclarecida, descartando-se todos os possíveis diagnósticos diferenciais. Um cão, fêmea, Cocker Spaniel com 14 anos de idade manifestou hematúria contínua como único sinal clínico, por dois meses. Foram descartadas alterações concomitantes, por meio de exames de sangue, urinálise e ultrassonografia abdominal. A hematúria proveniente do rim esquerdo foi evidenciada através de cateterização ureteral e o diagnóstico de hematúria renal idiopática foi obtido por meio da exclusão de outras possíveis causas de hematúria renal. A hematúria renal idiopática é uma doença pouco relatada, no entanto apresenta grande importância como diagnóstico diferencial nos casos onde o principal sinal clínico é a hematúria.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Cães , Nefropatias/diagnóstico , Nefropatias/veterinária , Hematúria/diagnóstico , Hematúria/cirurgia , Hematúria/veterinária
10.
Semina Ci. agr. ; 40(3): 1365-1372, 2019. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-21866

Resumo

Medulloblastomas are neuroectodermal tumors of embryonic origin developing in cerebellum and spinal cord and have an unusual occurrence. When occurs in cattle, it is observed in neonatal cases, leading to multiple neurological clinical signs. Flemish cattle are considered at risk of extinction and the rare specimens of Brazil are in Lages, Santa Catarina. The case of a two-month-old calf with difficulty to remain in a standing position, imbalance, opisthotonus, strabismus, and broad-based gait is described in this study. The animal was euthanized and the necropsy showed an irregular, whitish pink, and friable mass in the cerebellar vermis region, measuring 5×6×3.8 cm associated with the dilation of the lateral ventricles, which extended through the interventricular foramen, midbrain aqueduct, and fourth ventricle. Histologically, it presented elongated triangular neuronal cells arranged in a dense sheet that sometimes encircled small areas of neuropil to form Homer-Wright pseudorosettes. These tumor characteristics were compatible with a medulloblastoma. The immunohistochemical (IHC) evaluation of the tumor demonstrated a positive staining for vimentin in neoplastic cells and glial fibrillary acidic protein in neoplastic stromal cells, non-reactive for synaptophysin, and negative for S100 protein and pan-cytokeratin. The histological and topographical characteristics were paramount for determining the medulloblastoma diagnosis and the IHC panl is similar to that observed in other studies. Tumor growth is limited by skull bony structures, allowing determining that the clinical signs expressed by the animal were directly related to the compression of important functional structures due to tumor expansion. Medulloblastoma is an unusual tumor in all animal species, not previously reported in Flemish cattle, and necropsy followed by histopathological examination is essential for diagnosis.(AU)


Meduloblastomas são tumores da neuroectoderme com origem embrionária, que se desenvolvem no cerebelo e na medula espinhal com ocorrência incomum. Quando ocorre em bovinos é observado em casos neonatal, levando a múltiplos sinais clínicos neurológicos. Os bovinos da raça Flamenga estão considerados em risco de extinção e os raros exemplares do Brasil estão localizados em Lages, Santa Catarina. Descreve-se o caso de um bezerro com dois meses de idade, apresentando dificuldade para manter-se em estação, desequilíbrio, opistótono, estrabismo e caminhar em base ampla. O animal foi submetido a eutanásia e na necropsia observou-se na região do vérmis do cerebelo uma massa irregular, rosa esbranquiçada e friável, medindo 5x6x3,8cm associado a dilatação dos ventrículos laterais, que prolongava pelo forame interventricular, aqueduto do mesencéfalo e IV ventrículo. Histologicamente, observava células neuronais triangulares alongadas organizadas em um lençol denso, que às vezes circundavam pequenas áreas de neurópilo para formar pseudorosetas de Homer-Wright, estas características do tumor eram compatíveis com um meduloblastoma. A avaliação imuno-histoquímica (IHQ) do tumor demonstrou marcação positiva para vimentina em células neoplásicas e para proteína glial fibrilar ácida em células do estroma neoplásico, não reagente para sinaptofisina e negativo para proteína S100 e pan-citoqueratina. As características histológicas e topográficas foram primordiais para a determinação do diagnóstico de meduloblastoma e o painel IHQ é semelhante à observada em outros trabalhos. O crescimento do tumor é limitado pelas estruturas ósseas do crânio, permitindo determinar que os sinais clínicos expressos pelo animal estavam diretamente relacionados com a compressão de estruturas funcionais importantes em decorrência da expansão tumoral.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Bovinos , Meduloblastoma/veterinária , Meduloblastoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Meduloblastoma/fisiopatologia , Sistema Nervoso Central/patologia , Neoplasias Cerebelares/veterinária
11.
Semina ciênc. agrar ; 40(3): 1365-1372, 2019. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1501421

