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1.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 40(10): 791-797, Oct. 2020. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1143412

Resumo

The Golden Retriever muscular dystrophy (GRMD) is one of the best models of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), with similar genotypic and phenotypic manifestations. Progressive proliferation of connective tissue in the endomysium of the muscle fibers occurs in parallel with the clinical course of the disease in GRMD animals. Previous studies suggest a relationship between mast cells and the deposition of fibrous tissue due to the release of mediators that recruit fibroblasts. The aim of this study was to evaluate the presence of mast cells and their relationship with muscle injury and fibrosis in GRMD dogs of different ages. Samples of muscle groups from six GRMD and four control dogs, aged 2 to 8 months, were collected and analyzed. The samples were processed and stained with HE, toluidine blue, and Azan trichrome. Our results showed that there was a significant increase in infiltration of mast cells in all muscle groups of GRMD dogs compared to the control group. The average number of mast cells, as well as the deposition of fibrous tissue, decreased with age in GRMD dogs. In the control group, all muscle types showed a significant increase in the amount of collagenous tissue. This suggests increased mast cell degranulation occurred in younger GRMD dogs, resulting in increased interstitial space and fibrous tissue in muscle, which then gradually decreased over time as the dogs aged. However, further studies are needed to clarify the role of mast cells in the pathogenesis of fibrosis.(AU)


O cão Golden Retriever distrófico (Golden Retriever muscular dystrophy - GRMD) é um dos melhores modelos da distrofia muscular de Duchenne (DMD), com manifestações genotípicas e fenotípicas similares. A proliferação progressiva de tecido conjuntivo no endomísio das fibras musculares ocorre paralelamente ao curso clínico da doença em animais GRMD. Estudos anteriores sugerem uma relação entre os mastócitos e a deposição de tecido fibroso devido à liberação de mediadores que recrutam fibroblastos. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a presença de mastócitos e sua relação com a lesão muscular e fibrose em cães GRMD de diferentes idades. Amostras de grupos musculares de seis GRMD e quatro controles, com idade entre 2 a 8 meses, foram coletadas e analisadas. As amostras foram processadas e coradas com HE, azul de toluidina e tricrômico de Azan. Nossos resultados mostraram que houve um aumento significativo na infiltração de mastócitos em todos os grupos musculares de cães GRMD em comparação com o grupo controle. O número médio de mastócitos, assim como a deposição de tecido fibroso, diminuiu com a idade em cães GRMD. No grupo controle, todos os tipos musculares mostraram um aumento significativo na quantidade de tecido colágeno. Isto sugere o aumento da degranulação de mastócitos em cães GRMD mais jovens, resultando em aumento do espaço intersticial e tecido fibroso no músculo, que então gradualmente diminuiu com o tempo à medida que os cães envelheceram. No entanto, mais estudos são necessários para esclarecer o papel dos mastócitos na patogênese da fibrose.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Cães , Distrofia Muscular de Duchenne/etiologia , Doenças do Cão , Mastócitos , Fibrose
2.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 40(10): 791-797, Oct. 2020. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-32918

Resumo

The Golden Retriever muscular dystrophy (GRMD) is one of the best models of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), with similar genotypic and phenotypic manifestations. Progressive proliferation of connective tissue in the endomysium of the muscle fibers occurs in parallel with the clinical course of the disease in GRMD animals. Previous studies suggest a relationship between mast cells and the deposition of fibrous tissue due to the release of mediators that recruit fibroblasts. The aim of this study was to evaluate the presence of mast cells and their relationship with muscle injury and fibrosis in GRMD dogs of different ages. Samples of muscle groups from six GRMD and four control dogs, aged 2 to 8 months, were collected and analyzed. The samples were processed and stained with HE, toluidine blue, and Azan trichrome. Our results showed that there was a significant increase in infiltration of mast cells in all muscle groups of GRMD dogs compared to the control group. The average number of mast cells, as well as the deposition of fibrous tissue, decreased with age in GRMD dogs. In the control group, all muscle types showed a significant increase in the amount of collagenous tissue. This suggests increased mast cell degranulation occurred in younger GRMD dogs, resulting in increased interstitial space and fibrous tissue in muscle, which then gradually decreased over time as the dogs aged. However, further studies are needed to clarify the role of mast cells in the pathogenesis of fibrosis.(AU)


