Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 10 de 10
Filtrar
Mais filtros

Base de dados
Tipo de documento
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Bol. ind. anim. (Impr.) ; 69: 51-51, 2012.
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1466458

Resumo

The restricted suckling requires the daily handling of calves and cows for their separation, increasing the frequency of contact with humans. Thus, when subjected to aversive handling procedures such as fire branding, it is expected that these individuals present lower reactivity due to their close intimacy with humans. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of fire branding procedure on the flight speed of calves subjected or not the restricted suckling. We used 70 calves from Nellore, Guzerath purebreds and their crosses, allocated into two treatments: Permanent suckling (PS) - 17 females and 18 males aged 212 (± 33.27) days, remained continuously with their dams and; restricted suckling (RS) - 16 females and 19 males aged 232 (± 42.39) days, daily separated from their dams during the breeding season (90 days of duration). A handling was done (D0) to evaluate the flight speed (FS) of the calves, this handling consisted only of physical restraint on the squeeze chute, followed by the release and recording of the speed (in m/s) at which the animals exited the chute to a pen of the corral. The next day (D1) a second handling was carried out with the same individuals, performing the aversive handling that consisted of physical restraining in the chute, fire branding and, only on females, the application of brucellosis vaccine (according to the IN n.33, 24th August 2007,


O artigo não apresenta resumo em português.

2.
Bol. ind. anim. (Impr.) ; 69: 52-52, 2012.
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1466470

Resumo

Ones of the largest commercial cattle herd in the world, Brazil has its cattle characterized by the use of an extensive system and the predominance of zebu breeds, especially the Nelore and its crosses. In this system the temperament of cattle becomes a problem because of the low human-animal interaction, and bad-tempered animals can cause accidents, increase maintenance costs of facilities and provide poorer quality of the carcass, meat and leather. The aim of this study was to evaluate the temperament of 24 calves Nellore and Guzerath purebreds , with a mean of 235.81 ± 39.95 days of age after submitted into two treatments during the breeding season of the cows. The treatments were: T1 - calves submitted to the management of permanent feeding (PF) and T2 - calves submitted to the management of controlled feeding (CF). Ninety days after the beginning of the breeding season, the CF was interrupted and the calves stayed with their mothers until weaning. The temperament of calves was evaluated in the weaning management through the following methods: escape velocity in meters/second (EV), reactivity test in the contention trunk (RT), crush score (CS) and escape distance (ED). The EV was obtained with the use of the equipment "flight speed" placed in the exit of the trunk contention. The animals with higher velocity were considered the worst temperament. The CS, on a scale of 1 to


O artigo não apresenta resumo em português.

3.
Bol. ind. anim. (Impr.) ; 69: 53-53, 2012.
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1466457

Resumo

To cope with the changes imposed by high technology in animal production, farmers must be aware of some strategies to overcome the difficulties, however, they have to pay attention to minimize the impact of stress generated by some handling practices on the development of animals. The aim of this study was to evaluate the adaptation of calves to the handling routine of restricted suckling and their effects on calves performance. The breeding season (with 90 days of duration) was carried out for 50 Bos indicus calved cows (Nellore and Guzerath purebreds), and two bulls (Guzerath). The cows and their calves were randomly allocated into two treatments: permanent suckling (PS) cow and calf remained together all the day and; restricted suckling (RS) - they remained together during only 7 hours per day. For the RS group, during the first ten days of the breeding season, the time taken to apart the dyad (TA) was recorded, and was performed a 30 min. behavioral observation, recording the suckling frequency (SF). The thoracic girth was used as indicator of calves development, being measured at the beginning (time 0) and final of breeding season (90 days) The differences of time to apart and suckling frequency over the 10 days of assessment were analyzed by the Friedman test (with Bonferroni correction), followed by linear (for TA) and quadratic regression analysis (for SF). Mann-Whi


O artigo não apresenta resumo em português.

4.
Ciênc. vet. tróp ; 13: 20-28, 2010.
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1480411

Resumo

A reprodução é um dos processos biológicos mais susceptíveis aos efeitos do comprometimento do Bem-estar animal (BEA), no entanto há uma enorme dificuldade de identificar o quão é comprometida, pois esse efeito é sutil, de forma geral leva a perda na eficiência, problemas de subfertilidade e somente em situações muito graves a infertilidade. Os critérios a serem adotados devem ser confiáveis, apresentar boa repetibilidade, fáceis de executar e devem avaliar os diferentes aspectos do BEA. A avaliação deve ser feita sob três aspectos: Indicadores de BEA que avaliam o animal per si, critérios baseados nos recursos, relativos ao ambiente oferecido ao animal e critérios relativos à gestão que focam no cuidado humano. Esta revisão pretende discutir e apresentar estratégias de avaliação e mudança das condições de BEA no sistema de cria de animais de produção.

