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1.
Ciênc. anim. bras. (Impr.) ; 23: e71763, 2022. tab, graf, mapas
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1384496

Resumo

Food Safety is an important topic for public health and international trade in food. Residues of veterinary drugs and environmental contaminants in animal products can cause diseases and acute toxicity in organisms exposed to these substances. This study evaluated official monitoring data of veterinary drug residues from the Brazilian Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Supply in tissues of poultry and swine in the period between 2002 and 2014 to check for hidden patterns in the occurrence of six common drugs (Closantel, Diclazuril, Nicarbazin, Sulfaquinoxaline, Doxycycline and Sulfamethazinein). The analysis of data was performed by using two machine learning methods: decision tree and neural networks, in addition to visual evaluation through graphs and maps. Contamination rates were low, varying from 0 to 0.66%. A spatial distribution pattern of detections of substances by region was identified, but no pattern of temporal distribution was observed. Nevertless, regressions showed an increase in levels when these substances were detected, so monitoring should continue. However, the results show that the products monitored during the study period presented a low risk to public health.(AU)


A Segurança Alimentar é um tema importante para a saúde pública e o comércio internacional de alimentos. Resíduos de medicamentos veterinários e contaminantes ambientais em produtos de origem animal podem causar doenças e toxicidade aguda em organismos expostos a essas substâncias. Este estudo avaliou dados oficiais de monitoramento de resíduos de medicamentos veterinários do Ministério da Agricultura, Pecuária e Abastecimento em tecidos de aves e suínos no período de 2002 a 2014 para verificar padrões ocultos na ocorrência de seis medicamentos comuns (Closantel, Diclazuril, Nicarbazina, Sulfaquinoxalina, Doxiciclina e Sulfametazina). A análise dos dados foi realizada por meio de dois métodos de aprendizado de máquina: árvore de decisão e redes neurais, além da avaliação visual por meio de gráficos e mapas. As taxas de contaminação foram baixas, variando de 0 a 0,66%. Foi identificado um padrão de distribuição espacial das detecções de substâncias por região, mas nenhum padrão de distribuição temporal foi observado. No entanto, as regressões mostraram um aumento nos níveis quando essas substâncias foram detectadas, portanto, o monitoramento deve continuar. No entanto, os resultados mostram que os produtos monitorados durante o período do estudo apresentaram baixo risco à saúde pública.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Suínos/anatomia & histologia , Aves/anatomia & histologia , Preparações Farmacêuticas , Saúde Pública , Drogas Veterinárias/efeitos adversos , Abastecimento de Alimentos
2.
R. bras. Parasitol. Vet. ; 30(1): e026820, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-17405

Resumo

This review details the negative effects of Trichostrongylus colubriformis infection in sheep phosphorus metabolism and direct and indirect impacts from high excretion from susceptible animals, as well as the advantages offered by precision feeding as potential strategies to mitigate loss. In sheep infected with T. colubriformis there is a high reduction in P bioavailability, because of depression in the absorptive capacity of this mineral, affecting the absorption and recycling of P to the digestive tract, causing mineral deficiency. Therefore, precision feeding compiles animal genetics information, feeding type and grazing management to control animal feed intake and quantity and quality of manure produced. In this sense, the adoption of precision feeding can provide a better arrangement of the information, making sheep production more economically, socially and environmentally sustainable.(AU)


Essa revisão detalha os efeitos negativos da infecção por Trichostrongylus colubriformis no metabolismo do fósforo de ovinos e os impactos diretos e indiretos da alta excreção em animais susceptíveis, bem como as vantagens oferecidas pela alimentação de precisão como estratégia potencial para mitigar perdas. Em ovinos infectados com T. colubriformis há uma alta redução na biodisponibilidade de P, devido à depressão na capacidade de absorção desse mineral, afetando a absorção e a reciclagem de P no trato digestivo, causando deficiência mineral. Portanto, a alimentação de precisão compila informações de genética animal, tipo de alimentação e manejo da pastagem para controlar o consumo de alimento e a quantidade e qualidade dos dejetos produzidos. Nesse sentido, a adoção da alimentação de precisão pode proporcionar um melhor arranjo das informações, tornando a produção de ovinos mais econômica, social e ambientalmente sustentável.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Ovinos/metabolismo , Ovinos/parasitologia , Trichostrongylus/química , Avaliação de Risco e Mitigação , Fósforo
3.
Sci. agric ; 77(1): e20170379, 2020. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1497832