O cão Golden Retriever distrófico (Golden Retriever muscular dystrophy - GRMD) é um dos melhores modelos da distrofia muscular de Duchenne (DMD), com manifestações genotípicas e fenotípicas similares. A proliferação progressiva de tecido conjuntivo no endomísio das fibras musculares ocorre paralelamente ao curso clínico da doença em animais GRMD. Estudos anteriores sugerem uma relação entre os mastócitos e a deposição de tecido fibroso devido à liberação de mediadores que recrutam fibroblastos. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a presença de mastócitos e sua relação com a lesão muscular e fibrose em cães GRMD de diferentes idades. Amostras de grupos musculares de seis GRMD e quatro controles, com idade entre 2 a 8 meses, foram coletadas e analisadas. As amostras foram processadas e coradas com HE, azul de toluidina e tricrômico de Azan. Nossos resultados mostraram que houve um aumento significativo na infiltração de mastócitos em todos os grupos musculares de cães GRMD em comparação com o grupo controle. O número médio de mastócitos, assim como a deposição de tecido fibroso, diminuiu com a idade em cães GRMD. No grupo controle, todos os tipos musculares mostraram um aumento significativo na quantidade de tecido colágeno. Isto sugere o aumento da degranulação de mastócitos em cães GRMD mais jovens, resultando em aumento do espaço intersticial e tecido fibroso no músculo, que então gradualmente diminuiu com o tempo à medida que os cães envelheceram. No entanto, mais estudos são necessários para esclarecer o papel dos mastócitos na patogênese da fibrose.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Cães , Distrofia Muscular de Duchenne/etiologia , Doenças do Cão , Mastócitos , Fibrose
3.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 33(6): 724-730, jun. 2013. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-8780

Resumo

Os objetivos deste trabalho foram os de avaliar o percentual de sobrevivência, a microbiota instestinal, a integridade da mucosa, e a qualidade da carcaça de juvenis de Tilápias-do-Nilo, Oreochromis niloticus, após 80 dias de alimentação com dieta contendo aditivo probiótico (Bacillus cereus 4,0x10(8) UFCg-1 e Bacillus subtilis 4,0x10(8) UFCg-1), na proporção de 4g/kg de ração peletizada. O delineamento experimental foi inteiramente casualizado com dois tratamentos, sendo um grupo controle e outro alimentado com dieta adicionada de probiótico. Foram realizados os cálculos do percentual de sobrevivência relativa, análise da microbiota intestinal por cultura microbiológica, análise histomorfométrica da mucosa intestinal e análise químico-bromatológica da carcaça dos peixes. Os resultados demonstraram que as tilápias do grupo tratado apresentaram percentual de sobrevivência relativa maior (P<0,05) que o do grupo controle e colonização intestinal por B. cereus e B. subtilis com maior (P<0,05) número de unidades formadoras de colônia em relação ao grupo controle. A análise histomorfométrica demonstrou que o grupo alimentado com aditivo probiótico apresentou vilosidades mais altas e mais largas, além de maior número de células caliciformes que o observado no grupo controle (P<0,05). Em relação à qualidade de carcaça os resultados demonstraram que houve interferência positiva (P<0,05) do probiótico no grupo tratado em relação ao controle quanto aos teores de proteína e extrato etéreo. Estes resultados permitem inferir que a suplementação com probiótico, como testado neste estudo, induziu a colonização intestinal por bactérias benéficas e promoveu maior percentual de sobrevivência relativa, diminuiu a descamação da mucosa, e favoreceu o aumento do número de células caliciformes.(AU)


