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1.
Acta Vet. Brasilica ; 15(1): 9-14, 2021. tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1453250

Resumo

Hematuria is a relatively common manifestation in dogs and cats when secondary with urinary tract disorders, such as bacterial cystitis and urolithiasis, your treatment is limited to treatment of the primary cause. However, when the hematuria is persistent or capable of causing significant haematological disorders, other causes less common should to be investigated. A 12-year-old, male pit bull dog, was admitted presenting intense hematuria for the last 10 days. Laboratory tests showed intense normocytic and normochromic anemia, hypoalbuminemia and albuminuria associated with intense hematuria. The ultrasound images reveled presence of structures compatible with blood clots and increased wall thickness and irregularity of urinary bladder. The bladder wash cytology suggested chronic cystitis. Due to results of de laboratory tests and bladder US images, started treatment which antibiotic therapy associated with blood transfusions were maintained until histopathology results. During the biopsy surgery it was observed The bladder wall was thicker and richly vascularized, with normal elasticity and absence of masses or polyps on the inner and outer wall. Histopathological examination revealed thickening of the muscular layer, hemorrhage and diffuse hyperemia between muscle fibers and lamina propria, intact and ruptured capillaries filled with red blood cells, and a discrete multifoc


A hematúria é uma manifestação relativamente comum em cães e gatos quando secundária a distúrbios do trato urinário, tais como cistite bacteriana e urolitíase, sendo seu tratamento limitado à eliminação da causa primária. Entretanto, quando a hematúria é persistente ou capaz de causar distúrbios hematológicos significativos, outras causas menos comuns devem ser investigadas. Um cão, pit bull, macho de 12 anos de idade deu entrada no Hospital Veterinário da xxx com queixa principal de acentuado sangramento urinário há 10 dias. Os exames laboratoriais mostraram anemia normocítica e normo-crômica e hipoalbuminemia, associadas à proteinúria e hematúria intensa. As imagens ultrassonográficas revelaram à presença de estruturas compatíveis com coágulos sanguíneos e aumento da espessura e irregularidade da parede da bexiga, e a citologia do lavado vesical sugeriu cistite crônica. Com os resultados dos exames laboratoriais e de imagem, iniciaram-se os tratamentos com antibioticoterapia associados às transfusões sanguíneas, e o animal foi encaminhado para a biopsia de bexiga. Durante o procedimento cirúrgico, observou-se que a parede vesical apresentava-se espessa e ricamente vascularizada, com elasticidade normal e ausência de massas ou pólipos nas faces interna e externa. O exame histopatológico revelou tratar-se de cistite hemor-rágica linfoplasmocitária, uma doença rara e muito agressiva, a qual apresenta descrições semelhantes em seres humanos, mas ainda não descrita em cães.


Assuntos
Animais , Cães , Cistite/microbiologia , Cães , Hematúria/microbiologia , Inflamação
2.
Acta sci. vet. (Impr.) ; 49(supl.1): 720, 2021. ilus
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1366277

Resumo

Background: Osteosarcomas are malignant neoplasms of bone tissue, with a high prevalence in dogs, especially in large and giant breeds. More commonly, such alterations affect the appendicular skeleton and, to a lesser extent, the axial skeleton. In order to obtain an accurate diagnosis, it is necessary to combine cytological and histopathological findings with clinical parameters, imaging exams and macroscopic findings. In the present study, we report a rare case of combined-type pelvic osteosarcoma with pulmonary metastasis in a dog. Case: A 5-year-old intact large male dog of mixed breed, was submitted to clinical care because of an increase in volume of the left perineal region. The cytological evaluation, performed without imaging exams, indicated that it was an undifferentiated sarcoma. An incisional biopsy defined the diagnosis as telangiectatic osteosarcoma, and with progressive clinical worsening, the patient died. Necroscopic examination revealed multiple nodules in the lungs and an irregular mass with a hard to friable consistency. The mass was intensely vascularised and extended craniodorsally from the left ischial tuberosity to the base of the renal fossa. Microscopically, the neoplasm was diagnosed as combined osteosarcoma, consisting of the osteoblastic, chondroblastic, and telangiectatic subtypes. Metastases with a predominance of the chondroblastic subtype were observed in the lungs. Discussion: This is the first report of combined-type canine osteosarcoma in the ischium. The case reported here is unusual, as there are few reports of canine osteosarcoma in the pelvic bones, and there is no concrete information regarding its histological appearance. Osteosarcoma is the most common bone neoplasm in dogs, representing up to 80% of the tumours found in such organs. In the present case, the dog was a large young adult with a higher probability of neoplasm development. A cytopathological examination is a diagnostic method with good sensitivity and specificity that can confirm osteosarcomas. However, in this case, the cytological diagnosis, performed without the information from the imaging exam, indicated that it was an undifferentiated sarcoma, given the impossibility of the architectural assessment of the lesion. Biopsy samples sent for histology may not be representative of the entire tumour, leading to misclassification of the histological type. Therefore, the evaluation of fragments from various sites of the lesions is recommended. Regarding the morphology of osteosarcomas, such neoplasms have the osteoblastic, chondroblastic, fibroblastic, telangiectatic, large cell, and poorly differentiated subtypes. With regard to tumours located in the axial skeleton, no studies have assessed the predominance of a particular morphological type, as well as the incidence of combined-type masses in dogs in this particular location. Such neoplasms are locally aggressive and have a high metastatic potential, with the lungs being the main location for implantation of neoplastic cells. There is no proven evidence of the correlation between morphological presentations and the presence of metastases from osteosarcomas in dogs. The histological type is not a predictive factor for the behaviour of the neoplasm. However, the anatomical location is considered as one of the factors with the greatest influence on the prognosis and metastatic potential. Rib masses are associated with a higher rate of metastases compared to others. The definitive diagnosis of osteosarcomas and its correct subclassification are of great importance in the prognosis of affected patients. These require an approach that considers the clinical findings, imaging examinations, and macroscopic and microscopic alterations.


