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1.
Acta sci. vet. (Impr.) ; 50(suppl.1): Pub.748-4 jan. 2022. map
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1458556

Resumo

Background: Mycobacteriosis is caused by bacteria belonging to the genus Mycobacterium, with considerable zoonoticpotential and risk to public health. Infection in dogs is rare and is usually associated with immunosuppression, resultingfrom eating meat or contact with contaminated soil or fomites. Dogs are also known as potential sources for the spread ofatypical tuberculosis in humans and other animals. This paper aims to describe the clinical, cytological, histopathological,and molecular findings of a male canine seen at University Veterinary Hospital of Cuiabá, Mato Grosso, with generalizedlymphadenomegaly associated Mycobacterium intracellulare infection.Case: A 2-year-old male Lhasa Apso dog was referred to the University Veterinary Hospital in Cuiabá city, located in theMidwest region of Brazil. The patient had a history of intermittent claudication of the left pelvic limb for approximately6 months and lymphadenomegaly with progression for approximately 2 months. The dog had wheezing and generalizedlymphadenopathy (submandibular, axillary, and popliteal lymph nodes); cryptorchidism was also observed. A completeblood count revealed nonspecific results, and in the serum biochemical profile, the values of urea, creatinine, albumin, andalanine aminotransferase were within the reference range. No changes were observed on the radiography of the femurotibiopatellar joints. Considering the generalised lymphadenopathy, fine needle aspiration cytology and histopathologicalexamination through biopsy of the lymph nodes was performed. On the cytology and histopathology, numerous negativeimages of moderately refringent bacillary structures distending the cytoplasm from the macrophages was found. Thesamples were also subjected to special Ziehl-Neelsen staining, which confirmed an accentuated and diffuse granulomatouslymphadenitis associated with alcohol...


Assuntos
Animais , Cães , Complexo Mycobacterium avium/isolamento & purificação , Infecção por Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare/complicações , Infecção por Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare/veterinária , Linfadenite/patologia , Linfadenite/veterinária , Infecções por Mycobacterium/veterinária , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/veterinária
2.
Acta sci. vet. (Online) ; 50(suppl.1): Pub. 748, Feb. 6, 2022. mapas
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-765207

Resumo

Background: Mycobacteriosis is caused by bacteria belonging to the genus Mycobacterium, with considerable zoonoticpotential and risk to public health. Infection in dogs is rare and is usually associated with immunosuppression, resultingfrom eating meat or contact with contaminated soil or fomites. Dogs are also known as potential sources for the spread ofatypical tuberculosis in humans and other animals. This paper aims to describe the clinical, cytological, histopathological,and molecular findings of a male canine seen at University Veterinary Hospital of Cuiabá, Mato Grosso, with generalizedlymphadenomegaly associated Mycobacterium intracellulare infection.Case: A 2-year-old male Lhasa Apso dog was referred to the University Veterinary Hospital in Cuiabá city, located in theMidwest region of Brazil. The patient had a history of intermittent claudication of the left pelvic limb for approximately6 months and lymphadenomegaly with progression for approximately 2 months. The dog had wheezing and generalizedlymphadenopathy (submandibular, axillary, and popliteal lymph nodes); cryptorchidism was also observed. A completeblood count revealed nonspecific results, and in the serum biochemical profile, the values of urea, creatinine, albumin, andalanine aminotransferase were within the reference range. No changes were observed on the radiography of the femurotibiopatellar joints. Considering the generalised lymphadenopathy, fine needle aspiration cytology and histopathologicalexamination through biopsy of the lymph nodes was performed. On the cytology and histopathology, numerous negativeimages of moderately refringent bacillary structures distending the cytoplasm from the macrophages was found. Thesamples were also subjected to special Ziehl-Neelsen staining, which confirmed an accentuated and diffuse granulomatouslymphadenitis associated with alcohol...(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Cães , Linfadenite/patologia , Linfadenite/veterinária , Infecção por Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare/complicações , Infecção por Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare/veterinária , Complexo Mycobacterium avium/isolamento & purificação , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/veterinária , Infecções por Mycobacterium/veterinária
3.
Acta sci. vet. (Impr.) ; 49(supl.1): Pub. 676, 2021. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1363011