Resumo

The use of new feed resources, particularly local agroindustrial byproducts, such as banana, may be an option for replacing those traditionally used for sheep feed to reduce production costs. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the dietary effects of replacing corn bran with banana leftovers on performance, carcass, non-carcass components, meat traits, and fatty acid profile of Santa Inês lambs. Twenty-four Santa Inês female lambs with an average weight of 23.73 kg were fed diets containing 60 % coast cross hay and 40 % concentrate (30 % corn bran and 10 % soybean meal). Treatments consisted of corn bran replaced by banana leftovers at rates of 0, 25, 50, and 75 % on a dry matter basis. The experiment lasted 120 days. Animals were slaughtered and carcasses and non-carcass components were evaluated. The half-carcasses were weighed and sectioned into commercial cuts. The 12th and 13th ribs were dissected to collect bones, muscle and fat proportions. Cooking loss, color, shear force and sarcomere length were measured. Fatty acid profiles were obtained by gas chromatography. Hot and cold carcass weight, leg, neck, lung, loin eye area, fat thickness, initial sample weight of the 12th and 13th ribs, fat and bone, presented a negative linear effect of banana leftovers replacing corn in the diet. Loin, fat thickness, cooking loss and carcass redness showed a negative quadratic effect, while full and empty abomasum, full omasum, sarcomere length and yellowness presented a positive quadratic effect. Replacement of up to 75 % of corn bran by banana leftovers did not interfere in the intake, performance, meat traits and the fatty acid profile of lambs. The use of banana leftovers may be an alternative for reducing animal production costs.


Assuntos
Animais , Carneiro Doméstico , Dieta/veterinária , Ração Animal , Musa
4.
R. bras. Parasitol. Vet. ; 29(2): e002220, 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-27333

Resumo

This study aimed to evaluate the effects of Trichostrongylus colubriformis infection on the hemato-biochemical parameters, feed digestibility, and nitrogen balance in Santa Inês lambs. Eighteen three-month-old Santa Ines castrated male lambs (16.9 ± 1.43 kg of body weight) were randomly distributed in two experimental treatments: infected with T. colubriformis (I, n = 9) and uninfected (U, n = 9). The I group received a total of 45,000 L3 larvae of T. colubriformis (5,000 infective larvae, three times per week, for three weeks). During the experimental period, blood, feed digestibility, and nitrogen balance were evaluated. The I lambs showed a reduction in erythrocytes, hemoglobin, hematocrit, mean corpuscular volume, and total proteins, as well as an increase in platelets and eosinophils compared to those in the U group (p < 0.05). With the exception of total protein content, these values were within the normal range for the species. Furthermore, lower dry matter and organic matter digestibility were observed in the I lambs (p = 0.08). The present findings highlight that T. colubriformis infection has the potential to impair some hemato-biochemical parameters as well as feed digestibility in lambs, which could affect their productivity.(AU)


O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar os efeitos da infecção por Trichostrongylus colubriformis nos parâmetros hemato-bioquímicos, digestibilidade aparente dos nutrientes e balanço de nitrogênio de cordeiros Santa Inês. Dezoito cordeiros Santa Inês, de três meses de idade e castrados (16,9 ± 1,43 kg de peso corporal), foram distribuídos aleatoriamente em dois tratamentos experimentais: infectados com T. colubriformis (I, n = 9) e não infectados (U, n = 9). O grupo I recebeu um total de 45.000 larvas L3 de T. colubriformis (5.000 larvas infectantes, três vezes por semana, durante três semanas). Durante o período experimental, foram avaliadas as variáveis sanguíneas, digestibilidade e balanço de nitrogênio. Os cordeiros I apresentaram redução de eritrócitos, hemoglobina, hematócrito, volume corpuscular médio e proteínas totais, além de aumento de plaquetas e eosinófilos, quando comparados ao grupo U (p< 0,05). Contudo, exceto para proteínas totais, os valores estavam dentro do intervalo normal para a espécie. Além disso, a digestibilidade da matéria seca e da matéria orgânica foi menor no grupo I de cordeiros (p = 0,08). Os presentes achados destacam que a infecção por T. colubriformis teve potencial para prejudicar alguns parâmetros hemato-bioquímicos, bem como a digestibilidade aparente da dieta, o que poderia afetar a produtividade dos cordeiros.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Ovinos/sangue , Ovinos/parasitologia , Biomarcadores/análise , Biomarcadores/sangue , Biomarcadores/química , Trichostrongylus/patogenicidade
5.
Sci. agric. ; 77(1): e20170379, 2020. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-24393

