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1.
Ci. Rural ; 44(1): 153-160, Jan. 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-324165

Resumo

Immunoglobulin Y (IgY) is the major antibody isotype in birds, reptiles, amphibia, and lungfish, playing a similar biological role as mammal IgG. Due to its phylogenetic distance, immune diversification and presence in the egg yolk, IgY provide a number of advantages in immunodiagnostic compared to IgG from mammals. Moreover, IgY production is in agreement with international efforts to reduce, refine and if possible, to replace animals in experimentation, contributing substantially in favor of animal welfare. This article presents an overview about structural and functional features, production and applications of IgY in immunodiagnostic, as well as the advantages of chicken antibodies use.(AU)


A imunoglobulina Y (IgY) é a classe de anticorpos de maior importância em aves, répteis, anfíbios e peixes pulmonados, desempenhando um papel semelhante a IgG de mamíferos. Devido a sua distância filogenética, mecanismos de diversificação imune e presença na gema do ovo, IgY proporciona uma série de vantagens em imunodiagnóstico, quando comparada a IgG de mamíferos. Além disso, esse método alternativo de produção de anticorpo está de acordo com os esforços internacionais para reduzir, refinar e, se possível, substituir animais em experimentação, contribuindo substancialmente a favor do bem-estar animal. Este artigo apresenta uma revisão sobre as características estruturais e funcionais da IgY, bem como os métodos de produção, vantagens e aplicações em imunodiagnóstico, além das vantagens da sua utilização.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Anticorpos , Alótipos de Imunoglobulina , Galinhas , Bem-Estar do Animal
2.
Acta sci. vet. (Impr.) ; 39(1): 01-06, 2011. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1456828

Resumo

Bovine encephalitis herpesvirus, or bovine herpesvirus type 5 (BoHV-5), a member of the family Herpesviridae, subfamily Alphaherpesvirinae, is long recognized as the causative agent of bovine herpesvirus encephalitis. The disease caused by BoHV-5 is characterized by signs of nervous impairment, consequent to non-suppurative meningoencephalitis. Although bovine herpetic encephalitis is a rare event in herds from the Northern Hemisphere, BoHV-5 infections are an important cause of central nervous system disease in cattle in Brazil and Argentina. Recovery of animals from clinical illness has been documented before, both in naturally infected animals and experimentally infected individuals.[...]


Assuntos
Animais , Atrofia/veterinária , Fibra de Lã/classificação , Necrose/veterinária
3.
Acta sci. vet. (Online) ; 39(1): 01-06, 2011. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-381296

Resumo

Bovine encephalitis herpesvirus, or bovine herpesvirus type 5 (BoHV-5), a member of the family Herpesviridae, subfamily Alphaherpesvirinae, is long recognized as the causative agent of bovine herpesvirus encephalitis. The disease caused by BoHV-5 is characterized by signs of nervous impairment, consequent to non-suppurative meningoencephalitis. Although bovine herpetic encephalitis is a rare event in herds from the Northern Hemisphere, BoHV-5 infections are an important cause of central nervous system disease in cattle in Brazil and Argentina. Recovery of animals from clinical illness has been documented before, both in naturally infected animals and experimentally infected individuals.[...](AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Necrose/veterinária , Atrofia/veterinária , Fibra de Lã/classificação , Herpesvirus Bovino 5
4.
Acta sci. vet. (Impr.) ; 39(1): 01-06, 2011. tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1456834

Resumo

The method of collection as well as the packaging conditions in which samples are submitted to laboratories play a critical role on the acquisition of reliable results on diagnostic tests. Alternative methods however have been proposed, as the adsorption of blood or serum in filter paper. In this work, it was evaluated the viability of using serum or whole blood samples from bovines collected in filter paper for serological testing against bovine herpesvirus type 1 (BoHV-1).[...]


