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Anim. Reprod. (Online) ; 20(1): e20220086, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1418538


The identification of putative prognostic factors in canine mammary neoplasms (CMNs) has been focused on tissue-specific biomarkers, but the serum biomarkers, including cancer antigen 15-3 (CA 15-3), c-reactive protein (CRP), and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) have been demonstrated to display clinical application in cases of CMNs. The aim of the study was to evaluate the levels of these serum biomarkers and their association with well-established prognostic factors in CMNs. Samples from 15 female canines with CMNs and 15 clinically healthy ones were collected. The results were evaluated using the Tukey's, Pearson, or Spearman tests. The cut-off point, sensitivity, specificity, and area under curve (AUC) were evaluated using the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis in a logistic regression model (P<0.05). The levels of CA 15-3, CRP and LDH were significantly higher in the serum of female dogs with CMNs compared to the healthy ones. Moreover, these factors were positively correlated with ulceration, tumor size, histopathological grade, metastatic lymph node, and clinical staging. Female dogs with CMNs were found to exhibit highest serum levels of CA 15-3, CRP, and LDH. Therefore, they can be applied to improve the efficacy of the diagnosis and prognostic evaluation in casas of CMNs.(AU)

Animais , Feminino , Neoplasias Mamárias Animais/diagnóstico , Cães , Glândulas Mamárias Animais/anatomia & histologia , Proteína C-Reativa/efeitos adversos , Biomarcadores , Mucina-1/efeitos adversos , L-Lactato Desidrogenase/efeitos adversos
Rev. bras. reprod. anim ; 46(3): 290-297, jul.-set. 2022. tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1414900


As neoplasias mamárias caninas (NMCs) são as mais frequentes em cadelas, com isso, uma grande variedade de técnicas tem sido utilizada para identificar os seus fatores prognósticos. Dentre as possibilidades, os biomarcadores neoplásicos séricos antígeno do câncer (CA 15-3) e o antígeno carcinoembrionário (CEA) são os mais promissores. Biomarcadores neoplásicos são substâncias presentes na neoplasia, sangue ou demais produtos biológicos, produzidos pela neoplasia, ou secundariamente pelo paciente, em resposta à sua presença. Na medicina veterinária, esses marcadores são pouco estudados. Em termos gerais, eles não podem ser usados para o diagnóstico primário de neoplasias mamárias, mas estão relacionados com os fatores prognóstico já bem estabelecidos na literatura e tem como vantagem se tratar de uma análise menos invasiva e que é possível de ser feita de forma seriada. O objetivo desta revisão é descrever o CA 15-3 e o CEA como biomarcadores utilizados nas NMCs, o progresso recente feito na literatura e providenciar um sumário dos principais resultados já obtidos. O CA 15-3 e o CEA apresentam potencial prognóstico nas NMCs. Apesar de existir uma grande variação de resultados para esses biomarcadores na literatura, o seu uso deve ser considerado, visto os resultados obtidos na caracterização e prognóstico das NMC.(AU)

Female canine mammary neoplasms (CMNs) are the most frequent neoplasm in bitches, and a variety of techniques have been used to identify they prognostic factors. Among the possibilities, the serum biomarkers cancer antigen (CA 15-3) and carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) are the most reliable. Neoplastic biomarkers are substances present in the neoplasia, blood, or other biological products, produced mainly by the neoplasia, or secondarily by the patient, in response to their presence. In veterinary medicine, these biomarkers are poorly studied. In general terms they cannot be used for primary diagnosis of mammary neoplasms but are related to the prognostic factors and have the advantage of being a less invasive analysis and that it is possible to be done in a serial way. The objective of this review is to describe CA 15-3 and CEA use as biomarkers in CMNs, the recent progress made in literature and the main overall results that had been already obtained. CA 15-3 and CEA have prognostic potential for CMNs. There is a wide variation of results for these biomarkers in literature, but despite this, its use must be considered as they provide relevant results in terms of characterization and prognostic in CMNs.(AU)

Animais , Feminino , Cães , Antígeno Carcinoembrionário/análise , Neoplasias Mamárias Animais/diagnóstico , Mucina-1/análise , Biomarcadores Tumorais