Resumo

Background: Peripheral nerve sheath tumors are most commonly found on the head and neck regions of both dogs and people. Schwannomas are rarely observed in ophthalmic areas. When they occur, ocular Schwannomas are usually located in the orbit, uveal tract and conjunctiva. The occurrence of uveal schwannoma, a subset of PNST has been well documented in the veterinary literature. PNST has never been observed in the eyelids of dogs. Therefore, the present report aimed to describe the surgical treatment and outcome of a PNST located in the upper eyelid of a dog. Case: A 9-year-old, spayed female mixed-breed dog was referred for evaluation of a large mass involving the right upper eyelid for a duration of approximately one month. The inspection revealed sero-sanguinolent discharge and an oval-shaped mass occupying more than 70% of the right upper eyelid. A presumptive diagnosis of eyelid neoplasia was considered most likely. Excision of the entire mass with a 2 cm margin was performed. The third eyelid and dorso-medial bulbar conjunctiva were also removed. Upper eyelid reconstruction was performed based on a similar technique previously described in cats (lip-to-lid flap). As a result, neoplastic spindle cells exhibited immunoreactivity for S100 and intense cytoplasmic staining for vimentin, supporting the diagnosis of schwannoma. Fifteen days later, the margins of the subdermal pattern flap were healed and skin sutures were removed. On the last follow-up, 9 months post-surgery, the dog was visual, and the flap was well incorporated and covered the ocular surface. Ten months later, another large mass arising from the right inferior palpebral conjunctiva was observed. Once ultrasound revealed orbital invasion exenteration combined with orbitectomy were performed, and the defect was covered with an auricular axial pattern flap. The second tumor had the same histological and immunohistochemical characteristics of the first mass. Both tumors expressed Ki67; however, the PI in the second mass was higher (7.9%) than the first (3.4%). Discussion: Reported eyelid neoplasms in dogs include adenomas and adenocarcinomas of the meibomian glands, melanomas, fibroma, fibrosarcoma, histiocytoma, mastocytoma, lipomas, papillomas, and squamous cell carcinomas. To the author's knowledge, however, this is the first case description of a PNST affecting the eyelid in a dog. The histologic distinction between PNSTs and other spindle cell tumors, including myxosarcoma, fibrosarcoma, leiomyosarcoma, hemangiopericytoma, and melanoma can be challenging and requires immunohistochemical stainin. S100 is an acidic protein that identifies various nervous tissue cells, including Schwann cells, and the majority of canine PNSTs diffusely express this molecule. As in the case presented here, neoplastic cells of different ocular and adnexal structures were also positive for S100 and vimentin in all PNSTs previously reported in the veterinary literature. This is the first report of PNST affecting the eyelid in a dog. The lip-to-lid flap is a feasible technique to reconstruct the upper eyelid following wide surgical removal of a tumor in dogs. However, the authors suggest radical surgery combining orbitectomy, exenteration and a miocutaneous flap if PNST is diagnosed in the eyelids of dogs. They also caution once recurrence is possible and can be more aggressive.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Cães , Neoplasias de Bainha Neural/cirurgia , Neoplasias de Bainha Neural/veterinária , Neoplasias Palpebrais/veterinária , Pálpebras/cirurgia , Vimentina , Proteínas S100/análise , Antígeno Ki-67/análise , Desmina
4.
R. bras. Parasitol. Vet. ; 26(1): 54-59, jan.-mar. 2017. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-732614

