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Acta cir. bras ; 36(6): e360604, 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1284910


ABSTRACT Purpose Herein we evaluated the effects of platelet concentrate (PC) and platelet-poor plasma (PPP) on bone repair using noncritical defects in the calvaria of rabbits and compared them to the presence of TGF-β1 and osteocalcin on reparative sites. Methods Five noncritical defects of 8.7 mm in diameter were created on the calvaria of 15 animals. Each defect was treated differently, using autograft (ABG), ABG associated with PC (ABG + PC), ABG with PPP (ABG + PPP), isolated PPP, and blood clot (control). The animals were submitted to euthanasia on the second, fourth and sixth week post-surgery. Results The defects that received ABG+PC or PPP demonstrated lower bone formation when compared to specimens that received ABG in the same period. These results coincided to significant higher immunopositivity for TGF-β1 for specimens that received PC, and lower presence of cytokine in the group PPP. However, either higher or lower presence of TGF-β1 were also correlated to lower presence of osteocalcin. Likewise, these results were similar to findings in specimens treated only with PPP when compared to control. Conclusions PC and PPP were not effective when applied in association with ABG. Similarly, isolated use of PPP was not beneficial in optimizing the bone repair.

Animais , Osteogênese , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/metabolismo , Coelhos , Crânio/cirurgia , Osteocalcina , Autoenxertos
Acta cir. bras ; 36(5): e360505, 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1278105


ABSTRACT Purpose To evaluate capsules formed by microtextured silicone implants with and without Parietex® mesh coverage histologically. Methods Sixty Wistar rats were divided in two groups (meshed and unmeshed). Each group was, then, divided into two subgroups for evaluation at 30 and 90 days. Capsules were analyzed based on hematoxylin and eosin (HE) and picrosirius staining. Results The number of fibroblasts, neutrophils and macrophages was similar among all subgroups. There was a higher lymphocyte reaction in the 30-day meshed group (p = 0.003). Giant cell reaction, granulation tissue and neoangiogenesis were similar among the subgroups. Synovial metaplasia was milder at 90-day in the unmeshed (p = 0.002) and meshed group (p < 0.001). Capsular thickness was significantly greater in the meshed samples (30-day p < 0.001 and 90-day p < 0.001). There was a similar amount of collagen types I and III in both groups. Conclusions The mesh-covered implants produced capsules similar to the microtextured ones when analyzing inflammatory variables. Synovial metaplasia was milder at 90 than at 30 days, and the capsular thickness was significantly greater in the meshed group. A similar amount of collagen types I and III was observed. Due to these characteristics, the mesh coverage did not seem to significantly affect the local inflammatory activity.

Animais , Feminino , Ratos , Silicones , Implantes de Mama/efeitos adversos , Poliésteres , Telas Cirúrgicas/efeitos adversos , Cápsulas , Colágeno , Ratos Wistar
Acta cir. bras. ; 33(9): 762-774, set. 2018. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-735042


Purpose: To compare wound healing performed with cold blade (CSB) and ultrasonic harmonic scalpel (UHS) in the abdominal aponeurosis of rats. Methods: Eighty Wistar rats divided into two groups and underwent midline incision in the linea alba with cold blade and harmonic ultrasonic scalpel. Analysis were performed in subgroups of 10 animals after 3, 7, 14 and 21 days. Macroscopically was observed the presence of hematoma, infection, wound dehiscence, fistula and adherences. Microscopically were used collagen and immunohistochemical staining methods. Results: Macroscopic, complications showed no statistical difference. Immunohistochemical analysis for MMP-9 was more intense in UHS group (p 0.05). TGF presented its lower expression in UHS group at 14 and 21 days, with no statistical difference at 3 and 7 days (p 0.05). -AML expression appeared higher in UHS group after 14 days and remained similar in others (p 0.05). Collagen deposition had no change in type I, and increased in type III in UHS; at 7th day the deposition was higher in CSB group; at 14th was similar in both groups (p 0.001). Conclusion: UHS compared to the CSB has higher lesion area at the time of the incision; as well as it led to the delay of regeneration and scar maturation process.(AU)

Animais , Masculino , Adulto , Ratos , Cicatrização/fisiologia , Ferida Cirúrgica/terapia , Instrumentos Cirúrgicos , Colágeno/análise , Aponeurose/cirurgia , Ratos Wistar , Modelos Animais
Acta cir. bras. ; 32(11): 973-983, nov. 2017. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-728462


Purpose: To evaluate histological parameters in rat renal tissue after tadalafil use during hot ischemia for 45 minutes and reperfusion for 24 hours. Methods: Twenty rats were divided into 2 groups. In the experimental group 10 mg/kg of tadalafil was used per gavage before the procedure. All cases underwent left partial nephrectomy, followed by 45 minutes of warm ischemia. Left nephrectomy of the remaining kidney was performed after 24 hours from the initial procedure. The histological parameters analyzed were: detachment of tubular cells, accumulation of desquamated cells in the proximal tubule, loss of brush border, tubular cylinders, interstitial edema, leukocyte infiltration, capillary congestion, vacuolization, tubular dilatation, necrosis and collapse of the capillary tuft. Results: Two rats from each group died and were excluded from the study. Tadalafil significantly reduced leukocyte infiltration (p = 0.036). The remaining histological parameters did not show statistical difference between the groups. Conclusion: The use of tadalafil during warm ischemia and reperfusion demonstrates statistically significant reduction of leukocyte infiltration in the renal interstitium.(AU)

Animais , Masculino , Ratos , Tadalafila/uso terapêutico , Isquemia Quente , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/induzido quimicamente , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/terapia , Rim , Modelos Animais , Ratos Wistar
Acta cir. bras. ; 31(11): 765-773, Nov. 2016. ilus, graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-20922