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Cães , Neoplasias Pélvicas/veterinária , Pelve/patologia , Osteossarcoma/veterinária , Neoplasias Ósseas/veterinária , Metástase Neoplásica
3.
Acta Vet. bras. ; 15(1): 9-14, 2021. tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-30662

Resumo

Hematuria is a relatively common manifestation in dogs and cats when secondary with urinary tract disorders, such as bacterial cystitis and urolithiasis, your treatment is limited to treatment of the primary cause. However, when the hematuria is persistent or capable of causing significant haematological disorders, other causes less common should to be investigated. A 12-year-old, male pit bull dog, was admitted presenting intense hematuria for the last 10 days. Laboratory tests showed intense normocytic and normochromic anemia, hypoalbuminemia and albuminuria associated with intense hematuria. The ultrasound images reveled presence of structures compatible with blood clots and increased wall thickness and irregularity of urinary bladder. The bladder wash cytology suggested chronic cystitis. Due to results of de laboratory tests and bladder US images, started treatment which antibiotic therapy associated with blood transfusions were maintained until histopathology results. During the biopsy surgery it was observed The bladder wall was thicker and richly vascularized, with normal elasticity and absence of masses or polyps on the inner and outer wall. Histopathological examination revealed thickening of the muscular layer, hemorrhage and diffuse hyperemia between muscle fibers and lamina propria, intact and ruptured capillaries filled with red blood cells, and a discrete multifoc


A hematúria é uma manifestação relativamente comum em cães e gatos quando secundária a distúrbios do trato urinário, tais como cistite bacteriana e urolitíase, sendo seu tratamento limitado à eliminação da causa primária. Entretanto, quando a hematúria é persistente ou capaz de causar distúrbios hematológicos significativos, outras causas menos comuns devem ser investigadas. Um cão, pit bull, macho de 12 anos de idade deu entrada no Hospital Veterinário da xxx com queixa principal de acentuado sangramento urinário há 10 dias. Os exames laboratoriais mostraram anemia normocítica e normo-crômica e hipoalbuminemia, associadas à proteinúria e hematúria intensa. As imagens ultrassonográficas revelaram à presença de estruturas compatíveis com coágulos sanguíneos e aumento da espessura e irregularidade da parede da bexiga, e a citologia do lavado vesical sugeriu cistite crônica. Com os resultados dos exames laboratoriais e de imagem, iniciaram-se os tratamentos com antibioticoterapia associados às transfusões sanguíneas, e o animal foi encaminhado para a biopsia de bexiga. Durante o procedimento cirúrgico, observou-se que a parede vesical apresentava-se espessa e ricamente vascularizada, com elasticidade normal e ausência de massas ou pólipos nas faces interna e externa. O exame histopatológico revelou tratar-se de cistite hemor-rágica linfoplasmocitária, uma doença rara e muito agressiva, a qual apresenta descrições semelhantes em seres humanos, mas ainda não descrita em cães.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Cães , Cães , Hematúria/microbiologia , Cistite/microbiologia , Inflamação
4.
Acta sci. vet. (Impr.) ; 48: Pub.1767-Jan. 30, 2020. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1458290

Resumo

Background: Bovine tuberculosis control programs are based on a standard diagnostic method, the intradermal test with purified protein derivatives, which is used to identify and eliminate diseased animals. Currently none of the tests available allow complete differentiation between infected and uninfected animals. The main limitations of the tests available are related to diagnostic sensitivity and specificity, which results in false positive reactions due to the existence of cross infections, and also false negative, inherent to the state of energy of some animals. The aim of this work was to study the intercurrence of paratuberculosis in tuberculosis reactive cattle by the comparative cervical test. Materials, Methods & Results: Three hundred and thirty four cattle were evaluated using the comparative cervical test (CCT) and serology for tuberculosis (TB) and paratuberculosis (PTB) ELISA IDEXX®. All of the animals testing positive by CCT were euthanized and necropsied. Fragments of lymph node, lung and intestine were collected and analyzed using histopathological techniques, with staining by Hematoxylin-Eosin (HE). Samples of lung and lymph nodes (retropharyngeal, submandibular, cervical and mediastinal) of the animals testing positive by CCT were evaluated using qPRC for M. bovis, and intestinal and mesenteric lymph nodes using PCR for PTB. Of the 334 cattle evaluated using the comparative cervical test, 16 were considered positive. No lesions suggestive of tuberculosis were found in the macroscopic inspection of the carcasses. The most evident anatomical and pathological finding was a thickening of intestinal mucosa, found in 12 of the 16 cattle submitted to necropsy. No microscopic lesions suggestive of TB were identified nor was the presence of M. bovis detected by qPCR. The main histopathological findings were observed in the small intestine and mesenteric lymph nodes and identified as enteritis, lymphangitis...