Resumo

Platynosomiasis is a common feline hepatic disease caused by Platynosomum fastosum (Trematoda - Dicrocoelidae), which is also known as lizard poisoning. Most reports of feline platynosomiasis show that this disease is sporadic and manifests with uncommon lesions; its pathogenicity is still not well understood. This study aimed to describe liver injuries and enzymatic changes associated with natural P. fastosum infection in 47 stray cats in an endemic area. Overall, 38.3% (18/47) of cats were parasitized, and 2,358 flukes (P. fastosum) were collected (131 mean intensity of parasitism; 50.2 mean abundance). The alanine transaminase (ALT) measure was significantly higher in parasitized animals, while alkaline phosphatase (ALP) showed no statistical difference between parasitized and non-parasitized animals. In infected animals, gross pathological lesions and microscopic liver injuries ranged from mild to severe, and were similar to those in previous descriptions of feline platynosomiasis. Nonetheless, the intensity of parasitism was not related to the severity of macroscopic or microscopic hepatic injuries. However, feline platynosomiasis should be considered in the differential diagnosis of feline liver disorders, as well as, in any program of helminth control, even if no clinical abnormalities are present.(AU)


Platinossomiase é uma doença hepática felina comum causada por Platynosomum fastosum (Trematoda - Dicrocoelidae), também é conhecida como envenenamento por lagartixa. A maioria dos relatos de platinossomiase felina mostra que esta doença é esporádica e se manifesta com lesões incomuns; sua patogenicidade ainda não é bem compreendida. Este estudo objetivou descrever as lesões no fígado e alterações enzimáticas associadas à infecção natural por P. fastosum em 47 gatos errantes em uma área endêmica. No total, 38,3% (18/47) dos gatos estavam parasitados, e 2.358 trematódeos (P. fastosum) foram coletados (131 intensidade média de parasitismo; 50,2 abundância média). A quantidade de alanina transaminase (ALT) foi significativamente maior nos animais parasitados, enquanto a fosfatase alcalina (ALP) não apresentou diferença estatística entre os animais parasitados e não parasitados. Nos animais infectados, lesões patológicas macroscópicas e microscópicas hepáticas variaram de leve a grave, e foram semelhantes a descrições anteriores de platinossomiase felina. No entanto, a intensidade do parasitismo não foi relacionada à gravidade das lesões hepáticas macroscópicas ou microscópicas. Contudo, a platinossomiase felina deve ser considerada no diagnóstico diferencial de distúrbios hepáticos em felinos, assim como, em qualquer programa de controle de helmintos, mesmo que nenhuma anormalidade clínica esteja presente.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Gatos , Trematódeos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Trematódeos/parasitologia , Helmintíase/patologia , Helmintíase/parasitologia , Alanina Transaminase , Fosfatase Alcalina , Fígado/lesões , Fígado/patologia , Fígado/parasitologia
5.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 34(8): 753-759, ago. 2014. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-11501

Resumo

Descreve-se o perfil de 40 propriedades rurais com pastagens invadidas por Pteridium arachnoideum na região norte de Mato Grosso, bem como a prevalência de hematúria enzoótica bovina (HEB) em bovinos de leite e corte nessa região. A HEB foi observada em 15/40 propriedades com prevalências variando entre 0,8 e 16,6%. Aspectos relacionados à implantação das pastagens e manejos utilizados foram discutidos. A maior parte das propriedades que apresentaram HEB possuíam pastagens altamente invadidas pela planta, enquanto que a maioria das propriedades que nunca apresentaram animais acometidos por HEB possuíam pastos com áreas invadidas abaixo de 10%. O desmatamento e a utilização de queimada foram fatores determinantes na invasão de piquetes por P. arachnoidem.(AU)


The profile of 40 farms with pastures invaded by Pteridium arachnoideum in northern Mato Grosso as well as the prevalence of bovine enzootic haematuria (BEH) in dairy and beef cattle in the region are described. The BEH was observed in 15/40 properties with prevalence rates ranging from 0.8 to 16.6%. Aspects related to the deployment of pastures and management are discussed. In most farms where BEH occurs, the pastures were highly invaded by the plant, whereas in most farms where HEB does not occur the pastures had less than 10% of Pteridium arachnoideum. Deforestation and the use of fire were determinant factors in the invasion of the paddocks by P. arachnoideum.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Bovinos , Pteridium , Bovinos/urina , Hematúria/veterinária , Doenças Endêmicas/veterinária , Pastagens , Conservação dos Recursos Naturais/efeitos adversos , Intoxicação por Plantas/veterinária
6.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 34(4): 343-348, abr. 2014. ilus, mapas, tab
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-10477