PURPOSE:To evaluate the usefulness of a knee osteoarthritis model through functional, radiological and microscopic changes of the synovial membrane.METHODS:Forty eight rats were divided randomly into two groups. The first received 0.9% saline in the joint and corresponded to the control group. The second was submitted to experimental osteoarthritis of the right knee induced by monosodium iodoacetate and corresponded to the osteoarthritis group. All animals were subjected to comparative tests of forced ambulation and joint movements, inability to articulate and tactile allodynia on day 1 post-experiment by forced ambulation (Roto-rod test), joint assessment of disability (weight bearing test) and assessment of tactile allodynia (Von Frey test). After inflammatory induction they were divided into four sub-groups corresponding to the scheduled death in 7, 14, 21 and 28 days when they were submitted to radiographic examination of the knee, arthrotomy and collection of the synovial membrane.RESULTS:The osteoarthritis group showed significant differences compared to control group on days 7 and 14 in Roto-rod, in weight bearing and Von Frey tests in all days, and in radiological evaluation. Microscopic examination of the synovial membrane showed abnormalities of inflammatory character at all stages.CONCLUSION:The osteoarthritis induced by intra-articular monosodium iodoacetate in rats knee is a good model to be used in related research, because it provides mensurable changes on joint movements, tactile allodynia, progressive radiological degeneration and microscopic inflammation of the synovial membrane, that represent markers for osteoarthritis evaluation.(AU)

Animais , Masculino , Ratos , Osteoartrite do Joelho/veterinária , Iodoacetatos/administração & dosagem , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Membrana Sinovial/patologia , Ratos Wistar
Acta cir. bras. ; 31(11): 759-764, Nov. 2016. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-20921


PURPOSE:To analyze the influence of chlorpromazine on renal histology of rats submitted to ischemia and reperfusion injury.METHODS:Sixteen Wistar rats - split in two groups - have been used: control group, receiving 3 mg/kg isotonic saline solution through caudal vein, and, the chlorpromazine group, receiving 3 mg/kg-IV of such medication. The nephrectomy of the left kidney lower third was carried out; immediately, the test-drug was administrated. After 15 minutes of test-drug administration, the renal pedicle was clamped; in 60 minutes of ischemia it was released. After 24 hours of the renal reperfusion, the rats were, once more, anesthetized and submitted to total left nephrectomy, and, afterwards, to euthanasia. Histological findings regarding ischemia have been evaluated and compared between the groups.RESULTS:There was no statistical difference related to inferior renal pole histological analysis. Regarding 60-minute renal ischemia, chlorpromazine has statistically reduced the accrual of leucocytes within the vasa recta renis (p=0.036) and the congestion of peritubular capillaries (p=0.041). When conducting joint analysis of histological patterns, the control group showed a median score of 11 and chlorpromazine group of 5.5 (p=0.036).CONCLUSION:Chlorpromazine significantly reduced the occurrence of secondary damage to ischemia and reperfusion process in the overall histological analysis.(AU)

Animais , Ratos , Clorpromazina/efeitos adversos , Clorpromazina/análise , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/veterinária , Rim/irrigação sanguínea , Rim/lesões , Rim/anatomia & histologia , Nefrectomia/veterinária , Ratos Wistar
Acta cir. bras. ; 31(4): 243-249, Apr. 2016. tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-20524


PURPOSE:To evaluate macro and microscopically, changes following the use of the aqueous extract of babassu (Orbignya phalerata) in the lung parenchyma and pleura of rats.METHODS:Sixty adult male rats with average weight of 350 g, were randomized into two groups of 30 animals (experimental and control) further divided into sub-groups of 10 to be sacrificed at 48 h, 72 h and 21 days. The substance was injected into the right pleura of the animals.RESULTS:There was intense pleuropulmonary macroscopic reaction with statistically significant differences between groups respectively (p<0.05, p<0.02, p<0.03). Microscopically, no statistically significant difference was evident (p>0.05).CONCLUSION:The aqueous extract of babassu (Orbignya phalerata) was found to be highly irritating to the pleura and lung of rats, evidenced macroscopically by numerous adhesions and inflammation while no major changes were evident microscopically.(AU)

Animais , Ratos , Arecaceae/química , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Pleura , Tecido Parenquimatoso , Pulmão/citologia , Fitoterapia/veterinária
Acta cir. bras. ; 31(6): 402-410, June 2016. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-20110


PURPOSE:To evaluate the effect of Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi (aroeira) and Orbignya phalerata Mart. (babassu) in the healing process of cecorrhaphy in rats.METHODS: Fifty four rats were used, distributed into three groups randomly: aroeira, babassu and control, which were divided into three subgroups (six animals) according to the time of the deaths (7, 14, 21 days). All underwent the same surgical procedure, cecotomy and cecorrhaphy. The animals in group aroeira and babassu received daily dose of 100 mg/kg of hydroalcoholic extract and 50 mg/kg of aquous extract respectively, by gavage. The control group received only saline solution. The parameters evaluated were: macroscopic changes, ,resistance test to air insufflations and histological changes.RESULTS: All animals showed good healing without infection. All groups presented adhesions between cecum and neighboring organs. The resistance test insufflating of atmospheric air showed progressive increase of pressure according to the days in the aroeira group, and decrease in babassu group, without significant difference. Microscopy showed significant difference in the polymorphonuclear, hyperemia, angiogenesis, fibroblast proliferation and collagen histological variables in the 14th day.CONCLUSION: Hydroalcoholic extract of aroeira and the aqueous extract of babassu favored the healing process in cecorrhaphy in rats.(AU)

Animais , Ratos , Anacardiaceae , Arecaceae , Cicatrização , Ceco/cirurgia , Extratos Vegetais , Ratos Wistar , Fitoterapia/veterinária , Colo/cirurgia
Acta cir. bras. ; 31(5): 320-326, May 2016. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-20043


