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1.
Acta sci. vet. (Impr.) ; 51(supl.1): Pub. 893, 2023. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1444627

Resumo

Background: A 10-year-old spayed bitch with hip dysplasia was referred for periarticular ultrasound evaluation. A poorly marginated structure of mixed echogenicity, predominantly hypoechoic, with heterogeneous echotexture, was identified in the vastus lateralis muscle of the right pelvic limb with increased stiffness, assessed using acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) elastography, compared to that of the adjacent muscle tissues, and intense vascularization by pulsed Doppler and contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS). Guided biopsy was performed to confirm the diagnosis of hemangiosarcoma. The objective of this study was to describe B-mode ultrasound, CEUS, and ARFI findings of hemangiosarcoma in the vastus lateralis musculature of a bitch. Case: A 10-year-old spayed bitch Golden Retriever weighing 36 kg was evaluated for pelvic limb lameness. The patient presented with bilateral pain during hip extension. The primary diagnostic suspicion was degenerative joint disease and secondary hip dysplasia. The patient was referred for imaging evaluation of the hip joints (radiography and ultrasound) under anesthesia. Right lateral and ventrodorsal projections with the pelvic limbs extended were obtained to confirm the diagnosis. In the right pelvic limb, an amorphous hypoechoic structure with irregular contours and heterogeneous echotexture was observed in the vastus lateralis muscle. In ARFI elastography, it was possible to identify differences in tissue stiffness between healthy and compromised portions. Pulsed-wave Doppler evaluation demonstrated an arterial waveform pattern with a peak systolic velocity of 38.8 cm/s, end-diastolic velocity of 6.9 cm/s, pulsatility index of 1.76, and resistive index of 0.82. CEUS study identified a mean peak of 27.26 %, mean time to peak of 39.95 s, and mean transmission time of 49.96 s. The popliteal lymph node was hyperechoic and heterogeneous in B-mode. In ARFI elastography, the average stiffness was 2.52 m/s, and the CEUS obtained an average peak of 19.98%, average time to peak of 17.52 s, and mean transit time of 22.83 s. Doppler assessment revealed no clear vascularization in the lymph node. Thoracic radiography in 3 projections and abdominal ultrasonography were performed. Radiographic evidence of pulmonary nodules was not observed. On abdominal ultrasound evaluation, it was possible to identify changes in the spleen, which presented with splenomegaly, mixed echogenicity, and heterogeneous echotexture. The animal underwent ultrasound-guided muscle biopsy, which confirmed the presence of hemangiosarcoma in the muscle. The bitch was referred for splenectomy and lymphadenectomy of the right popliteal, which confirmed neoplastic involvement of the same neoplasm. Discussion: On B-mode ultrasound, the observed changes were similar to those in a report of hemangiosarcoma in the muscles of the chest wall in dogs, which contributed to the diagnosis. Although it was only one patient, ARFI elastography results suggest that muscle hemangiosarcoma tends to follow the same elastographic characteristics as malignant lesions in other tissues. Additionally, the popliteal lymph node had a stiffness suggestive of malignancy (mean 2.52 m/s) because it presented a similar result and greater elasticity of metastatic axillary lymph nodes in bitches (>2.5 m/s) and women (> 1.44 m/s) with breast tumor. With CEUS, it was possible to identify vascularization in the sentinel lymph node that was not visible by pulsed Doppler, and in muscle mass. The findings of this report provided relevant results on muscle hemangiosarcoma in a bitch and demonstrated that the information obtained with the association of imaging methods supported the malignancy criteria described in other studies.


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Cães , Neoplasias Pélvicas/veterinária , Pelve/diagnóstico por imagem , Hemangiossarcoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia/veterinária , Ultrassonografia Doppler de Pulso/veterinária , Técnicas de Imagem por Elasticidade/veterinária
2.
Acta sci. vet. (Impr.) ; 50(supl.1): 782, 2022. ilus
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1370161

