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1.
Acta sci. vet. (Impr.) ; 49: Pub.1806-2021. tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1458446

Resumo

Background: During pregnancy, cardiovascular adaptations occur in order to meet maternal demands and adequate supportfor fetal development, but they are still unclear in the equine species, especially in the American Miniature horse breed.The main hemodynamic changes that occur during pregnancy are increased heart rate, cardiac output, and blood volume.It is necessary to use the reference values for the miniature breeds, in addition to the age range and reproductive condition,so the objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of pregnancy on electrocardiographic (ECG) parameters in maresand also of age in newborns foals of American Miniature horse breed.Materials, Methods & Results: Ten American Miniature Horse mares, between 7 and 19 years old (12.14 ± 4.05 years),116.85 ± 24.09 kg of body weight were used in the experiment. All these mares were pluriparous, with 5.9 ± 3.5 of births,minimum of 2, and maximum of 12 foaling times. They were maintained in common social group in an indoor house stablewith straw bed, with access to an outdoor paddock for several h per day. Twice a day they were fed with hay. Mineral supplements and water were available ad libitum. The ECG were obtained in 10 pregnant mares and in 10 neonates. All femaleswere examined at a representative time of each trimester of pregnancy, at 30, 210, 300 days before and 21 days after delivery.Neonates were examined on different times: first 24 h after delivery, weekly on the 7th, 14th, 21st, 28th and 35th days of age.The ECG parameters considered were the heart rate and rhythm, duration and intervals (P, PR, QRS, QT, T) and amplitude(P, R, S, T) of ECG waves. The mean of pregnancy duration was 319.4 ± 4.97 days. Heart Rate (HR) varied between 51 to59 bpm during pregnancy and 56 bpm on the 21st day after delivery. Comparing the clinical parameters of pregnant mares,non-pregnant mares and foal a difference was found for HR, Respiration Rate (RR) and...


Assuntos
Feminino , Animais , Cavalos , Eletrocardiografia/veterinária , Prenhez , Eletrodiagnóstico/veterinária
2.
Acta sci. vet. (Online) ; 49: Pub. 1806, May 3, 2021. tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-30425

Resumo

Background: During pregnancy, cardiovascular adaptations occur in order to meet maternal demands and adequate supportfor fetal development, but they are still unclear in the equine species, especially in the American Miniature horse breed.The main hemodynamic changes that occur during pregnancy are increased heart rate, cardiac output, and blood volume.It is necessary to use the reference values for the miniature breeds, in addition to the age range and reproductive condition,so the objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of pregnancy on electrocardiographic (ECG) parameters in maresand also of age in newborns foals of American Miniature horse breed.Materials, Methods & Results: Ten American Miniature Horse mares, between 7 and 19 years old (12.14 ± 4.05 years),116.85 ± 24.09 kg of body weight were used in the experiment. All these mares were pluriparous, with 5.9 ± 3.5 of births,minimum of 2, and maximum of 12 foaling times. They were maintained in common social group in an indoor house stablewith straw bed, with access to an outdoor paddock for several h per day. Twice a day they were fed with hay. Mineral supplements and water were available ad libitum. The ECG were obtained in 10 pregnant mares and in 10 neonates. All femaleswere examined at a representative time of each trimester of pregnancy, at 30, 210, 300 days before and 21 days after delivery.Neonates were examined on different times: first 24 h after delivery, weekly on the 7th, 14th, 21st, 28th and 35th days of age.The ECG parameters considered were the heart rate and rhythm, duration and intervals (P, PR, QRS, QT, T) and amplitude(P, R, S, T) of ECG waves. The mean of pregnancy duration was 319.4 ± 4.97 days. Heart Rate (HR) varied between 51 to59 bpm during pregnancy and 56 bpm on the 21st day after delivery. Comparing the clinical parameters of pregnant mares,non-pregnant mares and foal a difference was found for HR, Respiration Rate (RR) and...(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Cavalos , Prenhez , Eletrocardiografia/veterinária , Eletrodiagnóstico/veterinária
3.
Ci. Rural ; 46(4): 681-685, Apr. 2016. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-29436

Resumo

The brainstem auditory evoked potential (BAEP) evaluates the integrity of the auditory pathways to the brainstem. The aim of this study was to evoke BAEPs in 21 clinically normal horses. The animals were sedated with detomidine hydrochloride (0.013mg.kg-1 BW). Earphones were inserted and rarefaction clicks at 90 dB and noise masking at 40 dB were used. After performing the test, the latencies of waves (I, II, III, IV, and V) and interpeaks(I-III, III-V, and I-V) were identified. The mean latencies of the waves were as follows: wave I, 2.4 ms; wave II, 2.24 ms; wave III, 3.61ms; wave IV, 4.61ms; and wave V, 5.49ms. The mean latencies of the interpeaks were as follows: I-III, 1.37ms; III-V, 1.88ms; and I-V, 3.26ms. This is the first study using BAEPs in horses in Brazil, and the observed latencies will be used as normative data for the interpretation of tests performed on horses with changes related to auditory system or neurologic abnormalities.(AU)


