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1.
Sci. agric ; 79(3): e20200340, 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1290198

Resumo

Bos taurus indicus temperament is variable and affects beef tenderization. Our objective was to investigate temperament and performance of non­castrated Nellore and identify groups based on Longissimus lumborum (LL) pH decline as well as beef characteristics produced by those groups. We investigated 94 animals with a subset of carcasses (n = 24) selected based on LL pH at 24 h postmortem (pm) to represent two groups: resistant to pH decline (> 5.8 called pH­Res; n = 10) and normal (< 5.7 called pH­Nor; n = 14). Steaks were fabricated from the LL muscle and randomly assigned to aging (2, 7, 14, and 21 days). Sarcomere length, cooking loss, myofibrillar fragmentation index (MFI), and Warner­Bratzler shear force (WBSF) were determined. Data on temperament were investigated in a multivariate approach, while beef data were compared between groups using the analysis of variance. Rectal temperature at the beginning of the finishing phase and total weight gain were greater and related to animals in the pH­Res group (p < 0.01 and p = 0.03, respectively). Temperature and pH decline curves, sarcomere length, and cooking loss revealed that pH­Res produced beef with lower quality compared to the pH­Nor group. Results for MFI and WBSF did not show differences between groups within each time pm; however, overall steaks from pH­Res were tougher (p = 0.06). Incidence of LL pH between 5.8 and 5.9 at 24 h pm did not compromise the tenderization rate or extension; however, it affected the water holding capacity in this population of Nellore cattle.(AU)


Assuntos
Temperamento/fisiologia , Bem-Estar do Animal , Carne Vermelha/análise , Análise Multivariada , Análise de Variância , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio
2.
Rev. bras. zootec ; 49: e20190146, 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1444112

Resumo

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of combining immunocastration and ß-adrenergic agonists (ß-AA) on blood metabolites and their correlations with performance and carcass traits of Nellore cattle. Ninety-six Nellore males were distributed in a randomized block design with a 2×3 factorial arrangement. The factors were two sexual conditions (immunocastrated and non-castrated), and three diets (control, with no inclusion of ß-AA; RH, with 300 mg of ractopamine hydrochloride/d; and ZH, with 80 mg of zilpaterol hydrochloride/animal/d). The trial was conducted during 100 d, during which animals were fed ZH and RH for the last 30 and 33 d, respectively. Blood metabolites related to lipid and protein metabolism were assessed at the baseline (0 d of ß-AA supplementation) and after 13 and 30 d of ß-AA supplementation. No effect of sexual condition × ß-AA supplementation × time on feed interaction was observed. Combining immunocastration with ß-AA supplementation modified cholesterol and non-esterified fatty acids concentrations without affecting protein metabolism. Immunocastration enhances lipogenesis and reduces skeletal muscle accretion by increasing high-density lipoprotein and triglycerides concentrations and decreasing creatinine and creatine kinase concentrations, respectively. Zilpaterol hydrochloride enhances skeletal muscle accretion by decreasing urea and total protein concentrations and increases creatinine and creatine kinase concentrations without modifying lipid metabolism.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Castração/veterinária , Agonistas Adrenérgicos beta/análise , Carne/análise , Bovinos
3.
Acta Sci. Anim. Sci. ; 39(1): 103-109, jan.-mar. 2017. tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-691100

Resumo

For this research 48 male lambs were divided in randomized blocks in a factorial design, having as factors sexual condition (castrated or uncastrated) and time on feed (36 or 78 days). High grain diet was monitored daily to measure the performance of the animal nutrition. The characteristics of the carcass and meat were taken for the fatty acids profile and sensorial analysis. The effect of the factors as sexual condition and time on feed, and the interaction between them, were evaluated by analysis of variance using the GLM procedure of SAS software and the treatment averages were compared by Student"s T test. The uncastrated animals presented greater weight gain and dry matter intake, better feed efficiency, and larger loin area. More time on feed resulted in higher weight at slaughter. Parameters such as pH, color, meat tenderness and sensorial attributes were not affected by treatments. For the fatty acid profile there was effects and interactions between sexual condition and time on feed. It is concluded that castration should not be used when the animal is young and slaughtered and feed intensively, but neutering can be interesting to improve the fatty acid profile of the meat.(AU)


No experimento realizado, foram utilizados 48 cordeiros machos divididos em blocos casualizados, em esquema fatorial, sendo tais fatores: a condição sexual (castrado ou não castrado) e tempo de confinamento (36 ou 78 dias). Uma dieta rica em grãos foi ofertada e controlada diariamente para medir o desempenho da nutrição animal, as características da carcaça e da carne foram avaliadas, e foi feita análise sensorial. A condição sexual e o tempo em confinamento, bem como a interação entre eles, foram avaliados por análise de variância, utilizando o procedimento GLM do software SAS e as médias dos tratamentos foram comparadas pelo teste t de estudante (p 0,05). Os animais não castrados apresentaram maior ganho de peso e consumo de matéria seca. Eles também tiveram uma melhor eficiência alimentar e área de lombo. Mais tempo no confinamento resultou em maior peso ao abate. Parâmetros como pH, cor, maciez da carne e atributos sensoriais não foram afetados pelos tratamentos. Para o perfil de ácidos graxos, houve efeitos e as interações entre condição sexual e tempo de confinamento. Concluiu-se que a castração não deve ser usada quando o animal é novo e criado em sistema intensivo, mas a castração pode ser interessante para melhorar o perfil de ácidos graxos da carne.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Ovinos/anormalidades , Ovinos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Ovinos/fisiologia , Carne/análise , Sexo , Confinamento Controlado , Castração , Castração/veterinária
4.
Acta sci., Anim. sci ; 39(1): 103-109, jan.-mar. 2017. tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1459696

Resumo

For this research 48 male lambs were divided in randomized blocks in a factorial design, having as factors sexual condition (castrated or uncastrated) and time on feed (36 or 78 days). High grain diet was monitored daily to measure the performance of the animal nutrition. The characteristics of the carcass and meat were taken for the fatty acids profile and sensorial analysis. The effect of the factors as sexual condition and time on feed, and the interaction between them, were evaluated by analysis of variance using the GLM procedure of SAS software and the treatment averages were compared by Student"s T test. The uncastrated animals presented greater weight gain and dry matter intake, better feed efficiency, and larger loin area. More time on feed resulted in higher weight at slaughter. Parameters such as pH, color, meat tenderness and sensorial attributes were not affected by treatments. For the fatty acid profile there was effects and interactions between sexual condition and time on feed. It is concluded that castration should not be used when the animal is young and slaughtered and feed intensively, but neutering can be interesting to improve the fatty acid profile of the meat.


No experimento realizado, foram utilizados 48 cordeiros machos divididos em blocos casualizados, em esquema fatorial, sendo tais fatores: a condição sexual (castrado ou não castrado) e tempo de confinamento (36 ou 78 dias). Uma dieta rica em grãos foi ofertada e controlada diariamente para medir o desempenho da nutrição animal, as características da carcaça e da carne foram avaliadas, e foi feita análise sensorial. A condição sexual e o tempo em confinamento, bem como a interação entre eles, foram avaliados por análise de variância, utilizando o procedimento GLM do software SAS e as médias dos tratamentos foram comparadas pelo teste t de estudante (p 0,05). Os animais não castrados apresentaram maior ganho de peso e consumo de matéria seca. Eles também tiveram uma melhor eficiência alimentar e área de lombo. Mais tempo no confinamento resultou em maior peso ao abate. Parâmetros como pH, cor, maciez da carne e atributos sensoriais não foram afetados pelos tratamentos. Para o perfil de ácidos graxos, houve efeitos e as interações entre condição sexual e tempo de confinamento. Concluiu-se que a castração não deve ser usada quando o animal é novo e criado em sistema intensivo, mas a castração pode ser interessante para melhorar o perfil de ácidos graxos da carne.


Assuntos
Animais , Carne/análise , Ovinos/anormalidades , Ovinos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Ovinos/fisiologia , Castração , Castração/veterinária , Confinamento Controlado , Sexo
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