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1.
Acta cir. bras ; 37(2): e370202, 2022. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1374070

Resumo

Purpose: Simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation (SPKT) brings several benefits for insulin-dependent type-1 diabetic patients associated with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). However, data on psychological outcomes for the waiting list and the transplanted patients are still lacking. Methods: Using the psychological Beck inventories of anxiety (BAI) and depression (BDI), 39 patients on the waiting list were compared to 88 post-transplanted patients who had undergone SPKT. Results: Significant differences were found regarding depression (p = 0.003) but not anxiety (p = 0.161), being the pretransplant patients more vulnerable to psychological disorders. Remarkable differences were observed relative to the feeling of punishment (p < 0.001) and suicidal thoughts (p = 0.008) between the groups. It was observed that patients who waited a longer period for the transplant showed more post-transplant anxiety symptoms due to the long treatment burden (p = 0.002). Conclusions: These results demonstrated the positive impact of SPKT on psychological aspects related to depression when comparing the groups. The high number of stressors in the pretransplant stage impacts more severely the psychosocial condition of the patient.


Assuntos
Humanos , Ansiedade/diagnóstico , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios/psicologia , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/psicologia , Transplante de Rim/psicologia , Transplante de Pâncreas/psicologia , Depressão/diagnóstico , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos Transversais
2.
Acta cir. bras. ; 32(8): 673-679, Aug. 2017. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-17581

Resumo

Purpose: To analyze the use of this sponge in pediatric patients undergoing split-liver transplantation. Methods: Retrospective study, including 35 pediatric patients undergoing split-liver transplantation, divided into two groups according to the use of the sponge: 18 patients in Group A (no sponge) and 17 in Group B (with sponge). Results: The characteristics of recipients and donors were similar. We observed greater number of reoperation due to bleeding in the wound area in Group A (10 patients - 55.5%) than in Group B (3 patients - 17.6%); p = 0.035. The median volume of red blood cells transfused in Group A was significantly higher (73.4 ± 102.38 mL/kg) than that in Group B (35.1 ± 41.67 mL/kg); p = 0.048. Regarding bile leak there was no statistical difference. Conclusion: The use of the human fibrinogen and thrombin sponge, required lower volume of red blood cell transfusion and presented lower reoperation rates due to bleeding in the wound area.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Transplante de Fígado , Fibrinogênio/uso terapêutico , Homeostase
3.
Acta cir. bras. ; 31(12): 783-792, Dec. 2016. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-20989

Resumo

PURPOSE:To describe an animal model for acute liver failure by intraperitoneal d-galactosamine injections in rats and to define when is the best time to intervene through King's College and Clichy´s criteria evaluation.METHODS:Sixty-one Wistar female rats were distributed into three groups: group 1 (11 rats received 1.4 g/kg of d-galactosamine intraperitoneally and were observed until they died); group 2 (44 rats received a dose of 1.4 g/kg of d-galactosamine and blood and histological samples were collected for analysis at 12 , 24, 48 , 72 and 120 hours after the injection); and the control group as well (6 rats) .RESULTS:Twelve hours after applying d-galactosamine, AST/ALT, bilirubin, factor V, PT and INR were already altered. The peak was reached at 48 hours. INR > 6.5 was found 12 hours after the injection and factor V < 30% after 24 hours. All the laboratory variables presented statistical differences, except urea (p = 0.758). There were statistical differences among all the histological variables analyzed.CONCLUSION:King's College and Clichy´s criteria were fulfilled 12 hours after the d-galactosamine injection and this time may represent the best time to intervene in this acute liver failure animal model.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Ratos , Falência Hepática Aguda/terapia , Falência Hepática Aguda/veterinária , Galactosamina/uso terapêutico , Ratos Wistar
4.
Acta cir. bras. ; 29(3): 171-177, 03/2014. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-10220