Assuntos
Animais , Anticorpos/análise , Herpesvirus Bovino 1/patogenicidade , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Sangue , Soro/citologia
5.
Acta sci. vet. (Online) ; 39(1): 01-06, 2011. tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-381302

Resumo

The method of collection as well as the packaging conditions in which samples are submitted to laboratories play a critical role on the acquisition of reliable results on diagnostic tests. Alternative methods however have been proposed, as the adsorption of blood or serum in filter paper. In this work, it was evaluated the viability of using serum or whole blood samples from bovines collected in filter paper for serological testing against bovine herpesvirus type 1 (BoHV-1).[...](AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Anticorpos/análise , Herpesvirus Bovino 1/patogenicidade , Sangue , Soro/citologia , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática
6.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 29(11): 913-918, 2009. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-14186

Resumo

Bovine herpesvirus type 5 (BoHV-5) is a major cause of viral meningoencephalitis in cattle. The expression of different viral proteins has been associated with BoHV-5 neuropathogenesis. Among these, gI, gE and US9 have been considered essential for the production of neurological disease in infected animals. To evaluate the role of gI, gE and US9 in neurovirulence, a recombinant from which the respective genes were deleted (BoHV-5 gI-/gE-/US9-) was constructed and inoculated in rabbits of two age groups (four and eight weeks-old). When the recombinant virus was inoculated through the paranasal sinuses of four weeks-old rabbits, neurological disease was observed and death was the outcome in 4 out of 13 (30.7 percent) animals, whereas clinical signs and death were observed in 11/13 (84.6 percent) of rabbits infected with the parental virus. In eight weeks-old rabbits, the BoHV-5 gI-/gE-/US9- did not induce clinically apparent disease and could not be reactivated after dexamethasone administration, whereas wild type BoHV-5 caused disease in 55.5 percent of the animals and was reactivated. These findings reveal that the simultaneous deletion of gI, gE and US9 genes did reduce but did not completely abolish the neurovirulence of BoHV-5 in rabbits, indicating that other viral genes may also play a role in the induction of neurological disease.(AU)


O herpesvírus bovino tipo 5 é uma das principais causas de meningoencefalite viral em bovinos. A expressão de diferentes proteínas virais tem sido associada à neuropatogenia do BoHV-5. Entre estas, a gI, gE e US9 têm sido consideradas essenciais para a indução de sinais neurológicos nos animais infectados. Para avaliar o papel das proteínas gI, gE e US9 na neurovirulência, construiu-se um recombinante no qual os genes que codificam estas proteínas foram deletados, denominado BoHV-5 gI-/gE-/US9-. Este vírus foi inoculado em coelhos de idades diferentes (quatro e oito semanas de idade). Quando o vírus recombinante foi inoculado nos seios paranasais de coelhos de quatro semanas de idade, doença neurológica e morte foram observadas em 4 dos 13 (30,7 por cento) animais, enquanto que sinais clínicos e morte foram observados em 11/13 (84,6 por cento) dos coelhos infectados com o vírus parental. Em coelhos de oito semanas de idade, o BoHV-5 gI-/gE-/US9- não induziu sinais clínicos aparentes e, após tentativa de reativação viral por tratamento com dexametasona, o vírus não foi re-excretado. Por outro lado, o vírus selvagem causou doença clínica em 55,5 por cento dos coelhos e foi re-excretado após tratamento com dexametasona. Estes achados revelam que a deleção simultânea dos genes gI, gE e US9 reduziu mas não aboliu completamente a neurovirulência do BoHV-5 em coelhos, indicando que outros genes virais possam ter papel na indução da doença neurológica.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Coelhos , Herpesvirus Bovino 5/genética , Infecções por Herpesviridae/veterinária , Meningoencefalite/veterinária , Regulação Viral da Expressão Gênica/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Modelos Animais , Herpesvirus Bovino 5/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Etiquetas de Sequências Expressas/química
7.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 24(1): 43-49, jan.-mar. 2004. graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-3190

