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1.
Acta Vet. Brasilica ; 16(2): 84-89, maio 2022. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1391760

Resumo

Rabies is an acute, progressive, and fatal encephalomyelitis caused by a Lyssavirus. Horses affected by the disease may be a source of infection for humans. A rapid diagnosis is crucial to initiate a prompt and adequate infection control and public health measures. This manuscript reports the case of a 4-year-old gelding, 370 kg, healthy and routinely used for veterinary teaching purposes that developed rabies although vaccinated against it. Clinical signs included lameness, ataxia, muscle tremors, decubitus and pedalling, progressive paralysis, profuse salivation, teeth grinding, and whinnying. After 4 days, the animal was euthanised and definitive diagnosis was achieved through an animal inoculation test which was positive. Complementary findings included encephalomyelitis with perivascular cuffs and identification of Negri bodies in various areas of the brain.(AU)


A raiva é uma encefalomielite aguda, progressiva e fatal causada por um Lyssavirus. Cavalos acometidos pela doença podem ser uma fonte de infecção para homens. O rápido diagnóstico é crucial para que iniciem medidas de controle de infecção e de saúde pública adequadas. Esse manuscrito descreve o caso clínico de um equino de 4 anos, macho castrado, 370 kg, hígido, usado nas práticas didáticas da escola de veterinária que desenvolveu quadro clínico de raiva, apesar de ser vacinado contra a referida doença. Os sinais clínicos incluíram claudicação, ataxia, tremores musculares, decúbito e movimentos de pedalagem, paralisia progressiva, salivação profusa, bruxismo e relinchos. Após 4 dias, o animal foi eutanasiado e o diagnóstico definitivo foi feito através de prova biológica positivada. Os achados complementares incluíram os achados histopatológicos nos quais destacam-se encefamolielite com manguitos perivasculares e identificação de Corpúsculos de Negri em várias áreas do cérebro.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Raiva/diagnóstico , Vacina Antirrábica/análise , Vacinação/veterinária , Cavalos/imunologia , Vírus da Raiva/imunologia , Doenças Negligenciadas/veterinária
2.
Acta Vet. Brasilica ; 15(2): 96-101, 2021. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1453267

Resumo

Gallbladder agenesis is a congenital malformation that is considered extremely rare in dogs. The disease can course asymptomatically or with clinical signs, usually non-specific and including vomiting, anorexia, diarrhea, ascites, and lethargy. The objective of this report was to describe the clinical and anatomopathological aspects of a dog with hepatic encephalopathy secondary to gallbladder agenesis. This condition can be diagnosed during surgery or imaging examinations; however, it is often an incidental finding. In the biochemical examinations, a decrease in alanine aminotransferase and an increase in alkaline phosphatase and hypoalbuminemia were observed. During the necropsy, hepatomegaly was observed with absence of the gallbladder, congestion, cerebral edema, lipiduria, and pulmonary edema. Microscopically, there was intense fibrosis and inflammation in the liver due to chronic cholangiohepatitis (cirrhosis of the liver). The consequence of this lesion secondary to gallbladder agenesis was hepatic encephalopathy. Chronic liver failure exposes the cerebral cortex to toxins that are not metabolized by the liver, such as ammonia, mercaptans, short-chain fatty acids, scatols, indols, and aromatic amino acids. These toxins cause reversible damage to the brain, which results in neurological disorders. In this report, the dog had no clinical neurological signs, and the diagnosis of this condition was observed histologically. Dogs with gallbladder agenesis usually have clinical and pathological findings of hepatobiliary lesions such as cholestasis, cholangiohepatitis, and, in severe cases, hepatic encephalopathy, which are necessary to differentiate from other diseases that affect the hepatobiliary system, such as cholelithiasis, neoplasms, and chronic hepatitis.