O Potencial Evocado Auditivo de Tronco Encefálico (BAEP-Brainstem Auditory Evoked Potential) avalia a integridade das vias auditivas até o tronco encefálico. O objetivo da pesquisa foi padronizar o uso do BAEP em 21 equinos, sem aparente anormalidade auditiva. Os animais foram sedados com cloridrato de detomidina (0,013mg.kg-1 de PV). Foram utilizados fones de inserção,cliques de rarefação a 90 dB e um ruído de mascaramento de 40 dB. Foram identificadas as latências das ondas I, II, III, IV e V e dos interpicos I-III, III-V e I-V. As médias das latências das ondas foram: onda I 2,24ms; onda II 2,74ms; onda III 3,61ms; onda IV 4,61ms; e onda V 5,49ms. As médias das latências dos interpicos foram: I-III 1,37ms; III-V 1,88ms; e I-V 3,26ms. Este é o primeiro estudo utilizando o BAEP em equinos no Brasil e as latências observadas serão utilizadas como dados normativos para interpretação de exames de cavalos com anormalidades auditivas ou neurológicas.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Doenças dos Cavalos , Potenciais Evocados Auditivos , Tronco Encefálico , Surdez/veterinária
4.
Braz. j. vet. res. anim. sci ; 49(6): 480-486, 2012.
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-3743

Resumo

objetivo do trabalho foi avaliar a influência do exercício físico (provas de marcha) sobre os valores séricos de AST e CK e valores plasmáticos de lactato em equinos da raça Mangalarga Marchador criados no estado do Espírito Santo. Amostras de soro e plasma foram obtidas de 15 equinos em quarto diferentes momentos: repouso (T0) e com 5 minutos (T1), 30 minutos (T2) e 2 horas (T3) após o término do exercício. Foram registrados valores de lactato plasmático de 1,02 ± 0,41 mmol/L, 2,73 ± 2,43 mmol/L, 1,89 ± 1,24 mmol/L e 1,31 ± 0,60 mmol/L, respectivamente nos momentos T0, T1, T2 e T3. Na análise de AST, os resultados registrados nos momentos T0, T1, T2 e T3 foram, respectivamente, de 189,3 ± 56,0 UI/L, 223,9 ± 53,5 UI/L, 186,8 ± 25,8 UI/L e 193,9 ± 44,7 UI/L. Finalmente, os valores séricos de CK foram de 113,4 ± 56,3 UI/l, 144.1 ± 70,9 UI/L, 143,0 ± 81,0 UI/L e 173,1 ± 128,0 UI/L, respectivamente nos momentos T0, T1, T2 and T3. A análise dos resultados demonstrou que a marcha influenciou de forma significativa o lactato plasmático, porém não influenciou a atividade sérica de AST e CK, sugerindo que os equinos usados encontravam-se condicionados ao exercício físico imposto.(AU)


The aim of this study was evaluate the influence of physical exercise (marcha gait) on serum values of CK and AST and plasmatic values of lactate in Mangalarga Marchador horses trained in Espirito Santo, Brazil. Serum and plasma samples were obtained from 15 horses in four different moments: rest (T0), 5 minutes (T1), 30 minutes (T2) and 2 hours (T3) after the exercise. Lactate analysis revealed values of 1.02 ± 0.41 mmol/L, 2.73 ± 2.43 mmol/L, 1.89 ± 1.24 mmol/L and 1.31 ± 0.60 mmol/L, respectively at T0, T1, T2 and T3. When evaluating AST, the results recorded in T0, T1, T2 and T3 were, respectively, 189.3 ± 56.0 UI/L, 223.9 ± 53.5 UI/L, 186.8 ± 25.8 UI/L and 193.9 ± 44.7 UI/L. Finally, the CK at moments T0, T1, T2 and T3 were, respectively, 113.4 ± 56.3 UI/l, 144.1 ± 70.9 UI/L, 143.0 ± 81.0 UI/L and 173.1 ± 128.0 UI/L. The results showed that marcha gait leaded to significantly increased in plasma lactate and did not alter serum AST and CK, suggesting that the equines used were conditioned to the physical exercised imposed.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Equidae/classificação , Exercício Físico/fisiologia , Ácido Láctico/análise , Aspartato Aminotransferase Citoplasmática/análise , Creatina Quinase/análise
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