Resumo

O presente estudo teve como objetivo examinar a capacidade de duas amostras de herpesvírus bovino tipo 1 (BHV-1) de diferentes subtipos (amostra EVI 123/96: BHV-1.1; amostra SV265/98: BHV-1.2a) de induzir doença respiratória em bovinos. Estas duas amostras são representativas de subtipos de BHV-1 prevalentes no Brasil. Os subtipos das amostras foram confirmados por análises com anticorpos monoclonais e com enzimas de restrição. As amostras foram inoculadas por via intranasal em sete bezerros de três meses de idade (quatro com BHV-1.1, três com BHV-1.2a), soronegativos para BHV-1, sendo outros três animais mantidos como controles não infectados. Nos dois grupos de animais inoculados, os sinais clínicos observados foram consistentes com o quadro de rinotraqueíte infecciosa bovina (IBR), incluindo febre, apatia, anorexia, descargas mucopurulentas nasais e oculares, conjuntivite, erosões e hiperemia na mucosa nasal, dispnéia, tosse, estridor traqueal e aumento dos linfonodos retrofaríngeos, submandibulares e cervicais. Não foram observadas diferenças significativas entre os escores clínicos atribuídos aos animais nos dois grupos. Igualmente, foram similares as quantidades de vírus re-isoladas dos animais infectados, à exceção de uma diferença significativa na disseminação de vírus pelas secreções nasais, a qual foi maior nos animais infectados com BHV-1.1 nos dias 1 a 3 pós-inoculação. Após reativação induzida por corticosteróides, foi observado recrudescimento dos sinais clínicos, os quais foram também similares em ambos os grupos. Em conclusão, as amostras de BHV-1 dos subtipos 1 e 2a não apresentaram diferenças significativas em sua patogenicidade sobre o trato respiratório nos animais inoculados, tanto após a infecção primária como após a reativação. (AU)


The study aimed to examine the capacity of two bovine herpesvirus type 1 (BHV-1) isolates of different subtypes (EVI 123/96, BHV-1.1; SV265/98, BHV-1.2a) to induce respiratory disease in calves. These two isolates are representative of the BHV-1 subtypes prevalent in Brazil. Viral subtypes were confirmed by monoclonal antibody analysis and by restriction enzyme digestion of viral genomes. The viruses were inoculated intranasally into seven 3 months old calves (four with BHV-1.1, three with BHV-1.2a). Three other calves of identical age and condition were kept as uninfected controls. In both groups of infected calves, the clinical signs observed were consistent with typical infectious bovine rhinothracheitis (IBR), including pyrexia, apathy, anorexia, nasal and ocular mucopurulent discharges, erosions on the nasal mucosa, conjunctivitis, lachrymation, redness of nasal mucosa, dyspnoea, coughing, tracheal stridor and enlargement of retropharingeal, submandibular and cervical lymphnodes. No significant differences were observed between the clinical scores attributed to both groups. Virus shedding in nasal and ocular secretions were also similar, apart from a significant difference in nasal virus shedding on day 1 to 3 post-inoculation, which was higher for BHV-1.1 than for BHV-1.2a. Following corticosteroid induced reactivation of the latent infection, recrudescence of clinical signs was also observed, with no significant differences on both groups. It was concluded that both subtypes BHV-1.1 and BHV-1.2a were able to induce clinically undistinguishable respiratory disease in calves, either subsequent to a primary infection or following reactivation.


Assuntos
Animais , Bovinos , Herpesvirus Bovino 1/patogenicidade , Rinotraqueíte Infecciosa Bovina
8.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 22(4): 135-140, Oct.-Dec. 2002. graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-3141

Resumo

The authors previously reported the construction of a glycoprotein E-deleted (gE-) mutant of bovine herpesvirus type 1.2a (BHV-1.2a). This mutant, 265gE-, was designed as a vaccinal strain for differential vaccines, allowing the distinction between vaccinated and naturally infected cattle. In order to determine the safety and efficacy of this candidate vaccine virus, a group of calves was inoculated with 265gE-. The virus was detected in secretions of inoculated calves to lower titres and for a shorter period than the parental virus inoculated in control calves. Twenty one days after inoculation, the calves were challenged with the wild type parental virus. Only mild signs of infection were detected on vaccinated calves, whereas non-vaccinated controls displayed intense rhinotracheitis and shed virus for longer and to higher titres than vaccinated calves. Six months after vaccination, both vaccinated and control groups were subjected to reactivation of potentially latent virus. The mutant 265gE- could not be reactivated from vaccinated calves. The clinical signs observed, following the reactivation of the parental virus, were again much milder on vaccinated than on non-vaccinated calves. Moreover, parental virus shedding was considerably reduced on vaccinated calves at reactivation. In view of its attenuation, immunogenicity and protective effect upon challenge and reactivation with a virulent BHV-1, the mutant 265gE- was shown to be suitable for use as a BHV-1 differential vaccine virus (AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Herpesvirus Bovino 1 , Vacinas , Bovinos
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