Resumo

Background: Ocular lymphoma can affect the iris, conjunctiva, choroid, and retina and is mostly associated with multicentric disease. Elastography is an ultrasound technique that provides noninvasive, pain-free assessment of tissue stiffness. It has the ability to assess subtle changes throughout the organ as well as focal lesions. Microbubble contrast ultrasound enables the detection of incipient vascular flows, which are difficult to detect using traditional ultrasound methods. This study aimed to describe acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) elastography and microbubble contrast ultrasound findings in the eyes of two dogs diagnosed with intraocular T-cell lymphoma. Cases: Case 1. Physical examination revealed an exophytic mass in the left eye. Schirmer test revealed a secretion of 22 mm/min. Negative threat reflex, glare, direct pupillary light reflex, and consensual response were also noted. Biomicroscopy revealed hyperplasia of the third eyelid, overlapping with the affected eye. When the membrane was removed, moderate conjunctival hyperemia, mucoid secretion, and buphthalmia were observed. In addition, significant corneal edema was present, making it impossible to visualize the anterior chamber and perform fundus examination. The intraocular pressure, as measured with a rebound tonometer, was 39 mmHg. B-mode ultrasonography identified amorphous, hyperechoic, and heterogeneous structures throughout the anterior chamber, iris, and ciliary body. The elastogram showed that the mass had greenish tones and intermediate stiffness, and the mean SWV of the ciliary body and iris was 2 m/s. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) revealed vascularization of the neoformation region, with wash-in, peak, and wash-out values of 9.89 s, 24.56 s, and 107.87 s, respectively. Case 2. On physical examination, a change in the shape of the right pupil was observed. Schirmer test revealed a secretion of 20 mm/min, with negative threat, glare, and pupillary reflexes to direct and consensual light. Biomicroscopy revealed neoformation from 7 am to 11 am in the sclera, retina, and choroid complex, concomitant with dyscoria and conjunctival hyperemia. The intraocular pressure, as measured by rebound tonometry, was 33 mmHg. Fundoscopy revealed a mass in the temporal region and focal retinal detachment. No changes were observed in the contralateral eye. B-mode ultrasound revealed an increase in volume in the temporal region of the iris, ciliary body, and choroid with diffuse heterogeneity and partial retinal detachment. Elastographic examination revealed shades of green and yellow compatible with increased tissue stiffness. On quantitative examination, the mean SWVs of the ciliary body and iris were 3.14 m/s. On CEUS, the neoformation region presented wash-in, peak, and wash-out values of 8.67 s, 22.33 s, and 80.20 s. Discussion: B-mode ultrasonography established the tumor extent and evaluated echogenicity, verifying the involved ocular structures. The examination played an important role in the diagnosis as well as clinical management. ARFI elastography can detect small tissue changes, helping to define nodules and masses more reliably, in addition to allowing the verification of tissue stiffness. In both dogs, it was possible to verify that the masses presented greater rigidity than the adjacent tissues both qualitatively and quantitatively. In previous studies, it was found that cutaneous and breast lymphomas in humans were more rigid than adjacent tissues on elastography. This increase in rigidity and heterogeneity observed on elastograms can be explained by the extramedullary interactions of the matrix in T-cell lymphomas. Tumor growth is dependent on the blood supply, which was evaluated using CEUS in these cases. Furthermore, the ciliary body contrast filling times were longer than those described in normal dogs.


Assuntos
Animais , Cães , Neoplasias Oculares/veterinária , Linfoma Intraocular/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia/veterinária , Técnicas de Imagem por Elasticidade/veterinária
3.
Rev. bras. reprod. anim ; 46(1): 17-27, Janeiro-Março 2022. tab
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1378025

Resumo

O objetivo desta revisão foi descrever as principais técnicas de avaliação e achados ultrassonográficos da próstata canina. A ultrassonografia é o método de escolha para avaliação da glândula prostática, sendo imprescindível como auxílio no diagnóstico na detecção de anormalidades, principalmente quando há suspeita da presença de tumores. Com inovação dos equipamentos, surgiram técnicas complementares à ultrassonografia modo Bidimensional (B), tais como Doppler, ultrassonografia contrastada e elastografia, que aumentam a acurácia diagnóstica. O Doppler fornece informações sobre arquitetura vascular e aspectos hemodinâmicos dos vasos sanguíneos. A ultrassonografia contrastada permite determinar parâmetros relacionados à perfusão sanguínea das estruturas pelos agentes de contraste (ex.: microbolhas), definindo, portanto, padrões de alta e baixa intensidade da arquitetura vascular. A elastografia proporciona a avaliação da rigidez tecidual tanto de forma qualitativa, por meio de elastogramas, quanto quantitativa, por meio das velocidades de cisalhamento. Espera-se que esta revisão possa contribuir com informações relevantes aos leitores e veterinários da área de ultrassonografia e reprodução animal.(AU)