Resumo

São descritos os aspectos epidemiológicos, clínicos e patológicos de um surto de intoxicação por Pteridium arachnoideum e Pteridium caudatum em bovinos no Estado de Mato Grosso. A distribuição dessas plantas no Estado, a intensidade de invasão de pastagens e alguns fatores associados à invasão das pastagens por Pteridium spp. são também descritos. Pteridium spp. foi observada em 83 propriedades de nove municípios de Mato Grosso e deste total, amostras de 22 propriedades foram coletadas para identificação taxonômica. Em 22 propriedades identifica-se P. arachnoideum e em duas dessas havia também P. caudatum. O desmatamento e a realização de queimadas parecem estar relacionados com a invasão de Pteridium spp. nas pastagens. Na propriedade em que ocorreu a doença, 306 bovinos foram introduzidos em uma pastagem formada por Brachiaria brizantha intensamente invadida por P. arachnoideum e P. caudatum e desses 22 bovinos adoeceram e morreram. Os principais sinais clínicos foram febre alta, apatia, fadiga, fraqueza e decúbito. Na necropsia havia graus variáveis de hemorragias em vários órgãos e cavidades e infartos ocasionais. Microscopicamente, a alteração mais importante consistiu em aplasia severa da medula óssea vermelha. Os achados epidemiológicos, clínicos e patológicos associados à identoificação taxonômica da planta fundamentam o diagnóstico de intoxicação aguda por P. arachnoideum e P. caudatum em bovinos. O crescente desmatamento e a frequente utilização de queimadas em Mato Grosso podem contribuir para que esta doença venha a ser uma importante fonte de prejuízos para a pecuária do Estado.(AU)


Epidemiological features, clinical signs and pathological findings of a spontaneous acute poisoning by Pteridium arachnoideum and Pteridium caudatum in cattle in the State of Mato Grosso, Brazil, are described. The plant distribution, magnitude and some aspects about the pasture invasion by P. arachnoideum and P. caudatum in the State are also described. Pteridium spp. were found in 83 farms from nine counties and 22 of them were submitted to taxonomic identification. P. arachnoideum was found in 22 farms and in two farms also P. caudatum. Deforestation and burning appear to be associated with pasture invasion by Pteridium spp. On the farm where the poisoning occurred 306 cattle were introduced into a pasture of Brachiaria brizantha intensely invaded by P. arachnoideum and P. caudatum. Twenty two cattle were poisoned by the plants and died. The main clinical signs were hemorrhages, high fever, apathy, fatigue, weakness and recumbency. Gross findings included variable degrees of hemorrhages in several organs and cavities with occasional infarcts. The most consistent histological finding was marked bone marrow aplasia. Epidemiological, clinical and pathological findings associated with the taxonomic identofication of the plant support the diagnosis of acute poisoning by P. arachnoideum and P. caudatum in cattle. The increasing rate of deforestation and frequent burning in Mato Grosso can contribute to this disease which becomes a major cause of economic losses to livestock production in the State.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Bovinos , Bovinos , Pastagens/efeitos adversos , Pteridium/intoxicação , Avaliação de Sintomas/veterinária , Medula Óssea/fisiopatologia , Intoxicação por Plantas/veterinária , Dispersão Vegetal , Síndrome Hemorrágica Bovina
7.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 33(9): 1062-1070, set. 2013. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-9754