Assuntos
Animais , Bovinos , Paratuberculose/diagnóstico , Paratuberculose/epidemiologia , Teste Tuberculínico/métodos , Teste Tuberculínico/veterinária , Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis , Mycobacterium bovis
5.
Acta sci. vet. (Impr.) ; 48(suppl.1): Pub.479-4 jan. 2020. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1458306

Resumo

Background: Plasmacytoma is a neoplasm originating in plasma cells, derived from B lymphocytes. Extramedullary presentation is the most common form of plasmacytoma, mainly in the skin and rarely in other tissues, including the vertebral canal. Extramedullary plasmacytoma (EMP) occurs more frequently in senile dogs and rarely in cats and some dog breeds have predisposition for this type of neoplasm. The aim of this study was to report plasmacytoma in a dog located adjacent to the thoracic vertebrae. Case: An approximately 5-year-old mongrel male with sudden paraplegia resulting from upper motor neuron injury was admitted to a University Hospital. The dog presented a six-centimeter diameter mass in the dorsal region, adjacent to the thoracic vertebrae. The leucogram presented mild leukopenia by eosinopenia and lymphopenia. Myelogram associated with epidurography showed a fill failure in the contrast column between the seventh and ninth thoracic vertebrae, and there were no osteolysis points in the thoracic vertebrae, adjacent to the neoplastic mass. The evaluation of the intervertebral spaces between the fourth to ninth thoracic vertebrae presented no increase in radiopacity, nor alterations in the size of intervertebral spaces, indicating intervertebral disc extrusion. The laterolateral radiographs showed an alignment of the vertebrae and vertebral canal, without presence of bone neoformations on the ventral face of the vertebral bodies. The animal was euthanized and fragments of mass were collected for histological analysis. Macroscopic findings presented a non-encapsulated well-delimited mass, with color ranging from white to reddish. Microscopically, there was proliferation of moderately differentiated round cells in bone and muscle tissues, arranged in mantle


Assuntos
Masculino , Animais , Cães , Linfócitos B , Plasmocitoma/veterinária , Vértebras Torácicas/patologia , Mielografia/veterinária
6.
Acta sci. vet. (Online) ; 48(suppl.1): Pub. 479, Jan. 29, 2020. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-24497

Resumo

Background: Plasmacytoma is a neoplasm originating in plasma cells, derived from B lymphocytes. Extramedullary presentation is the most common form of plasmacytoma, mainly in the skin and rarely in other tissues, including the vertebral canal. Extramedullary plasmacytoma (EMP) occurs more frequently in senile dogs and rarely in cats and some dog breeds have predisposition for this type of neoplasm. The aim of this study was to report plasmacytoma in a dog located adjacent to the thoracic vertebrae. Case: An approximately 5-year-old mongrel male with sudden paraplegia resulting from upper motor neuron injury was admitted to a University Hospital. The dog presented a six-centimeter diameter mass in the dorsal region, adjacent to the thoracic vertebrae. The leucogram presented mild leukopenia by eosinopenia and lymphopenia. Myelogram associated with epidurography showed a fill failure in the contrast column between the seventh and ninth thoracic vertebrae, and there were no osteolysis points in the thoracic vertebrae, adjacent to the neoplastic mass. The evaluation of the intervertebral spaces between the fourth to ninth thoracic vertebrae presented no increase in radiopacity, nor alterations in the size of intervertebral spaces, indicating intervertebral disc extrusion. The laterolateral radiographs showed an alignment of the vertebrae and vertebral canal, without presence of bone neoformations on the ventral face of the vertebral bodies. The animal was euthanized and fragments of mass were collected for histological analysis. Macroscopic findings presented a non-encapsulated well-delimited mass, with color ranging from white to reddish. Microscopically, there was proliferation of moderately differentiated round cells in bone and muscle tissues, arranged in mantle…(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Cães , Plasmocitoma/veterinária , Linfócitos B , Vértebras Torácicas/patologia , Mielografia/veterinária
7.
Arq. ciênc. vet. zool. UNIPAR ; 20(2): 109-115, jan-mar. 2017.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-879684

Resumo

O pâncreas é conhecido como uma glândula mista, uma vez que atua tanto na secreção de enzimas digestivas através de sua porção exócrina, quanto na secreção de insulina e glucagon pela porção endócrina. Envolvendo a porção exócrina, nos cães a principal alteração evidenciada é a pancreatite, enquanto que no pâncreas endócrino a principal moléstia é o Diabetes mellitus. Não obstante, o pâncreas pode ser acometido por diversas patologias, dentre elas neoplasias, processos isquêmicos, traumas ou ainda por doenças idiopáticas. Dessa forma, o diagnóstico das disfunções deste órgão torna-se um desafio na Medicina Veterinária, tornando relevante a realização de maiores estudos acerca deste tema. Tendo em vista que abordagens sobre as patologias pancreáticas em cães são escassas, propõe-se assim a realização de uma revisão de literatura mensurando as principais enfermidades pancreáticas diagnosticadas em cães.(AU)


The pancreas is known as a mixed gland, since it acts both in the secretion of digestive enzymes through its exocrine portion, and in the secretion of insulin and glucagon through its endocrine portion. Pancreatitis is main disease developed in the pancreas exocrine portion in dogs, while Diabetes mellitus is the main disease in the endocrine portion. Nevertheless, the pancreas may be affected by several pathologies, among them neoplasms, ischemic processes, injuries or idiopathic diseases. The diagnosis of disorders in this organ becomes a challenge in veterinary medicine, thus the relevance of holding further studies on this subject. Considering the scarcity of approaches on pancreatic diseases in dogs, this study proposes to hold a literature review, addressing the major pancreatic diseases diagnosed in dogs.(AU)


El páncreas es conocido como una glándula mixta, una vez que actúa en la secreción de enzimas digestivas a través de su porción exocrina, así como en la secreción de insulina y glucagón por la porción endocrina. Involucrando la porción exocrina, en perros, la principal alteración observada es la pancreatitis, mientras que en el páncreas endócrino la molestia más común es el Diabetes mellitus. Sin embargo, el páncreas puede ser afectado por diversas patologías, tales como neoplasias, procesos isquémicos, traumas o por trastornos idiopáticos. De este modo, el diagnóstico de las disfunciones de este órgano se convierte en un reto para la Medicina Veterinaria, haciendo relevante la realización de nuevos estudios sobre este tema. Teniendo en cuenta que los enfoques sobre enfermedades pancreáticas en perros son escasos, se propone la realización de una revisión de literatura abordando las principales enfermedades pancreáticas diagnosticadas en perros.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Cães , Pâncreas/patologia , Revisão
8.
Arq. ciênc. vet. zool. UNIPAR ; 20(2): 109-115, jan.-mar. 2017.
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-17734