The purpose of this review was to describe the main assessment techniques and ultrasound findings of the canine prostate. Ultrasonography is the method of choice for assessing the prostate gland, being essential as an aid in the diagnosis in the detection of abnormalities, especially when the presence of tumors is suspected. With the innovation of the equipment, complementary techniques to B-mode ultrasonography have emerged, such as Doppler, contrasted ultrasound and elastography, which increase the diagnostic accuracy. Doppler provides information on vascular architecture and hemodynamic aspects of blood vessels. Contrast ultrasonography allows to determine parameters related to the blood perfusion of structures by contrast agents (eg, microbubbles), thus defining high and low intensity patterns of vascular architecture. ARFI elastography provides assessment of tissue stiffness both qualitatively, using elastograms, and quantitative, using shear speeds. It is hoped that this review can contribute with relevant information to readers and veterinarians in the area of asound and animal reproduction.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Cães , Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Ultrassonografia Doppler/métodos , Equipamentos para Diagnóstico/veterinária , Técnicas de Imagem por Elasticidade/métodos , Vasos Sanguíneos/diagnóstico por imagem , Meios de Contraste/efeitos adversos , Microbolhas/veterinária , Imagem de Perfusão/veterinária , Rigidez Vascular/fisiologia
4.
Acta sci. vet. (Impr.) ; 50: Pub. 1892, 2022. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1401102

Resumo

Background: Pelvic limb claudication is a common problem in dogs. However, determining the location of the lesion can be challenging. Diagnostic imaging is essential for identifying and evaluating muscle injuries. Ultrasonographic evaluation is frequently performed to identify muscle injuries. Although some muscle changes have already been described as ultrasonography findings in veterinary studies, little is known about the standardization of these muscle structures, especially in hip muscles. The objective of this study was to describe the normal ultrasound anatomy of the lateral and medial muscles of the pelvic limb and establish an unprecedented protocol for the evaluation of these structures. Materials, Methods & Results: A total of 4 lateral and 4 medial musculatures of the pelvic limb of dogs were evaluated using ultrasound. An initial ex vivo study (1st phase) was performed to delineate anatomical and ultrasonographic assessments. The 2nd experimental phase proceeded with the application of in vivo scanning. The same operator performed all anatomical and ultrasonographic assessments. The gluteus medius, vastus lateralis, tensor fasciae latae, sartorius, pectineus, gracilis, adductor, and rectus femoris muscles were evaluated in longitudinal and transverse planes. Ten paired hips from 5 cadavers consisting of 3 females (60%) and 2 males (40%) were evaluated during the exvivo phase. The average age and weight of the dogs were 3.6 ± 0.87 years and 21.9 ± 5.2 kg, respectively. The invivo study included 4 females (40%) and 6 males (60%), for a total of 10 healthy animals consisting of 20 hips; the mean weight was 30.11 ± 7.45 kg and the average age was 4.5 ± 2.75 years. All muscles maintained the same ultrasound pattern when compared with each other and between different groups in the invivo study. The longitudinal section presented a hypoechoic structure permeated by thin hyperechoic longitudinal striations. The hypoechoic aspect was maintained, with striae identified as hyperechogenic points in the cross-sectional view. Discussion: B-mode ultrasonographic evaluation with a high-frequency transducer has facilitated the identification of the lateral and medial muscles of the pelvic limbs of medium and large dogs exvivo and invivo. This approach is an effective and safe way to access these muscles, and aids in the establishment of an unprecedented protocol for ultrasound evaluation of this region. Understanding the normal ultrasonographic anatomy is essential to identify muscle injuries such as contractures, tumors, ruptures, and stretch, which can lead to loss of muscle echogenicity and echotexture. Furthermore, ultrasound standardization reduces inter-observer error, facilitates technique reproducibility, assists in a more assertive assessment, and directs the patient's most appropriate therapy. In addition, anatomical dissection with the aid of acoustic gel injection into the evaluated musculature is essential to guide the examination because it allows the confirmation of the structures. In this study, the ultrasound scans of 6 fundamental muscles (gluteus medius, tensor fasciae latae, gracilis, adductor, pectineus, and rectus femoris) for hip mobility and 2 knee muscles (sartorius and vastus lateralis) were standardized. Exvivo evaluations facilitated the application of invivo techniques, and no difficulties were found during these evaluations.