A agenesia de vesícula biliar é uma má formação congênita, considerada extremamente rara em cães. A doença pode cursar de forma assintomática ou com sinais clínicos, geralmente, inespecíficos que incluem vômitos, anorexia, diarreia, ascite e letargia. O objetivo deste relato foi descrever os aspectos clínicos e anatomopatológicos de um cão com encefalopatia hepá-tica secundária a agenesia da vesícula biliar, esta condição pode ser diagnosticada durante uma cirurgia ou exames de imagem, entretanto frequentemente é um achado incidental. Como resultados, nos exames bioquímicos observou-se a diminuição da alanina aminotransferase, aumento da fosfatase alcalina e hipoalbuminemia. Durante a necropsia foi observado hepatomegalia com ausência da vesícula biliar, congestão e edema cerebral, lipidúria e edema pulmonar. Microscopicamente, no fígado havia intensa fibrose e inflamação pela colangiohepatite crônica (cirrose hepática). A consequência desta lesão secundária a agenesia da vesícula biliar, foi a encefalopatia hepática. A insuficiência hepática crônica expõe o córtex cerebral às toxinas não metabo-lizadas pelo fígado, tais como a amônia, mercaptanos, ácidos graxos de cadeia curta, escatóis, indóis e aminoácidos aromáti-cos. Essas toxinas causam danos reversíveis ao encéfalo, o que resulta em distúrbios neurológicos. No presente caso, o cão não apresentou sinais clínicos neurológicos e o diagnóstico desta condição foi observado histologicamente. Cães com agenesia de vesícula biliar, geralmente exibem achados clínicos e patológicos de lesões hepatobiliares, como colestase, conlangiohepatite e, em casos graves, encefalopatia hepática, sendo necessário diferenciar de outras doenças que acometem o sistema hepatobiliar, como colelitíase, neoplasias e hepatites crônicas.


Assuntos
Animais , Adulto , Cães , Cirrose Hepática/veterinária , Cães , Encefalopatia Hepática/diagnóstico , Encefalopatia Hepática/veterinária
3.
Acta Vet. bras. ; 15(2): 96-101, 2021. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-765303

Resumo

Gallbladder agenesis is a congenital malformation that is considered extremely rare in dogs. The disease can course asymptomatically or with clinical signs, usually non-specific and including vomiting, anorexia, diarrhea, ascites, and lethargy. The objective of this report was to describe the clinical and anatomopathological aspects of a dog with hepatic encephalopathy secondary to gallbladder agenesis. This condition can be diagnosed during surgery or imaging examinations; however, it is often an incidental finding. In the biochemical examinations, a decrease in alanine aminotransferase and an increase in alkaline phosphatase and hypoalbuminemia were observed. During the necropsy, hepatomegaly was observed with absence of the gallbladder, congestion, cerebral edema, lipiduria, and pulmonary edema. Microscopically, there was intense fibrosis and inflammation in the liver due to chronic cholangiohepatitis (cirrhosis of the liver). The consequence of this lesion secondary to gallbladder agenesis was hepatic encephalopathy. Chronic liver failure exposes the cerebral cortex to toxins that are not metabolized by the liver, such as ammonia, mercaptans, short-chain fatty acids, scatols, indols, and aromatic amino acids. These toxins cause reversible damage to the brain, which results in neurological disorders. In this report, the dog had no clinical neurological signs, and the diagnosis of this condition was observed histologically. Dogs with gallbladder agenesis usually have clinical and pathological findings of hepatobiliary lesions such as cholestasis, cholangiohepatitis, and, in severe cases, hepatic encephalopathy, which are necessary to differentiate from other diseases that affect the hepatobiliary system, such as cholelithiasis, neoplasms, and chronic hepatitis.(AU)