PURPOSE :To compare ileal anastomoses in the immediate postoperative healing period after meloxicam use.METHODS:Forty two male Wistar rats were randomly divided into two groups of 21, COX and control group. To COX meloxicam in combination with morphine was given in 3 days period. Control group received only morphine during the same period. Each group was divided into three sub-groups of 7, which were euthanized at 5, 10, and 21 days postoperatively. Comparison was based in histological evaluation of collagen type I and III using sirius red, immunohistochemical through vascular endothelial growth factor and matrix metalloproteinase-9.RESULTS:Healing process in scheduled periods did not show significant differences (p>0.05) between the COX and control groups during any of the periods.CONCLUSION:The use of meloxicam in the postoperative period following ileal anastomosis did not affect healing.(AU)

Animais , Masculino , Ratos , Anastomose Cirúrgica/veterinária , Íleo/cirurgia , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Cicatrização , Ratos Wistar
Acta cir. bras. ; 29(9): 603-607, Sept. 2014. tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-21969


PURPOSE:To compare controlled liver regeneration in rats submitted to 60% hepatic resection having L-arginine supplemented diet, based on weight changes of the regenerated liver, laboratory parameters of liver function and pathological findings.METHODS:Thirty-six rats were divided into two groups, control and L- arginine. The first received standard chow and saline solution by gavage. The second had supplementation with L- arginine. Animals were killed on postoperative period at 24h, 72h and seven days. For analysis of liver regeneration was used Kwon formula for weight, laboratory tests and mitosis.RESULTS:Weight, showed no benefit with L- arginine supplementation; however, intergroup comparison in the first 24h observed positive effect on supplementation (p=0.008). Alkaline phosphatase was increased in arginine group (p<0.04). The number of mitoses showed no difference between the two groups; however, in the first 24 hours, the supplemented group had higher number of mitoses within the groups (p=0.03).CONCLUSION:Supplementation with L-arginine did not show benefits in liver regeneration; however, supplemented group in the first 24 hours showed benefits over 72 hours and seven days of the evaluation by weight gain and number of mitosis.(AU)

Animais , Masculino , Ratos , Arginina , Regeneração Hepática/efeitos dos fármacos , Suplementos Nutricionais , Hepatectomia/veterinária , Ratos Wistar
Acta cir. bras. ; 27(4): 300-305, 2012. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-3992


PURPOSE: To evaluate the healing process of a defect in the ventral abdominal wall of rats, comparing the polypropylene and polypropylene/poliglecaprone meshes on the 30th and 60th postoperative day. METHODS: Thirty two Wistar rats were submitted to a ventral abdominal wall defect, with integrity of the parietal peritoneum. In the repair, were used polypropylene (group A) and polypropylene/poliglecaprone (group B) meshes. The groups were subdivided into four subgroups of eight animals euthanized on the 30th (A30 and B30) and 60th postoperative day (A60 and B60). Fragments of the abdominal wall of the animals were submitted to macroscopic, tensiometric and histological evaluations. RESULTS: The tensiometry on subgroup A30 showed a mean average break point of 0.78 MPa and in A60, 0.66 Mpa. In subgroup B30 it was 0.84 MPa and in B60, 1.27 Mpa. The score of the inflammatory process showed subacute phase on A30 and B30 sub-groups and chronic inflammatory process in subgroups A30 and 60B. CONCLUSIONS: The tensile strength was higher on the wall repaired by polypropylene/poliglecaprone mesh in the 60th post-operative day. Histology showed higher concentration of fibrosis on the surface of the polypropylene mesh with a tendency to encapsulation. In polypropylene/poliglecaprone subgroups the histology showed higher concentration of fibrosis on the surface of mesh filaments.(AU)

OBJETIVO: Avaliar a cicatrização de um defeito, na parede abdominal ventral de ratos, comparando-se as telas de polipropileno e polipropileno/poliglecaprone no 30º e 60º dia do pós-operatório. MÉTODOS: Trinta e dois ratos Wistar foram submetidos à produção de defeito na parede abdominal ventral, com integridade do peritônio parietal. Na correção foram utilizadas as telas de polipropileno (grupo A) e polipropileno/poliglecaprone (grupo B). Houve subdivisão em quatro subgrupos (A30, A60, B30 e B60) de oito animais que foram submetidos à eutanásia no 30º e 60º dia do pós-operatório. Fragmentos da parede abdominal foram submetidos à análise macroscópica, tensiométrica e histológica. RESULTADOS: A tensiometria no subgrupo A30 mostrou tensão média de ruptura de 0,78 Mpa e no subgrupo A60 de 0,66 MPa. No subgrupo B30 foi de 0,84 MPa e no B60 de 1,27 MPa. O escore do processo inflamatório mostrou fase subaguda nos subgrupos A30 e B30 e processo inflamatório crônico no subgrupo A60 e B60. CONCLUSÕES: A resistência à tensão foi maior na parede reparada pela tela de polipropileno/poliglecaprone no 60º dia pós-operatório. Na análise histológica houve maior concentração da fibrose na superfície da tela de polipropileno com tendência ao encapsulamento. Nos subgrupos polipropileno/poliglecaprone a análise histológica mostrou maior fibrose entre os filamentos da tela.(AU)

Animais , Ratos/classificação , Hérnia Abdominal/veterinária , Telas Cirúrgicas , Polipropilenos
Acta cir. bras. ; 27(5): 283-288, 2012. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-3964


PURPOSE: To determine whether it is possible and the difficulty of anatomical placement of guide wires for reconstruction of the two bands of the anterior cruciate ligament using transtibial technique and to measure the angle and positioning of the anatomic tibial guide wires for this technique. METHODS: Ten cadaver knees were dissected and a guide wire was positioned in the center of origin and insertion of each band. Were collected measurements of the distance from: 1) the entry point of the guide wire on tibial tuberosity; 2) the medial end of the tibia; 3) the tibial articular surface. Were also measured the medial and caudal angles of the guide wires. RESULTS: For the anteromedial band the medial angle was 19±5º and the caudal was 44±4º.The distances were 20±2 mm from anterior tuberosity, 26±5 mm from the tibial plateau and 25±5 mm from the medial end of the tibia. For the posterolateral band the medial angle was 26±5º and the caudal one was 36±8°. The distances were 31±6 mm for the anterior tuberosity, 24±4 mm for the tibial plateau and 17±7 mm from the end of the tibia. CONCLUSIONS: It is possible to position the guide wires of the two bands to reconstruct the anterior cruciate ligament using transtibial technique. The parameters for the proper positioning of the guide wire from anteromedial band is caudal angle of 44º with entry point 20 mm from anterior tuberosity; for the posterolateral band the caudal angle is 36º; from the tibial tuberosity the distance is 31 mm. This technique is difficult to perform leaving its questionable reproducibility.(AU)