Assuntos
Animais , Cães , Pelve/patologia , Pelve/diagnóstico por imagem , Músculos/anatomia & histologia , Neoplasias Pélvicas/veterinária , Ultrassonografia/métodos , Ultrassonografia/veterinária
5.
Anim. Reprod. (Online) ; 18(4): e20210023, 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1349957

Resumo

Abstract The aim of this study was to measure the nuchal translucency (NT) of canine fetuses to establish reference values ​​for healthy gestational processes and to verify its effectiveness in the diagnosis of congenital abnormalities. On day 34 of gestation, the NT of three fetuses from each of the 26 English bulldog female dogs was measured. The first fetus was the one located immediately cranial to the bladder, the second was selected from the left side of the abdomen, and the third from the right side. The reference values for healthy animals were offset using descriptive statistics. The diagnostic ability of the test to identify fetal malformations was studied using receiver operating characteristic curve analysis. Of the 26 litters, only 18 had healthy fetuses, 4 had fetuses with anasarca, 3 had fetuses with abdominal wall defects, and 1 had both types of abnormalities. The NT was higher in canine fetuses that presented anasarca in the litter than in normal litters (1.8 ± 0.77 mm vs. 1.4 ± 0.48 mm; P = 0.0249), with a cut-off value of NT > 1.45 mm (sensitivity = 61.54%, specificity = 70.18%). NT greater than 1.45 mm seems to be a diagnostic tool for the identification of anasarca during gestation of bulldogs. Considering the unprecedented use of this parameter in canine species and the limitations found during the study, further studies will be needed in order to use it on clinical practice.

6.
Anim. Reprod. ; 18(4): e20210023, 2021. tab, graf, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-32763

Resumo

The aim of this study was to measure the nuchal translucency (NT) of canine fetuses to establish reference values ​​for healthy gestational processes and to verify its effectiveness in the diagnosis of congenital abnormalities. On day 34 of gestation, the NT of three fetuses from each of the 26 English bulldog female dogs was measured. The first fetus was the one located immediately cranial to the bladder, the second was selected from the left side of the abdomen, and the third from the right side. The reference values for healthy animals were offset using descriptive statistics. The diagnostic ability of the test to identify fetal malformations was studied using receiver operating characteristic curve analysis. Of the 26 litters, only 18 had healthy fetuses, 4 had fetuses with anasarca, 3 had fetuses with abdominal wall defects, and 1 had both types of abnormalities. The NT was higher in canine fetuses that presented anasarca in the litter than in normal litters (1.8 ± 0.77 mm vs. 1.4 ± 0.48 mm; P = 0.0249), with a cut-off value of NT > 1.45 mm (sensitivity = 61.54%, specificity = 70.18%). NT greater than 1.45 mm seems to be a diagnostic tool for the identification of anasarca during gestation of bulldogs. Considering the unprecedented use of this parameter in canine species and the limitations found during the study, further studies will be needed in order to use it on clinical practice.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Gravidez , Cães , Cães/embriologia , Ultrassonografia , Medição da Translucência Nucal/veterinária , Feto
7.
Ciênc. Anim. (Impr.) ; 30(1): 145-153, 2020. ilus
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1472612

