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1.
Rev. Ciênc. Agrovet. (Online) ; 22(3): 509-519, ago. 2023. graf, tab
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1451741

Resumo

Tem sido comum a presença de plantas voluntárias de soja em lavouras de crotalária (Crotalaria spectabilis) cultivada em segunda safra, necessitando assim a adoção de estratégias para o seu manejo. Este trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar a eficáciae a seletividade dos herbicidas pyrithiobac-sodium e ethoxysulfuron aplicados isoladamente em pós-emergência da crotalária visando ao controle de soja voluntária. Para tanto, foram instalados dois experimentos a campo, um avaliando a viabilidade de uso doherbicida pyrithiobac-sodium e outro do ethoxysulfuron. Em ambos os experimentos foi utilizado o delineamento de blocos casualizados, estando os tratamentos dispostos em esquema fatorial 2x4+2, com quatrorepetições. No primeiro fator alocou-se à aplicação em pós-emergência dos herbicidas em doisestádios fenológicos distintos V3 e 3 folhas verdadeiras e V7 e 6 folhas verdadeiras, respectivamente paraa soja e a crotalária. No segundo fator foi disposto doses crescentes dos herbicidas, sendoutilizadas asdoses 14,0; 22,4; 30,8; e 39,2 g ha-1parapyrithiobac-sodium e 18,0; 30,0; 42,0; e 54,0 g ha-1para ethoxysulfuron. Os tratamentos adicionais corresponderam a uma testemunha infestada e outra capinada. Foram realizadas avaliações de controle visual da soja voluntária, bem como da fitointoxicação,estande, altura e massa seca de parte aérea das plantas de crotalária. De acordo com os resultados obtidos, o pyrithiobac-sodium na dose de 30,8 g ha-1, pode ser recomendado para aplicações quando as plantas de soja voluntária estiverem em V3 e as plantas de crotalária com 3 folhas verdadeiras, bem como o herbicida ethoxysulfuron na dose 18 g ha-1, pode ser recomendado para aplicações quando as plantas de soja voluntária estiverem em V3 ou V7 e as plantas de crotalária com trêsfolhas verdadeiras. Esses dois herbicidas nas respectivas doses apresentam potencial para serem registrados para uso em áreas de cultivo de crotaláriaem sucessão à cultura da soja.(AU)


The presence of volunteer soybean plants in showy crotalaria (Crotalaria spectabilis) crops grown in the second crop has been common, thus necessitating the adoption of strategies for their management. The objective of this work was to evaluate the effectiveness and selectivity of the herbicides pyrithiobac-sodium and ethoxysulfuron applied isolated in post-emergence of showy crotalaria in order to control volunteer soybean. Forthis purpose, two field experiments were set up, one evaluating the feasibility of using the herbicide pyrithiobac-sodium and the other using ethoxysulfuron. In both experiments, a randomized completely block design was used, with treatments arranged in a2x4+2 factorial scheme, with fourreplications. The first factor was allocated to the post-emergence application of herbicides at two distinct phenological stages V3 and 3 true leaves and V7 and 6 true leaves, respectively for soybean and showy crotalaria. In the second factor, increasing doses of herbicides were arranged, using doses 14.0; 22.4; 30.8; and 39.2 gha-1for pyrithiobac-sodium, and 18.0; 30.0; 42.0; and 54.0 g ha-1for ethoxysulfuron. The additional treatments corresponded to an infested check and a weeded check. Visual control evaluations of volunteer soybean were carried out, as well as phytointoxication, stand, height and dry mass of shoots of showy crotalaria plants. According to the results obtained, pyrithiobac-sodium at a dose of 30.8 gha-1, can be recommended for applications when volunteer soybean plants are in V3 and showy crotalaria plants with 3true leaves, as well as the herbicide ethoxysulfuron in dose 18 g ha-1, can be recommended for applications when volunteer soybean plants are at V3or V7 and showy crotalaria plants owns threetrue leaves. These two herbicides at the respective doses have the potential to be registered for use in areas where showy crotalaria is grown in succession to soybean crop.(AU)


Assuntos
Glycine max/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Crotalaria/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Herbicidas/efeitos adversos , 24444
2.
Anim. Reprod. (Online) ; 17(4): e20200555, 2020. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1461543

Resumo

Cryptorchidism is a genital alteration wherein one or both testicles fail to descend into the scrotum and has multifactorial causes. A free-range adult male was captured twice in the Pantanal of Nhecolândia to put a GPS collar and semen collection. Pharmacological semen collection, andrological examination and semen analysis were performed. At the first capture and during the andrological examination only the left testis was found, and the male qualified as cryptorchid. The penis had no penile spines at either procedure. The semen volume obtained at first and second capture was 435 and 160 L, respectively, with a concentration of 618 and 100 x 106 sperm/mL, progressive motility of ~ 5% and ~ 1% and total morphological sperm abnormalities of 74% and 86%. The male was monitored by a GPS collar, but the signal was lost, making it difficult to re-captures and perform new seminal and ultrasound evaluations to discard monorchidism exceedingly rare in felids. Genetic studies to assess the individual's homozygosity are necessary to verify whether cryptorchidism in this individual has a genetic factor.


Assuntos
Masculino , Animais , Criptorquidismo/classificação , Criptorquidismo/diagnóstico , Medetomidina/análise , Panthera/anormalidades
3.
Anim. Reprod. ; 17(4): e20200555, 2020. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-29748

Resumo

Cryptorchidism is a genital alteration wherein one or both testicles fail to descend into the scrotum and has multifactorial causes. A free-range adult male was captured twice in the Pantanal of Nhecolândia to put a GPS collar and semen collection. Pharmacological semen collection, andrological examination and semen analysis were performed. At the first capture and during the andrological examination only the left testis was found, and the male qualified as cryptorchid. The penis had no penile spines at either procedure. The semen volume obtained at first and second capture was 435 and 160 L, respectively, with a concentration of 618 and 100 x 106 sperm/mL, progressive motility of ~ 5% and ~ 1% and total morphological sperm abnormalities of 74% and 86%. The male was monitored by a GPS collar, but the signal was lost, making it difficult to re-captures and perform new seminal and ultrasound evaluations to discard monorchidism exceedingly rare in felids. Genetic studies to assess the individual's homozygosity are necessary to verify whether cryptorchidism in this individual has a genetic factor.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Panthera/anormalidades , Criptorquidismo/classificação , Criptorquidismo/diagnóstico , Medetomidina/análise
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