A agenesia de vesícula biliar é uma má formação congênita, considerada extremamente rara em cães. A doença pode cursar de forma assintomática ou com sinais clínicos, geralmente, inespecíficos que incluem vômitos, anorexia, diarreia, ascite e letargia. O objetivo deste relato foi descrever os aspectos clínicos e anatomopatológicos de um cão com encefalopatia hepá-tica secundária a agenesia da vesícula biliar, esta condição pode ser diagnosticada durante uma cirurgia ou exames de imagem, entretanto frequentemente é um achado incidental. Como resultados, nos exames bioquímicos observou-se a diminuição da alanina aminotransferase, aumento da fosfatase alcalina e hipoalbuminemia. Durante a necropsia foi observado hepatomegalia com ausência da vesícula biliar, congestão e edema cerebral, lipidúria e edema pulmonar. Microscopicamente, no fígado havia intensa fibrose e inflamação pela colangiohepatite crônica (cirrose hepática). A consequência desta lesão secundária a agenesia da vesícula biliar, foi a encefalopatia hepática. A insuficiência hepática crônica expõe o córtex cerebral às toxinas não metabo-lizadas pelo fígado, tais como a amônia, mercaptanos, ácidos graxos de cadeia curta, escatóis, indóis e aminoácidos aromáti-cos. Essas toxinas causam danos reversíveis ao encéfalo, o que resulta em distúrbios neurológicos. No presente caso, o cão não apresentou sinais clínicos neurológicos e o diagnóstico desta condição foi observado histologicamente. Cães com agenesia de vesícula biliar, geralmente exibem achados clínicos e patológicos de lesões hepatobiliares, como colestase, conlangiohepatite e, em casos graves, encefalopatia hepática, sendo necessário diferenciar de outras doenças que acometem o sistema hepatobiliar, como colelitíase, neoplasias e hepatites crônicas.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Adulto , Cães , Cães , Encefalopatia Hepática/diagnóstico , Encefalopatia Hepática/veterinária , Cirrose Hepática/veterinária
4.
Acta sci. vet. (Impr.) ; 49(supl.1): 722, 2021. ilus
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1366321

Resumo

Background: Peritoneopericardial diaphragmatic hernia is a congenital defect characterized by an anomalous communication between the abdominal cavity and pericardial sac, which can lead to displacement of the abdominal viscera into the thoracic cavity. The occurrence in felines is higher among long-haired breeds, mainly the Persian breed, possibly based onan autosomal recessive inheritance. The diagnosis of PPDH is performed by means of chest radiography with or without contrast, in association with other imaging tests such as ultrasonography and echocardiography. Our objective in this study was to report the occurrence and macroscopic changes in a case of peritoneopericardial diaphragmatic hernia in a Persian feline. Case: A 9-year-old male Persian cat weighing 3.4 kg was referred to the HPET-Private Veterinary Clinic, Salvador, Bahia, with an history of weight loss and chronic intermittent vomiting during the preceding 6 months, with lateral decubitus and breathing difficulties. Ultrasonography revealed findings suggestive of an infiltrative process in the stomach and duodenum, enlarged gastric lymph nodes, and some nodular images indicating slight displacement of the liver. Chest radiography revealed a cardiac silhouette with markedly enlarged dimensions associated with a dorsal deviation of the terminal trachea, and echocardiography revealed a small amount of pericardial effusion. The patient showed initial clinical improvement after blood transfusion; however, after 2 days, he exhibited significant clinical worsening and was therefore euthanized with the owner's consent. Post mortem evaluation revealed partial herniation of the liver and gallbladder into the chest cavity through a diaphragmatic hernia ring. The heart was partially surrounded by the left medial lobe of the liver, which was displaced into the pericardial sac. Herniated hepatic lobes had an irregular capsular surface with evident lobulation and tension lipidosis. In the abdominal cavity, the remainder of the liver (right lateral and medial lobes) was observed to be slightly enlarged, with an irregular surface, diffusely reddish with intense evidence of the lobular pattern and white and firm multifocal areas (fibrosis). In the duodenum, close to the pylorus, there was a nodule measuring 2.8 x 2.5 x 1.0 cm, with a whitish and ulcerated surface. When cut, it was soft and exhibited a homogeneous, whitish compact surface. Histopathological examinationshowed marked proliferation of fibrous connective tissue, which for the most part separated the lobes by septa and surrounded the portal space (fibrosis), a marked diffuse chronic inflammatory infiltrate composed of lymphocytes and plasma cells. In addition, marked bile duct hyperplasia and multifocal areas of fatty degeneration (steatosis). Discussion: The diagnosis was based on the association of clinical and pathological findings. Considering the age and clinical signs presented by the patient in this report, as well as the presence of few radiographic signs that were indicative of PPDH, the first differential diagnosis thought was pericardial neoplasia. Peritoneopericardial diaphragmatic hernia in felines is always of congenital origin and may occur asymptomatically depending on the number and involvement of herniated viscera. In this case, the patient's diagnosis of peritoneopericardial hernia was a necropsy finding; the fact that in agreement with previous reports of high rates of incidental diagnoses reinforces the importance of performing necropsy for confirmation or diagnosis of unexpected pathologies. In the present case, peritoneopericardial diaphragmatic hernia in isolation may not have led to severe anemia that culminated in the patient's death. The anatomopathological findings were compatible with biliary cirrhosis and multifocal liver fibrosis, accompanied by the presence of anemia and consequent hypovolemia.