Resumo

Medulloblastomas are neuroectodermal tumors of embryonic origin developing in cerebellum and spinal cord and have an unusual occurrence. When occurs in cattle, it is observed in neonatal cases, leading to multiple neurological clinical signs. Flemish cattle are considered at risk of extinction and the rare specimens of Brazil are in Lages, Santa Catarina. The case of a two-month-old calf with difficulty to remain in a standing position, imbalance, opisthotonus, strabismus, and broad-based gait is described in this study. The animal was euthanized and the necropsy showed an irregular, whitish pink, and friable mass in the cerebellar vermis region, measuring 5×6×3.8 cm associated with the dilation of the lateral ventricles, which extended through the interventricular foramen, midbrain aqueduct, and fourth ventricle. Histologically, it presented elongated triangular neuronal cells arranged in a dense sheet that sometimes encircled small areas of neuropil to form Homer-Wright pseudorosettes. These tumor characteristics were compatible with a medulloblastoma. The immunohistochemical (IHC) evaluation of the tumor demonstrated a positive staining for vimentin in neoplastic cells and glial fibrillary acidic protein in neoplastic stromal cells, non-reactive for synaptophysin, and negative for S100 protein and pan-cytokeratin. The histological and topographical characteristics were paramount for determining the medulloblastoma diagnosis and the IHC panl is similar to that observed in other studies. Tumor growth is limited by skull bony structures, allowing determining that the clinical signs expressed by the animal were directly related to the compression of important functional structures due to tumor expansion. Medulloblastoma is an unusual tumor in all animal species, not previously reported in Flemish cattle, and necropsy followed by histopathological examination is essential for diagnosis.


Meduloblastomas são tumores da neuroectoderme com origem embrionária, que se desenvolvem no cerebelo e na medula espinhal com ocorrência incomum. Quando ocorre em bovinos é observado em casos neonatal, levando a múltiplos sinais clínicos neurológicos. Os bovinos da raça Flamenga estão considerados em risco de extinção e os raros exemplares do Brasil estão localizados em Lages, Santa Catarina. Descreve-se o caso de um bezerro com dois meses de idade, apresentando dificuldade para manter-se em estação, desequilíbrio, opistótono, estrabismo e caminhar em base ampla. O animal foi submetido a eutanásia e na necropsia observou-se na região do vérmis do cerebelo uma massa irregular, rosa esbranquiçada e friável, medindo 5x6x3,8cm associado a dilatação dos ventrículos laterais, que prolongava pelo forame interventricular, aqueduto do mesencéfalo e IV ventrículo. Histologicamente, observava células neuronais triangulares alongadas organizadas em um lençol denso, que às vezes circundavam pequenas áreas de neurópilo para formar pseudorosetas de Homer-Wright, estas características do tumor eram compatíveis com um meduloblastoma. A avaliação imuno-histoquímica (IHQ) do tumor demonstrou marcação positiva para vimentina em células neoplásicas e para proteína glial fibrilar ácida em células do estroma neoplásico, não reagente para sinaptofisina e negativo para proteína S100 e pan-citoqueratina. As características histológicas e topográficas foram primordiais para a determinação do diagnóstico de meduloblastoma e o painel IHQ é semelhante à observada em outros trabalhos. O crescimento do tumor é limitado pelas estruturas ósseas do crânio, permitindo determinar que os sinais clínicos expressos pelo animal estavam diretamente relacionados com a compressão de estruturas funcionais importantes em decorrência da expansão tumoral.