7.
Ci. Vet. Tróp. ; 13: 20-28, 2010.
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-479505

Resumo

A reprodução é um dos processos biológicos mais susceptíveis aos efeitos do comprometimento do Bem-estar animal (BEA), no entanto há uma enorme dificuldade de identificar o quão é comprometida, pois esse efeito é sutil, de forma geral leva a perda na eficiência, problemas de subfertilidade e somente em situações muito graves a infertilidade. Os critérios a serem adotados devem ser confiáveis, apresentar boa repetibilidade, fáceis de executar e devem avaliar os diferentes aspectos do BEA. A avaliação deve ser feita sob três aspectos: Indicadores de BEA que avaliam o animal per si, critérios baseados nos recursos, relativos ao ambiente oferecido ao animal e critérios relativos à gestão que focam no cuidado humano. Esta revisão pretende discutir e apresentar estratégias de avaliação e mudança das condições de BEA no sistema de cria de animais de produção.

8.
B. Indústr. Anim. ; 69: 52-52, 2012.
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-467674

Resumo

Ones of the largest commercial cattle herd in the world, Brazil has its cattle characterized by the use of an extensive system and the predominance of zebu breeds, especially the Nelore and its crosses. In this system the temperament of cattle becomes a problem because of the low human-animal interaction, and bad-tempered animals can cause accidents, increase maintenance costs of facilities and provide poorer quality of the carcass, meat and leather. The aim of this study was to evaluate the temperament of 24 calves Nellore and Guzerath purebreds , with a mean of 235.81 ± 39.95 days of age after submitted into two treatments during the breeding season of the cows. The treatments were: T1 - calves submitted to the management of permanent feeding (PF) and T2 - calves submitted to the management of controlled feeding (CF). Ninety days after the beginning of the breeding season, the CF was interrupted and the calves stayed with their mothers until weaning. The temperament of calves was evaluated in the weaning management through the following methods: escape velocity in meters/second (EV), reactivity test in the contention trunk (RT), crush score (CS) and escape distance (ED). The EV was obtained with the use of the equipment "flight speed" placed in the exit of the trunk contention. The animals with higher velocity were considered the worst temperament. The CS, on a scale of 1 to


O artigo não apresenta resumo em português.

9.
B. Indústr. Anim. ; 69: 51-51, 2012.
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-467438

Resumo

The restricted suckling requires the daily handling of calves and cows for their separation, increasing the frequency of contact with humans. Thus, when subjected to aversive handling procedures such as fire branding, it is expected that these individuals present lower reactivity due to their close intimacy with humans. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of fire branding procedure on the flight speed of calves subjected or not the restricted suckling. We used 70 calves from Nellore, Guzerath purebreds and their crosses, allocated into two treatments: Permanent suckling (PS) - 17 females and 18 males aged 212 (± 33.27) days, remained continuously with their dams and; restricted suckling (RS) - 16 females and 19 males aged 232 (± 42.39) days, daily separated from their dams during the breeding season (90 days of duration). A handling was done (D0) to evaluate the flight speed (FS) of the calves, this handling consisted only of physical restraint on the squeeze chute, followed by the release and recording of the speed (in m/s) at which the animals exited the chute to a pen of the corral. The next day (D1) a second handling was carried out with the same individuals, performing the aversive handling that consisted of physical restraining in the chute, fire branding and, only on females, the application of brucellosis vaccine (according to the IN n.33, 24th August 2007,


O artigo não apresenta resumo em português.

10.
B. Indústr. Anim. ; 69: 53-53, 2012.
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-467409

Resumo

To cope with the changes imposed by high technology in animal production, farmers must be aware of some strategies to overcome the difficulties, however, they have to pay attention to minimize the impact of stress generated by some handling practices on the development of animals. The aim of this study was to evaluate the adaptation of calves to the handling routine of restricted suckling and their effects on calves performance. The breeding season (with 90 days of duration) was carried out for 50 Bos indicus calved cows (Nellore and Guzerath purebreds), and two bulls (Guzerath). The cows and their calves were randomly allocated into two treatments: permanent suckling (PS) cow and calf remained together all the day and; restricted suckling (RS) - they remained together during only 7 hours per day. For the RS group, during the first ten days of the breeding season, the time taken to apart the dyad (TA) was recorded, and was performed a 30 min. behavioral observation, recording the suckling frequency (SF). The thoracic girth was used as indicator of calves development, being measured at the beginning (time 0) and final of breeding season (90 days) The differences of time to apart and suckling frequency over the 10 days of assessment were analyzed by the Friedman test (with Bonferroni correction), followed by linear (for TA) and quadratic regression analysis (for SF). Mann-Whi


O artigo não apresenta resumo em português.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA