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Acta cir. bras ; 37(2): e370202, 2022. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1374070


Purpose: Simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation (SPKT) brings several benefits for insulin-dependent type-1 diabetic patients associated with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). However, data on psychological outcomes for the waiting list and the transplanted patients are still lacking. Methods: Using the psychological Beck inventories of anxiety (BAI) and depression (BDI), 39 patients on the waiting list were compared to 88 post-transplanted patients who had undergone SPKT. Results: Significant differences were found regarding depression (p = 0.003) but not anxiety (p = 0.161), being the pretransplant patients more vulnerable to psychological disorders. Remarkable differences were observed relative to the feeling of punishment (p < 0.001) and suicidal thoughts (p = 0.008) between the groups. It was observed that patients who waited a longer period for the transplant showed more post-transplant anxiety symptoms due to the long treatment burden (p = 0.002). Conclusions: These results demonstrated the positive impact of SPKT on psychological aspects related to depression when comparing the groups. The high number of stressors in the pretransplant stage impacts more severely the psychosocial condition of the patient.

Humanos , Ansiedade/diagnóstico , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios/psicologia , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/psicologia , Transplante de Rim/psicologia , Transplante de Pâncreas/psicologia , Depressão/diagnóstico , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos Transversais
Acta cir. bras. ; 35(3): e202000308, May 22, 2020. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-27771


Purpose: The benefits of laparoscopic approaches to treat colorectal cancer (CRC) and colorectal liver metastases (CRLM) separately are well established. However, there is no consensus about the optimal timing to approach the primary tumor and CRLM, whether simultaneously or staged. The objective of this review with practical reports is to discuss technical aspects required for patient selection to perform simultaneous laparoscopic approaches for CRC and CRLM. Methods: Literature review of oncological factors associated with patient selection for surgical treatment of CRLM and the use of laparoscopy in those cases, and report of technical aspects for simultaneous CRC and CRLM approaches. Results: Simultaneous laparoscopic resection has been successful in many series of selected patients, although it seems to be safer to perform minor and major liver resection with non-extended colorectal resections, and to avoid two high-risk procedures at the same time. Conclusions: Simultaneous CRC and CRLM resections seem to be safe when patients are carefully selected, also considering the risk of recurrence concerning oncologic outcomes. The pre-planning of simultaneous resection is mandatory to plan trocar positioning, procedure sequencing, and patient position.(AU)

Humanos , Laparoscopia , Tomada de Decisões , Neoplasias Colorretais , Metástase Neoplásica , Neoplasias Hepáticas
Acta cir. bras. ; 34(7): e201900703, 2019. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-23659


Purpose: To compare four types of mesh regarding visceral adhesions, inflammatory response and incorporation. Methods: Sixty Wistar rats were divided into four groups, with different meshes implanted intraperitoneally: polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE group); polypropylene with polydioxanone and oxidized cellulose (PCD); polypropylene (PM) and polypropylene with silicone (PMS). The variables analyzed were: area covered by adhesions, incorporation of the mesh and inflammatory reaction (evaluated histologically and by COX2 immunochemistry). Results: The PMS group had the lowest adhesion area (63.1%) and grade 1 adhesions. The ePTFE and PM groups presented almost the total area of their surface covered by adherences (99.8% and 97.7% respectively).The group ePTFE had the highest percentage of area without incorporation (42%; p <0.001) with no difference between the other meshes. The PMS group had the best incorporation rate. And the histological analysis revealed that the inflammation scores were significantly different. Conclusions: The PM mesh had higher density of adherences, larger area of adherences, adherences to organs and percentage of incorporation. ePTFE had the higher area of adherences and lower incorporation. The PMS mesh performed best in the inflammation score, had a higher incorporation and lower area of adherences, and it was considered the best type of mesh.(AU)

Animais , Ratos , Telas Cirúrgicas , Hérnia Incisional/prevenção & controle , Hérnia Incisional/cirurgia , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/análise , Politetrafluoretileno/uso terapêutico , Polidioxanona/uso terapêutico , Celulose Oxidada/uso terapêutico , Silicones/uso terapêutico , Ratos Wistar/cirurgia
Acta cir. bras. ; 32(7): 515-522, July 2017. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-17714