Resumo

Descrevem-se os dados epidemiológicos, sinais clínicos e lesões da intoxicação espontânea e experimental por nitrato e nitrito em bovinos alimentados com pastagens de Avena sativa (aveia) e/ou Lolium spp (azevém). A enfermidade ocorre em diferentes regiões do Estado de Santa Catarina, quando as pastagens tem crescimento exuberante, após receberem quantidades excessivas de adubo químico e/ou orgânico, principalmente quando ocorrem condições climáticas de seca e posteriormente chuva. Os animais em contato com essas pastagens desenvolvem rapidamente mucosas de coloração marrom, taquipnéia, andar cambaleante, micção frequente, timpanismo, decúbito lateral e morte em poucos minutos, ou recuperação algumas horas após. Na necropsia de quatro animais que adoeceram espontaneamente, as principais alterações encontradas foram a coloração marrom das mucosas, a cor escura do sangue (cor de chocolate) e a coloração vermelho intensa da musculatura esquelética e do miocárdio esquerdo. A reprodução experimental da doença foi realizada em sete bovinos, com pastagens de quatro propriedades onde ocorreu adoença. Aveia e/ou azevém verdes e sob a forma de feno foram administradas aos bovinos. Destes bovinos quatro morreram, dois adoeceram e se recuperam, um naturalmente e outro com a aplicação de azul de metileno a 1%, na dose de 2mg/kg/peso vivo, e um bovino não apresentou alterações. Os sinais clínicos observados e as lesões nos animais que adoeceram e morreram foram idênticos aos casos naturais. Alterações microscópicas não foram observadas nos casos naturais e experimentais. O teste da difenilamina nas amostras de pastagens onde ocorreram os surtos resultou positivo em todas as propriedades. A análise bromatológica realizada em amostras coletadas de várias propriedades em que ocorreram surtos revelou de 0,30 a 3,36% de nitrato na matéria seca. A enfermidade caracterizou-se principalmente por respiração ofegante, sangue de coloração escura, mucosas de coloração marrom e morte rápida dos bovinos e está relacionada á ingestão de pastagens de aveia e/ou azevém super adubados, que acumularam alto teor de nitrato, após um período de chuvas precedido de seca.(AU)


Epidemiological data, clinical and pathological findings of the spontaneous andexperimental poisoning by nitrate and nitrite in cattle fed oats (Avena sativa) and/or ryegrass (Lolium spp.), diphenylamine test, and the nitrate content in the samples of the pasture where the outbreaks occurred, are described. The disease occurs in different regions of the State of Santa Catarina, in which pastures have exuberant growth, after receiving excessive amounts of chemical and/or organic fertilizer, mainly when raining occurs after a period of dry wheather. The animals grazing these pastures quickly develop brown mucosa, tachypnea, staggering gait, frequent urination, bloating, lateral recumbency and death in few minutes or hours. At necropsy of four animals that died spontaneously, the main lesions found were brown mucosa, dark color of the blood (chocolate), intense red color of the skeletal muscles and of the left part of the myocardium. The experimental reproduction of the disease was performed in seven cattle, with pastures from four farms where the disease occurred. The animals were fed with fresh oats and ryegrass and/or hay of it. Four animals died, two became ill and recovered, and one was treated with 2mg/kg per body weight of methylene blue 1%, and one cattle did not show changes. Clinical signs and lesions of the diseased animals that died were similar to natural cases. Microscopic changes were not observed in spontaneous and experimental poisoning. The diphenylamine test was positive in all the farms where the outbreaks occurred. The chemical analysis performed on samples of the pastures from several farms, in which outbreaks of the disease occurred, ranged from 0.30to 3.36% of nitrate in the dry matter. The disease is associated with the ingestion of oats and/or ryegrass pastures heavily fertilized, which accumulates high levels of nitrate after a period of rain and is characterized by rapid breathing, dark-colored blood, brown mucous and rapid death.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Bovinos , Avena/intoxicação , Lolium/intoxicação , Nitritos/toxicidade , Nitratos/toxicidade , Intoxicação/veterinária , Azul de Metileno/administração & dosagem , /análise , Difenilamina
8.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 32(8): 754-756, ago. 2012. ilus
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-1840