OBJETIVOS: Determinar se é possível o posicionamento anatômico dos fios-guia para reconstrução das duas bandas do ligamento cruzado anterior pela técnica transtibial, sua dificuldade técnica e medir o posicionamento angular dos parâmetros anatômicos dos fios-guia tibiais para esta técnica. MÉTODOS: Dez joelhos de cadáveres foram dissecados e um fio guia foi posicionado no centro da origem e inserção de cada banda. Foram coletadas as medidas da distância do ponto de entrada do fio-guia à tuberosidade anterior da tíbia, a extremidade medial da tíbia e a superfície articular tibial. Também foram medidos os ângulos mediais e caudais dos fios-guia. RESULTADOS: Para a banda anteromedial o ângulo medial foi de 19±5º e o caudal de 44±4º. As distâncias foram de 20±2 mm da tuberosidade anterior, 26±5 mm do platô tibial e 25±5 mm da extremidade medial da tíbia. Para a banda posterolateral o ângulo medial foi de 26±5° e o caudal de 36±8°. As distâncias foram de 31±6 mm da tuberosidade anterior, 24±4 mm do platô tibial e 17±7 mm da extremidade medial da tíbia. CONCLUSÕES: É possível posicionar os fios-guia para reconstrução das duas bandas do ligamento cruzado anterior pela técnica transtibial. Os parâmetros para o posicionamento adequado do fio-guia da banda anteromedial são ângulo caudal de 44° com ponto de entrada a 20 mm da tuberosidade anterior; para a banda posterolateral o ângulo caudal é de 36° e a distância é de 31 mm da tuberosidade anterior da tíbia. Essa técnica é de difícil execução deixando sua reprodutibilidade questionável.(AU)

Humanos , Joelho/anatomia & histologia , /métodos , Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/anatomia & histologia , Cadáver
Acta cir. bras. ; 27(3): 251-255, 2012. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-3983


PURPOSE: To compare sutures with polypropylene and poliglecaprone 25 after partial cecotomy in rats. METHODS: Thirty six rats divided into two groups, A and B, of 18 animals; each group was also divided into three subgroups of six animals sacrificed at 4th, 7th and 14th days after surgery. Were studied the mortality, morbidity, complications attributable to sutures, macroscopy, optical microscopy and measurement of hydroxyproline at the level of the suture. RESULTS: There were no deaths or wound complications such as hematoma, seroma, abscess, evisceration or eventration. On microscopic evaluation reepithelization, coaptation and inflammation in both groups did not differ significantly. The average rate of tissue hydroxyproline found in the samples on the 4th day after surgery, was 21.38 mg/g tissue for group A and 16.68 mg/g for group B; on day 7 after surgery, the average was 15.64 mg/g tissue for group A and 26.53 mg/g for group B; on day 14, the average was 8.09 mg/g tissue for group A and 25.07 mg/g for group B. CONCLUSION: There were no differences on clinical evolution, macroscopic aspect, microscopic data and hydroxyproline concentration on both sutures.(AU)

OBJETIVO: Comparar a sutura com fio de polipropileno e poliglecaprone 25 após cecotomia parcial em ratos. MÉTODOS: Trinta e seis ratos foram distribuídos em dois grupos A e B de 18 animais, e cada grupo foi dividido em três subgrupos de seis, sacrificados no 4º, 7º e 14º dias do pós-operatório. Estudou-se a mortalidade, morbidade, complicações atribuíveis às suturas, macroscopia, microscopia ótica e dosagem de hidroxiprolina no nível da sutura. RESULTADOS: Não houve mortalidade ou complicações da ferida operatória como hematoma, seroma, abscesso, evisceração ou eventração. Na avaliação microscópica os critérios de re-epitelização, coaptação e processo inflamatório ambos os grupos não apresentaram diferença significativa. A taxa tecidual média da hidroxiprolina encontrada nas amostras no 4º dia de pós-operatório foi de 21,38 mg/g de tecido para o grupo A e 16,68 mg/g para o grupo B; no 7º dia a média foi de 15,64 mg/g de tecido para o grupo A e 26,53 mg/g para o grupo B; no 14º dia ela foi de 8,09 mg/g de tecido para o grupo A e 25,07 mg/g para o grupo B. CONCLUSÃO: Não houve diferença estatística entre a evolução clínica, avaliação macroscópica, microscopia e dosagem de hidroxiprolina entre as suturas realizadas com os fios estudados.(AU)

Animais , Ratos/classificação , Técnicas de Sutura/veterinária , Ceco/anatomia & histologia , Polipropilenos/efeitos adversos , Anastomose Cirúrgica/veterinária
Acta cir. bras. ; 27(6): 376-382, 2012. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-4287


PURPOSE: To study the macro and microscopic evaluation of the damage caused by clamping or section of cervical sympathetic nerve in rabbits, quantifying the collagen in the lesions. METHODS: Twenty rabbits were divided into two groups of ten, doing in group 1 (section) section of the right cervical sympathetic nerve, while in group 2 (clipping) clipping of the nerve. All rabbits were induced to death on the seventh day after surgery. The macroscopic variables were: consequences of nerve lesion, clip appearance, presence of infection and adhesions around the nerve. Microscopy used hematoxylin-eosin staining to evaluate the stages and the degree of inflammation and necrosis, and F3BA Picrosirius red staining to quantify collagen. Mann-Whitney test was used for comparisons of collagen types I and III between groups. Fisher exact test analyzed the macroscopic variables, the degree of inflammation and necrosis. RESULTS: There was no discontinuity of nerve injury in the clipping group, as well as the clip was closed in all animals. The presence of severe adhesions was significantly higher in the clipping group (p<0.05). There was no significant difference on other variables macroscopically analyzed. There was no significant difference between groups regarding the type of inflammatory process and its intensity, as well as the presence of necrosis and collagen deposition in the nerves. CONCLUSIONS: In the macroscopic evaluation, the section caused discontinuity, which did not occur in the clamping group; there was no development of local infection; the clipping of the cervical sympathetic nerve was linked to the presence of a greater number of adhesions in comparison to the section group. Microscopically, no difference existed in relation to the type and intensity of inflammation reaction between the groups; occurred predominance of chronic and severe inflammation on the specimens; the necrosis was noticed equally in both groups; there was predominance of type I collagen deposition in relation to type III in both groups.(AU)