Resumo

O objetivo deste trabalho é relatar o caso de um cão com lesão meniscal associado à tendinose de calcâneo tratado com aplicação única de plasma rico em plaquetas (PRP) intraarticular e intratendínea. Foi atendido um cão da raça Boxer com dificuldade de deambulação há três meses. Observou-se claudicação grau II/IV em ambos os membros pélvicos, atrofia muscular bilateral, dor e leve crepitação em joelho esquerdo, discreta instabilidade aos testes de gaveta e tibial cranial, com intensa fibrose medial à articulação e espessamento/rigidez do tendão calcâneo direito. O estudo radiográfico demonstrou artrose moderada no joelho esquerdo e, ao exame ultrassonográfico, constatou-se áreas de hipoecogenicidade em menisco medial esquerdo e ruptura de fibras musculares do tendão calcâneo direito. Sendo assim, o paciente foi diagnosticado com insuficiência do ligamento cruzado cranial crônica, com estabilidade fibrótica periarticular, e lesão meniscal em joelho esquerdo e tendinose de calcâneo direito. Foram prescritos condroprotetores, diacereína, fisioterapia e uma aplicação de PRP intra-articular e intratendínea. Para a concentração do PRP, foram coletados 50mL de sangue autólogo, os quais foram depositados em frascos contendo citrato de sódio. Foi realizada dupla centrifugação, sendo a primeira com força de120g e a segunda 240g, ambas por dez minutos. Ao final, obteve-se 2mL de PRP com246.000 plaquetas/µL (antes da concentração o sangue tinha 141.000 plaquetas/µL). A aplicação ocorreu de forma asséptica, sob anestesia geral e guiada por ultrassom. Foram injetados 1ml intra-articular em joelho esquerdo, 0,25mL em região perilesional e 0,75mLintralesional em tendão calcâneo direito. Após 14 dias, notou-se grau de claudicação I/IV e discreto fortalecimento muscular. Foi mantido o tratamento clínico com fisioterapia e condroprotetores com retornos periódicos para acompanhamento da evolução. Conclui-se que o uso do PRP foi importante adjuvante na terapia clínica empregada.


The aim of this paper is to report the case of a dog with meniscal lesion associated with calcaneal tendinosis treated with single application of intra-articular and intratendinous platelet rich plasma (PRP). A dog of the Boxer racer with difficulty walking was treated three months ago. Grade II/IV lameness was observed in both pelvic limbs, bilateral muscle atrophy, pain and slight crepitation in the left knee, slight instability to the drawer and cranial tibial tests, with intense medial fibrosis to the joint and right calcaneal tendon thickening/stiffness. The radiographic study showed moderate arthrosis in the left knee, and ultrasound examination revealed areas of hypoechogenicity in the left medial meniscus and rupture of the right calcaneal tendon muscle fibers. Thus, the patient was diagnosed with chronic cranial cruciate ligament insufficiency, periarticular fibrotic stability, and left meniscal injury and right calcaneal tendinosis. Chondroprotectors, diacerein, physiotherapyand an application of intra-articular and intratendinous PRP were prescribed. For the PRP concentration, 50mL of autologous blood were collected and deposited in vials containing sodium citrate. A double centrifugation was performed, the first strength of 120g and the second 240g, both for ten minutes. At the end, 2mL of PRP was obtained with 246.000platelets/µL (before concentration the blood had 141.000 platelets/µL). The application occurred aseptically, under general anesthesia and guided by ultrasound. We injected 1mlintra-articular in the left knee, 0.25mL in the perilesional region and 0.75mL intralesional in the right calcaneal tendon. After 14 days, I/IV lameness and slight muscle strengthening were noted. Clinical treatment with physiotherapy and chondroprotectors was maintained, with periodic returns to follow the evolution. It was concluded that the use of PRP was an important adjuvant in the clinical therapy employed.


Assuntos
Animais , Cães , Calcâneo , Doenças do Cão , Menisco , Plasma Rico em Plaquetas , Tendinopatia/terapia , Tendinopatia/veterinária
8.
Ciênc. Anim. (Impr.) ; 30(1): 145-153, 2020. ilus
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-27195