Resumo

To compare the efficacy of different types of solutions (Belzer or Euro-Collins) for the preservation of rat pancreas during cold ischemia. METHODS: Thirty Wistar rats were divided into three groups according to the perfusion or storage solution: Group E (perfusion and storage in Euro-Collins solution); Group B (perfusion and storage in Belzer solution) and Group BE (Perfusion in Belzer solution and storage in Euro-Collins solution). After perfusion, the pancreas was excised and stored at 4˚C for 18 hours. Amylase was measured at 6, 12 and 18h, and histological analysis of the pancreas was performed after 18h of cold storage. RESULTS: Amylase was elevated and comparable in Groups E and BE after 12 and 18 hours of ischemia (p<0.05). In the exocrine pancreas, histological differences in the amount of necrosis (p=0.049), lymphocytic infiltrate (p<0.001) and neutrophilic infiltrate (p=0.004) were observed, with more favorable features present in Group B. In the endocrine pancreas, Group B showed less edema (p<0.001), but other parameters were similar among all groups. CONCLUSION: The Euro-Collins solution is inferior to the Belzer solution for the preservation of rat pancreas during cold ischemia.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Pancreatite/patologia , Isquemia/psicologia , Pâncreas/anatomia & histologia , Ratos/classificação
5.
Acta cir. bras. ; 29(11): 748-751, Nov. 2014. graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-21365

Resumo

PURPOSE:To perform a cost analysis of simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation (SPKT) in a Brazilian hospital.METHODS:Between January 2008 and December 2011, 105 consecutive SPKTs at the Hospital of Kidney and Hypertension in Sao Paulo were evaluated. We evaluated the patient demographics, payment source (public health system or supplementary system), and the impact of each hospital cost component. The evaluated costs were corrected to December 2011 values and converted to US dollars.RESULTS:Of the 105 SPKT patients, 61.9% were men, and 38.1% were women. Eight patients died, and 97 were discharged (92.4%). Eighty-nine procedures were funded by the public health system. The cost for the patients who were discharged was $18.352.27; the cost for the deceased patients was $18.449.96 (p = 0.79). The FOR for SPKT during this period was positive at $5,620.65. The costs were distributed as follows: supplies, 36%; administrative costs, 20%; physician fees, 15%; intensive care unit, 10%; surgical center, 10%; ward, 9%.CONCLUSION:Mortality did not affect costs, and supplies were the largest cost component.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Custos Hospitalares , Hospitalização/economia , Transplante de Pâncreas , Transplante de Rim , Custos e Análise de Custo , Brasil
6.
Acta cir. bras. ; 26(5): 396-403, Sept.-Oct. 2011. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-7724

Resumo

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of ischemic preconditioning (IPC) associate with different preservation solutions, in the protecting of gut. METHODS: Four groups of 14 rats underwent laparotomy and collecting 20 cm of ileum, for preservation, at 4ºC, in Belzer (Belz), Ringer (RL), Celsior (Cs) and Custodiol (Cust) solutions, for 24 hours. Prior to collection, half of the animals in each group were subjected to IPC. During preservation, in the periods of zero, 12, 18 and 24 hours, were conducted evaluating the degree of mucosal injury and dosage of malondialdehyde acid (MDA). RESULTS: In all periods the RL group, with and without IPC, presented MDA values higher than the Belz and Cs. The degree of mucosal injury in the non-ipc RLgroup with 12h preservation was higher than the others; with 18 and 24h, the RL and Cust had higher degrees of damage than Cs and Belz. With IPC, in all periods, the group Cs and Belz had lower degrees of injury. CONCLUSION: The Celsior and Belzer solutions had better protective effects on the gut and these effects were enhanced by IPC.(AU)


OBJETIVO: Avaliar os efeitos do precondicionamento isquêmico (PCI) associado a diferentes soluções de preservação, na proteção do intestino delgado. MÉTODOS: Quatro grupos de 14 ratos Wistar, foram submetidos à laparotomia e coleta de 20 cm de íleo, para preservação, a 4ºC, nas soluções de Belzer (Belz), Ringer (RL), Celsior (Cs) e Custodiol (Cust) por 24 horas. Previamente à coleta, em metade dos animais de cada grupo, o intestino foi submetido ao PCI. Durante a preservação, nos períodos de Zero, 12, 18 e 24 horas, foram realizados avaliação do grau de lesão da mucosa e dosagem do ácido malondialdeído (MDA). RESULTADOS: Em todos os períodos o grupo RL, sem e com pci, apresentou valores maiores de MDA do que o Belz e Cs. O grau de lesão da mucosa nos grupos sem pci com preservação de 12h, no grupo RL, foi maior que nos demais; com 18h e 24h o grupo RL e Cust apresentaram maiores graus de lesão do que Cs e Belz. Com o pci, em todos os períodos, os grupos Belz e Cs apresentaram menores graus de lesão CONCLUSÃO: As Soluções Celsior e Belzer tiveram melhores efeitos na proteção do intestino e estes efeitos foram incrementados pelo precondicionamento isquêmico.(AU)