OBJETIVO: Estudar a lesão provocada pela secção e pela clipagem no nervo simpático cervical de coelhos, avaliando-se a macroscopia, microscopia e quantificando-se o colágeno nas lesões. MÉTODOS: Foram utilizados 20 coelhos, distribuídos em dois grupos de dez, sendo nos animais do grupo 1 (secção) realizada secção do nervo simpático cervical direito, enquanto nos do grupo 2 (clipagem) realizada a clipagem desse nervo. Todos os coelhos foram induzidos à morte no sétimo dia de pós-operatório. As variáveis macroscópicas avaliadas foram: presença de lesão de descontinuidade do nervo, aspecto do clipe, presença de infecção e de aderências ao redor do nervo. A microscopia com hematoxilina-eosina foi feita para avaliar as fases, o grau do processo inflamatório e a presença de necrose; a coloração de Picrosirius red F3BA quantificou o colágeno. Utilizou-se o teste de Mann-Whitney nas comparações dos colágenos tipo I e tipo III entre os grupos. As variáveis macroscópicas, o grau do processo inflamatório e presença de necrose foram analisadas pelo teste de Fisher. RESULTADOS: Não houve lesão de descontinuidade do nervo no grupo clipagem, assim como o clipe encontrou-se fechado em todos os animais desse grupo. A presença de aderências intensas foi significativamente maior no grupo clipagem (p<0,05). Não houve diferença significativa quanto às demais variáveis analisadas macroscopicamente. Não houve diferença significativa entre os grupos quanto ao tipo de processo inflamatório e sua intensidade, assim como quanto à presença de necrose e ao depósito de colágeno nos nervos. CONCLUSÕES: Na avaliação macroscópica, a secção causou lesão de descontinuidade, o que não ocorreu na clipagem; não houve desenvolvimento de infecção local; a clipagem do nervo simpático cervical foi associada à presença de maior quantidade de aderências em relação à secção. Na avaliação microscópica reconheceu-se não haver diferença no tipo e na intensidade do processo inflamatório entre os grupos; ocorreu predomínio de processo inflamatório crônico e acentuado; as necroses ocorreram igualmente em ambos os grupos; houve predomínio de depósito de colágeno tipo I em relação ao tipo III em ambos os grupos.(AU)

Animais , Coelhos/classificação , Grampeamento Cirúrgico , Bloqueio Nervoso Autônomo/efeitos adversos
Acta cir. bras. ; 25(1): 98-104, Jan.-Feb. 2010. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-6963


PURPOSE: To evaluate the development of Walker 256 tumor in male Wistar rats treated with tacrolimus using an experimental kidney tumor model. METHODS: 40 male Wistar rats were divided into four groups: Tumor group (TU) (n=10), Tacrolimus-Tumor group (TT) (n=10), Tacrolimus group (TC) (n=10) and Control group (C) (n=10). Treatment with tacrolimus was performed in groups TT and TC. Under anesthesia, the right kidney of each animal of TU and TT was accessed through a supraumbilical incision and inoculated with a 0.1mL solution containing 2x10(6) tumor cells (Walker 256 carcinosarcoma tumor cells). Group TC was treated with a saline solution. All the animals of groups TC and TT were treated with tacrolimus (5mg/kg/day) by gavage for 15 days. TU group animals received saline by gavage for 15 days. On the 15th postoperative day, all animals were submitted to euthanasia and blood sampling for analysis of serum creatinine (Cr) and blood urea nitrogen (BUN). Abdominal gross examination was performed, the right kidney removed and prepared for histological analysis by hematoxylin-eosin staining. The resulting data were submitted to statistical analysis by ANOVA. RESULTS: Statistical significance was found when comparing creatinine level between groups TU, TT and TC -TT group culminated with a marked increased in creatinine levels (Cr=1.013 ± 0.3028 mg/mL), TU group (Cr=0.5670 ± 0.03536 mg/dL) P=0.00256, TC group (Cr =0.711 ± 0.1653 mg/mL) P= 0.02832. Statistical significance was found when comparing BUN levels in TT group (71.32 ± 17.14 mg/mL), compared with TU group (45.83 ± 5.046 mg/dL), P=0.000318. There were no statistically significant differences between groups TT and TC (61.23 ± 9.503 mg/mL) P=0.7242. Histological analysis showed a poor evolution in TT group with multiple foci of hemorrhage and cortical invasion by the Walker tumor. CONCLUSION: The Tacrolimus-treated group developed a more aggressive tumor and a drug-related nephrotoxic effect.(AU)