Resumo

Oestrus ovis é um parasito cosmopolita que pode acometer ovinos e caprinos. A fase parasitária inicia-se após as fêmeas adultas depositarem suas larvas nas narinas dos hospedeiros. O objetivo deste trabalho foi de descrever os aspectos clínicos, epidemiológicos, macroscópicos e microscópicos de um surto de oestrose em ovinos no estado de Mato Grosso. Os principais sinais clínicos observados foram espirros e descarga nasal. Macroscopicamente havia hiperemia e edema da mucosa nasal. Os achados microscópicos eram caracterizados por hiperemia e edema moderado a acentuado e difuso, associados a infiltrado leve a moderado predominante de mastócitos e eosinófilos na submucosa. Embora a doença fosse observada em um grande número de animais a mortalidade observada nos surtos ocorreu devido à infestação por Haemonchus contortus e pneumonia.(AU)


Oestrus ovis is a cosmopolitan agent of myiasis in sheep and goats. The parasitic phase begins after adult females deposit first stage larvae into the nostrils of hosts. The aim of this study was to describe the epidemiological data, clinical signs, gross and microscopical findings of an outbreak of O. ovis myiasis in sheep in state of Mato Grosso. Sneezing and nasal discharges was the major clinical signs in infected sheep. The main gross findings include hyperemia and oedema of the nasal mucosa. At the microscopic exam there was moderate infiltration of mast cells and eosinophils in the nasal mucosa with moderate to severe oedema and hyperemia. Although affecting a large number of sheep, the mortality occurred due to other causes such as Haemonchus contortus infection and pneumonia.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Ovinos/parasitologia , Sinais e Sintomas/veterinária , Seios Paranasais/parasitologia , Estudos Epidemiológicos , Dispneia/veterinária , Abomaso/parasitologia , Hemoncose/veterinária
9.
Acta sci. vet. (Impr.) ; 40(2): Pub. 1043, 2012. ilus
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1373570

Resumo

Background: Malignant catarrhal fever is an infectious pan-systemic viral disease, worldwide distribuition and highly fatal. The disease is described in many ruminant species, manly bovine. The lesions produced by malignant catarrhal fever in catlle affect upper respiratory and digestive tracts, lymph nodes, brain, eyes, kidney and urinary bladder. Affected animals present fever, depression, ocular and nasal discharge, erosions and ulcerations in the respiratory tract, keratoconjunctivitis, lymph node enlargement, hemorrhagic enteritis, encephalitis and arteritis. Four viruses are described as agents implicated on malignant catarrhal fever, although in Brazil, only ovine herpesvirus-2 has been described. Malignant catarrhal fever occurs in several regions of Brazil, including Mato Grosso state, where it was already reported in its southern region. The aim of this study was to describe the occurrence of malignant catarrhal fever in cattle in the northern region of the state of Mato Grosso. Case: Two affected bovine were necropsied. Tissue fragments were fixed with buffered formalin 10% and the hematoxylineosin sections were submitted to histopathology examination. Bovine DNA samples were extracted from paraffin embedded tissue fragments and submitted to nested PCR detection of ovine herpesvirus-2. The disease affected two bovine, one became clinically sick in October 2009 and the other one in November 2010, in a dairy cattle farm where sheep and cows were raised together in the same feedlot. Disease occurrence was coincident with a four-month period after sheep's parturition. Clinical signs included apathy, decreased appetite, fever, nasal and vulvar discharge, recumbence, opisthotonos and death within four days. Necropsy revealed corneal opacity, multiple white foci in kidneys, crusts distributed over nasal and vulvar mucosa, catarrhal discharge and small erosions. Major histopathological findings had variable intensity and distribution and included perivascular inflammatory infiltrate, fibrinoid degeneration of arterial and arteriolar layers and epithelial necrosis with inflammatory infiltrate. Vascular histopathological findings included lymphocytic perivascular infiltrate with hyalinization, and a lymphoplasmocytic inflamatory infiltrated associated with histiocytes in the tunica media and vascular adventitia. Molecular examination detected ovine herpesvirus-2 DNA amplification. Discussion: In this study, malignant catarrhal fever diagnosis based on epidemiological, macroscopic, microscopic and molecular findings. Macroscopic and microscopic lesions observed are similar to those described in the literature. The disease occurs in a sporadic pattern, affecting few animals or as epizootic outbreaks affecting many bovines in a same herd. Four outbreaks were recorded in the southern region of Mato Grosso (Pantanal and Cerrado regions), three in a sporadic pattern and one as an epizootic outbreak. In the present study, the disease is reported in the northern region of the state (Amazonic region) as a sporadic form affecting two animals in the same farm. Histological examination is a valuable tool to diagnose malignant catarrhal fever; however rete miriabile should be carefully evaluated, once in this disease, vasculitis is a distinctive finding. PCR examination is an important tool to aid the diagnosis.


