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1.
R. bras. Parasitol. Vet. ; 28(2): 314-319, jun. 2019. mapas, tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-23492

Resumo

Nematophagous fungi from the feces of water buffalo and soil from southeastern Mexico were isolated, and their in vitro predatory activity against Haemonchus contortus infective larvae (L3) (HcL3) was assessed. The fungi were isolated by sprinkling soil or feces on water agar plates. Six series of 10 Petri dishes containing a 7-day-old culture of each fungus and a series without fungi as the control were prepared. Five hundred HcL3 were added to each plate. The plates were incubated at room temperature. The average of recovered HcL3 was considered to estimate the larval reduction rate. Four nematophagous fungi isolates corresponding to Arthrobotrys oligospora, var microspora (strains 4-276, 269 and 50-80) and one identified as A. oligospora,var. oligospora (isolates 48-80) were obtained from water buffalo feces. From the soil, five isolates were isolated; three corresponded to A. musiformis (Bajío, Yumca and Macuspana isolates), and two isolates were identified as A. oligospora (Comalcalco and Jalapa de Méndez isolates). The predatory activity of isolates from water buffalo feces ranged between 85.9 and 100%. Meanwhile, the fungi from the soil ranged between 55.5 and 100% (p0.05). The nematophagous fungi obtained could have important implications in the control of parasites of importance in the livestock industry.(AU)


Fungos nematófagos das fezes de búfalo de água e do solo no sudeste do México foram isolados, e a atividade predatória in vitro contra larvas infectantes de Haemonchus contortus (L3) (HcL3) foi avaliada.Os fungos foram isolados por aspersão de solo e de fezes em placas de agar água. Foram preparadas seis séries de 10 placas de Petri contendo uma cultura de 7 dias de idade de cada fungo e uma série sem fungos como controle. Quinhentos HcL3 foram adicionadas a cada placa. As placas foram incubadas à temperatura ambiente. O número médio de HcL3 recuperadas foi considerado para estimar a taxa de redução larval. Quatro isolados de fungos nematófagos corresponderam a Arthrobotrys oligospora, var microspora (estirpes 4-276, 269 e 50-80) e um isolado identificado como A. oligospora, var. oligospora (isolados 48-80 de fezes de búfalo de água. Do solo, dos cinco isolados três corresponderam a A. musiformis (Bajío, Yumca e Macuspana isolados), e dois isolados foram identificados como A. oligospora (isolados de Comalcalco e Jalapa de Méndez). A atividade predatória de isolados de fezes de búfalo de água variou entre 85,9 e 100%. Enquanto isso, os fungos do solo variaram entre 55,5 e 100% (p0,05). Os fungos nematófagos obtidos podem ter importantes implicações nesse controle de parasitos de importância na indústria pecuária.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Búfalos/microbiologia , Fezes/microbiologia , Fungos , Comportamento Predatório
2.
Acta sci. vet. (Online) ; 44: 01-06, 2016. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-722735

Resumo

Background: Trichostrongylus colubriformis is one of the most prevalent gastrointestinal nematodes of sheep in warm climates. In this nematode species, anthelmintic resistance (AR) has been reported, which has motivated the search for alternative methods to control it. One practice is to increase the immune response level through the selection of animals with natural resistance, such as Blackbelly sheep. The aim of this study was to investigate the response of IgA and IgG in serum and saliva and the level of cells involved in the acquired resistance in Blackbelly lambs after single artificial reinfection with a resistant strain of Trichostrongylus colubriformis.Materials, Methods & Results: Sixteen weaned lambs grazed for one month in nematode-contaminated grasslands. All the lambs were treated with Albendazole and Levamisole; later, they were stabled for two months. After that, eight lambs were re-infected with 6000 larvae of T. colubriformis and other eight lambs remained naturally infected. In addition, eight nematode-free lambs raised in cages, served as negative control. Blood samples were taken fortnightly to determine packed cell volume (PCV, %), plasmatic protein (g dL-1), as well as absolute and differential leukocytes. The eggs per gram of feces (EPG) were recorded. An indirect ELISA against T. colubriformis Ag was performed to determine the IgG and IgA levels. [...](AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Imunidade , Ovinos/parasitologia , Ovinos/imunologia , Trichostrongylus , Imunoglobulina A , Imunoglobulina G , Testes Sorológicos/veterinária , Nematoides
3.
Acta sci. vet. (Impr.) ; 44: 01-06, 2016. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1457465

