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1.
Rev. bras. reprod. anim ; 47(2): 182-190, abr.-jun. 2023.
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1435242

Resumo

A qualidade do sêmen criopreservado, utilizado na inseminação artificial em tempo fixo (IATF) em bovinos, é um dos principais fatores que impactam sobre a fertilidade, e está relacionada à capacidade de produção espermática dos touros, à criotolerância dos espermatozoides e aos critérios técnicos do processo de criopreservação adotados. Neste sentido, devemos destacar a importância do controle de qualidade das partidas de sêmen antes de serem liberadas para uso na IATF. Nos últimos anos várias técnicas vêm sendo desenvolvidas para avaliar com mais acurácia as partidas de sêmen e evitar o uso daquelas que possam resultar em prejuízos na fertilidade, mas mesmo assim, tem se notado alta variabilidade na taxa de prenhez entre touros e entre partidas de sêmen. Esta divergência se deve ao fato da habilidade fértil do espermatozoide ser multifatorial, ou seja, dependente de diversas características estruturais, morfofuncionais e moleculares. Ademais, os eventos que permitem os espermatozoides passarem por capacitação espermática, um pré-requisito para a fertilidade, têm intrigado os pesquisadores em vista da complexidade dos processos envolvidos e dos efeitos deletérios da criopreservação espermática. Esta revisão tem por objetivo compilar estudos que mostrem a relação entre a capacitação espermática e a fertilidade do sêmen bovino criopreservado, levando em consideração as técnicas de avaliação e os resultados até o momento.(AU)


The quality of cryopreserved semen, used in fixed-time artificial insemination (FTAI) in cattle, is one of the main factors that impact fertility and is related to the sperm production capacity of bulls, sperm cryotolerance, and the technical criteria for cryopreservation. In this sense, we must highlight the importance of quality control of semen batches before commercialization for the FTAI. In recent years, several techniques have progressed to more accurately evaluate semen batches and avoid using those that may result in impaired fertility. However, we still notice a high variability in the pregnancy rate between bulls and between semen batches. This divergence is due to the multifactorial sperm-fertilizing ability, i.e., it depends on several structural, morphofunctional, and molecular characteristics. In addition, the events that allow sperm to undergo sperm capacitation, a prerequisite for fertility, have intrigued researchers due to the complexity of the processes involved and the adverse effects of sperm cryopreservation. This review aims to compile studies that show the relationship between sperm capacitation and fertility in cryopreserved bovine semen, considering the evaluation techniques and results to date.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Bovinos , Preservação do Sêmen/métodos , Capacitação Espermática/fisiologia , Criopreservação/veterinária , Prenhez , Inseminação Artificial/veterinária , Fertilidade/fisiologia
2.
Anim. Reprod. (Online) ; 18(1): e20200218, 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1285120

Resumo

Abstract Coenzyme Q-10 (CoQ-10) is a cofactor for mitochondrial electron transport chain and may be an alternative to improve sperm quality of cryopreserved equine semen. This work aimed to improve stallion semen quality after freezing by adding CoQ-10 to the cryopreservation protocol. Seven saddle stallions were utilized. Each animal was submitted to five semen collections and freezing procedures. For cryopreservation, each ejaculate was divided in three treatments: 1) Botucrio® diluent (control); 2) 50 μmol CoQ-10 added to Botucrio® diluent; 3) 1 mmol CoQ-10 added to Botucrio® diluent. Semen batches were analyzed for sperm motility characteristics (CASA), plasma and acrosomal membranes integrity and mitochondrial membrane potential (by fluorescence probes propidium iodide, Hoechst 33342, FITC-PSA and JC-1, respectively), alterations in cytoskeletal actin (phalloidin-FITC) and mitochondrial function (diaminobenzidine; DAB). The 1 mmol CoQ-10 treatment presented higher (P<0.05) amount (66.8%) of sperm cells with fully stained midpiece (indicating high mitochondrial activity) and higher (P<0.05) amount (81.6%) of cells without actin reorganization to the post-acrosomal region compared to control group (60.8% and 76.0%, respectively). It was concluded that the addition of 1 mmol CoQ-10 to the freezing diluent was more effective in preserving mitochondria functionality and cytoskeleton of sperm cells submitted to cryopreservation process.

3.
Anim. Reprod. ; 18(1): e20200218, 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-761995

Resumo

Coenzyme Q-10 (CoQ-10) is a cofactor for mitochondrial electron transport chain and may be an alternative to improve sperm quality of cryopreserved equine semen. This work aimed to improve stallion semen quality after freezing by adding CoQ-10 to the cryopreservation protocol. Seven saddle stallions were utilized. Each animal was submitted to five semen collections and freezing procedures. For cryopreservation, each ejaculate was divided in three treatments: 1) Botucrio® diluent (control); 2) 50 μmol CoQ-10 added to Botucrio® diluent; 3) 1 mmol CoQ-10 added to Botucrio® diluent. Semen batches were analyzed for sperm motility characteristics (CASA), plasma and acrosomal membranes integrity and mitochondrial membrane potential (by fluorescence probes propidium iodide, Hoechst 33342, FITC-PSA and JC-1, respectively), alterations in cytoskeletal actin (phalloidin-FITC) and mitochondrial function (diaminobenzidine; DAB). The 1 mmol CoQ-10 treatment presented higher (P<0.05) amount (66.8%) of sperm cells with fully stained midpiece (indicating high mitochondrial activity) and higher (P<0.05) amount (81.6%) of cells without actin reorganization to the post-acrosomal region compared to control group (60.8% and 76.0%, respectively). It was concluded that the addition of 1 mmol CoQ-10 to the freezing diluent was more effective in preserving mitochondria functionality and cytoskeleton of sperm cells submitted to cryopreservation process.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Cavalos/genética , Ubiquinona/administração & dosagem , Dinâmica Mitocondrial , Criopreservação , Espermatozoides/química , Actinas
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