Assuntos
Animais , Bovinos , Febre Catarral Maligna/diagnóstico , Febre Catarral Maligna/patologia , Febre Catarral Maligna/epidemiologia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase
10.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 30(3): 191-194, 2010. ilus
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-14722

Resumo

Vinte e cinco caprinos, criados em piquetes, morreram nos cinco dias subsequentes ao fornecimento de folhas de Trema micrantha (fam.Ulmaceae), uma árvore com nome comum de grandiúva. Quatro caprinos foram necropsiados e amostras de vísceras foram coletadas para exame histológico. As principais alterações clínicas foram: apatia, anorexia, cabeça apoiada contra obstáculos, decúbito e morte. Achados macroscópicos incluíram sufusões no epicárdio e endocárdio; fígado levemente amarelado e com padrão lobular evidente e, em um caso, acompanhado de hemorragias multifocais. Na histologia observou-se necrose hepática, que variava de centrolobular a massiva, compatível com hepatopatia tóxica. No SNC havia satelitose, tumefação neuronal, edema periaxonal, perivascular. O diagnóstico de intoxicação por Trema micrantha foi baseado no quadro clínico e lesional de hepatite tóxica associado ao uso da planta para alimentação de caprinos.(AU)


Twenty five goats, maintained in paddocks, had died in five subsequent days after have been offered leaves, mixed in the ration, of Trema micrantha, a tree commonly called grandiúva. Four animals were necropsied and samples were collected for histopathology. Clinical signs included apathy, anorexia, head pressing against obstacles, decubitus and death. Macroscopic findings included suffusions in the epi- and endocardium, a yellowish liver with pronounced lobular pattern, in one goat, the liver presented additionally multiple visible hemorrhages. Histological examination revealed centrilobular to massive hepatic necrosis consistent with acute liver toxicosis. In the brain, satelitosis, neuronal swelling, and perineuronal and perivascular edema was found. The diagnosis of poisoning by Trema micrantha was based in the clinical picture characteristic of toxic hepatitis associated in the feeding of the plant to the goats.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Cabras/cirurgia , Ulmaceae/intoxicação , Ulmaceae/toxicidade , Plantas Tóxicas/intoxicação , Necrose Hepática Massiva/diagnóstico , Necrose Hepática Massiva/patologia , Necrose Hepática Massiva/veterinária , Hematoxilina/farmacologia , Amarelo de Eosina-(YS) , Sistema Nervoso Central/patologia , Coleta de Tecidos e Órgãos/veterinária
11.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 30(7): 529-532, 2010. ilus
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-14757