Resumo

The use of new feed resources, particularly local agroindustrial byproducts, such as banana, may be an option for replacing those traditionally used for sheep feed to reduce production costs. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the dietary effects of replacing corn bran with banana leftovers on performance, carcass, non-carcass components, meat traits, and fatty acid profile of Santa Inês lambs. Twenty-four Santa Inês female lambs with an average weight of 23.73 kg were fed diets containing 60 % coast cross hay and 40 % concentrate (30 % corn bran and 10 % soybean meal). Treatments consisted of corn bran replaced by banana leftovers at rates of 0, 25, 50, and 75 % on a dry matter basis. The experiment lasted 120 days. Animals were slaughtered and carcasses and non-carcass components were evaluated. The half-carcasses were weighed and sectioned into commercial cuts. The 12th and 13th ribs were dissected to collect bones, muscle and fat proportions. Cooking loss, color, shear force and sarcomere length were measured. Fatty acid profiles were obtained by gas chromatography. Hot and cold carcass weight, leg, neck, lung, loin eye area, fat thickness, initial sample weight of the 12th and 13th ribs, fat and bone, presented a negative linear effect of banana leftovers replacing corn in the diet. Loin, fat thickness, cooking loss and carcass redness showed a negative quadratic effect, while full and empty abomasum, full omasum, sarcomere length and yellowness presented a positive quadratic effect. Replacement of up to 75 % of corn bran by banana leftovers did not interfere in the intake, performance, meat traits and the fatty acid profile of lambs. The use of banana leftovers may be an alternative for reducing animal production costs.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Carneiro Doméstico , Ração Animal , Dieta/veterinária , Musa
6.
Sci. agric ; 76(6): 463-472, Nov.-Dec. 2019. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1497819

Resumo

Gossypol easily pairs with lysine side chains and enzymes involved in the cellular growth process. The effect of gossypol (a compound present in cotton co-products) in ruminant metabolism and meat quality is not yet clear. This study was undertaken in order to evaluate the effects of cotton co-products in lamb muscle proteome. Twenty-four Santa Inês ram lambs, 5-months old (20.6 ± 1.9 kg), were randomly assigned to four treatments: control (without cottonseed), whole cottonseed, cottonseed meal and high oil cottonseed meal. At 95 days into the experiment, lambs were slaughtered and samples from Longissimus dorsi were collected. Proteins were extracted and analyzed by 2-D electrophoresis. Spots showing a significant effect from the treatment (the “treatment effect”) and present in more than 90 % of the samples were identified using mass spectrometry. Cotton co-products decreased the abundance of aldehyde and malate dehydrogenases, creatine kinase M-type and Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) synthase. They also increased four proteins related to muscle contraction. Thus, feeding cotton co-products to lambs changed the abundance of important muscle proteins. A cotton co-product diet induced a negative impact on the energy supply of muscle cells and, consequently, the abundance of ATP dependent proteins (contractile apparatus) increased, probably in order to offset and maintain muscle function. These proteomic changes can promote our understanding of alterations in the sensorial properties of meat due to cotton co-product diets in further investigations.


Assuntos
Animais , Carne Vermelha/análise , Oxirredutases , Proteoma , Óleo de Sementes de Algodão/administração & dosagem , Óleo de Sementes de Algodão/análise , Ovinos
7.
Sci. agric. ; 76(6): 463-472, Nov.-Dec. 2019. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-24529

Resumo

Gossypol easily pairs with lysine side chains and enzymes involved in the cellular growth process. The effect of gossypol (a compound present in cotton co-products) in ruminant metabolism and meat quality is not yet clear. This study was undertaken in order to evaluate the effects of cotton co-products in lamb muscle proteome. Twenty-four Santa Inês ram lambs, 5-months old (20.6 ± 1.9 kg), were randomly assigned to four treatments: control (without cottonseed), whole cottonseed, cottonseed meal and high oil cottonseed meal. At 95 days into the experiment, lambs were slaughtered and samples from Longissimus dorsi were collected. Proteins were extracted and analyzed by 2-D electrophoresis. Spots showing a significant effect from the treatment (the “treatment effect”) and present in more than 90 % of the samples were identified using mass spectrometry. Cotton co-products decreased the abundance of aldehyde and malate dehydrogenases, creatine kinase M-type and Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) synthase. They also increased four proteins related to muscle contraction. Thus, feeding cotton co-products to lambs changed the abundance of important muscle proteins. A cotton co-product diet induced a negative impact on the energy supply of muscle cells and, consequently, the abundance of ATP dependent proteins (contractile apparatus) increased, probably in order to offset and maintain muscle function. These proteomic changes can promote our understanding of alterations in the sensorial properties of meat due to cotton co-product diets in further investigations.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Óleo de Sementes de Algodão/administração & dosagem , Óleo de Sementes de Algodão/análise , Carne Vermelha/análise , Proteoma , Oxirredutases , Ovinos
8.
Acta sci., Anim. sci ; 402018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-733680