Purpose: To evaluate the effects of mesenchymal stem cells on liver regeneration in rats following a 70% hepatectomy. Methods: Forty rats were subjected to 70% hepatectomy and then ~106 mesenchymal stem cells (test group), or saline solution (control group), were infused into their livers via the portal vein. Each treatment group was divided into early and late subgroups (euthanized 3 d and 5 d following the operation, respectively). Group comparisons of Albumin, aminotransaminases (AST, ALT), and Alcaline Phosphatase (AP) levels, proliferative index (ki-67+ straining), and mitotic cell counts were conducted. Results: No significant differences in liver regeneration rate, number of mitoses, proliferative index, or serum levels of albumin, AST, or AP were observed. ALT levels were higher in the test group than in the control group (p .05). Conclusions: Mesenchymal stem-cell therapy did not improve liver regeneration rate 3 d or 5 d after 70% hepatectomy in rats. Likewise, the therapy appeared not to affect liver function, proliferative index, or number of mitoses significantly.(AU)

Animais , Células-Tronco Embrionárias Murinas/transplante , Regeneração Hepática , Hepatectomia
Acta cir. bras. ; 32(8): 673-679, Aug. 2017. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-17581


Purpose: To analyze the use of this sponge in pediatric patients undergoing split-liver transplantation. Methods: Retrospective study, including 35 pediatric patients undergoing split-liver transplantation, divided into two groups according to the use of the sponge: 18 patients in Group A (no sponge) and 17 in Group B (with sponge). Results: The characteristics of recipients and donors were similar. We observed greater number of reoperation due to bleeding in the wound area in Group A (10 patients - 55.5%) than in Group B (3 patients - 17.6%); p = 0.035. The median volume of red blood cells transfused in Group A was significantly higher (73.4 ± 102.38 mL/kg) than that in Group B (35.1 ± 41.67 mL/kg); p = 0.048. Regarding bile leak there was no statistical difference. Conclusion: The use of the human fibrinogen and thrombin sponge, required lower volume of red blood cell transfusion and presented lower reoperation rates due to bleeding in the wound area.(AU)

Humanos , Transplante de Fígado , Fibrinogênio/uso terapêutico , Homeostase
Acta cir. bras. ; 30(1): 34-45, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-11825


PURPOSE: To evaluate the protective effects of chilling the bile ducts with cold (5°C) 5% glucose solution (GS) during radiofrequency (RF) administration. METHODS: Twenty male pigs (3 mos. old; 25–30 kg) were subjected to RF delivery with chilling (experimental group, N=10) or without chilling (control group, N=10). Half of the animals in each group were euthanized immediately after the operation, and half were euthanized one week later. The following histological variables in relation to the bile ducts were evaluated by a pathologist (blind examiner): degenerative changes to the epithelium; epithelial necrosis; ulceration, regenerative changes of the epithelium; polymorphonuclear neutrophil infiltration; and thermal effects. RESULTS: The experimental group (88 bile ducts examined) showed reduced thermal damage relative to the control group (86 bile ducts examined) as demonstrated by significant differences in the following histopathological parameters: epithelial detachment of biliary epithelium (84.1% vs. 59.3%; p<0.006); elongation/palisade arrangement of nuclei (65.1% vs. 87.5%; p<0.001); pseudo-goblet cells (32.9% vs. 56.8%; p<0.001). CONCLUSION: Infusion of 5% glucose solution (5°C) has a protective effect on bile ducts subjected to heat (95–110°C, 12 min) from radiofrequency thermal ablation device.(AU)

Animais , Infusões Intraventriculares , Glucose/análise , Temperatura Baixa/efeitos adversos , Ondas de Rádio , Suínos/classificação
Acta cir. bras. ; 30(10): 691-703, Oct. 2015. tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-23347