Resumo

O objetivo deste trabalho é relatar o caso de um cão com lesão meniscal associado à tendinose de calcâneo tratado com aplicação única de plasma rico em plaquetas (PRP) intraarticular e intratendínea. Foi atendido um cão da raça Boxer com dificuldade de deambulação há três meses. Observou-se claudicação grau II/IV em ambos os membros pélvicos, atrofia muscular bilateral, dor e leve crepitação em joelho esquerdo, discreta instabilidade aos testes de gaveta e tibial cranial, com intensa fibrose medial à articulação e espessamento/rigidez do tendão calcâneo direito. O estudo radiográfico demonstrou artrose moderada no joelho esquerdo e, ao exame ultrassonográfico, constatou-se áreas de hipoecogenicidade em menisco medial esquerdo e ruptura de fibras musculares do tendão calcâneo direito. Sendo assim, o paciente foi diagnosticado com insuficiência do ligamento cruzado cranial crônica, com estabilidade fibrótica periarticular, e lesão meniscal em joelho esquerdo e tendinose de calcâneo direito. Foram prescritos condroprotetores, diacereína, fisioterapia e uma aplicação de PRP intra-articular e intratendínea. Para a concentração do PRP, foram coletados 50mL de sangue autólogo, os quais foram depositados em frascos contendo citrato de sódio. Foi realizada dupla centrifugação, sendo a primeira com força de120g e a segunda 240g, ambas por dez minutos. Ao final, obteve-se 2mL de PRP com246.000 plaquetas/µL (antes da concentração o sangue tinha 141.000 plaquetas/µL). A aplicação ocorreu de forma asséptica, sob anestesia geral e guiada por ultrassom. Foram injetados 1ml intra-articular em joelho esquerdo, 0,25mL em região perilesional e 0,75mLintralesional em tendão calcâneo direito. Após 14 dias, notou-se grau de claudicação I/IV e discreto fortalecimento muscular. Foi mantido o tratamento clínico com fisioterapia e condroprotetores com retornos periódicos para acompanhamento da evolução. Conclui-se que o uso do PRP foi importante adjuvante na terapia clínica empregada.(AU)


The aim of this paper is to report the case of a dog with meniscal lesion associated with calcaneal tendinosis treated with single application of intra-articular and intratendinous platelet rich plasma (PRP). A dog of the Boxer racer with difficulty walking was treated three months ago. Grade II/IV lameness was observed in both pelvic limbs, bilateral muscle atrophy, pain and slight crepitation in the left knee, slight instability to the drawer and cranial tibial tests, with intense medial fibrosis to the joint and right calcaneal tendon thickening/stiffness. The radiographic study showed moderate arthrosis in the left knee, and ultrasound examination revealed areas of hypoechogenicity in the left medial meniscus and rupture of the right calcaneal tendon muscle fibers. Thus, the patient was diagnosed with chronic cranial cruciate ligament insufficiency, periarticular fibrotic stability, and left meniscal injury and right calcaneal tendinosis. Chondroprotectors, diacerein, physiotherapyand an application of intra-articular and intratendinous PRP were prescribed. For the PRP concentration, 50mL of autologous blood were collected and deposited in vials containing sodium citrate. A double centrifugation was performed, the first strength of 120g and the second 240g, both for ten minutes. At the end, 2mL of PRP was obtained with 246.000platelets/µL (before concentration the blood had 141.000 platelets/µL). The application occurred aseptically, under general anesthesia and guided by ultrasound. We injected 1mlintra-articular in the left knee, 0.25mL in the perilesional region and 0.75mL intralesional in the right calcaneal tendon. After 14 days, I/IV lameness and slight muscle strengthening were noted. Clinical treatment with physiotherapy and chondroprotectors was maintained, with periodic returns to follow the evolution. It was concluded that the use of PRP was an important adjuvant in the clinical therapy employed.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Cães , Plasma Rico em Plaquetas , Menisco , Tendinopatia/terapia , Tendinopatia/veterinária , Calcâneo , Doenças do Cão
9.
Ci. Rural ; 50(3): e20190659, Mar. 13, 2020. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-25405

Resumo

The aim of this paper was to describe the clinical and sonographic findings of partial tear at the musculotendinous junction of the proximal long digital extensor tendon during the acute phase and one year after initial presentation. The dog presented with acute, moderate weight-bearing lameness of the right hind limb. During an orthopedic examination of the stifle, the dog expressed pain on extension and flexion of the right knee. Under general anesthesia, no instability was evident. Radiographic images suggested the presence of joint effusion in the right stifle. Ultrasonography revealed that the long digital extensor tendon was hyperechoic, surrounded by an anechoic effusion, and the muscle fibers were disorganized and interspersed with anechoic fluid. Clinical outcome was considered good after conservative treatment. The dog was re-evaluated approximately one year after treatment and did not present with any clinical signs.(AU)