Resumo

Two experiments were carried out to evaluate the influence of genetic group, pregnancyand animal age on the carcass traits and commercial cut patterns of sheep carcasses. In the first experiment,the effect of pregnancy and genetic group were evaluated on 61 eleven month old Santa Inês ewes and theircrosses with Texel, Dorper and Ile de France. Experiment 2 was carried out with 132 Santa Inêsnulliparous or lambed ewes slaughtered with ages ranging from 6 to 48 months to evaluate the influence ofage on carcass traits. For both experiments, hot carcass weight, cold carcass weight, carcass yield, coldcarcass yield and carcass length were measured, as well as the yields and percentages of shoulder, neck, loin,belly, ribs, leg and leg length and perimeter. In experiment 1, the Santa Inês breed presented similar carcassand cut traits compared to the others genetic groups evaluated, except for fasting body weight. Lambedanimals had lower body condition score than nulliparous females. In experiment 2, fasting body weight,loin, rib and leg weights, as well as the leg perimeter, presented a quadratic effect with increasing age. Idealslaughter age is before 16 months to obtain more expensive cuts.(AU)


Foram realizados dois experimentos para se avaliar a influência do grupo genético, da prenheze da idade do animal sobre as características da carcaça e dos cortes comerciais de ovelhas. No primeiroexperimento foi avaliado o efeito da prenhez e do grupo genético em 61 ovelhas Santa Inês e seuscruzamentos com Texel, Dorper e Ilê de France. O experimento 2 foi conduzido com 132 ovelhas SantaInês prenhes e não prenhes abatidas com idades entre 6 a 48 meses para avaliar a influência da idade sobreas características da carcaça. Em ambos os experimentos foram realizadas medidas de peso de carcaçaquente, peso de carcaça fria, rendimento de carcaça quente, rendimento de carcaça fria e comprimento dacarcaça, assim como o rendimento e a percentagem da paleta, pescoço, lombo, fralda, costela e pernil, alémdo comprimento e perímetro do pernil. No experimento 1, a raça Santa Inês apresentou similaridade paraas características da carcaça e dos cortes com os outros grupos genéticos avaliados, exceto para o peso decorpo vazio. As fêmeas que pariram apresentaram menor escore de condição corporal que as fêmeasnulíparas. No experimento 2, o peso vivo em jejum, os pesos do lombo, costela e pernil, bem como acircunferência do pernil apresentaram efeito quadrático com o aumento da idade. A idade de abate idealsitua-se antes dos 16 meses de idade para a obtenção de cortes mais caros.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Carne/análise , Prenhez/genética , Prenhez/fisiologia , Peso Corporal , Ovinos/classificação , Ovinos/genética
9.
Sci. agric ; 75(4)2018.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1497717

Resumo

ABSTRACT: The use of lambs from crossing of local with specialized sheep breeds for meat production may lead to higher meat deposition and a smaller fat amount in the carcass, with a more adequate nutritional profile for human consumption. This study investigated the performance, carcass and meat characteristics of lambs from the Morada Nova and Santa Inês locally adapted hair breeds and crosses between Dorper × Morada Nova and Dorper × Santa Inês slaughtered at approximately 35 kg. Morada Nova lambs showed lower (p 0.05) performance compared to the other genetic groups resulting in a higher age at slaughter (p 0.05). Crossbred Dorper × Santa Inês and Dorper × Morada Nova lambs showed better characteristics for meat production with better (p 0.05) conformation as well as leg and carcass compacteness index. Dorper × Santa Inês have a fatty acid profile that is more suitable for human consumption than Dorper × Morada Nova lambs do (p 0.05); however, both had lower (p 0.05) intramuscular lipid content (as measured by ether extract levels from Longíssimus lumborum) compared with purebred lambs. Therefore, when the objective is to obtain lean meat, with improved nutritional profile to reduce risks of cardiovascular disease, the use of breeds and crosses that reduce animal slaughter age, such as the ½ Dorper × ½ Santa Inês crossbred, is an interesting alternative.

10.
Ciênc. anim. bras. (Impr.) ; 19: e, 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1473596

Resumo

The objective of this trial was to evaluate carcass quality in 74 Santa Ines hair ewes aged 6 to 48 months. Slaughter occurred after fasting and electroshock, followed by dissection of the jugular veins and carotid arteries. Hot carcass weight, hot carcass yield, carcass length, skin thickness, shoulder, neck, loin, belly, rib and leg weights and percentages, leg length, and girth were measured. The rib eye area, color (by CIELAB system), shear force, and cooking loss were also measured. The data were analyzed using SAS procedures for analysis of variance, regressions, correlations, and principal components. Hot carcass weight was 15.75 kg and yield was 43.65%. Younger animals had higher leg yield while yields of loin and shoulder increased as age increased. The meat was darker in older animals. As age increased, both the quantity of commercial cuts decreased and the loss of quality traits, such as color, cooking loss, and shear force, increased; therefore, slaughter should be performed before 30 months of age.