Assuntos
Ratos , Isquemia , Intestino Delgado/anatomia & histologia , Preservação Biológica
7.
Acta cir. bras. ; 25(3): 249-256, May-June 2010. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-7426

Resumo

PURPOSE: To evaluate the accuracy and reproducibility of magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) in the detection of biliary complications in liver transplanted patients. METHODS: A study was conducted, with blinded review of 28 MRCP exams of 24 patients submitted to liver transplantation. The images were reviewed by two independent observers, at two different moments, regarding the degree of biliary tree visualization and the presence or absence of biliary complications. The MRCP results were compared, when negative, to at least 3 months of clinical and biochemical follow-up, and when positive, to the findings at surgery or endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). RESULTS: The degree of intrahepatic biliary tree visualization was considered good or excellent in 78.6 percent and 82.1 percent of the exams by the two observers and visualization of the donor duct, recipient duct and biliary anastomosis was considered good or excellent in 100 percent of the exams, by both observers. Six biliary complications were detected (21.4 percent), all of them anastomotic strictures. Intra and interobserver agreement were substantial or almost perfect (kappa k values of 0.611 to 0.804) for the visualization of the biliary tree and almost perfect (k values of 0.900 to 1.000) for the detection of biliary complications. MRCP achieved 100 percent sensitivity, 95.45 percent specificity, 85.7 percent positive predictive value and 100 percent negative predictive value for the detection of biliary complications. CONCLUSIONS: MRCP is an accurate examination for the detection of biliary complications after orthotopic liver transplantation and it is a highly reproducible method in the evaluation of the biliary tree of liver transplanted patients.(AU)


OBJETIVO: Medir a acurácia e reprodutibilidade da colangiopancreatografia por ressonância magnética (CPRM) na avaliação da visibilização de complicações biliares em pacientes submetidos a transplantes hepáticos ortotópicos. MÉTODOS: Realizado estudo retrospectivo de 28 exames de CPRM de 24 pacientes submetidos a transplantes hepáticos. Os exames foram interpretados por dois observadores independentes, em dois momentos distintos, quanto ao grau de visibilização das estruturas estudadas e quanto à presença ou ausência de alterações nas vias biliares. Os resultados da CPRM foram comparados, nos casos de CPRM negativa, à evolução clínico-laboratorial por pelo menos 3 meses e, nos casos de CPRM alterada, aos achados de colangiopancreatografia retrógrada endoscópica (CPRE) e cirurgia, quando indicados. RESULTADOS: A visibilização das vias biliares intra-hepáticas foi considerada boa ou excelente em 78,6 por cento e 82,1 por cento dos exames pelos dois observadores. A visibilização da via biliar extra-hepática do doador e do receptor, bem como da anastomose biliar, foi considerada boa ou excelente em 100 por cento dos casos por ambos os observadores. Foram detectadas seis complicações biliares (21,4 por cento dos casos), todas elas estenoses anastomóticas. A concordância intra e intra-observador foi substancial ou quase perfeita (índices de kappa- k de 0,611 a 0,804) para a visualização das estruturas estudadas e quase perfeita (k de 0,900 a 1,000) para a detecção das complicações biliares. A CPRM apresentou sensibilidade de 100 por cento, especificidade de 95,45 por cento, valor preditivo positivo de 85,7 por cento e valor preditivo negativo de 100 por cento para a detecção de complicações biliares. CONCLUSÕES: A colangiopancreatografia por ressonância magnética (CPRM) é um exame acurado para a detecção de complicações biliares em pacientes submetidos a transplantes hepáticos ortotópicos por CPRM. Este exame configura-se como um método eficiente ...(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Transplante de Fígado/tendências , Transplante de Fígado , Colangiografia/métodos , Colangiografia/tendências , Ductos Biliares Intra-Hepáticos/ultraestrutura
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