Resumo

O pâncreas é conhecido como uma glândula mista, uma vez que atua tanto na secreção de enzimas digestivas através de sua porção exócrina, quanto na secreção de insulina e glucagon pela porção endócrina. Envolvendo a porção exócrina, nos cães a principal alteração evidenciada é a pancreatite, enquanto que no pâncreas endócrino a principal moléstia é o Diabetes mellitus. Não obstante, o pâncreas pode ser acometido por diversas patologias, dentre elas neoplasias, processos isquêmicos, traumas ou ainda por doenças idiopáticas. Dessa forma, o diagnóstico das disfunções deste órgão torna-se um desafio na Medicina Veterinária, tornando relevante a realização de maiores estudos acerca deste tema. Tendo em vista que abordagens sobre as patologias pancreáticas em cães são escassas, propõe-se assim a realização de uma revisão de literatura mensurando as principais enfermidades pancreáticas diagnosticadas em cães.(AU)


The pancreas is known as a mixed gland, since it acts both in the secretion of digestive enzymes through its exocrine portion, and in the secretion of insulin and glucagon through its endocrine portion. Pancreatitis is main disease developed in the pancreas exocrine portion in dogs, while Diabetes mellitus is the main disease in the endocrine portion. Nevertheless, the pancreas may be affected by several pathologies, among them neoplasms, ischemic processes, injuries or idiopathic diseases. The diagnosis of disorders in this organ becomes a challenge in veterinary medicine, thus the relevance of holding further studies on this subject. Considering the scarcity of approaches on pancreatic diseases in dogs, this study proposes to hold a literature review, addressing the major pancreatic diseases diagnosed in dogs.(AU)


El páncreas es conocido como una glándula mixta, una vez que actúa en la secreción de enzimas digestivas a través de su porción exocrina, así como en la secreción de insulina y glucagón por la porción endocrina. Involucrando la porción exocrina, en perros, la principal alteración observada es la pancreatitis, mientras que en el páncreas endócrino la molestia más común es el Diabetes mellitus. Sin embargo, el páncreas puede ser afectado por diversas patologías, tales como neoplasias, procesos isquémicos, traumas o por trastornos idiopáticos. De este modo, el diagnóstico de las disfunciones de este órgano se convierte en un reto para la Medicina Veterinaria, haciendo relevante la realización de nuevos estudios sobre este tema. Teniendo en cuenta que los enfoques sobre enfermedades pancreáticas en perros son escasos, se propone la realización de una revisión de literatura abordando las principales enfermedades pancreáticas diagnosticadas en perros.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Pâncreas/patologia , Revisão
9.
Acta sci. vet. (Online) ; 45: 01-05, 2017. tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-691120

Resumo

Background: The postmortem examination offers the opportunity to study the processes involved in disease. Although a portion of veterinary medical professionals and students consider the necropsy as a diagnostic tool of purely academic interest, it can provide valuable assistance in formulating health strategies in order to prevent and control animal diseases. The number of necropsies performed in general is higher in universities where the cost is subsidized. In veterinary medicine, studies intended to assess the frequency of necropsy and the discrepancy between clinical and postmortem diagnosis of dogs are rare. The main purpose of the necropsy is to discover the cause of death of dogs, by defining a possible etiology and pathogenesis in order to reach a diagnosis. Material, Methods & Results: We used medical records and necropsy records to define the clinical and postmortem diagnosis, respectively. Data relating to deaths was recorded as the number of euthanized dogs and natural deaths in 2014. From the information cause of death, these were categorized as infectious disease, cardiac, gastrointestinal, renal, pulmonary, neurological, metabolic or endocrine disease, neoplastic disease, trauma, or systemic disease. We used the Binomial discrepancy in the comparison of the rates between different years and also to verify the association between discrepancy and the [...](AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Cães , Autopsia/veterinária , Diagnóstico Clínico/veterinária , Causas de Morte , Técnicas e Procedimentos Diagnósticos/veterinária
10.
Braz. J. Vet. Res. Anim. Sci. (Online) ; 54(4): 350-356, 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-911467

Resumo

Cats play an important role as pets in the present society. Thus, the knowledge about their main diseases and causes of death is fundamental to prevent various pathologies. However, when dealing with domestic cats there are very few researches in Veterinary Medicine. The aim of this study is to identify the causes of death of cats through a retrospective study of necropsies in the Animal Pathology Laboratory in the Federal University of Uberlândia (Brazil), in a period of 36 years, in which 350 cat necropsies were conducted. The most frequent causes of death of these animals were digestive system diseases (48 cats ­ 13.71%), and among them, feline hepatic lipidosis was the most frequent etiology (18.75%). The second most affected system was the respiratory (10.86%) and acute pneumonia, pulmonary edema, and diaphragmatic hernia were the main diseases to cause death of cats with some kind of disorder in this system. Other decease causes were rabies, squamous cell carcinoma, fibrous osteodystrophy, fractures and traumatism, hypovolemic shock, and feline lower urinary tract disease. This type of analysis can provide basic information about the most common diseases in felines, contributing with veterinarians as they adopt control and prevention actions against diseases.(AU)