The aim of this study was to evaluate the survival rate, the intestinal microbiota, the mucosal integrity, and the carcass quality of juvenile Nile Tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus, after 80 days being fed on a diet containing probiotic additive (Bacillus cereus 4.0x10(8) CFUg-1 and Bacillus subtilis 4.0x10(8) CFUg-1), at the ratio of 4g/kg of pelleted feed. The completely randomized design with two treatments was used: one control group and one group fed on the mentioned diet. The evaluation of survival rate, the intestinal microbiota analysis by microbiological culture, histomorphometrical analysis of intestinal mucosa and chemical analysis of carcass was performed. The results showed that tilapias from the treated group had higher relative survival rate (P<0.05) than the control group, higher number of colony-forming units (P<0.05) regarding intestinal colonization by B. cereus and B. subtilis, and higher rates of intestinal mucosal integrity (P<0.05), evaluated by histomorphometry. As for the latter, the group being fed on feed with probiotic additive was observed to have higher and larger villi, besides having a higher number of goblet cells than the control group. Concerning the carcass quality, the results showed that there was positive interference (P<0.05) of the probiotic on the treated group in comparison to the control group as in regard to levels of protein and ether extract. These results allow the inference that the supplementation with probiotic, as tested in this experiment, led to the intestinal colonization by beneficial bacteria and resulted in higher relative survival rate, decreased the mucosal desquamation and helped in the increase of the number of goblet cells.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Ciclídeos , Probióticos , Análise de Sobrevida , Bacillus cereus , Bacillus subtilis
4.
Braz. j. vet. pathol ; 4(2): 87-94, jul. 2011. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1398143

Resumo

Duchenne muscular dystrophy is a lethal genetic disease characterized by progressive muscle degeneration that usually had been used the Golden Retriever as a model for studying the disease (GRMD - Golden Retriever Muscular Dystrophy). A total of 16 male dystrophic Golden Retrievers dogs between 5 to 51 months of age were examined in the present study. The animals were classified as dystrophic according to two simultaneous complementary criteria: genotypic analysis and serum creatine kinase levels. The macroscopic abnormalities of the different organs and tissues and histopathological features were described using hematoxylin-eosin. The lesions in the skeletal muscles associated with the digestive problems resulted in cachexia with different intensities in all the dystrophic dogs. Cardiac muscle involvement was found in 87,5% of the GRMD dogs resulting, however, in cardiac failure in only 18,8% of the animals. The musculature of the diaphragm was hypertrophic in all affected animals resulting in progressive respiratory muscle weakness and at later stages in respiratory failure (81,25%). The liver abnormalities found in dystrophic dogs were originated mainly from heart disease and developed progressively. Hyperemia of mucosa and granular material indicated changes in the functioning and emptying of bladder. The germinative lineage cells presented moderate to severe degeneration probably due to degeneration of the scrotum and cremaster muscle which prevented the proper thermo-regulation of the testicle. Our results highlight the fact that there is significant impairment of the cardiac, respiratory and skeletal muscle systems in GRMD dogs since the age of five months. In addition, significant alterations of the gastrointestinal tract, urinary and reproductive systems are indicating the presence of degenerative lesions in the smooth musculature.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Cães , Cardiopatias/veterinária , Distrofia Muscular Animal/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Cardíaca
5.
Braz. j. vet. pathol ; 4(2): 95-102, jul. 2011. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1398255

Resumo

The present study had the objective of evaluating calcium accumulations in muscle fibers and their correlation with the canine muscular dystrophy. After the deaths of the animals (13 dystrophic and 3 non-dystrophic), samples of the skeletal muscles were collected. The material was stained with hematoxylin-eosin, Gomori's modified trichrome and alizarin red S technique (pH 4.3). The histopathological changes were analyzed and the proportions of calciumpositive (CPF) and negative muscle fibers were evaluated. Histopathological changes such as muscle fiber diameter changes, necrosis, hyalinization, presence of inflammatory infiltrate and fatty atrophy were identified in all the dystrophic muscles. Statistically significant differences in numbers of CPF between dystrophic muscles and nondystrophics were observed for the masseter (6%), brachial biceps (5%) and triceps, sartorius and femoral biceps (4%) muscles. The identifying calcium is of interest as a parameter for helping in diagnostic screening.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Cães , Distrofia Muscular Animal/fisiopatologia , Cálcio/análise , Hematoxilina/análogos & derivados
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