To evaluate and compare clinical and inflammatory responses to the surgical trauma caused by cholecystectomy via several access approaches: single-port umbilical incision (SILS), transvaginal natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES), laparoscopy, and Laparotomy. METHODS : Twenty-eight female pigs were equally divided into four groups and submitted to cholecystectomy by single-port umbilical incision, transvaginal NOTES, laparoscopy, or Laparotomy. An additional five animals served as controls (sham group). Animals were monitored perioperatively regarding anesthesia and surgical procedure times, as well as for the presence of complications. Postoperatively, they were evaluated regarding time to ambulation and feeding, and the presence of clinical events. Procalcitonin, C-reactive protein (CRP), and AQUI feron-gamma (IFN-) measurements were performed before surgery and immediately, two days, and seven days after surgery. Animals were sacrificed and necropsied at seven days after surgery. RESULTS : All procedures were successfully performed as proposed in each group. Only minor complications, such as gallbladder perforation and bleeding from the liver bed, were observed during surgery in all groups. The vaginal NOTES group showed higher anesthesia and surgical procedure times compared to the other groups (p 0.001). No other between-group differences in perioperative or postoperative times, clinical evolution, or serum inflammatory markers were observed. Only adhesions were found on necropsy, with no differences between groups. CONCLUSION: The single-port umbilical and transvaginal NOTES access approaches were feasible and safe compared to laparoscopic and laparotomy for cholecystectomy.(AU)

Animais , Feminino , Colecistectomia Laparoscópica , Laparotomia , Ferida Cirúrgica , Citocinas , Suínos/cirurgia , Cirurgia Endoscópica por Orifício Natural
Acta cir. bras. ; 29(11): 748-751, Nov. 2014. graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-21365


PURPOSE:To perform a cost analysis of simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation (SPKT) in a Brazilian hospital.METHODS:Between January 2008 and December 2011, 105 consecutive SPKTs at the Hospital of Kidney and Hypertension in Sao Paulo were evaluated. We evaluated the patient demographics, payment source (public health system or supplementary system), and the impact of each hospital cost component. The evaluated costs were corrected to December 2011 values and converted to US dollars.RESULTS:Of the 105 SPKT patients, 61.9% were men, and 38.1% were women. Eight patients died, and 97 were discharged (92.4%). Eighty-nine procedures were funded by the public health system. The cost for the patients who were discharged was $18.352.27; the cost for the deceased patients was $18.449.96 (p = 0.79). The FOR for SPKT during this period was positive at $5,620.65. The costs were distributed as follows: supplies, 36%; administrative costs, 20%; physician fees, 15%; intensive care unit, 10%; surgical center, 10%; ward, 9%.CONCLUSION:Mortality did not affect costs, and supplies were the largest cost component.(AU)

Humanos , Custos Hospitalares , Hospitalização/economia , Transplante de Pâncreas , Transplante de Rim , Custos e Análise de Custo , Brasil
Acta cir. bras. ; 25(5): 449-454, Sept.-Oct. 2010. tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-7752


PURPOSE: To compare the effect of parenteral versus enteral nutritional support in severe acute pancreatitis, with respect to efficacy, safety, morbidity, mortality and length of hospitalization. METHODS: The study was comprised of 31 patients, divided into a parenteral group (n=16) and an enteral group (n=15), who met severity criteria for abdominal tomography (Balthazar classes C, D, and E). The patients were compared by demographics, disease etiology, antibiotic prophylaxis, use or not of somatostatin, nutritional support, complications and disease progression. RESULTS: There was no statistical difference in the average duration of nutritional support, somatostatin, or antibiotics in the two groups. Imipenem was the drug of choice for prophylaxis of pancreatic infections in both groups. More complications occurred in the parenteral group, although the difference was not statistically significant (p=0.10). Infectious complications, such as catheter sepsis and infections of the pancreatic tissue, were significantly more frequent in the parenteral group (p=0.006). There was no difference in average length of hospitalization in the two groups. There were three deaths in the parenteral group and none in the enteral group. CONCLUSION: Enteral nutritional support is associated with fewer septic complications compared to parenteral nutritional support.(AU)