Assuntos
Masculino , Animais , Bovinos , Meduloblastoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Meduloblastoma/fisiopatologia , Meduloblastoma/veterinária , Neoplasias Cerebelares/veterinária , Sistema Nervoso Central/patologia
12.
Acta sci. vet. (Impr.) ; 47: Pub.1629-2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1458027

Resumo

Background: Feline leukemia virus (FeLV) is an important infectious agent in cats, responsible for great health damages anda large death amount. Among the most common clinical disorders caused by FeLV, severe hematological changes are relatedat the progressive infection, ordinarily presented as cytopenias. Regarding its oncogenic potential, lymphoma and leukemiaare the most observed illness originated by the agent. Therefore, this study has the goal of describing and comparing clinicaland hematological disorders in FeLV positive cats from a selected population.Materials, Methods & Results: Data of clinical evaluations of felines from a previously performed cross-sectional epidemiological study were compiled. This study obtained the prevalence of FeLV infected cats in Santa Catarina Plateau. Threegroups were established from the original sample of 274 cats; Group 1 (control), FeLV negative and none clinical changes (n= 80); Group 2, FeLV positive and none clinical changes (n = 9); Group 3, FeLV positive cats with clinical disorders (n = 29).Physical and hematological examination data were obtained from the medical records. The clinical changes at Group 3 weremucosal pallor (65.51% [19/29]), neurological disorders (20.69% [6/29]), lymphoma (20.69% [6/29]), coinfections (10.34%[3/29]) and leukemia (6.9% [2/29]). The most observed hematological disorders of Group 3 were anemia (65.51% [19/29]) andthrombocytopenia (62.7% [18/20]). At the complete blood count, the medium erythrocyte and eosinophil count, hemoglobinconcentration and hematocrit were lower for Group 3 than the other two groups. The mean number of platelets count werehigher for Group 1 than Group 2 and 3. The mean of the other variables remained between reference numbers. However, adescriptive analysis within the groups demonstrated that lymphopenia was observed in 34.48% (10/29) and neutropenia in17.24% (5/29) at the Group 3...


Assuntos
Animais , Gatos , Leucemia Felina , Trombocitopenia/etiologia , Trombocitopenia/veterinária , Vírus da Leucemia Felina , Linfoma/veterinária
13.
Acta sci. vet. (Online) ; 47: Pub. 1629, 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-18480

Resumo

Background: Feline leukemia virus (FeLV) is an important infectious agent in cats, responsible for great health damages anda large death amount. Among the most common clinical disorders caused by FeLV, severe hematological changes are relatedat the progressive infection, ordinarily presented as cytopenias. Regarding its oncogenic potential, lymphoma and leukemiaare the most observed illness originated by the agent. Therefore, this study has the goal of describing and comparing clinicaland hematological disorders in FeLV positive cats from a selected population.Materials, Methods & Results: Data of clinical evaluations of felines from a previously performed cross-sectional epidemiological study were compiled. This study obtained the prevalence of FeLV infected cats in Santa Catarina Plateau. Threegroups were established from the original sample of 274 cats; Group 1 (control), FeLV negative and none clinical changes (n= 80); Group 2, FeLV positive and none clinical changes (n = 9); Group 3, FeLV positive cats with clinical disorders (n = 29).Physical and hematological examination data were obtained from the medical records. The clinical changes at Group 3 weremucosal pallor (65.51% [19/29]), neurological disorders (20.69% [6/29]), lymphoma (20.69% [6/29]), coinfections (10.34%[3/29]) and leukemia (6.9% [2/29]). The most observed hematological disorders of Group 3 were anemia (65.51% [19/29]) andthrombocytopenia (62.7% [18/20]). At the complete blood count, the medium erythrocyte and eosinophil count, hemoglobinconcentration and hematocrit were lower for Group 3 than the other two groups. The mean number of platelets count werehigher for Group 1 than Group 2 and 3. The mean of the other variables remained between reference numbers. However, adescriptive analysis within the groups demonstrated that lymphopenia was observed in 34.48% (10/29) and neutropenia in17.24% (5/29) at the Group 3... (AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Gatos , Leucemia Felina , Vírus da Leucemia Felina , Trombocitopenia/etiologia , Trombocitopenia/veterinária , Linfoma/veterinária
14.
Rev. Ciênc. Agrovet. (Online) ; 17(2): 235-240, 2018. tab
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1488241