OBJETIVO: Avaliar as alterações na evolução do carcinosarcoma 256 de Walker, inoculado no rim de ratos Wistar, sob tratamento imunossupressor com o tacrolimus. MÉTODOS: Foram utilizados 40 ratos Wistar, machos divididos em quatro grupos de 10: grupo Tumor (TU), Tumor-Tacrolimus (TT), Tacrolimus (TC) e Controle (C). Os ratos dos grupos TU e TT foram inoculados com 0,1 mL de solução contendo 2x10(6) células do tumor de Walker no parênquima do rim direito. Os dos grupos TC e TT receberam tratamento com tacrolimus na dose de 5mg/kg de peso, via gavagem orogástrica durante 15 dias. Os ratos do grupo TU receberam solução salina isotônica pH 7,2. Ao 15º dia de evolução, todos foram submetidos à eutanásia. Amostras de sangue eram coletadas para dosagem de creatinina (Cr) e uréia (Ur) e posteriormente realizada nefrectomia para avaliação histológica. RESULTADOS: As dosagens séricas de creatinina foram maiores no grupo TT (Cr = 1,013±0,3028 mg/mL), que diferiu significantemente dos grupos TU (Cr=0,5670 ± 0,03536 mg/dL) com p=0,00256 e do TC (Cr=0,711 ± 0,1653 mg/mL) com p=0,02832. As dosagens séricas de uréia foram maiores no grupo TT (71,32 ± 17,14 mg/mL), que diferiu significantemente do grupo TU (45,83 ± 5,046mg/dL) com p=0,000318, mas comparado ao grupo TC (61,23 ± 9,503 mg/mL) não houve diferença significante (p=0,7242). No inventário da cavidade abdominal dos grupos TU e TT, observou-se presença macroscópica de tumor em todos os rins direitos; não foram evidenciadas efusões ascíticas, formação de bridas ou metástases tumorais em outros órgãos ou tecidos adjacentes aos rins direitos. CONCLUSÃO: O tacrolimus exerceu efeito nefrotóxico e induziu exacerbação do crescimento do tumor de Walker 256, quando implantado no rim de ratos Wistar.(AU)

Animais , Masculino , Ratos , Tacrolimo/administração & dosagem , Tacrolimo/efeitos adversos , Imunossupressores/efeitos adversos , Carcinoma 256 de Walker/imunologia , Proteínas de Ligação a Tacrolimo/biossíntese , Nefrectomia/efeitos adversos , Carcinoma 256 de Walker/induzido quimicamente , Creatinina/sangue , Ureia/sangue , Transplante de Rim/efeitos adversos
Acta cir. bras. ; 25(1): 80-85, Jan.-Feb. 2010. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-6961


PURPOSE: To evaluate swine vocal fold healing in a period of 30 days after topical mitomycin-C application. METHODS: Twelve swine underwent exeresis of mucosal flaps from the free edge of the anterior third of both vocal folds with a cold instrument (laryngeal scissors). The animals were divided into two groups: EG (Experimental Group), consisting of 6 animals undergoing topical MMC application (4 mg/dL) on the operated area for 4 minutes; CG (Control Group), 6 animals undergoing topical saline solution application on the operated area for 4 minutes. After 30 days, the animals were sacrificed and the larynges were collected and examined for the presence of synechiae as well as a histological immunohistochemical assessment of immature and mature collagen deposition, number of blood vessels and myofibroblasts. RESULTS: Mature collagen deposition in the EG was 452.12 μm² and 1332.31μm² in the CG; immature collagen deposition was 1511.73μm² in the EG and 1020.61μm² in the CG. The number of myofibroblasts was 1.556 in the EG and 3.583 in the CG. The number of blood vessels was 2.565 in EG and 6.917 in the CG. There were no synechiae in the two studied groups. CONCLUSIONS: There was an increase in immature collagen deposition in the experimental group when compared with the control group. There was a decrease in mature collagen deposition in the experimental group when compared with the control group. There was a decrease in the number of myofibroblasts in the experimental group when compared with the control group. A decrease in blood vessels was observed in the experimental group when compared with the control group. There was no synechia formation in either studied group.(AU)

OBJETIVO: Avaliar a cicatrização de pregas vocais de suínos utilizando mitomicina-C tópica, em 30 dias. MÉTODOS: Doze suínos foram submetidos à exérese de mucosa do bordo livre do terço anterior de ambas as pregas vocais com instrumental frio (tesoura curva) e divididos em dois grupos: Grupo E (GE), composto por seis animais com utilização tópica de mitomicina-C(4 mg/dL) na área cruenta por quatro minutos e Grupo Controle (GC), composto por seis animais com utilização tópica de soro fisiológico na área cruenta por quatro minutos. Após 30 dias os animais foram sacrificados e coletadas amostras das pregas vocais para avaliação de sinéquias e análise histológica com quantificação da deposição de colágeno maduro e imaturo, quantificação do número de vasos sanguíneos e miofibroblastos, por método imunoistoquímico. RESULTADOS: A deposição do colágeno maduro no GE foi de 452,12 μm² e 1332,31μm² no GC. A do colágeno imaturo foi de 1511,73μm² no GE e de 1020,61μm² no GC. O número de miofibroblastos foi de 1,556 no GE e de 3,583 no GC. O número de vasos sanguíneos foi de 2,565 no GE e de 6,917 no GC. Não houve formação de sinéquias nos grupo s estudados. CONCLUSÕES: No grupo experimento, quando comparado ao controle, houve significativamente aumento da deposição do colágeno imaturo e diminuição da deposição do colágeno maduro, do número de miofibroblastos e de vasos sanguíneos. Não houve formação de sinéquias em ambos os grupos.(AU)

Animais , Prega Vocal/lesões , Cicatrização , Mitomicina/administração & dosagem , Mitomicina/efeitos adversos , Colágeno/imunologia , Suínos/imunologia , Prega Vocal/cirurgia , Mitomicina/imunologia
Acta cir. bras. ; 25(1): 28-33, Jan.-Feb. 2010. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-6953