O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a qualidade da carcaça em 74 ovelhas Santa Inês deslanadas com idades entre 6 a 48 meses. O abate ocorreu após jejum e eletrochoque, seguido de dissecção das veias jugulares e artérias carótidas. As avaliações realizadas foram peso de carcaça quente, rendimento de carcaça quente, comprimento de carcaça, espessura da pele, pesos e percentagens de ombro, pescoço, lombo, fralda, costelas e pernil e comprimento e perímetro do pernil. A área de olho de lombo, a cor usando o sistema CIELAB, a força de cisalhamento e a perda por cocção também foram avaliados. Os dados foram submetidos às análises de variância, regressões, correlações e de componentes principais utilizando o pacote estatístico SAS. O peso de carcaça quente foi 15,75 kg e o rendimento de carcaça foi de 43,65%. Os animais mais jovens apresentaram maior rendimento de pernil enquanto os rendimentos de lombo e ombro aumentaram com a idade. A carne foi mais escura em animais mais velhos. Com o aumento da idade, ocorreu redução na quantidade dos cortes comerciais e aumento das perdas de características de qualidade como cor, perda por cocção e força de cisalhamento; portanto, o abate deve ser realizado antes de 30 meses de idade.


Assuntos
Feminino , Animais , Abate de Animais , Carne , Ovinos , Pesos e Medidas Corporais/veterinária , Qualidade dos Alimentos
11.
Sci. agric. ; 75(4)2018.
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-17982

Resumo

ABSTRACT: The use of lambs from crossing of local with specialized sheep breeds for meat production may lead to higher meat deposition and a smaller fat amount in the carcass, with a more adequate nutritional profile for human consumption. This study investigated the performance, carcass and meat characteristics of lambs from the Morada Nova and Santa Inês locally adapted hair breeds and crosses between Dorper × Morada Nova and Dorper × Santa Inês slaughtered at approximately 35 kg. Morada Nova lambs showed lower (p 0.05) performance compared to the other genetic groups resulting in a higher age at slaughter (p 0.05). Crossbred Dorper × Santa Inês and Dorper × Morada Nova lambs showed better characteristics for meat production with better (p 0.05) conformation as well as leg and carcass compacteness index. Dorper × Santa Inês have a fatty acid profile that is more suitable for human consumption than Dorper × Morada Nova lambs do (p 0.05); however, both had lower (p 0.05) intramuscular lipid content (as measured by ether extract levels from Longíssimus lumborum) compared with purebred lambs. Therefore, when the objective is to obtain lean meat, with improved nutritional profile to reduce risks of cardiovascular disease, the use of breeds and crosses that reduce animal slaughter age, such as the ½ Dorper × ½ Santa Inês crossbred, is an interesting alternative.

12.
Sci. agric. ; 75(4): 288-295, jul.-ago. 2018. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-728766

Resumo

The use of lambs from crossing of local with specialized sheep breeds for meat production may lead to higher meat deposition and a smaller fat amount in the carcass, with a more adequate nutritional profile for human consumption. This study investigated the performance, carcass and meat characteristics of lambs from the Morada Nova and Santa Inês locally adapted hair breeds and crosses between Dorper × Morada Nova and Dorper × Santa Inês slaughtered at approximately 35 kg. Morada Nova lambs showed lower (p < 0.05) performance compared to the other genetic groups resulting in a higher age at slaughter (p < 0.05). Crossbred Dorper × Santa Inês and Dorper × Morada Nova lambs showed better characteristics for meat production with better (p < 0.05) conformation as well as leg and carcass compacteness index. Dorper × Santa Inês have a fatty acid profile that is more suitable for human consumption than Dorper × Morada Nova lambs do (p < 0.05); however, both had lower (p < 0.05) intramuscular lipid content (as measured by ether extract levels from Longíssimus lumborum) compared with purebred lambs. Therefore, when the objective is to obtain lean meat, with improved nutritional profile to reduce risks of cardiovascular disease, the use of breeds and crosses that reduce animal slaughter age, such as the ½ Dorper × ½ Santa Inês crossbred, is an interesting alternative.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Melhoramento Genético/métodos , Ovinos/genética , Seleção Artificial , Ácidos Graxos
13.
Ci. Anim. bras. ; 19: e-33874, 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-735244

Resumo

The objective of this trial was to evaluate carcass quality in 74 Santa Ines hair ewes aged 6 to 48 months. Slaughter occurred after fasting and electroshock, followed by dissection of the jugular veins and carotid arteries. Hot carcass weight, hot carcass yield, carcass length, skin thickness, shoulder, neck, loin, belly, rib and leg weights and percentages, leg length, and girth were measured. The rib eye area, color (by CIELAB system), shear force, and cooking loss were also measured. The data were analyzed using SAS procedures for analysis of variance, regressions, correlations, and principal components. Hot carcass weight was 15.75 kg and yield was 43.65%. Younger animals had higher leg yield while yields of loin and shoulder increased as age increased. The meat was darker in older animals. As age increased, both the quantity of commercial cuts decreased and the loss of quality traits, such as color, cooking loss, and shear force, increased; therefore, slaughter should be performed before 30 months of age.(AU)