O objetivo deste trabalho é descrever os achados clínicos e ultrassonográficos da ruptura parcial do tendão extensor digital longo em sua porção proximal, na junção musculotendínea, durante a fase aguda e um ano após a apresentação inicial. O cão apresentava claudicação aguda e moderada do membro posterior direito. Durante o exame ortopédico, o animal expressou dor na extensão e flexão do joelho direito. Sob anestesia geral, nenhuma instabilidade foi evidente. Imagens radiográficas sugeriram a presença de efusão articular na articulação do joelho direito. A ultrassonografia revelou que o tendão extensor digital longo estava hiperecóico, circundado por efusão anecóica, e as fibras musculares estavam desorganizadas e entremeadas por líquido anecóico. Após o tratamento conservador, a evolução clínica foi considerada satisfatória. O animal foi reavaliado aproximadamente um ano após o tratamento e não apresentou quaisquer sinais clínicos evidentes.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Cães , Traumatismos dos Tendões/veterinária , Traumatismos dos Tendões/diagnóstico por imagem
10.
Ciênc. Anim. (Impr.) ; 28(2): 97-103, 2018. ilus
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1472378

Resumo

O presente relato tem o objetivo de alertar o clínico quanto à dificuldade diagnóstica e a importância da hipertrofia íleo-ceco-cólica em obstruções intestinais em cães. As obstruções intestinais são afecções frequentemente encontradas, sendo a ingestão de corpos estranhos a principal causa. A hipertrofia muscular intestinal pode ser causada por estenose ou por origem idiopática, sendo incomum na espécie canina. Os sinais clínicos são inespecíficos, havendo necessidade de exame histopatológico. Foi atendido um cão com quadro de vômito, anorexia e aquesia há 20 dias. Os estudos de imagem revelaram obstrução total na região do intestino delgado com distensão de alças, mas não foi possível elucidar a localização precisa e nem a causa da mesma. O paciente foi encaminhado para a celiotomia exploratória com suspeita de obstrução intestinal de origem a esclarecer. Durante a cirurgia, notou-se uma alteração na região da válvula íleo-ceco-cólica, e a mesma foi removida e encaminhada para análise histopatológica, que confirmou a hipertrofia muscular intestinal. No entanto, as sequelas da obstrução completa e crônica do intestino culminaram como óbito do paciente.


In the small animal clinical routine, intestinal obstructions are frequently encountrered, and foreign body intake is the main cause. However, there are other causes of digestive tract obstructions. The intestinal muscular hipertrophy can be caused by stenosis or idiopathic origin. It’s frequenly reported in horse ileus, but little reported in canines. The clinical signs include emesis, diarrhea and anorexia, among other signs of intestinal obstruction, but by having nonspecific signs, there is difficulty in closing diagnosis, requiring histopathological exam. A dog with vomiting, anorexia and dyskinesia about 20 days ago was seen at HUVet. A general physical examination, complete blood count, serious biochemistry, abdominal ultrasonography and simple and contrasting abdominal radiographs were performed. The patient was referred to an exploratory laparotomy with suspected intestinal obstruction and paralytic ileus. During surgery, a change was observed in the ileus-cecal-colic valve region, and it was removed and referred for histopathological analysis, which confirmed intestinal muscular hypertrophy.


Assuntos
Animais , Cães , Constrição Patológica/veterinária , Hipertrofia/veterinária , Obstrução Intestinal/complicações , Obstrução Intestinal/veterinária , Valva Ileocecal
11.
Ciênc. Anim. (Impr.) ; 28(2): 97-103, 2018. ilus
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-19928

Resumo

O presente relato tem o objetivo de alertar o clínico quanto à dificuldade diagnóstica e a importância da hipertrofia íleo-ceco-cólica em obstruções intestinais em cães. As obstruções intestinais são afecções frequentemente encontradas, sendo a ingestão de corpos estranhos a principal causa. A hipertrofia muscular intestinal pode ser causada por estenose ou por origem idiopática, sendo incomum na espécie canina. Os sinais clínicos são inespecíficos, havendo necessidade de exame histopatológico. Foi atendido um cão com quadro de vômito, anorexia e aquesia há 20 dias. Os estudos de imagem revelaram obstrução total na região do intestino delgado com distensão de alças, mas não foi possível elucidar a localização precisa e nem a causa da mesma. O paciente foi encaminhado para a celiotomia exploratória com suspeita de obstrução intestinal de origem a esclarecer. Durante a cirurgia, notou-se uma alteração na região da válvula íleo-ceco-cólica, e a mesma foi removida e encaminhada para análise histopatológica, que confirmou a hipertrofia muscular intestinal. No entanto, as sequelas da obstrução completa e crônica do intestino culminaram como óbito do paciente.(AU)