Os gatos apresentam papel relevante como animal de estimação na sociedade atual. Neste sentido, o conhecimento das principais enfermidades e causas de morte desses animais é fundamental para prevenção de várias patologias. No entanto, quanto ao gato doméstico, essas pesquisas ainda são escassas na medicina veterinária. Assim, este trabalho realizou um estudo retrospectivo das causas de morte de gatos registradas das necropsias efetuadas pelo Laboratório de Patologia Animal da Universidade Federal de Uberlândia, em um período de 36 anos, no qual 350 gatos foram necropsiados. As doenças do sistema digestivo foram as mais frequentes (48 gatos ­ 13,71%) e destas, a lipidose hepática foi a etiologia de maior ocorrência (18,75%). O sistema respiratório foi o segundo mais afetado (10,86%), sendo pneumonia aguda, edema pulmonar e hérnia diafragmática as principais doenças deste sistema responsáveis pela morte de gatos. Outras causas de óbito importantes foram raiva, carcinoma de células escamosas, osteodistrofia fibrosa, fraturas e traumatismos, choque hipovolêmico e síndrome urológica felina. Este tipo de análise pode fornecer informações básicas sobre as enfermidades que mais acometem os felinos de uma determinada região, contribuindo para que os profissionais médicos veterinários passem a adotar as respectivas ações de prevenção e controle.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Gatos , Autopsia/veterinária , Causas de Morte/tendências , Brasil , Hérnia Diafragmática/veterinária , Lipidoses/veterinária , Pneumonia/veterinária , Edema Pulmonar/veterinária , Estudos Retrospectivos
11.
Braz. J. Vet. Res. Anim. Sci. (Online) ; 54(4): 420-424, 2017. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-912055

Resumo

Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor is rare and rarely reported in dogs. The term neurofibroma/sarcoma is classically used when the tumor is composed of Schawann and perineural cells. This work describes the clinical, histopathological, and immunohistochemical case of a subcutaneous malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor, most likely a malignant neurofibroma located in the pelvic member of a Rottweiler dog. Histopathological features and immunohistochemical analysis corroborated the diagnosis, showing positivity for S-100 protein, vimentin, and CD57, and was useful to distinguish this type of neoplasm from other malignancies of similar morphologies.(AU)


O tumor maligno da bainha do nervo periférico é raro e pouco descrito em cães. Classicamente, o termo "neurofibroma/sarcoma" é empregado quando o tumor é composto por células de Schwann e células perineurais. Neste relato são descritos os achados clínicos, histopatológicos e imuno-histoquímicos de um caso de tumor maligno da bainha do nervo periférico, provavelmente neurofibrossarcoma, localizado no subcutâneo do membro pélvico de um cão da raça Rottweiler. Os achados histopatológicos associados às observações imuno-histoquímicas contribuíram para o diagnóstico, sendo observada positividade para proteína S-100, vimentina e CD57, permitindo a diferenciação da neoplasia em questão de outros tumores malignos com características morfológicas similares.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Cães , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Neurofibrossarcoma/veterinária , Pelve , Antígenos CD57 , Imuno-Histoquímica/veterinária , Neoplasias de Bainha Neural/veterinária , Proteínas S100 , Vimentina
12.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 37(12): 1479-1482, dez. 2017. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-895408

Resumo

Os carcinomas mamários em cães apresentam alta capacidade metastática o que confere menor sobrevida para os pacientes com este tipo de neoplasia. O fenótipo transição epitélio-mesênquima, caracterizado pela troca dos filamentos intermediários de citoqueratina por vimentina, além da perda da proteína de adesão entre células (E-caderina) está relacionado com a maior ocorrência de metástase. Diante disto, objetivou-se avaliar, por meio de imunomarcações, a expressão de vimentina, citoqueratina e E-caderina nos tumores mamários caninos e suas metástases em linfonodo, a fim de avaliar o comportamento celular frente a esta neoplasia. Foram analisados cinco casos de neoplasias mamárias primárias caninas e suas respectivas metástases em linfonodos. Foram comparadas as médias de imunomarcações do grupo de neoplasias primárias com as médias do grupo metástase. Não houve diferença estatística nas imunomarcações da citoqueratina (p=0,1407) e E-caderina (p= 0,312) entre os grupos, apesar da média de expressão da E-caderina ter sido maior no grupo de metástases. A expressão da vimentina foi maior nos sítios das metástases (p=0,0462). Conclui-se que a expressão de vimentina aumenta no foco da metástase em relação aos seus respectivos tumores primários mamários caninos, caracterizando alteração estrutural celular, conferindo um fenótipo transição epitélio-mesênquima. Além da E-caderina apresentar fortes indícios de aumento no foco da metástase caracterizando maior adesão.(AU)


Mammary carcinomas in dogs have a high metastatic capacity which gives a shorter survival rate for patients with this type of tumor. The epithelial-mesenchymal transition phenotype, characterized by the trade of intermediary filaments of cytokeratin by vimentin, also by the loss of the adhesion protein between cells (E-cadherin) is associated with metastasis. Due to this fact, it was aimed to evaluate, by immunostaining, the expression of vimentin, cytokeratin and E-cadherin in canine mammary tumors and the metastasis in lymph node, in order to assess the cell behavior when facing this cancer. Five cases of canine mammary tumors and metastasis in lymph node were evaluated. The averages of immunostainings of the group of primary neoplasms were compared with the averages of the lymph node group. The results showed that immunostaining for cytokeratins (p=0,1407) and E-caderina (p=0,312) were not significant between the groups, despite the expression mean of cadherin was higher in the metastase group. The expression of vimentin (p=0,04) was greater at sites of metastases. It is concluded that the expression of vimentin increases in the focus of the metastase in relation to their respective primary canine mammary tumors, characterizing cellular structural alteration, conferring a transient epithelial-mesenchymal phenotype. And cadherin present strong evidence of increased focus on metastasis characterizing increased adhesion.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Cães , Vimentina/análise , Caderinas/análise , Neoplasias Mamárias Animais/fisiopatologia , Neoplasias Mamárias Animais/patologia , Epitélio/imunologia , Queratinas/análise , Imuno-Histoquímica/veterinária , Linfonodos , Metástase Linfática
13.
Acta sci. vet. (Impr.) ; 45: 01-05, 2017. tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1457576

