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1.
Sci. agric ; 68(6)2011.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1497237

Resumo

Broiler meat quality is one of the primary factors considered by the poultry industry. This study was conducted to estimate heritability and genetic correlation coefficients for meat quality traits in a single male broiler line. The meat ultimate pH (24 h after slaughter) and lightness presented the highest heritability estimates. Given the estimated genetic correlations, the pH measured at 15 min and 24 h after slaughtering, as well as lightness, were characterized by a close and negative genetic relationship with water holding capacity traits. In contrast, meat quality traits exhibited only non-significant genetic correlations with performance and carcass traits. Noticed exceptions were breast weight, which was genetically and favorably associated with the initial pH and thawing-cooking losses, and ultrasound record of pectoral muscle depth, which was genetically and unfavourably associated with the shear force of meat. Meat pH values at 24 h after slaughtering or lightness may be a favorable selection criterion for the poultry industry for improving meat quality, since these traits are associated with the water holding capacity of the meat. Out of the traits studied, lightness is most easily assessed on the industrial slaughtering line. The direct selection for breast weight could improve the initial pH and thawing-cooking losses of meat, even as selection for ultrasound records of Pectoralis major may affect the meat tenderness in this line

2.
Sci. agric. ; 68(6)2011.
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-440629

Resumo

Broiler meat quality is one of the primary factors considered by the poultry industry. This study was conducted to estimate heritability and genetic correlation coefficients for meat quality traits in a single male broiler line. The meat ultimate pH (24 h after slaughter) and lightness presented the highest heritability estimates. Given the estimated genetic correlations, the pH measured at 15 min and 24 h after slaughtering, as well as lightness, were characterized by a close and negative genetic relationship with water holding capacity traits. In contrast, meat quality traits exhibited only non-significant genetic correlations with performance and carcass traits. Noticed exceptions were breast weight, which was genetically and favorably associated with the initial pH and thawing-cooking losses, and ultrasound record of pectoral muscle depth, which was genetically and unfavourably associated with the shear force of meat. Meat pH values at 24 h after slaughtering or lightness may be a favorable selection criterion for the poultry industry for improving meat quality, since these traits are associated with the water holding capacity of the meat. Out of the traits studied, lightness is most easily assessed on the industrial slaughtering line. The direct selection for breast weight could improve the initial pH and thawing-cooking losses of meat, even as selection for ultrasound records of Pectoralis major may affect the meat tenderness in this line

3.
Ci. Rural ; 38(6)2008.
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-705532

Resumo

The aim of this research was to study the carcasses characteristics of swine sire lines from different slaughter weights. In this study were used 88 castrated piglets (castrated males and females) per sire line (AgroceresPic, Dalland and Seghers), with initial age of 74 days and live weight of 30kg. The experiment was divided in four phases (Growing I, Growing II, Finishing I and Finishing II). Sixty animals were slaughtered (10 by stock/sex) at the end of each experimental phase to determine the post mortem measurements: Carcass Weight (CW), Hot Carcass Yield (HCW), Loin Eye Muscle Area (LMA) and Back Fat Thickness (BT). This study was conducted using a completely randomized design, with treatments in complete factorial 4 x 3 x 2, being 4 slaughters ages (90, 119, 150 and 186 days), 3 sire lines (AgroceresPic, Dalland and Seghers) and 2 sexes (female and male castrated) with 10 repetitions by treatment. The PROC MIXED from the Software SAS was applied for statistical analysis. The mean values for Live Weight present difference (P 0.05) sire line and interaction between phase and stock. The mean values for the other studied variables presented significant differences and interaction between phase, sire line and gender, remarking that in general the major differences occurred after the phase Finishing I, where the females of AgroceresPic and Dalland tended to present better results (P 0.05) of HCW (80.4 and 80.7%, respectively) than the castrated males (78.8 and 78.7%, respectively) and the females Dalland were better than the castrated males (P 0.01) on LMA and BT values (45.7cm² and 11,4mm x 38.3cm² and 18.3mm). It can be concluded that the all sire lines studied presented interesting carcass characteristics for the actual market, and that the females can be used in programs aimed at animals with more slaughter weights.