Resumo

Os gatos estão entre os animais de estimação mais comuns no mundo inteiro e é cada vez mais estreito o seu convívio com os humanos, o que torna os estudos epidemiológicos sobre as doenças que afetam esta espécie de grande importância. Portanto este estudo teve como objetivo determinar a ocorrência de doenças infecciosas em gatos atendidos no Hospital de Clínicas Veterinárias (HCV) da Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina (UDESC), no município de Lages, assim como identificar os principais sinais clínicos apresentados para cada uma delas. Para isso, foram revisados 825 prontuários de consultas clínicas de gatos, arquivados no HCV, do período de fevereiro de 2013 a julho de 2015. Entre os prontuários revisados, 32/825 (3,88%) apresentaram diagnóstico de doenças infecciosas. A distribuição das enfermidades classificadas como infecciosas foram as seguintes: virais 24/32 (75,0%); bacterianas 4/32 (12,5%); fúngicas 3/32 (9,37%) e causada por protozoário 1/32 (3,13%).  Entre as doenças infecciosas a mais ocorrente foi o vírus da leucemia felina (FeLV) [13/33 (39,39%)], aonde as manifestações clínicas encontradas foram a anemia (6/12 [50,00%]), seguida pela leucemia (4/12[33,33%]) e linfoma (2/12[16,67%]). Também foram obtidas a ocorrência das doenças infecciosas de acordo com alguns critérios de seleção, como raça, idade, sexo, acesso à rua, contato com outros animais e status de vacinação. Gatos machos, não vacinados, com acesso livre à rua e contato direto com outros felinos estiveram em maior número dentre os doentes, o que demonstra a íntima relação da falta de cuidados básicos de saúde desses animais com a ocorrência das doenças infecciosas na espécie.


Cats are among the most common pets in the world. The close relationship between human beings and cats supports the importance of epidemiologic studies on feline diseases. Therefore, this study showed the occurrence of infectious diseases in cats at the Veterinary Clinics Hospital (HCV) of Santa Catarina State University (UDESC), in Lages (SC, Brazil), as well as identifying the major clinical signs presented in each affection. Hence, 825 medical records were reviewed, from February 2013 to July 2015. Among the reviewed records, 20/285 (2,42%) were diagnosed with infectious diseases. The distribution of infectious diseases was: viral 12/20 (60,00%); bacterial 4/20 (20,00%); fungal 3/20 (15,00%) and caused by protozoa 1/20 (5,00%). Among these infectious diseases, the most diagnosed agent was Feline Leukemia Virus (FeLV) [12/20 (60,00%)]. The most observed clinical signs were anemia (6/12 [50,00%]), followed by leukemia (4/12 [33,33%]) and lymphoma (2/12 [16,67%]). The study also showed the occurrence of infectious diseases according to some selection standards, for instance, breed, age, sex, outdoor access, inhabiting with other pets and vaccination status. The most affected group of animals were non-vaccinated male cats, which had direct contact with other felines and outdoor access, demonstrating the close relationship between the lack of health care and the occurrence of feline infectious diseases.


Assuntos
Animais , Gatos/microbiologia , Noxas , Vírus da Leucemia Felina , Brasil , Epidemias/estatística & dados numéricos
15.
Rev. Ciênc. Agrovet. (Online) ; 17(3): 396-401, 2018. tab
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1488258