OBJETIVO: Comparar o efeito do suporte nutricional parenteral versus enteral, em pancreatite aguda grave, com relação à eficácia, à segurança, à morbi-mortalidade e ao tempo de internação. MÉTODOS: Foram estudados 31 pacientes distribuídos em grupo parenteral (n=16), no período de 1995 a 1998 e grupo enteral (n=15), no período de 1999 a 2002, que preencheram os critérios de gravidade pela tomografia de abdome (Balthazar C,D,E). Os pacientes foram comparados quanto aos dados demográficos, etiologia, antibioticoprofilaxia, somatostatina, suporte nutricional, complicações e evolução. RESULTADOS: A maioria dos pacientes era Balthazar E, principalmente no grupo enteral, porém sem significado estatístico (p=0,21). Também não houve diferença estatística nos dois grupos em relação ao tempo médio de uso de suporte nutricional, somatostatina e antibiótico. O imipenem foi a droga de escolha para profilaxia da infecção pancreática nos dois grupos. Houve mais complicações gerais no grupo parenteral, sem significado estatístico (p=0,10). As complicações infecciosas do tipo sépsis do cateter e infecção do tecido pancreático foram mais frequentes no grupo parenteral, com significância estatística (p=0,06). Não houve diferença na média de internação nos dois grupos. Houve três óbitos no grupo parenteral e nenhum no enteral. CONCLUSÃO: O suporte nutricional enteral está associado à menor taxa de complicações sépticas do que o parenteral.(AU)

Humanos , Nutrição Parenteral/efeitos adversos , Nutrição Parenteral/estatística & dados numéricos , Nutrição Enteral/efeitos adversos , Nutrição Enteral/estatística & dados numéricos , Pancreatite/epidemiologia , Nutrição Parenteral/mortalidade , Nutrição Enteral/mortalidade , Pancreatite/etiologia
Acta cir. bras. ; 25(3): 249-256, May-June 2010. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-7426


PURPOSE: To evaluate the accuracy and reproducibility of magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) in the detection of biliary complications in liver transplanted patients. METHODS: A study was conducted, with blinded review of 28 MRCP exams of 24 patients submitted to liver transplantation. The images were reviewed by two independent observers, at two different moments, regarding the degree of biliary tree visualization and the presence or absence of biliary complications. The MRCP results were compared, when negative, to at least 3 months of clinical and biochemical follow-up, and when positive, to the findings at surgery or endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). RESULTS: The degree of intrahepatic biliary tree visualization was considered good or excellent in 78.6 percent and 82.1 percent of the exams by the two observers and visualization of the donor duct, recipient duct and biliary anastomosis was considered good or excellent in 100 percent of the exams, by both observers. Six biliary complications were detected (21.4 percent), all of them anastomotic strictures. Intra and interobserver agreement were substantial or almost perfect (kappa k values of 0.611 to 0.804) for the visualization of the biliary tree and almost perfect (k values of 0.900 to 1.000) for the detection of biliary complications. MRCP achieved 100 percent sensitivity, 95.45 percent specificity, 85.7 percent positive predictive value and 100 percent negative predictive value for the detection of biliary complications. CONCLUSIONS: MRCP is an accurate examination for the detection of biliary complications after orthotopic liver transplantation and it is a highly reproducible method in the evaluation of the biliary tree of liver transplanted patients.(AU)

