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1.
Acta cir. bras ; 37(8): e370804, 2022. tab, graf, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1402974

Resumo

Purpose: Various postoperative protocols have been proposed to improve outcomes and accelerate nerve regeneration. Recently, the use of physical exercise in a post-surgical neurorraphy procedure has shown good results when started early. We experimentally investigated the hypothesis that post-operative exercise speeds up results and improves clinical and morphologic parameters. Methods: Isogenic rats were randomly divided into four groups: 1 SHAM; 2 SHAM submitted to the exercise protocol (EP); 3 Grafting of the sciatic nerve; and 4 Grafting of the sciatic nerve associated with the EP. The EP was based on aerobic activities with a treadmill, with a progressive increase in time and intensity during 6 weeks. The results were evaluated by the sciatic functional index (SFI), morphometric and morphologic analysis of nerve distal to the lesion, and the number of spinal cord motor neurons, positive to the marker Fluoro-Gold (FG), captured retrogradely through neurorraphy. Results: Functional analysis (SFI) did not show a statistical difference between the group grafted with (­50.94) and without exercise (-65.79) after 90 days. The motoneurons count (Spinal cord histology) also showed no diference between these groups (834.5 × 833 respectively). Although functionally there is no difference between these groups, morphometric study showed a greater density (53.62) and larger fibers (7.762) in GRAFT group. When comparing both operated groups with both SHAM groups, all values were much lower. Conclusions: The experimental model that this aerobic treadmill exercises protocol did not modify nerve regeneration after sciatic nerve injury and repair with nerve graft.


Assuntos
Animais , Ratos , Nervo Fibular , Neuropatias Fibulares/terapia , Teste de Esforço , Regeneração Nervosa , Hipertensão/veterinária , Neurônios Motores/fisiologia
2.
Semina ciênc. agrar ; 43(6): 2691-2706, nov.-dez. 2022. graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1425835

Resumo

The application of trinexapac-ethyl in white oats, in addition to controlling lodging, can modify the architecture of the plant, which can favor good growth and development and the production of well-formed, large and heavy grains, characteristics that are valued by the food industry oat processing. However, the responses of the white oat genotypes regarding the effect of doses and times of application of the growth reducer can be variable. The objective of this work was to evaluate the effect of different doses and application times of the growth regulator trinexapac-ethyl on the industrial quality of white oat grains. The experiment was carried out with the cultivar IPR Artemis, under a randomized block design with four replications, in a 4 x 3 factorial scheme, corresponding to four doses of trinexapac-ethyl (0, 50, 100 and 150 g ha-1) and three application times (E1: plants with the 1st noticeable node; E2: between the 1st visible node and the 2nd noticeable node and E3: plants with the 2nd visible node and 3rd noticeable node). The weight of one thousand grains, hectoliter weight, percentage of grains with thickness greater than two millimeters, husking index and industrial grain yield were evaluated. The application of trinexapac-ethyl regardless of the stages at doses of 0 and 50 g ha-1 does not interfere with the industrial quality of grains, but at doses of 100 and 150 g ha-1, at times E2 and E3, there is a reduction in industrial quality of grains (weight of a thousand grains, hectoliter weight, percentage of grains thicker than two millimeters, hulling and industrial grain yield) of the cultivar IPR Artemis.


A aplicação de trinexapac-ethyl em aveia branca, além de controlar o acamamento pode modificar a arquitetura da planta, o que pode favorecer o bom crescimento e desenvolvimento e a produção de grãos bem formados, grandes e pesados, características que são valorizadas pela indústria de processamento de aveia. No entanto, as respostas dos genótipos de aveia branca quanto ao efeito de doses e épocas de aplicação do redutor de crescimento podem ser variáveis. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o efeito de diferentes doses e épocas de aplicação do regulador de crescimento trinexapac-ethyl sob a qualidade industrial de grãos de aveia branca. O experimento foi conduzido com a cultivar IPR Artemis, em delineamento de blocos casualizados com quatro repetições, em esquema fatorial 4 x 3, correspondendo a quatro doses de trinexapac-ethyl (0, 50, 100 e 150 g ha-1) e três épocas de aplicação (E1: plantas com o 1º nó visível; E2: entre o 1º nó visível e o 2º nó perceptível e E3: plantas com o 2º nó visível e 3º nó perceptível). Foram avaliados o peso de mil grãos, peso hectolitro, porcentagem de grãos com espessura maior que dois milímetros, índice de descasque e rendimento industrial de grãos. A aplicação de trinexapac-ethyl independente dos estádios nas doses de 0 e 50 g ha-1 não interfere na qualidade industrial de grãos, porém nas doses de 100 e 150 g ha-1, nas épocas E2 e E3, ocorre redução da qualidade industrial dos grãos (peso de mil grãos, peso hectolitro, porcentagem de grãos com espessura superior a dois milímetros, descasque e produtividade industrial de grãos) da cultivar IPR Artemis.


Assuntos
Reguladores de Crescimento de Plantas , Sementes/efeitos dos fármacos , Avena/efeitos dos fármacos
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