Resumo

This study determined the occurrence of parvovirus and distemper in dogs treated at the Veterinary Clinics Hospital (HCV) of Universidade Estadual de Santa Catarina (UDESC). For such, 3198 medical records filed in the HCV, from February 2013 to July 2015, were reviewed.  From the records, 145 (4.53%) dogs were diagnosed with parvovirus (76 [2.38%]) or distemper (69 [2.15%]). The most common clinical signs of parvovirus were gastrointestinal signs (76 [100%]), having hematochezia as the most commonly observed (74 [97.37%]); for distemper, neurological signs (48 [69.56%]) were most frequently described and myoclonus had the highest occurrence (31 [64.58%]). Regarding complete blood count, the most observed variation in parvovirus was leukopenia by neutropenia and lymphopenia (20 [71.43%]). Distemper showed lymphopenia (28 [59.57%]). It was also observed that the occurrence of distemper and parvovirus were higher according to some selection criteria: breed, age, outdoor access, having contact with other animals and vaccination status. Young non-vaccinated dogs with outdoor access had the highest occurrence ratio. This study showed that viral infectious diseases presented low occurrence, and parvovirus was the most reported agent.


Este estudo teve como principal objetivo determinar a ocorrência de parvovirose e cinomose nos cães atendidos no Hospital de Clínicas Veterinárias (HCV) da Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina (UDESC). Para isso, foram revisados 3198 prontuários de consultas clínicas de cães, arquivados no HCV, do período de fevereiro de 2013 a julho de 2015. Entre os prontuários revisados, 145 (4,53%) foram diagnosticados com parvovirose (76 [2,38%]) ou cinomose (69 [2,15%]). Os sinais clínicos mais encontrados de cada doença foram: para a parvovirose, os sinais gastrointestinais (76 [100%]), dos quais a hematoquezia foi a mais observada (74 [97,37%]); para a cinomose, os sinais neurológicos (48 [69,56%]), sendo a mioclonia de maior ocorrência (31 [64,58%]). Com relação aos resultados do hemograma, a alteração mais encontrada na parvovirose foi a leucopenia por neutropenia e linfopenia (20 [71,43%]), já na cinomose foi a linfopenia (28 [59,57%]). Também foram observadas a ocorrência de cinomose e parvovirose de acordo com alguns critérios de seleção, como raça, idade, sexo, acesso à rua, contato com outros animais e status de vacinação. Apresentaram maior ocorrência destas doenças os cães jovens, não vacinados e com acesso livre à rua. No âmbito geral, as doenças infecciosas virais na população em estudo se mostraram de baixa ocorrência, sendo a parvovirose a mais relatada.


Assuntos
Animais , Cães , Cinomose/epidemiologia , Infecções por Parvoviridae/epidemiologia , Infecções por Parvoviridae/veterinária , Parvovirus Canino , Brasil , Enterite/veterinária , Mioclonia/veterinária
16.
R. Ci. agrovet. ; 17(3): 396-401, 2018. tab
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-738578

Resumo

This study determined the occurrence of parvovirus and distemper in dogs treated at the Veterinary Clinics Hospital (HCV) of Universidade Estadual de Santa Catarina (UDESC). For such, 3198 medical records filed in the HCV, from February 2013 to July 2015, were reviewed.  From the records, 145 (4.53%) dogs were diagnosed with parvovirus (76 [2.38%]) or distemper (69 [2.15%]). The most common clinical signs of parvovirus were gastrointestinal signs (76 [100%]), having hematochezia as the most commonly observed (74 [97.37%]); for distemper, neurological signs (48 [69.56%]) were most frequently described and myoclonus had the highest occurrence (31 [64.58%]). Regarding complete blood count, the most observed variation in parvovirus was leukopenia by neutropenia and lymphopenia (20 [71.43%]). Distemper showed lymphopenia (28 [59.57%]). It was also observed that the occurrence of distemper and parvovirus were higher according to some selection criteria: breed, age, outdoor access, having contact with other animals and vaccination status. Young non-vaccinated dogs with outdoor access had the highest occurrence ratio. This study showed that viral infectious diseases presented low occurrence, and parvovirus was the most reported agent.(AU)