OBJETIVO: Medir a acurácia e reprodutibilidade da colangiopancreatografia por ressonância magnética (CPRM) na avaliação da visibilização de complicações biliares em pacientes submetidos a transplantes hepáticos ortotópicos. MÉTODOS: Realizado estudo retrospectivo de 28 exames de CPRM de 24 pacientes submetidos a transplantes hepáticos. Os exames foram interpretados por dois observadores independentes, em dois momentos distintos, quanto ao grau de visibilização das estruturas estudadas e quanto à presença ou ausência de alterações nas vias biliares. Os resultados da CPRM foram comparados, nos casos de CPRM negativa, à evolução clínico-laboratorial por pelo menos 3 meses e, nos casos de CPRM alterada, aos achados de colangiopancreatografia retrógrada endoscópica (CPRE) e cirurgia, quando indicados. RESULTADOS: A visibilização das vias biliares intra-hepáticas foi considerada boa ou excelente em 78,6 por cento e 82,1 por cento dos exames pelos dois observadores. A visibilização da via biliar extra-hepática do doador e do receptor, bem como da anastomose biliar, foi considerada boa ou excelente em 100 por cento dos casos por ambos os observadores. Foram detectadas seis complicações biliares (21,4 por cento dos casos), todas elas estenoses anastomóticas. A concordância intra e intra-observador foi substancial ou quase perfeita (índices de kappa- k de 0,611 a 0,804) para a visualização das estruturas estudadas e quase perfeita (k de 0,900 a 1,000) para a detecção das complicações biliares. A CPRM apresentou sensibilidade de 100 por cento, especificidade de 95,45 por cento, valor preditivo positivo de 85,7 por cento e valor preditivo negativo de 100 por cento para a detecção de complicações biliares. CONCLUSÕES: A colangiopancreatografia por ressonância magnética (CPRM) é um exame acurado para a detecção de complicações biliares em pacientes submetidos a transplantes hepáticos ortotópicos por CPRM. Este exame configura-se como um método eficiente ...(AU)

Humanos , Transplante de Fígado/tendências , Transplante de Fígado , Colangiografia/métodos , Colangiografia/tendências , Ductos Biliares Intra-Hepáticos/ultraestrutura
Acta cir. bras. ; 22(5): 366-371, Sept.-Oct. 2007. ilus, gra, tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-2519


PURPOSE: To develop an experimental model of severe acute pancreatitis in rabbits through a pancreatic ductal injection of sodium taurocholate. METHODS: Twenty-four albino rabbits of the New Zealand lineage were distributed into four groups of six animals (A, B, C and S). The rabbits of three experimental groups (A, B and C) were submitted to a laparatomy and received a pancreatic ductal injection of 1ml/kg sodium taurocholate 5 percent. Also, they were submitted to further laparatomies after 4h, 8h and 12h, respectively. The control group (S) was subdivided into two groups of three animals: in subgroup S1 only the pancreatic duct catheterization was performed whereas in subgroup S2 the pancreatic duct catheterization as well as an injection of 1ml/kg physiologic solution 0.9 percent were carried out. After 12 hours, the rabbits were evaluated. In the re-intervention, blood was collected to determine the amylasemia and a pancreatectomy was carried out to investigate interstitial infiltration, steatonecrosis and necrosis of the organ, using an optical microscope. RESULTS: There was an elevation of amylase in all groups thus proving the existence of acute pancreatitis. The size of the interlobular septum increased progressively with a greater variation between group S1 (0.13) and group C (0. 53) (p=0.035). While all the animals in group A exhibited focal cellular necrosis, it was more intense in the rabbits of group B and culminated with a high proportion of severe pancreatic necrosis in group C animals. The difference in the intensity of cellular necrosis showed statistic significance (p=0.001). CONCLUSION: The proposed experimental model demonstrated its reproducibility and effectiveness in producing severe acute pancreatitis in rabbits.(AU)