Resumo

Background: The postmortem examination offers the opportunity to study the processes involved in disease. Although a portion of veterinary medical professionals and students consider the necropsy as a diagnostic tool of purely academic interest, it can provide valuable assistance in formulating health strategies in order to prevent and control animal diseases. The number of necropsies performed in general is higher in universities where the cost is subsidized. In veterinary medicine, studies intended to assess the frequency of necropsy and the discrepancy between clinical and postmortem diagnosis of dogs are rare. The main purpose of the necropsy is to discover the cause of death of dogs, by defining a possible etiology and pathogenesis in order to reach a diagnosis. Material, Methods & Results: We used medical records and necropsy records to define the clinical and postmortem diagnosis, respectively. Data relating to deaths was recorded as the number of euthanized dogs and natural deaths in 2014. From the information cause of death, these were categorized as infectious disease, cardiac, gastrointestinal, renal, pulmonary, neurological, metabolic or endocrine disease, neoplastic disease, trauma, or systemic disease. We used the Binomial discrepancy in the comparison of the rates between different years and also to verify the association between discrepancy and the [...]


Assuntos
Animais , Cães , Autopsia/veterinária , Causas de Morte , Diagnóstico Clínico/veterinária , Técnicas e Procedimentos Diagnósticos/veterinária
14.
Acta sci. vet. (Impr.) ; 45: 1-8, 2017. tab
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1457612

Resumo

Background: Mammary tumors are a type of neoplasia that are most commonly found in female dogs and are mostly malignant. The aim of this study, performed in the Laboratory of Veterinary Pathology of the Federal University of Uberlândia (LVP-FUU) from 2004 to 2014, was to determine the prevalence of mammary tumors in bitches and to verify the relationship between the epidemiological factors (age and breed) and clinicopathological aspects (ulceration, tumor size, and malignancy) in the occurrence of tumors.Materials, Methods & Results: A retrospective study was carried out using histopathological information retrieved from the LPV-UFU database. We collected the information on age and breed of female dogs, as well as about the location, macroscopic aspects, and histological diagnosis of mammary lesions. Only female dogs were considered for this study; a total of 911 histo-pathological protocols (with only one diagnosis) were analyzed along with 36 protocols that presented more than one diagnosis of mammary tumor. The age of animals ranged from one to 20 years, and the mean age was 9.99 years. The most affected breeds of dogs were: Cross breed (39.56% - 288/728) and Poodle (20.19% - 147/728). The inguinal glands were most affected by the malignant tumors (P< 0.05). A prevalence of tumors bigger than 5 cm in diameter (T3) was observed in the elderly animals (P= 0.0154) and in the inguinal mammary glands (P= 0.044). Simple carcinoma was the most frequent histological type.[...]


Assuntos
Feminino , Animais , Cães , Neoplasias Mamárias Animais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Mamárias Animais/epidemiologia , Prognóstico , Carcinoma/veterinária
15.
Acta sci. vet. (Online) ; 45: 1-8, 2017. tab
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-20243

Resumo

Background: Mammary tumors are a type of neoplasia that are most commonly found in female dogs and are mostly malignant. The aim of this study, performed in the Laboratory of Veterinary Pathology of the Federal University of Uberlândia (LVP-FUU) from 2004 to 2014, was to determine the prevalence of mammary tumors in bitches and to verify the relationship between the epidemiological factors (age and breed) and clinicopathological aspects (ulceration, tumor size, and malignancy) in the occurrence of tumors.Materials, Methods & Results: A retrospective study was carried out using histopathological information retrieved from the LPV-UFU database. We collected the information on age and breed of female dogs, as well as about the location, macroscopic aspects, and histological diagnosis of mammary lesions. Only female dogs were considered for this study; a total of 911 histo-pathological protocols (with only one diagnosis) were analyzed along with 36 protocols that presented more than one diagnosis of mammary tumor. The age of animals ranged from one to 20 years, and the mean age was 9.99 years. The most affected breeds of dogs were: Cross breed (39.56% - 288/728) and Poodle (20.19% - 147/728). The inguinal glands were most affected by the malignant tumors (P< 0.05). A prevalence of tumors bigger than 5 cm in diameter (T3) was observed in the elderly animals (P= 0.0154) and in the inguinal mammary glands (P= 0.044). Simple carcinoma was the most frequent histological type.[...](AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Cães , Neoplasias Mamárias Animais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Mamárias Animais/epidemiologia , Prognóstico , Carcinoma/veterinária
16.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 37(12): 1479-1482, dez. 2017. ilus
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-743385

Resumo

Os carcinomas mamários em cães apresentam alta capacidade metastática o que confere menor sobrevida para os pacientes com este tipo de neoplasia. O fenótipo transição epitélio-mesênquima, caracterizado pela troca dos filamentos intermediários de citoqueratina por vimentina, além da perda da proteína de adesão entre células (E-caderina) está relacionado com a maior ocorrência de metástase. Diante disto, objetivou-se avaliar, por meio de imunomarcações, a expressão de vimentina, citoqueratina e E-caderina nos tumores mamários caninos e suas metástases em linfonodo, a fim de avaliar o comportamento celular frente a esta neoplasia. Foram analisados cinco casos de neoplasias mamárias primárias caninas e suas respectivas metástases em linfonodos. Foram comparadas as médias de imunomarcações do grupo de neoplasias primárias com as médias do grupo metástase. Não houve diferença estatística nas imunomarcações da citoqueratina (p=0,1407) e E-caderina (p= 0,312) entre os grupos, apesar da média de expressão da E-caderina ter sido maior no grupo de metástases. A expressão da vimentina foi maior nos sítios das metástases (p=0,0462). Conclui-se que a expressão de vimentina aumenta no foco da metástase em relação aos seus respectivos tumores primários mamários caninos, caracterizando alteração estrutural celular, conferindo um fenótipo transição epitélio-mesênquima. Além da E-caderina apresentar fortes indícios de aumento no foco da metástase caracterizando maior adesão.(AU)