O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a qualidade da carcaça em 74 ovelhas Santa Inês deslanadas com idades entre 6 a 48 meses. O abate ocorreu após jejum e eletrochoque, seguido de dissecção das veias jugulares e artérias carótidas. As avaliações realizadas foram peso de carcaça quente, rendimento de carcaça quente, comprimento de carcaça, espessura da pele, pesos e percentagens de ombro, pescoço, lombo, fralda, costelas e pernil e comprimento e perímetro do pernil. A área de olho de lombo, a cor usando o sistema CIELAB, a força de cisalhamento e a perda por cocção também foram avaliados. Os dados foram submetidos às análises de variância, regressões, correlações e de componentes principais utilizando o pacote estatístico SAS. O peso de carcaça quente foi 15,75 kg e o rendimento de carcaça foi de 43,65%. Os animais mais jovens apresentaram maior rendimento de pernil enquanto os rendimentos de lombo e ombro aumentaram com a idade. A carne foi mais escura em animais mais velhos. Com o aumento da idade, ocorreu redução na quantidade dos cortes comerciais e aumento das perdas de características de qualidade como cor, perda por cocção e força de cisalhamento; portanto, o abate deve ser realizado antes de 30 meses de idade.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Carne , Abate de Animais , Pesos e Medidas Corporais/veterinária , Ovinos , Qualidade dos Alimentos
14.
Acta sci., Anim. sci ; 402018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1459787

Resumo

Two experiments were carried out to evaluate the influence of genetic group, pregnancyand animal age on the carcass traits and commercial cut patterns of sheep carcasses. In the first experiment,the effect of pregnancy and genetic group were evaluated on 61 eleven month old Santa Inês ewes and theircrosses with Texel, Dorper and Ile de France. Experiment 2 was carried out with 132 Santa Inêsnulliparous or lambed ewes slaughtered with ages ranging from 6 to 48 months to evaluate the influence ofage on carcass traits. For both experiments, hot carcass weight, cold carcass weight, carcass yield, coldcarcass yield and carcass length were measured, as well as the yields and percentages of shoulder, neck, loin,belly, ribs, leg and leg length and perimeter. In experiment 1, the Santa Inês breed presented similar carcassand cut traits compared to the others genetic groups evaluated, except for fasting body weight. Lambedanimals had lower body condition score than nulliparous females. In experiment 2, fasting body weight,loin, rib and leg weights, as well as the leg perimeter, presented a quadratic effect with increasing age. Idealslaughter age is before 16 months to obtain more expensive cuts.


Foram realizados dois experimentos para se avaliar a influência do grupo genético, da prenheze da idade do animal sobre as características da carcaça e dos cortes comerciais de ovelhas. No primeiroexperimento foi avaliado o efeito da prenhez e do grupo genético em 61 ovelhas Santa Inês e seuscruzamentos com Texel, Dorper e Ilê de France. O experimento 2 foi conduzido com 132 ovelhas SantaInês prenhes e não prenhes abatidas com idades entre 6 a 48 meses para avaliar a influência da idade sobreas características da carcaça. Em ambos os experimentos foram realizadas medidas de peso de carcaçaquente, peso de carcaça fria, rendimento de carcaça quente, rendimento de carcaça fria e comprimento dacarcaça, assim como o rendimento e a percentagem da paleta, pescoço, lombo, fralda, costela e pernil, alémdo comprimento e perímetro do pernil. No experimento 1, a raça Santa Inês apresentou similaridade paraas características da carcaça e dos cortes com os outros grupos genéticos avaliados, exceto para o peso decorpo vazio. As fêmeas que pariram apresentaram menor escore de condição corporal que as fêmeasnulíparas. No experimento 2, o peso vivo em jejum, os pesos do lombo, costela e pernil, bem como acircunferência do pernil apresentaram efeito quadrático com o aumento da idade. A idade de abate idealsitua-se antes dos 16 meses de idade para a obtenção de cortes mais caros.