Resumo

Descreve-se um surto de conidiobolomicose em ovinos no Estado de Santa Catarina. O surto ocorreu entre os meses de dezembro e março de 2006, no município de Santo Amaro da Imperatriz, região litorânea do Estado. A propriedade possuía 75 ovinos da raça Santa Inês e seis desses animais adoeceram. Clinicamente os animais doentes apresentavam dificuldade respiratória, corrimento nasal seroso a mucossanguinolento e, por vezes exolftalmia. Na necropsia verificou-se uma massa amarelada na região etmoidal e adjacências que, às vezes, atingia os linfonodos regionais, cérebro, globo ocular e pleura. Microscopicamente a massa caracterizava-se por infiltrado inflamatório granulomatoso com áreas necróticas associadas a hifas largas pouco ramificadas. Através de exame molecular detectou-se DNA de Conidiobolus lamprauges. Os aspectos clínicos, epidemiológicos, macroscópicos, microscópicos e moleculares caracterizam a conidiobolomicose causada por Conidiobolus lamprauges em ovinos.(AU)


An outbreak of conidiobolomycosis affecting sheep in the State of Santa Catarina, Southern Brazil is reported. The disease occurred in six Santa Inês breed sheep from a flock of 75 during the rainy season. Common clinical signs were noisy respiration and dyspnea, serous to mucosanguineous nasal discharge and exophthalmus. At necropsy there was a dense yellow mass in the nasopharyngeal area affecting the ethmoidal region, turbinate bones and occasionally limph nodes, central nervous system and pleura. Histopathologycally there was multifocal granulomas whith an eosinophilic necrotic reaction containing ribbon type hyphae similar to zygomycetous fungi. At molecular examination Conidiobolus lamprauges DNA was detected. The clinical, epidemiological, macroscopical, microscopical and molecular aspects characterize conidiobolomycosis caused by Conidiobolus lamprauges in sheep.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Ovinos/microbiologia , Conidiobolus , Zigomicose/epidemiologia , Surtos de Doenças
12.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 29(1): 89-93, 2009. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-432

Resumo

Descrevem-se dois surtos de intoxicação por clo-santel, um em ovinos e outro em caprinos, no Estado de San-ta Catarina. No primeiro surto, de 12 ovinos que adoeceram 5 apresentaram cegueira, desses três morreram (Ovinos 1-3) e dois (Ovinos 4 e 5) foram eutanasiados, 6 meses após ficarem cegos. No segundo surto, de 26 caprinos que adoeceram, seis animais sobreviveram, porém ficaram cegos, e um deles foi eutanasiado. Clinicamente os animais apresentavam depressão, ataxia, incoordenação motora e reflexo pupilar diminuído a ausente. Em alguns animais esse quadro evoluiu para cegueira bilateral com ausência de reflexo de ameaça e midríase bilateral irresponsiva. Ao exame oftálmico verificou-se atrofia dos vasos da retina e hiperreflexia. Pelo exame histológico observou-se edema mielínico levando a status spongiosus no sistema nervoso central e neuropatia compressiva no nervo óptico, acompanhada de degeneração e/ou atrofia da retina. O objetivo deste trabalho é descrever os aspectos epidemiológicos, clínicos e patológicos da intoxicação por closantel em ovinos e caprinos.(AU)


Two outbreaks of closantel overdosage in sheep and goat flocks are described. In the first outbreak 12 sheep were affected, 5 of them showed blindness, three sheep died (Sheep 1-3) and two were euthanized 6 months after the onset of clinical manifestation (Sheep 4 and 5). In the second outbreak 26 goats were affected, from which six survived despite blindness and one was euthanized. Clinically the animals showed depression, ataxia, motor incoordination, decreased or absent pupil reflexes. In some animals this clinical picture developed to bilateral blindness, with no reaction to threat and bilateral irresponsive midriasis. In the ophthalmic examination retinal vessel atrophy and hyperreflexia were observed. The histological examination showed myelin edema leading to status spongiosus in the central nervous system and compressive neuropathy of the optic nerve, associated with retinal degeneration and/or atrophy. This report aims to describe the epidemiologic, clinic and pathologic aspects of closantel overdosage in sheep and goats.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Degeneração Retiniana/induzido quimicamente , Nervo Óptico , Anti-Helmínticos/toxicidade , Surtos de Doenças , Ovinos , Cabras
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