Mammary carcinomas in dogs have a high metastatic capacity which gives a shorter survival rate for patients with this type of tumor. The epithelial-mesenchymal transition phenotype, characterized by the trade of intermediary filaments of cytokeratin by vimentin, also by the loss of the adhesion protein between cells (E-cadherin) is associated with metastasis. Due to this fact, it was aimed to evaluate, by immunostaining, the expression of vimentin, cytokeratin and E-cadherin in canine mammary tumors and the metastasis in lymph node, in order to assess the cell behavior when facing this cancer. Five cases of canine mammary tumors and metastasis in lymph node were evaluated. The averages of immunostainings of the group of primary neoplasms were compared with the averages of the lymph node group. The results showed that immunostaining for cytokeratins (p=0,1407) and E-caderina (p=0,312) were not significant between the groups, despite the expression mean of cadherin was higher in the metastase group. The expression of vimentin (p=0,04) was greater at sites of metastases. It is concluded that the expression of vimentin increases in the focus of the metastase in relation to their respective primary canine mammary tumors, characterizing cellular structural alteration, conferring a transient epithelial-mesenchymal phenotype. And cadherin present strong evidence of increased focus on metastasis characterizing increased adhesion.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Cães , Vimentina/análise , Caderinas/análise , Neoplasias Mamárias Animais/fisiopatologia , Neoplasias Mamárias Animais/patologia , Epitélio/imunologia , Queratinas/análise , Imuno-Histoquímica/veterinária , Linfonodos , Metástase Linfática
17.
Braz. j. vet. res. anim. sci ; 54(4): 350-356, 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-734938

Resumo

Cats play an important role as pets in the present society. Thus, the knowledge about their main diseases and causes of death is fundamental to prevent various pathologies. However, when dealing with domestic cats there are very few researches in Veterinary Medicine. The aim of this study is to identify the causes of death of cats through a retrospective study of necropsies in the Animal Pathology Laboratory in the Federal University of Uberlândia (Brazil), in a period of 36 years, in which 350 cat necropsies were conducted. The most frequent causes of death of these animals were digestive system diseases (48 cats ­ 13.71%), and among them, feline hepatic lipidosis was the most frequent etiology (18.75%). The second most affected system was the respiratory (10.86%) and acute pneumonia, pulmonary edema, and diaphragmatic hernia were the main diseases to cause death of cats with some kind of disorder in this system. Other decease causes were rabies, squamous cell carcinoma, fibrous osteodystrophy, fractures and traumatism, hypovolemic shock, and feline lower urinary tract disease. This type of analysis can provide basic information about the most common diseases in felines, contributing with veterinarians as they adopt control and prevention actions against diseases.(AU)


Os gatos apresentam papel relevante como animal de estimação na sociedade atual. Neste sentido, o conhecimento das principais enfermidades e causas de morte desses animais é fundamental para prevenção de várias patologias. No entanto, quanto ao gato doméstico, essas pesquisas ainda são escassas na medicina veterinária. Assim, este trabalho realizou um estudo retrospectivo das causas de morte de gatos registradas das necropsias efetuadas pelo Laboratório de Patologia Animal da Universidade Federal de Uberlândia, em um período de 36 anos, no qual 350 gatos foram necropsiados. As doenças do sistema digestivo foram as mais frequentes (48 gatos ­ 13,71%) e destas, a lipidose hepática foi a etiologia de maior ocorrência (18,75%). O sistema respiratório foi o segundo mais afetado (10,86%), sendo pneumonia aguda, edema pulmonar e hérnia diafragmática as principais doenças deste sistema responsáveis pela morte de gatos. Outras causas de óbito importantes foram raiva, carcinoma de células escamosas, osteodistrofia fibrosa, fraturas e traumatismos, choque hipovolêmico e síndrome urológica felina. Este tipo de análise pode fornecer informações básicas sobre as enfermidades que mais acometem os felinos de uma determinada região, contribuindo para que os profissionais médicos veterinários passem a adotar as respectivas ações de prevenção e controle.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Gatos , Autopsia/veterinária , Causas de Morte/tendências , Brasil , Hérnia Diafragmática/veterinária , Lipidoses/veterinária , Pneumonia/veterinária , Edema Pulmonar/veterinária , Estudos Retrospectivos
18.
Braz. j. vet. res. anim. sci ; 54(4): 420-424, 2017. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-734928

Resumo

Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor is rare and rarely reported in dogs. The term neurofibroma/sarcoma is classically used when the tumor is composed of Schawann and perineural cells. This work describes the clinical, histopathological, and immunohistochemical case of a subcutaneous malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor, most likely a malignant neurofibroma located in the pelvic member of a Rottweiler dog. Histopathological features and immunohistochemical analysis corroborated the diagnosis, showing positivity for S-100 protein, vimentin, and CD57, and was useful to distinguish this type of neoplasm from other malignancies of similar morphologies.(AU)