OBJETIVO: Desenvolver modelo experimental de pancreatite aguda grave em coelhos por meio da injeção de taurocolato de sódio no ducto pancreático. MÉTODOS: Vinte e quatro coelhos albinos da linhagem Nova Zelândia foram distribuídos em quatro grupos de seis animais (A, B, C e S). Os coelhos dos três grupos experimentais (A, B e C) foram submetidos a laparotomia e injetou-se taurocolato de sódio a 5 por cento, 1ml/Kg no ducto pancreático. Realizou-se nova laparotomia, respectivamente, após 4h, 8h e 12h. No grupo controle (S), subdividido em dois grupos de três animais, foi realizada no subgrupo S1 apenas cateterização do ducto pancreático e no subgrupo S2 cateterização do ducto pancreático e injeção de solução fisiológica 0,9 por cento, 1ml/Kg. Estes animais foram reavaliados após 12 horas. Na reintervenção coletou-se sangue para determinação da amilasemia e realizou-se pancreatectomia para análise histológica do infiltrado intersticial, da esteatonecrose e da necrose do órgão. RESULTADOS: Houve elevação da amilase em todos os grupos, demonstrando a presença da pancreatite aguda. O tamanho do septo interlobular aumentou progressivamente, observando-se maior diferença entre os grupos S1 (0,13) e C (0,53) (p=0,035). Todos os animais do grupo A apresentaram necrose celular focal que se tornou mais intensa nos coelhos do grupo B, culminando com o predomínio de necrose pancreática acentuada nos animais do grupo C. A diferença na intensidade da necrose celular apresentou significância estatística (p=0,001). CONCLUSÃO: O modelo experimental proposto se mostrou reprodutível e efetivo em provocar pancreatite aguda grave em coelhos.(AU)

Animais , Pancreatite Necrosante Aguda/diagnóstico , Experimentação Animal , Ácido Taurocólico/administração & dosagem , Pancreatectomia/métodos , Coelhos
Acta cir. bras. ; 21(6): 392-397, Nov.-Dec. 2006. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-1869


PURPOSE: To quantify the degree of angiogenesis by conventional method (microvessel density, MVD) and computerized method (endothelial area, EA), and to evaluate their relationships with the prognosis of patients operated on for colorectal adenocarcinoma. METHODS: Tumoral angiogenesis was studied by means of an immunohistochemical technique, using CD 34, on 126 patients; to quantify the angiogenesis, MVD (defined as number of microvessels per mm²) and EA measurement (defined as the area occupied by EA in the microscope field). A computerized method, IMAGELab software was utilized to quantify endothelial area. RESULTS: The mean number of microvessels was 128.6 MV/mm² (SD = 44.5) and the mean EA was 4.3 percent (SD = 2.1). The Pearson method demonstrated a low correlation coefficient between MVD and EA (r = 0.429). No relationship between MVD and EA was observed with regard to relapse-free interval and overall survival. CONCLUSION: The histological analysis of angiogenesis expression in patients with colorectal adenocarcinoma can be performed either by computer-assisted image analysis of endothelial area or by conventional microvessels counting. Both methods did not show any significant relationship between these angiogenesis parameters with relapse-free interval and overall survival.(AU)

OBJETIVO: Quantificar a intensidade da angiogênese pelo método convencional (densidade microvasal, DMV) e pelo método informatizado, área endothelial (AE) e avaliar a sua correlação com o prognóstico de doentes operados por adenocarcinoma colorretal. MÉTODOS: A angiogênese tumoral foi investigada por meio de técnica imuno-histoquímica, utilizando-se CD-34, em 126 doentes; para quantificar a angiogênese, a microdensidade vascular, definida como o número de microvasos por mm² e a medida da área endotelial, definida como a área ocupada pelo endotélio vascular identificada no campo microscópico foram empregadas. Um programa computadorizado, o IMAGELab foi empregado para a quantificação da área endothelial. RESULTADOS: A media do número de microvasos foi de 128,6 MV/mm ² (d esvio padrão de 44,5). O método do coeficiente de Pearson demonstrou uma baixa correlação entre a DMV e a AE (r=0,429). Nenhuma correlação entre a DMV e AE com o intervalo livre de doença e tempo global de sobrevida foi observada. CONCLUSÃO: A análise histológica da expressão angiogênica em doentes com adenocarcinoma colorretal pode ser realizada tanto da forma informatizada, na quantificação da área endotelial, como pela convencional, na contagem dos microvasos. Ambos métodos não demonstraram relação estatisticamente significante entre estes parâmetros de angiogênese e o intervalo livre de doença e a sobrevida global.(AU)

Humanos , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Imuno-Histoquímica , Prognóstico , Microvasos