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1.
Semina ciênc. agrar ; 43(1): 381-396, jan.-fev. 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1368755

Resumo

The objective of the present study was to evaluate the productive performance and nutritional value of forage of wheat and triticale cultivars at different harvest times in the semiarid region of Minas Gerais. Eight wheat cultivars and two triticale cultivars harvested at three stages of plant development were evaluated: Rubberization, grain at the stage of soft mass and harvest maturation. The experimental design adopted was a randomized block in a factorial scheme 10 × 3, with three replicates, 10 cultivars and 3 developmental stages for plant collection. The main agronomic characteristics and nutritional value were evaluated of forage of the cultivars under study. The study demonstrated the potential of wheat and triticale cultivation for forage in the semiarid region of Minas Gerais. The mean dry matter yield of wheat cultivars was 5.90 t ha-1, 7.85 t ha-1 and 7.98 t ha-1 and triticale 6.47 t ha-1, 9.97 t ha-1 and 10.5 t ha-1 for the rubber harvesting stages, grain at the stage of soft mass and harvest maturation, respectively. For the average crude protein content, the wheat cultivars showed 15.07%, 9.13%, 10.60% and the triticale cultivars showed 14.4%, 9.31% and 10.05% for the harvest stages of rubber formation, grain at the stage of soft mass and harvest maturation, respectively. When evaluating the average levels of total digestible nutrients, the wheat and triticale cultivars showed an average of 48.90% and 48.67% in the rubber harvesting stage and 42.68% and 49.60% in the grain in the mass stage suave and 44.43% and 42.90% at harvest maturation. The highest yield of digestible dry matter was observed with the cultivars harvested at the grain stage at the soft mass stage. Triticale IPR 111 and Wheat IPR PANATY had greater productive potential and better nutritional quality for use as forage.(AU)


Objetivou-se com o presente estudo avaliar o desempenho produtivo e valor nutricional da forragem de cultivares de trigo e triticale em diferentes épocas de colheita no semiárido Mineiro. Foram avaliados oito cultivares de trigo e duas cultivares de triticale colhidas em três estádios de desenvolvimento das plantas: no Emborrachamento, grão no estádio de massa macia e maturação de colheita. O delineamento experimental adotado foi em blocos ao acaso em esquema fatorial 10×3, com três repetições sendo 10 cultivares e 3 estádios de desenvolvimento para colheita das plantas. Foram avaliadas as principais características agronômicas e o valor nutricional da forragem das cultivares em estudo. A pesquisa demonstrou o potencial do cultivo do trigo e triticale para forragem no semiárido de Minas Gerais. A produtividade média de matéria seca das cultivares de trigo foi de 5,90 t ha-1, 7,85 t ha-1 e 7,98 t ha-1 e triticale 6,47 t ha-1, 9,97 t ha-1 e 10,5 t ha-1 para os estádios de colheita de emborrachamento, grão no estádio de massa macia e maturação de colheita respectivamente. Para os teores médios de proteína bruta as cultivares de trigo apresentaram 15,07%, 9,13%, 10,60% e as cultivares de triticale 14,4%, 9,31% e 10,05% para os estádios de colheita de emborrachamento, grão no estádio de massa macia e maturação de colheita respectivamente. Ao se avaliar os teores médios de nutrientes digestíveis totais as cultivares de trigo e triticale apresentaram média de 48,90% e 48,67% no estádio de colheita de emborrachamento, 42,68% e 49,60% no grão no estádio de massa macia e 44,43% e 42,90% na maturação de colheita. A maior produtividade de matéria seca digestível foi observada com as cultivares colhidas no estádio de grão no estádio de massa macia. O Triticale IPR 111 e o Trigo IPR PANATY tiveram maior potencial produtivo e melhor qualidade nutricional para uso como forragem.(AU)


Assuntos
Triticum , 24444 , Tecnologia de Alimentos , Valor Nutritivo
2.
Rev. bras. zootec ; 49: e20180178, 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1443902

Resumo

The objective with this study was to evaluate intake, feeding behavior, rumen fluid characteristics, performance, and nutrient digestibility of sheep fed banana pseudostem hay (BPH) with and without virginiamycin (VM). Thirty-two uncastrated male crossbred Dorper × Santa Inês lambs at approximately five months of age, with an average initial body weight of 25.00±1.95 kg, were used in the experiment. Four diets were tested, as follows: Tifton grass hay (TGH) plus concentrate with VM; BPH replacing 60% of TGH plus concentrate with VM; TGH plus concentrate without VM; and BPH replacing 60% of TGH plus concentrate without VM. The experiment was set up as a completely randomized design in a 2×2 factorial arrangement, in which the factors were represented by BPH and TGH with and without VM, organized in an orthogonal contrast. Banana pseudostem hay inclusion influenced nutrient intake, except for non-fibrous carbohydrates corrected for ash and protein. Neither idling nor water intake times were changed by VM inclusion or banana pseudostem hay addition. Rumen fluid pH did not differ among the contrasts (THV+BHV) vs. (TH+BH), THV vs. TH, and BHV vs. BH, which were used to evaluate VM influence. Banana pseudostem increased rumen fluid pH in the contrast THV vs. BHV, both treatments including VM. Mean temperature of rumen fluid was 34.07 °C, and it did not change by inclusions of VM or banana pseudostem hay. No difference was observed for crude protein digestibility in the evaluated contrasts. When associated with virginiamycin, banana pseudostem hay provides satisfactory performance and nutritional parameters for feedlot sheep. Virginiamycin does not change the performance or nutritional parameters of these animals when Tifton grass hay is used as the only roughage source.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Ovinos/fisiologia , Ingestão de Alimentos/fisiologia , Aditivos Alimentares/análise , Ração Animal/análise , Taninos/química , Musa/química
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