Este estudo teve como principal objetivo determinar a ocorrência de parvovirose e cinomose nos cães atendidos no Hospital de Clínicas Veterinárias (HCV) da Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina (UDESC). Para isso, foram revisados 3198 prontuários de consultas clínicas de cães, arquivados no HCV, do período de fevereiro de 2013 a julho de 2015. Entre os prontuários revisados, 145 (4,53%) foram diagnosticados com parvovirose (76 [2,38%]) ou cinomose (69 [2,15%]). Os sinais clínicos mais encontrados de cada doença foram: para a parvovirose, os sinais gastrointestinais (76 [100%]), dos quais a hematoquezia foi a mais observada (74 [97,37%]); para a cinomose, os sinais neurológicos (48 [69,56%]), sendo a mioclonia de maior ocorrência (31 [64,58%]). Com relação aos resultados do hemograma, a alteração mais encontrada na parvovirose foi a leucopenia por neutropenia e linfopenia (20 [71,43%]), já na cinomose foi a linfopenia (28 [59,57%]). Também foram observadas a ocorrência de cinomose e parvovirose de acordo com alguns critérios de seleção, como raça, idade, sexo, acesso à rua, contato com outros animais e status de vacinação. Apresentaram maior ocorrência destas doenças os cães jovens, não vacinados e com acesso livre à rua. No âmbito geral, as doenças infecciosas virais na população em estudo se mostraram de baixa ocorrência, sendo a parvovirose a mais relatada.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Cães , Infecções por Parvoviridae/epidemiologia , Infecções por Parvoviridae/veterinária , Cinomose/epidemiologia , Parvovirus Canino , Brasil , Mioclonia/veterinária , Enterite/veterinária
17.
R. Ci. agrovet. ; 17(2): 235-240, 2018. tab
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-734638

Resumo

Os gatos estão entre os animais de estimação mais comuns no mundo inteiro e é cada vez mais estreito o seu convívio com os humanos, o que torna os estudos epidemiológicos sobre as doenças que afetam esta espécie de grande importância. Portanto este estudo teve como objetivo determinar a ocorrência de doenças infecciosas em gatos atendidos no Hospital de Clínicas Veterinárias (HCV) da Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina (UDESC), no município de Lages, assim como identificar os principais sinais clínicos apresentados para cada uma delas. Para isso, foram revisados 825 prontuários de consultas clínicas de gatos, arquivados no HCV, do período de fevereiro de 2013 a julho de 2015. Entre os prontuários revisados, 32/825 (3,88%) apresentaram diagnóstico de doenças infecciosas. A distribuição das enfermidades classificadas como infecciosas foram as seguintes: virais 24/32 (75,0%); bacterianas 4/32 (12,5%); fúngicas 3/32 (9,37%) e causada por protozoário 1/32 (3,13%).  Entre as doenças infecciosas a mais ocorrente foi o vírus da leucemia felina (FeLV) [13/33 (39,39%)], aonde as manifestações clínicas encontradas foram a anemia (6/12 [50,00%]), seguida pela leucemia (4/12[33,33%]) e linfoma (2/12[16,67%]). Também foram obtidas a ocorrência das doenças infecciosas de acordo com alguns critérios de seleção, como raça, idade, sexo, acesso à rua, contato com outros animais e status de vacinação. Gatos machos, não vacinados, com acesso livre à rua e contato direto com outros felinos estiveram em maior número dentre os doentes, o que demonstra a íntima relação da falta de cuidados básicos de saúde desses animais com a ocorrência das doenças infecciosas na espécie.(AU)


Cats are among the most common pets in the world. The close relationship between human beings and cats supports the importance of epidemiologic studies on feline diseases. Therefore, this study showed the occurrence of infectious diseases in cats at the Veterinary Clinics Hospital (HCV) of Santa Catarina State University (UDESC), in Lages (SC, Brazil), as well as identifying the major clinical signs presented in each affection. Hence, 825 medical records were reviewed, from February 2013 to July 2015. Among the reviewed records, 20/285 (2,42%) were diagnosed with infectious diseases. The distribution of infectious diseases was: viral 12/20 (60,00%); bacterial 4/20 (20,00%); fungal 3/20 (15,00%) and caused by protozoa 1/20 (5,00%). Among these infectious diseases, the most diagnosed agent was Feline Leukemia Virus (FeLV) [12/20 (60,00%)]. The most observed clinical signs were anemia (6/12 [50,00%]), followed by leukemia (4/12 [33,33%]) and lymphoma (2/12 [16,67%]). The study also showed the occurrence of infectious diseases according to some selection standards, for instance, breed, age, sex, outdoor access, inhabiting with other pets and vaccination status. The most affected group of animals were non-vaccinated male cats, which had direct contact with other felines and outdoor access, demonstrating the close relationship between the lack of health care and the occurrence of feline infectious diseases.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Gatos/microbiologia , Vírus da Leucemia Felina , Noxas , Brasil , Epidemias/estatística & dados numéricos
18.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 37(11): 1331-1335, Nov. 2017. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-895359