Assuntos
Feminino , Animais , Carne/análise , Peso Corporal , Prenhez/fisiologia , Prenhez/genética , Ovinos/classificação , Ovinos/genética
15.
Sci. agric ; 74(6): 436-442, Nov.-Dec.2017. tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1497677

Resumo

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of three different grazing systems: isolated, alternate and simultaneous, on feed intake, performance and carcass characteristics of sheep. About 5.2 ha area of Tanzania grass (Panicum maximun Jacq cultivate Tanzania) was divided into 13 paddocks. This area was used as a stocking rate of two animal units per ha for 7 days occupation and 21 days rest. A total number of 58 animals were used consisting of 12 heifers and 30 Santa Ines lambs with the addition of 16 adult ewes that were used to stabilize grazing pressure in the isolated system. The sheep were fed on 200 g per head per day of concentrate and cattle 2 kg per head per day. The parameters determined were the following: weekly weight (WW), total live weight gain (LWG) and mean daily weight gain (MDW). Also dry matter intake was estimated 84 days after the start of the experiment using external indicators (Purified and Enriched Lignin) in addition to carcass traits and composition which were also estimated. The result obtained for carcass composition revealed that the muscle:bone ratio and bone percentage were better in the alternate system. Moreover, the simultaneous and isolated systems showed higher lamb performance than the alternate system, while there was no effect on dry matter intake. Furthermore, there was no difference of the different systems on carcass traits and feed intake of sheep. Nevertheless, the simultaneous grazing system showed better sheep performance than the alternate grazing system.


Assuntos
Animais , Carne/análise , Carne/classificação , Pastagens/análise , Ovinos/crescimento & desenvolvimento
16.
Sci. agric. ; 74(6): 436-442, Nov.-Dec.2017. tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-15625

Resumo

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of three different grazing systems: isolated, alternate and simultaneous, on feed intake, performance and carcass characteristics of sheep. About 5.2 ha area of Tanzania grass (Panicum maximun Jacq cultivate Tanzania) was divided into 13 paddocks. This area was used as a stocking rate of two animal units (AU) per ha for 7 days occupation and 21 days rest. A total number of 58 animals were used consisting of 12 heifers and 30 Santa Ines lambs with the addition of 16 adult ewes that were used to stabilize grazing pressure in the isolated system. The sheep were fed on 200 g per head per day of concentrate and cattle 2 kg per head per day. The parameters determined were the following: weekly weight (WW), total live weight gain (LWG) and mean daily weight gain (MDW). Also dry matter intake was estimated 84 days after the start of the experiment using external indicators (Purified and Enriched Lignin) in addition to carcass traits and composition which were also estimated. The result obtained for carcass composition revealed that the muscle:bone ratio and bone percentage were better in the alternate system. Moreover, the simultaneous and isolated systems showed higher lamb performance than the alternate system, while there was no effect on dry matter intake. Furthermore, there was no difference of the different systems on carcass traits and feed intake of sheep. Nevertheless, the simultaneous grazing system showed better sheep performance than the alternate grazing system.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Carne/análise , Carne/classificação , Pastagens/análise , Ovinos/crescimento & desenvolvimento
17.
Sci. agric ; 73(6): 489-497, 2016. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1497609

Resumo

Cottonseed coproducts contain gossypol which can have specific effects upon the male reproductive system. We evaluated the reproductive development of male lambs close to puberty fed on three cotton coproducts. Twenty-four 5-month old male lambs received four diets: 20 % of dry matter intake of whole cottonseed (WCS), high oil cottonseed meal (CSC), cottonseed meal (CSM), and a control group (CTL) without any cottonseed coproducts. Free gossypol intake was 16.32, 6.98, 5.47 and 0 mg kg1 BW1 d1 for WCS, CSC, CSM and CTL, respectively. Every 15 days, the animals were weighted and serum and semen samples were collected. After 95 days, testis samples were collected for analysis under light and transmission electron microscopes. The CTL group had higher testosterone concentrations than CSC at the end of the trial and lower total sperm defects, higher mass movement and higher scores for seminiferous epithelium than other treatments. The WCS and CSC groups showed higher levels of segmental aplasia lesion in sperm than other diets, which showed that high levels of gossypol led to higher occurrence of this lesion. Cottonseed coproducts had a negative impact on the reproductive system of pubertal lambs regardless of gossypol concentration. Therefore, the use of cottonseed coproducts to feed lambs earmarked for reproduction is not safe.


Assuntos
Masculino , Animais , Fenômenos Reprodutivos Fisiológicos , Gossipol , Gossypium , Ovinos , Sementes , Soro , Sêmen , Testosterona , Testículo
18.
Sci. agric. ; 73(6): 489-497, 2016. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-684159