O objetivo deste trabalho foi estudar as características da carcaça de suínos de diferentes linhagens genéticas, em diferentes idades ao abate. Foram utilizados 88 suínos por linhagem, fêmeas e machos castrados, com idade e peso médio iniciais de 74 dias e 30kg, respectivamente, pertencentes a três linhagens genéticas distintas, designadas de AgroceresPic, Dalland e Seghers. A etapa experimental foi dividida em quatro fases (Crescimento I, Crescimento II, Terminação I e Terminação II). Ao final de cada etapa, foram abatidos 60 animais (10 por linhagem/sexo), para as caracterizações: Peso (PCQ) e Rendimento de Carcaça Quente (RCQ), Área de Olho de Lombo (AOL) e Espessura de Toucinho (ET). Na análise dos resultados foi utilizado um delineamento inteiramente casualizado com desdobramento dos graus de liberdade em esquema fatorial 4 x 3 x 2, sendo quatro idades ao abate (90, 119, 150 e 186 dias), três linhagens (AgroceresPic, Dalland e Seghers) e dois sexos (fêmea e macho castrado), com 10 repetições por tratamento, sendo utilizado o pacote PROC MIXED do Softwear SAS. Os valores médios de peso vivo apresentaram diferença entre as linhagens e interação entre fase e linhagem (P 0,05). Os valores médios das demais variáveis estudadas apresentaram diferença e a interação (P 0,05) entre fase, linhagem e sexo, sendo que de maneira geral as principais diferenças ocorreram a partir da fase de Terminação I, em que as fêmeas das linhagens AgroceresPic e Dalland apresentaram melhores resultados (P 0,05) de RCQ (80,4 e 80,7%, respectivamente) em comparação com os machos (78,8 e 78,7%, respectivamente) e além disso as fêmeas Dalland apresentaram valores superiores (P 0,01) de AOL e ET (45,7cm² e 11,4mm x 38,3cm² e 18,3mm). Conclui-se que as linhagens genéticas avaliadas apresentaram características de carcaça muito interessantes para o mercado atual e que as fêmeas suínas podem ser utilizadas em programas que visem o abate de animais mais pesados.

4.
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1477281

Resumo

The aim of this research was to study the carcasses characteristics of swine sire lines from different slaughter weights. In this study were used 88 castrated piglets (castrated males and females) per sire line (AgroceresPic, Dalland and Seghers), with initial age of 74 days and live weight of 30kg. The experiment was divided in four phases (Growing I, Growing II, Finishing I and Finishing II). Sixty animals were slaughtered (10 by stock/sex) at the end of each experimental phase to determine the post mortem measurements: Carcass Weight (CW), Hot Carcass Yield (HCW), Loin Eye Muscle Area (LMA) and Back Fat Thickness (BT). This study was conducted using a completely randomized design, with treatments in complete factorial 4 x 3 x 2, being 4 slaughters ages (90, 119, 150 and 186 days), 3 sire lines (AgroceresPic, Dalland and Seghers) and 2 sexes (female and male castrated) with 10 repetitions by treatment. The PROC MIXED from the Software SAS was applied for statistical analysis. The mean values for Live Weight present difference (P 0.05) sire line and interaction between phase and stock. The mean values for the other studied variables presented significant differences and interaction between phase, sire line and gender, remarking that in general the major differences occurred after the phase Finishing I, where the females of AgroceresPic and Dalland tended to present better results (P 0.05) of HCW (80.4 and 80.7%, respectively) than the castrated males (78.8 and 78.7%, respectively) and the females Dalland were better than the castrated males (P 0.01) on LMA and BT values (45.7cm² and 11,4mm x 38.3cm² and 18.3mm). It can be concluded that the all sire lines studied presented interesting carcass characteristics for the actual market, and that the females can be used in programs aimed at animals with more slaughter weights.


O objetivo deste trabalho foi estudar as características da carcaça de suínos de diferentes linhagens genéticas, em diferentes idades ao abate. Foram utilizados 88 suínos por linhagem, fêmeas e machos castrados, com idade e peso médio iniciais de 74 dias e 30kg, respectivamente, pertencentes a três linhagens genéticas distintas, designadas de AgroceresPic, Dalland e Seghers. A etapa experimental foi dividida em quatro fases (Crescimento I, Crescimento II, Terminação I e Terminação II). Ao final de cada etapa, foram abatidos 60 animais (10 por linhagem/sexo), para as caracterizações: Peso (PCQ) e Rendimento de Carcaça Quente (RCQ), Área de Olho de Lombo (AOL) e Espessura de Toucinho (ET). Na análise dos resultados foi utilizado um delineamento inteiramente casualizado com desdobramento dos graus de liberdade em esquema fatorial 4 x 3 x 2, sendo quatro idades ao abate (90, 119, 150 e 186 dias), três linhagens (AgroceresPic, Dalland e Seghers) e dois sexos (fêmea e macho castrado), com 10 repetições por tratamento, sendo utilizado o pacote PROC MIXED do Softwear SAS. Os valores médios de peso vivo apresentaram diferença entre as linhagens e interação entre fase e linhagem (P 0,05). Os valores médios das demais variáveis estudadas apresentaram diferença e a interação (P 0,05) entre fase, linhagem e sexo, sendo que de maneira geral as principais diferenças ocorreram a partir da fase de Terminação I, em que as fêmeas das linhagens AgroceresPic e Dalland apresentaram melhores resultados (P 0,05) de RCQ (80,4 e 80,7%, respectivamente) em comparação com os machos (78,8 e 78,7%, respectivamente) e além disso as fêmeas Dalland apresentaram valores superiores (P 0,01) de AOL e ET (45,7cm² e 11,4mm x 38,3cm² e 18,3mm). Conclui-se que as linhagens genéticas avaliadas apresentaram características de carcaça muito interessantes para o mercado atual e que as fêmeas suínas podem ser utilizadas em programas que visem o abate de animais mais pesados.

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