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Gatos , Peritônio/anormalidades , Anormalidades Congênitas/veterinária , Hérnias Diafragmáticas Congênitas/veterinária , Radiografia Torácica/veterinária , Ultrassonografia/veterinária
5.
Acta sci. vet. (Impr.) ; 48(suppl.1): Pub.536-4 jan. 2020. ilus
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1458363

Resumo

Background: Meningocele and meningoencephalocele are rare congenital deformities characterized by herniation of the meninges and of the meninges and brain tissue through a bone defect in the skull (cranioschisis), respectively. Descriptions of these malformations in pigs are scarce in the international literature and non-existent in Brazil, with only one case of cranioschisis with brain exposure (without protrusion of the meninges and covered by skin) reported to date. Here, we report a case of meningocele and another of meningoencephalocele in piglets in the state of Bahia and describe the main related anatomopathological and imaging characteristics (radiographic and ultrasonographic). Case: The congenital malformations occurred in newborn piglets from a farm located in the city of Catu, Bahia, Brazil, which presented with an evident large saccular area positioned dorsally to the head. The animals died 48 h after birth and were referred to the Laboratory of Animal Pathology of the Federal University of Bahia, for the studies and diagnostic conclusion. Postmortem ultrasound examinations showed that the region was filled with fluid and associated with a small brain protrusion in case 1 and a defect in the skull bone, which had its orifice dimensions estimated. Despite the superimposition of structures, the skull malformation was identified on radiographic examination (case 1) and measured on ultrasonographic examination (cases 1 and 2). During necropsy, the piglets presented with a marked marked bulge of saccular appearance under the skin in the frontal region. The saccular formation was floating, internally covered by dura mater and filled with reddish serous liquid (liquor). Discussion: The diagnoses of meningoencephalocele and...


Assuntos
Animais , Encefalocele/diagnóstico por imagem , Encefalocele/patologia , Encefalocele/veterinária , Meningocele/diagnóstico por imagem , Meningocele/patologia , Meningocele/veterinária , Suínos , Anormalidades Congênitas/veterinária , Autopsia/veterinária , Ultrassonografia/veterinária
6.
Acta sci. vet. (Online) ; 48(suppl.1): Pub. 536, 9 out. 2020. ilus
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-765362