Resumo

Proventricular dilatation disease (PDD) is a lethal and important disease of captive psittacine birds, and affects a wide range of species, including endangered ones, and lacks an effective treatment. This report describes PDD in three blue-and-gold macaws (Ara ararauna) in southern Brazil. All three macaws originated from the same aviary and presented similar clinical signs including anorexia, apathy, emaciation and prostration. At necropsy, one of the macaws presented an enlarged proventriculus. Histologically, lymphoplasmacytic infiltrates was observed in the ganglia and nerves of the esophagus, crop, proventriculus, ventriculus, heart, adrenal glands, and adrenal medulla of all three cases. Two macaws had meningoencephalomyelitis and one had myocarditis. Immunohistochemistry identified PaBV antigen in the brain, proventricular, ventricular ganglia, and epicardial ganglia, and cardiomyocytes of all three macaws.(AU)


A doença da dilatação proventricular (PDD) e uma importante e fatal doença de psitacídeos de cativeiro, que afeta uma grande variedade de espécies e não tem um tratamento efetivo até o momento. Este relato descreve PDD em três araras canindé (Ara ararauna) no sul do Brasil. Todas as três araras eram provenientes do mesmo criatório e apresentaram sinais clínicos semelhantes incluindo anorexia, apatia, emaciação e prostração. Na necropsia, uma das araras apresentou proventrículo dilatado. No exame histopatológico, infiltrados linfoplasmacitários foram observados em gânglios e nervos do esôfago, inglúvio, proventrículo, moela, coração, glândulas adrenais e rins de todos os casos. Adicionalmente, meningoencefalomielite foi observada em duas araras e miocardite em uma. A imuno-histoquímica identificou antígenos de PaBV no encéfalo, coração, proventrículo e moela de todos os casos.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Proventrículo/patologia , Gastropatias/veterinária , Doenças das Aves/patologia , Infecções por Mononegavirales/veterinária , Bornaviridae , Psittaciformes/anatomia & histologia
19.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 37(11): 1331-1335, nov. 2017. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-23079

Resumo

Proventricular dilatation disease (PDD) is a lethal and important disease of captive psittacine birds, and affects a wide range of species, including endangered ones, and lacks an effective treatment. This report describes PDD in three blue-and-gold macaws (Ara ararauna) in southern Brazil. All three macaws originated from the same aviary and presented similar clinical signs including anorexia, apathy, emaciation and prostration. At necropsy, one of the macaws presented an enlarged proventriculus. Histologically, lymphoplasmacytic infiltrates was observed in the ganglia and nerves of the esophagus, crop, proventriculus, ventriculus, heart, adrenal glands, and adrenal medulla of all three cases. Two macaws had meningoencephalomyelitis and one had myocarditis. Immunohistochemistry identified PaBV antigen in the brain, proventricular, ventricular ganglia, and epicardial ganglia, and cardiomyocytes of all three macaws.(AU)