O tumor maligno da bainha do nervo periférico é raro e pouco descrito em cães. Classicamente, o termo "neurofibroma/sarcoma" é empregado quando o tumor é composto por células de Schwann e células perineurais. Neste relato são descritos os achados clínicos, histopatológicos e imuno-histoquímicos de um caso de tumor maligno da bainha do nervo periférico, provavelmente neurofibrossarcoma, localizado no subcutâneo do membro pélvico de um cão da raça Rottweiler. Os achados histopatológicos associados às observações imuno-histoquímicas contribuíram para o diagnóstico, sendo observada positividade para proteína S-100, vimentina e CD57, permitindo a diferenciação da neoplasia em questão de outros tumores malignos com características morfológicas similares.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Cães , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Neurofibrossarcoma/veterinária , Pelve , Antígenos CD57 , Imuno-Histoquímica/veterinária , Neoplasias de Bainha Neural/veterinária , Proteínas S100 , Vimentina
19.
Vet. Not. (Online) ; 22(1): 11-15, Jan-Jun. 2016. ilus
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1502455

Resumo

The objective was to evaluate morphometric characteristics of the ovaries and incidence of corpus luteum and ovarian follicles in empty zebu crossbreeds cows obtained from slaughterhouses, in the region of Uberlândia, Minas Gerais. The average values of length, width and thickness of the rights ovaries (OD) were, respectively, 3.5 cm, 2.3 cm and 1.70 cm. For the left ovary (OE) the measures were: 3.4 cm, 2.0 cm and 1.60 cm. The mean diameter of the follicles found in the OD was 1.1 cm and OE 0.8 cm. The comparison between findings on the right and left ovaries was performed using the T test, with significance level of 5% (p 0.05) and the width was higher in right ovaries (p-value: 0.02). Of all the corpus luteum, 61% were present in the OD and 39% present in the OE. To classify the type of this corpus luteum, it was found that 68% of corpus luteum were protruding and 32% were included. The size of the ovaries and the high incidence of included corpus luteum should be considered as major factors when performing gynecological examination by rectal palpation.


Objetivou-se avaliar características morfométricas dos ovários e incidência de corpos lúteos e folículos ovarianos em vacas mestiças vazias descartadas, provenientes de abatedouros na região de Uberlândia, Minas Gerais. Os valores das médias de comprimento, largura e espessura nos ovários direitos (OD) foram respectivamente: 3,5 cm, 2,3 cme 1,70 cm. Para os ovários esquerdos (OE) as medidas encontradas foram: 3,4 cm, 2,0 cme 1,60 cm. A média do diâmetro dos maiores folículos encontrados nos OD foi de 1,1 cm, e OE, 0,8 cm. A comparação entre os achados nos ovários direito e esquerdo foi realizada por meio de análise estatística aplicando o teste T, com nível de significância de 5% (p 0,05) e a largura foi maior nos ovários direitos (p-valor: 0,02). De todos os corpos lúteos, 61% estavam presentes no OD e 39% presentes no OE. Ao classificar o tipo do corpo lúteo presente, constatou-se que 68% dos corpos lúteos eram protrusos e 32% eram inclusos. O tamanho dos ovários e a alta incidência de corpos lúteos inclusos devem ser considerados como fatores de maior importância quando se realiza o exame ginecológico por palpação retal.


Assuntos
Feminino , Animais , Bovinos , Infertilidade/veterinária , Ovário/anatomia & histologia , Interpretação Estatística de Dados , Pesos e Medidas Corporais/instrumentação
20.
Vet. Not. ; 22(1): 11-15, Jan-Jun. 2016. ilus
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-15232

Resumo

The objective was to evaluate morphometric characteristics of the ovaries and incidence of corpus luteum and ovarian follicles in empty zebu crossbreeds cows obtained from slaughterhouses, in the region of Uberlândia, Minas Gerais. The average values of length, width and thickness of the rights ovaries (OD) were, respectively, 3.5 cm, 2.3 cm and 1.70 cm. For the left ovary (OE) the measures were: 3.4 cm, 2.0 cm and 1.60 cm. The mean diameter of the follicles found in the OD was 1.1 cm and OE 0.8 cm. The comparison between findings on the right and left ovaries was performed using the T test, with significance level of 5% (p 0.05) and the width was higher in right ovaries (p-value: 0.02). Of all the corpus luteum, 61% were present in the OD and 39% present in the OE. To classify the type of this corpus luteum, it was found that 68% of corpus luteum were protruding and 32% were included. The size of the ovaries and the high incidence of included corpus luteum should be considered as major factors when performing gynecological examination by rectal palpation.(AU)


Objetivou-se avaliar características morfométricas dos ovários e incidência de corpos lúteos e folículos ovarianos em vacas mestiças vazias descartadas, provenientes de abatedouros na região de Uberlândia, Minas Gerais. Os valores das médias de comprimento, largura e espessura nos ovários direitos (OD) foram respectivamente: 3,5 cm, 2,3 cme 1,70 cm. Para os ovários esquerdos (OE) as medidas encontradas foram: 3,4 cm, 2,0 cme 1,60 cm. A média do diâmetro dos maiores folículos encontrados nos OD foi de 1,1 cm, e OE, 0,8 cm. A comparação entre os achados nos ovários direito e esquerdo foi realizada por meio de análise estatística aplicando o teste T, com nível de significância de 5% (p 0,05) e a largura foi maior nos ovários direitos (p-valor: 0,02). De todos os corpos lúteos, 61% estavam presentes no OD e 39% presentes no OE. Ao classificar o tipo do corpo lúteo presente, constatou-se que 68% dos corpos lúteos eram protrusos e 32% eram inclusos. O tamanho dos ovários e a alta incidência de corpos lúteos inclusos devem ser considerados como fatores de maior importância quando se realiza o exame ginecológico por palpação retal.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Bovinos , Ovário/anatomia & histologia , Infertilidade/veterinária , Interpretação Estatística de Dados , Pesos e Medidas Corporais/instrumentação
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