PURPOSE: To verify the effect of highly concentrated platelet-rich plasma (hPRP) in the pathways of bone repair using non-critical defects in the calvaria of rabbits. METHODS: The hPRP was produced from collected venous blood of 21 rabbits. Four non-critical defects of 8 mm in diameter were created on the calvaria of each animal. The defects were all treated differently: autogenous particled bone (APB, group 1), autogenous particled bone associated with hPRP (APB + hPRP, group 2), isolated hPRP (group 3), and blood clot (control, group 4). Animals were submitted to euthanasia on the 2nd, 4th and 6th week postoperatively. Histological and histomorphometric analysis were carried through. RESULTS: After two weeks, groups 1 and 2 were in more advanced stage of repair than 3 and 4. At this period, comparing the groups 1 and 2, no significant differences were found between both, which also happened between the groups 3 and 4. However, after four and six weeks, the group 1 showed a more advanced stage of repair among all the other studied groups, while group 2 was in more advanced signs of bone repair than groups 3 and 4. Comparing groups 3 and 4, after four and six weeks, the least advanced stage of bone repair was found to be within group 3. CONCLUSION: The use of a highly concentrated PRP was considered prejudicial to the repair of non-critical defects in the calvaria of rabbits, either in the association of autogenous particled bone, when compared to autogenous particled bone alone, or in its isolated form, when compared to blood clot (control).(AU)

OBJETIVO: Verificar os efeitos do plasma rico em plaquetas altamente concentrado (hPRP) sobre o reparo ósseo, utilizando defeitos não críticos na calvária de coelhos. MÉTODOS: O concentrado de plaquetas foi produzido a partir de sangue venoso coletado de 21 coelhos. Quatro defeitos não críticos de 8 mm de diâmetro foram criados na calvária de cada animal. Os defeitos foram tratados de modo distinto: osso autógeno particulado (grupo 1), osso autógeno particulado associado com hPRP (grupo 2), hPRP de modo isolado (grupo 3) e coágulo sangüineo (controle, grupo 4). Os animais foram mortos na 2º, 4º e 6º semanas do pós-operatório. Análises histológicas e histomorfométricas foram realizadas. RESULTADOS: Em duas semanas, os grupos 1 e 2 estavam num estado de reparação mais adiantado que os grupos 3 e 4. Neste período, quando comparados os grupos 1 e 2, não foram observadas diferenças estatísticamente significativas, o mesmo acontecendo quando a comparação foi entre os grupos 3 e 4. Após quatro e seis semanas, contudo, o grupo1 mostrou um estágio mais avançado de reparo, isto quando comparado com todos os outros grupos estudados, enquanto o grupo 2 apresentou sinais mais avançados de reparo que os grupos 3 e 4. Comparando os grupos 3 e 4, após 4 e 6 semanas, um estágio menos avançado do reparo ósseo foi observado no grupo 3. CONCLUSÃO: O uso do plasma rico em plaquetas altamente concentrado foi considerado prejudicial ao reparo de defeitos não críticos na calvária de coelhos, tanto quando em associação com enxerto ósseo autógeno em partículas (quando comparado com enxerto ósseo em partículas de forma isolada) quanto em sua forma isolada (quando comparado com o coágulo sangüíneo-controle).(AU)

Animais , Coelhos , Plasma Rico em Plaquetas/imunologia , Transplante Ósseo/métodos , Crânio/lesões , Ortopedia/métodos , Crânio/cirurgia , Regeneração Óssea , Modelos Animais
Acta cir. bras ; 24(4): 282-289, July-Aug. 2009. ilus, graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1456211


PURPOSE: To evaluate the influence of hypothyroidism in tracheal wound healing process. METHODS: A controlled study was designed with 48 male Wistar rats, divided into two groups: study and control groups. In the first one hypothyroidism was surgically induced and 10 weeks after, a tracheal opening followed by suture was performed in both groups, subdivided into 7, 14, and 21 days in accordance with the date of animals death. A laboratorial evaluation was performed to prove the decreased in thyroid function in the study group. Also a macroscopic evaluation through a stablished protocol and a microscopic analysis with Hematoxylin-eosin and Sirius-Red staining methods were done. RESULTS: The laboratorial evaluation certified suppressed thyroid function in the study group. The macroscopic evaluation showed the presence of suture blockade in the study group in all the evaluated days. Microscopic analysis showed a prolongated inflammatory process and less collagen with delay in organization in the study group comparing to control group. All these data were statistic significant. CONCLUSION: Hypothyroidism had an influence in tracheal wound healing process, promoting delay in the inflammatory and organization processes and diminished tissue collagen quantity.

OBJETIVO: Investigar a influência que o hipotireoidismo exerce no processo cicatricial da traquéia. MÉTODOS: Estudo controlado, com 48 ratos Wistar machos, divididos em dois grupos, denominados: grupo estudo e grupo controle. No primeiro induziu-se hipotireoidismo cirurgicamente e após 10 semanas, realizou-se nos dois grupos o procedimento de abertura traqueal seguida de sutura. Houve subdivisão destes grupos em 7, 14 e 21 dias, de acordo com a data de morte dos animais. Foi realizada avaliação laboratorial para comprovar o hipotireoidismo no grupo estudo, avaliação macroscópica e microscópica através das colorações de hematoxilina-eosina e Sirius Red. RESULTADOS: A avaliação laboratorial atestou que o grupo estudo encontrava-se em estado de hipotireoidismo. A avaliação macroscópica demonstrou predomínio de bloqueio da sutura no grupo estudo em todos os momentos avaliados. A microscopia comprovou prolongamento da fase inflamatória e diminuição da quantidade total de colágeno bem como atraso na sua organização no grupo estudo em relação ao grupo controle. Todos estes dados apresentaram significância estatística. CONCLUSÃO: O hipotireoidismo influencia no processo de cicatrização traqueal prolongando a fase inflamatória, diminuindo a quantidade de colágeno e atrasando sua maturação e organização.