Resumo

Background: Trichostrongylus colubriformis is one of the most prevalent gastrointestinal nematodes of sheep in warm climates. In this nematode species, anthelmintic resistance (AR) has been reported, which has motivated the search for alternative methods to control it. One practice is to increase the immune response level through the selection of animals with natural resistance, such as Blackbelly sheep. The aim of this study was to investigate the response of IgA and IgG in serum and saliva and the level of cells involved in the acquired resistance in Blackbelly lambs after single artificial reinfection with a resistant strain of Trichostrongylus colubriformis.Materials, Methods & Results: Sixteen weaned lambs grazed for one month in nematode-contaminated grasslands. All the lambs were treated with Albendazole and Levamisole; later, they were stabled for two months. After that, eight lambs were re-infected with 6000 larvae of T. colubriformis and other eight lambs remained naturally infected. In addition, eight nematode-free lambs raised in cages, served as negative control. Blood samples were taken fortnightly to determine packed cell volume (PCV, %), plasmatic protein (g dL-1), as well as absolute and differential leukocytes. The eggs per gram of feces (EPG) were recorded. An indirect ELISA against T. colubriformis Ag was performed to determine the IgG and IgA levels. [...]


Assuntos
Animais , Imunidade , Imunoglobulina A , Imunoglobulina G , Ovinos/imunologia , Ovinos/parasitologia , Trichostrongylus , Nematoides , Testes Sorológicos/veterinária
4.
R. bras. Parasitol. Vet. ; 24(4): 432-437, 15t.-dez. 2015. tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-17873

Resumo

The overall goal of this study was to estimate the prevalence of gastrointestinal (GI) parasites in dogs in the city of Villahermosa in Tabasco, Mexico. The study population consisted of 302 owned dogs that had limited access to public areas. A fecal sample was collected from each animal and examined for GI parasites by conventional macroscopic analysis and centrifugal flotation. Fecal samples from 80 (26.5%) dogs contained GI parasites. Of these, 58 (19.2%) were positive for helminths and 22 (7.3%) were positive for protozoan parasites. At least seven parasitic species were identified. The most common parasite was Ancylostoma caninum which was detected in 48 (15.9%) dogs. Other parasites detected on multiple occasions were Cystoisospora spp. (n = 19), Toxocara canis (n = 7) and Giardia spp. (n = 3). Three additional parasites, Dipylidium caninum, Trichuris vulpis and Uncinaria spp., were each detected in a single dog. No mixed parasitic infections were identified. In summary, we report a moderately high prevalence of GI parasites in owned dogs in Villahermosa, Tabasco. Several parasitic species identified in this study are recognized zoonotic pathogens which illustrates the important need to routinely monitor and treat dogs that live in close proximity to humans for parasitic infections.(AU)


O objetivo geral deste estudo foi estimar a prevalência de parasitas gastrointestinais (GI) em cães na cidade de Vilhahermosa, em Tabasco, México. A população estudada consistiu de 302 cães com donos, com acesso limitado a áreas públicas. Uma amostra fecal de cada animal foi coletada e examinada para parasitas GI por análise macroscópica convencional e centrífugo-flutuação. Amostras fecais de 80 (26,5%) cães apresentaram parasitas GI. Destes, 58 (19,2%) foram positivos para helmintos e 22 (7,3%) foram positivos para protozoários. Pelo menos 7 espécies parasitas foram identificadas. O parasita mais comum foi Ancylostoma caninum, detectado em 48 (15,9%) cães. Outros parasitas detectados em diversas ocasiões foram Cystoisospora spp. (n = 19), Toxocara canis (n = 7) e Giardia spp. (n=3). Adicionalmente, três parasitas foram detectados em apenas um cão Dipylidium caninum, Trichuris vulpis e Uncinaria spp. Nenhuma infecção mista foi observada. Em resumo, nós identificamos neste trabalho uma prevalência moderadamente alta de parasitas GI em cães com donos, em Villahermosa, Tabasco. Várias espécies de parasitas identificados são reconhecidamente patógenos zoonóticos, o que indica a necessidade de monitorar rotineiramente e tratar infecções parasitárias em cães que vivem em proximidade a populações humanas.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Cães , Parasitos/parasitologia , Parasitos/patogenicidade , Fatores de Risco , Trato Gastrointestinal/parasitologia , México , Estudos Transversais , Ancylostoma
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