A doença da dilatação proventricular (PDD) e uma importante e fatal doença de psitacídeos de cativeiro, que afeta uma grande variedade de espécies e não tem um tratamento efetivo até o momento. Este relato descreve PDD em três araras canindé (Ara ararauna) no sul do Brasil. Todas as três araras eram provenientes do mesmo criatório e apresentaram sinais clínicos semelhantes incluindo anorexia, apatia, emaciação e prostração. Na necropsia, uma das araras apresentou proventrículo dilatado. No exame histopatológico, infiltrados linfoplasmacitários foram observados em gânglios e nervos do esôfago, inglúvio, proventrículo, moela, coração, glândulas adrenais e rins de todos os casos. Adicionalmente, meningoencefalomielite foi observada em duas araras e miocardite em uma. A imuno-histoquímica identificou antígenos de PaBV no encéfalo, coração, proventrículo e moela de todos os casos.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Proventrículo/patologia , Gastropatias/veterinária , Doenças das Aves/patologia , Infecções por Mononegavirales/veterinária , Bornaviridae , Psittaciformes/anatomia & histologia
20.
Ciênc. rural (Online) ; 54(1): e20220633, 2024. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1437932

Resumo

Scrapie is a contagious disease of sheep and goats caused by prions (PrPSc). This study described an outbreak of Scrapie in sheep in the state of Santa Catarina, Brazil. An 1-year and 3-month-old sheep developed clinical signs characterized by motor incoordination of the pelvic limbs, pruritus and alopecia for three days. The 38 sheep from the flock that were over 1 year of age underwent biopsies of the third eyelid and rectal mucosa, in addition to anti-PrPsc immunohistochemistry (IHC). Blood containing EDTA was collected for PRNP gene genotyping from these sheep. Of the 38, 16 (42.10%) had immunostaining againstPrPSc. IHC-positive animals were euthanized and necropsied, as well as lambs from positive mothers. Different organs of the 19 necropsied animals were collected in 10% buffered formalin for histopathological examination and anti-PrPSc IHC of the obex. The histopathology of the obex of the female with neurological signs presented discrete multifocal vacuolization of the cytoplasm of neurons and neuropil. The anti-PrPSc IHC showed that two out of the 19 obex samples had cytoplasmic immunostaining in neurons. The genotypes reported were ARQ/ARQ in 47.36%, ARR/ARQ in 36.84%, ARQ/VRQ in 10.52% and ARQ/VRR in 5.28%. The genotyping helps to identify susceptible animals and select animals more resistant to the development of Scrapie. The anti-PrPSc IHC from lymphoid biopsies, and genotyping demonstrated the high number of positive sheep classified in susceptible group.


Scrapie é uma doença contagiosa de ovinos e caprinos causada por príons (PrPSc). O objetivo desse estudo é descrever um surto de Scrapie em ovinos no estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil. Uma ovelha de 1 ano e 3 meses desenvolveu sinais clínicos caracterizados por incoordenação motora dos membros pélvicos, prurido e alopecia durante três dias. Os 38 ovinos do rebanho que tinham idade acima de 1 ano foram submetidos a biópsias de terceira pálpebra e mucosa retal, além de imuno-histoquímica (IHQ) anti-PrPsc. Coletou-se sangue contendo EDTA para genotipagem do gene prnp destes ovinos. Dos 38 ovinos, 16 (42,10%) apresentaram imunomarcação na avaliação IHQ anti-PrPsc. Os animais positivos na IHQ foram eutanasiados e necropsiados, bem como os cordeiros das mães positivas. Diferentes órgãos dos 19 animais necropsiados foram coletados em formalina tamponada a 10% para exame histopatológico e IHQ anti-PrPsc do óbex. Na histopatologia do óbex da fêmea com sinal neurológico havia vacuolização do citoplasma de neurônios e neurópilo multifocal discreta. Na IHQ anti-PrPsc das 19 amostras de óbex, dois apresentaram imunomarcação citoplasmática em neurônios. Os genótipos encontrados foram ARQ/ARQ em 47,36%, ARR/ARQ em 36,84%, ARQ/VRQ em 10,52% e ARQ/VRR em 5,28%. A genotipagem auxilia a identificar os animais susceptíveis e seleciona animais mais resistentes ao desenvolvimento do Scrapie. A IHQ anti-PrPsc de biópsias de tecidos linfoides e a genotipagem demonstram o elevado número de ovinos positivos classificados no grupo susceptível.


Assuntos
Animais , Scrapie/diagnóstico , Doenças dos Ovinos , Imuno-Histoquímica/veterinária , Doenças Priônicas/veterinária , Técnicas de Genotipagem/veterinária
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