Animais , Cicatrização , Hipotireoidismo , Ratos , Suturas , Traqueia
Acta cir. bras. ; 24(1): 13-18, Jan.-Feb. 2009. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-3764


PURPOSE: To evaluate the deposition of collagen fibers at pig's vocal folds after topical use of mitomycin or 5-fluorouracil, when partial exeresis of mucosa layer had been promoted by CO2 laser. METHODS: There were used 18 Larger white pigs which were anesthetized and submitted to mucosa fragment's exeresis, bilaterally, at its free border. The animals were divided into 3 groups, each one with 6 animals: control group, without topical drug application; mitomycin group; and 5-fluorouracil group. After 30 days, the animals were subjected to euthanasia, and samples of the vocal folds were collected and stained by picrosirius red technique with polarization for quantification of total collagen deposition. RESULTS: In control group, the mean rate of right vocal fold's collagen deposition at submucosa consisted in a 3428.66 micrometers area. There was found an area whose size had, in average, 2196.36 micrometers, in mitomycin group, and 2269.19 micrometers, in 5-fluorouracil group. CONCLUSION: Mitomycin and 5-fluorouracil had promoted beneficial change in vocal fold's cicatrization with less collagen deposition, but there was no significant statistically difference when they were compared between themselves.(AU)

OBJETIVO: Avaliar a deposição das fibras de colágeno total em pregas vocais suínas após o uso tópico de mitomicina ou 5-fluorouracil nas exéreses parciais de mucosa com laser de CO2. MÉTODOS: Foram utilizados 18 porcos da raça Larger white anestesiados e submetidos à exérese de fragmento de mucosa de borda livre da prega vocal direita e prega vocal esquerda. Os animais foram divididos em 3 grupos com 6 animais cada: grupo controle, sem aplicação de medicação tópica; grupo mitomicina, com uso tópico dessa substância; grupo 5-fluorouracil, uso tópico. Após 30 dias do experimento os animais foram submetidos à eutanásia, coletadas amostras das pregas vocais e coradas pela técnica do picrosirius red com polarização para a quantificação computadorizada da deposição do colágeno total. RESULTADOS: No grupo controle, a média da área do colágeno depositado na submucosa da prega vocal direita foi de 3428,66 micrômetros. No grupo mitomicina a média foi de 2196,36 micrômetros. No grupo 5-fluorouracil, a média foi de 2269,19 micrômetros. CONCLUSÃO: A mitomicina e o 5-fluorouracil promoveram mudança benéfica na cicatrização da prega vocal, com menor deposição de colágeno, porém, quando comparados entre si, eles não apresentaram diferença estatisticamente significante.(AU)

Animais , Cicatrização , Prega Vocal/cirurgia , Cirurgia Veterinária , Lasers de Gás , Mitomicina , Fluoruracila , Suínos
Acta cir. bras. ; 24(5): 367-376, Sept.-Oct. 2009. ilus, graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-5221


PURPOSE: To compare the capsular reaction to two different coverings of silicone prosthesis through the biophysical characteristic of adherence and microscopical aspects of the inflammatory reaction and collagen formation. METHODS: Thirty two Wistar rats were used. In the dorsum of each animal a silicone elastomer with a smooth superficies and another coated with texturized silicone (Mentor) was implanted. Another one, with the same smooth superficies and other coated with silicone foam (Lifesil), making up in each side, of the dorsum, the texturized and silicone foam group respectively. The animals were split into four groups to be evaluated at 7, 14, 30 and 60 days. On the evaluation dates the implant adherence was verified witch a tensiometer and the values in kgf were obtained. The material was sent to histological analysis with hematoxilin-eosin and picrosirius colorations, to evaluate the inflammatory reaction and collagen synthesis, respectively. The obtained data were submitted to statistical treatment. RESULTS: There was more adherence of the tissue to the silicone foam (P<0,001). The inflammatory reaction was more intense in the same group, but without statistical significance. The number of giant cells and granulomas were more frequent in the silicone foam group. There was statistical significance at the 60 days for granulomas (P<0,028) and for all subgroups about number of giant cells (P< 0,012 to P<0,036). The thickness of the capsule in the silicone foam group was bigger, with statistical significance at seven days (P<0,028) and 60 days (P<0,012). The collagen deposition showed no difference in statistical analysis. CONCLUSION: The capsular reaction to the silicone foam showed stronger adherence, bigger thickness and had more number of granulomas and giant cells. No difference was observed in the intensity of inflammatory reaction in relation to type I and III collagen, when compared to the texturized cover.(AU)

OBJETIVO: Comparar a reação capsular de dois revestimentos de próteses de silicone através da característica biofísica de aderência e dos aspectos microscópicos de reação inflamatória e formação de colágeno. MÉTODOS: Implantaram-se no dorso de 32 ratos duas membranas de silicone ambas possuindo uma superfície lisa e outra diferindo em sua estrutura. Estes revestimentos foram de espuma de silicone (LifeSil) ou silicone texturizado (Mentor). Os dois grupos foram divididos em quatro sub-grupos conforme o tempo de pós-operatório avaliado: 7, 14, 30 e 60 dias. Obteve-se material para análise biofísica de aderência, a qual foi realizada com tensiômetro para obtenção de valores em kgf. O estudo microscópico da reação inflamatória e síntese de colágeno foi realizado com colorações de hematoxilina-eosina e picrosirius. Os dados foram submetidos a testes para avaliação da significância estatística. RESULTADOS: Houve maior aderência do revestimento de espuma de silicone ao tecido capsular, sendo este valor estatisticamente significativo (P<0,001). Quanto à reação inflamatória observou-se maior intensidade também neste grupo, porém sem significância estatística. Na contagem de células gigantes e granulomas os valores foram maiores para o grupo espuma de silicone com significância estatística no sub-grupo 60 dias (P<0,028) para número de granulomas; e em todos os sub-grupos (variando de P<0,012 a P<0,036) para o número de células gigantes. A reação capsular à espuma de silicone foi mais espessa, com significância estatística nos sub-grupos sete dias (P<0,028) e 60 dias (P<0,012). No estudo da síntese de colágeno, as diferenças não foram significantes estatisticamente. CONCLUSÃO: A reação capsular ao revestimento de espuma de silicone apresentou características de ter maior aderência ao tecido peri-implante, ser mais espesso, possuir maior número de granulomas e células gigantes de corpo estranho. Não demonstrou diferença quanto à intensidade da reação ...(AU)

Animais , Implante Mamário/métodos , Silicones/efeitos adversos , Colágeno Tipo I/efeitos adversos , Colágeno Tipo III/efeitos adversos , Ratos