Resumo

Cottonseed coproducts contain gossypol which can have specific effects upon the male reproductive system. We evaluated the reproductive development of male lambs close to puberty fed on three cotton coproducts. Twenty-four 5-month old male lambs received four diets: 20 % of dry matter intake of whole cottonseed (WCS), high oil cottonseed meal (CSC), cottonseed meal (CSM), and a control group (CTL) without any cottonseed coproducts. Free gossypol intake was 16.32, 6.98, 5.47 and 0 mg kg1 BW1 d1 for WCS, CSC, CSM and CTL, respectively. Every 15 days, the animals were weighted and serum and semen samples were collected. After 95 days, testis samples were collected for analysis under light and transmission electron microscopes. The CTL group had higher testosterone concentrations than CSC at the end of the trial and lower total sperm defects, higher mass movement and higher scores for seminiferous epithelium than other treatments. The WCS and CSC groups showed higher levels of segmental aplasia lesion in sperm than other diets, which showed that high levels of gossypol led to higher occurrence of this lesion. Cottonseed coproducts had a negative impact on the reproductive system of pubertal lambs regardless of gossypol concentration. Therefore, the use of cottonseed coproducts to feed lambs earmarked for reproduction is not safe.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Ovinos , Gossypium , Gossipol , Fenômenos Reprodutivos Fisiológicos , Sementes , Soro , Sêmen , Testículo , Testosterona
19.
R. bras. Saúde Prod. Anim. ; 16(2): 470-479, abr.-jun. 2015. tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-16533

Resumo

Objetivou-se com o presente experimento, avaliar o efeito do grupo genético e do peso de abate sobre a área de olho de lombo, composição tecidual e centesimal da 12ª costela. Utilizaram-se cordeiros Santa Inês, ½ Ile de France x ½ Santa Inês e ½ Texel x ½ Santa Inês, abatidos com diferentes pesos (35 e 45kg). Após o resfriamento da carcaça a 4C durante 24 h, a 12ª costela foi removida para mensuração da composição tecidual e centesimal. O experimento foi conduzido em delineamento fatorial 3 (grupo genético) x 2 (sexo) x 2 (peso de abate) e analisado pelo software SAS®, utilizando-se o teste Duncan para comparação de médias e realizada correlação a 0,05 significância. Animais Texel x Santa Inês apresentam melhor potencial para característica de qualidade da 12ª costela, com acabamento mais precoce para o abate. Os cordeiros abatidos aos 35kg apresentam menor teor de gordura e maior proporção comestível, sendo este o peso recomendado ao abate.(AU)


This experiment evaluated the effect of genetic group and slaughter weight on rib eye area, tissue and centesimal composition of the 12th rib. Were used lambs Santa Ines, ½ Ile de France x ½ Santa Ines and ½ Texel x ½ Santa Ines lambs, slaughtered at different weights (35 and 45kg). After cooling at 4C for 24 h, the 12th rib was removed for tissue and centesimal. The experiment was in a 3 (genetic group) x 2 (sex) x 2 (slaughter weight) factorial design and analyzed using Correlation and Duncan 0.05 means test in SAS®. Texel x Santa Ines animals had the best potential for quality traits of the 12th rib, with earlier finishing for slaughter. The lambs slaughtered at 35kg had lowest fat and highest edible proportion, this being the recommended slaughter weight.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Ovinos/anatomia & histologia , Ovinos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Tromboplastina
20.
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-717284

Resumo

This experiment evaluated the effect of genetic group and slaughter weight on rib eye area, tissue and centesimal composition of the 12th rib. Were used lambs Santa Ines, ½ Ile de France x ½ Santa Ines and ½ Texel x ½ Santa Ines lambs, slaughtered at different weights (35 and 45kg). After cooling at 4°C for 24 h, the 12th rib was removed for tissue and centesimal. The experiment was in a 3 (genetic group) x 2 (sex) x 2 (slaughter weight) factorial design and analyzed using Correlation and Duncan 0.05 means test in SAS®. Texel x Santa Ines animals had the best potential for quality traits of the 12th rib, with earlier finishing for slaughter. The lambs slaughtered at 35kg had lowest fat and highest edible proportion, this being the recommended slaughter weight.


Objetivou-se com o presente experimento, avaliar o efeito do grupo genético e do peso de abate sobre a área de olho de lombo, composição tecidual e centesimal da 12ª costela. Utilizaram-se cordeiros Santa Inês, ½ Ile de France x ½ Santa Inês e ½ Texel x ½ Santa Inês, abatidos com diferentes pesos (35 e 45kg). Após o resfriamento da carcaça a 4°C durante 24 h, a 12ª costela foi removida para mensuração da composição tecidual e centesimal. O experimento foi conduzido em delineamento fatorial 3 (grupo genético) x 2 (sexo) x 2 (peso de abate) e analisado pelo softwareSAS®, utilizando-se o teste Duncan para comparação de médias e realizada correlação a 0,05 significância. Animais Texel x Santa Inês apresentam melhor potencial para característica de qualidade da 12ª costela, com acabamento mais precoce para o abate. Os cordeiros abatidos aos 35kg apresentam menor teor de gordura e maior proporção comestível, sendo este o peso recomendado ao abate.

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