In the small animal clinical routine, intestinal obstructions are frequently encountrered, and foreign body intake is the main cause. However, there are other causes of digestive tract obstructions. The intestinal muscular hipertrophy can be caused by stenosis or idiopathic origin. Its frequenly reported in horse ileus, but little reported in canines. The clinical signs include emesis, diarrhea and anorexia, among other signs of intestinal obstruction, but by having nonspecific signs, there is difficulty in closing diagnosis, requiring histopathological exam. A dog with vomiting, anorexia and dyskinesia about 20 days ago was seen at HUVet. A general physical examination, complete blood count, serious biochemistry, abdominal ultrasonography and simple and contrasting abdominal radiographs were performed. The patient was referred to an exploratory laparotomy with suspected intestinal obstruction and paralytic ileus. During surgery, a change was observed in the ileus-cecal-colic valve region, and it was removed and referred for histopathological analysis, which confirmed intestinal muscular hypertrophy.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Cães , Hipertrofia/veterinária , Obstrução Intestinal/complicações , Obstrução Intestinal/veterinária , Constrição Patológica/veterinária , Valva Ileocecal
12.
R. cient. eletr. Med. Vet. ; 30jan. 2018. ilus
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-738100

Resumo

Prolongamento de palato é uma afecção primária em cães de raças braquicefálicas, entretanto encontra-se presente em outras raças. Promove dispneia e podem ocorrer quadros de cianose e síncope. O diagnóstico se dá por laringoscopia e o tratamento é estritamente cirúrgico, sendo a estafilectomia a técnica mais usual. Outras técnicas, como a palatoplastia em envelope, foram desenvolvidas para tratamento dessa afecção. O objetivo do estudo é relatar um caso de palatoplastia em envelope modificada para tratamento de prolongamento de palato em um cão da raça Pastor Belga Malinois, assim como sua boa recuperação pós-operatória.(AU)


Elongated soft palate is a primary affection in brachicephalic dogs, however is found to be presente in other breeds. Promotes dyspnea and may occur episodes of cianosis and syncope. Diagnosis is obtained through laryngoscopy and the treatment of this affection is strictly cirurgical, and staphylectomy is an usual technique commonly used. Other procedures, such folded flap palatoplasty, have been developed to the correction of this disease,. This study aims to report a case of a modified folded flap palatoplasty to correct a elongated soft palate in a Belgian Malinois dog, as well as its good posoperative evolution.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Cães , Palato Mole/anormalidades , Palato Mole/cirurgia , Laringoscopia/veterinária
13.
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1494281

Resumo

Prolongamento de palato é uma afecção primária em cães de raças braquicefálicas, entretanto encontra-se presente em outras raças. Promove dispneia e podem ocorrer quadros de cianose e síncope. O diagnóstico se dá por laringoscopia e o tratamento é estritamente cirúrgico, sendo a estafilectomia a técnica mais usual. Outras técnicas, como a palatoplastia em envelope, foram desenvolvidas para tratamento dessa afecção. O objetivo do estudo é relatar um caso de palatoplastia em envelope modificada para tratamento de prolongamento de palato em um cão da raça Pastor Belga Malinois, assim como sua boa recuperação pós-operatória.


Elongated soft palate is a primary affection in brachicephalic dogs, however is found to be presente in other breeds. Promotes dyspnea and may occur episodes of cianosis and syncope. Diagnosis is obtained through laryngoscopy and the treatment of this affection is strictly cirurgical, and staphylectomy is an usual technique commonly used. Other procedures, such folded flap palatoplasty, have been developed to the correction of this disease,. This study aims to report a case of a modified folded flap palatoplasty to correct a elongated soft palate in a Belgian Malinois dog, as well as its good posoperative evolution.


Assuntos
Animais , Cães , Palato Mole/anormalidades , Palato Mole/cirurgia , Laringoscopia/veterinária
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