Resumo

Background: Meningocele and meningoencephalocele are rare congenital deformities characterized by herniation of the meninges and of the meninges and brain tissue through a bone defect in the skull (cranioschisis), respectively. Descriptions of these malformations in pigs are scarce in the international literature and non-existent in Brazil, with only one case of cranioschisis with brain exposure (without protrusion of the meninges and covered by skin) reported to date. Here, we report a case of meningocele and another of meningoencephalocele in piglets in the state of Bahia and describe the main related anatomopathological and imaging characteristics (radiographic and ultrasonographic). Case: The congenital malformations occurred in newborn piglets from a farm located in the city of Catu, Bahia, Brazil, which presented with an evident large saccular area positioned dorsally to the head. The animals died 48 h after birth and were referred to the Laboratory of Animal Pathology of the Federal University of Bahia, for the studies and diagnostic conclusion. Postmortem ultrasound examinations showed that the region was filled with fluid and associated with a small brain protrusion in case 1 and a defect in the skull bone, which had its orifice dimensions estimated. Despite the superimposition of structures, the skull malformation was identified on radiographic examination (case 1) and measured on ultrasonographic examination (cases 1 and 2). During necropsy, the piglets presented with a marked marked bulge of saccular appearance under the skin in the frontal region. The saccular formation was floating, internally covered by dura mater and filled with reddish serous liquid (liquor). Discussion: The diagnoses of meningoencephalocele and...(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Meningocele/diagnóstico por imagem , Meningocele/patologia , Meningocele/veterinária , Encefalocele/diagnóstico por imagem , Encefalocele/patologia , Encefalocele/veterinária , Suínos , Anormalidades Congênitas/veterinária , Ultrassonografia/veterinária , Autopsia/veterinária
7.
Acta sci. vet. (Impr.) ; 48(suppl.1): Pub.561-4 jan. 2020. ilus
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1458388

Resumo

Background: Cryptococcosis is a potentially fatal systemic mycosis that can affect several animal species. The disease is caused by the yeast species Cryptococcus neoformans and C. gattii and is usually associated with immunosuppressive diseases or debilitating factors. In Brazil, cryptococcosis in ruminants has been described in several states, but there have been only two instances of infection in sheep. Until the present, cryptococcosis caused by C. gattii has only been reported in goats. The objective of this study was to describe, for the first time, a case of nasal cryptococcosis caused by C. gattii in a sheep in the state of Bahia. Case: The disease affected a 4-year-old Santa Inês sheep, created in extensive system in the municipality of Ribeira do Pombal, Bahia, Brazil. The animal presented weight loss, with an asymmetric increase of volume in the right nasal cavity, accompanied by dyspnea and bloody nasal discharge. Samples of the tumor mass were collected for cytological analysis of yeast structures compatible with Cryptococcus spp. After cytological diagnosis, the sheep was sent to the Livestock Development Center of the Federal University of Bahia. On physical examination, there was a large and firm irregular mass, strongly adhering to the right nasal cavity and causing facial asymmetry. Surgical removal was attempted, but a marked infiltrative character of the lesion was observed, with extensive tissue destruction. Owing to the unfavorable prognosis, euthanasia was carried out followed by necropsy, in which a large irregular mass was observed that almost completely obliterated the right nasal cavity. Resorption of the right nasal bone and the dorsal and middle nasal turbinates was also observed. Fragments of the nasal lesion were collected, fixed in 10% formalin, routinely processed for histopathology, and stained with hematoxylin and eosin (HE) and Mayer’s...


Assuntos
Animais , Criptococose/diagnóstico , Criptococose/veterinária , Cryptococcus gattii/isolamento & purificação , Ovinos/microbiologia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/veterinária , Rinite/veterinária
8.
Acta sci. vet. (Online) ; 48(suppl.1): Pub. 561, 21 nov. 2020. ilus
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-765645

Resumo

Background: Cryptococcosis is a potentially fatal systemic mycosis that can affect several animal species. The disease is caused by the yeast species Cryptococcus neoformans and C. gattii and is usually associated with immunosuppressive diseases or debilitating factors. In Brazil, cryptococcosis in ruminants has been described in several states, but there have been only two instances of infection in sheep. Until the present, cryptococcosis caused by C. gattii has only been reported in goats. The objective of this study was to describe, for the first time, a case of nasal cryptococcosis caused by C. gattii in a sheep in the state of Bahia. Case: The disease affected a 4-year-old Santa Inês sheep, created in extensive system in the municipality of Ribeira do Pombal, Bahia, Brazil. The animal presented weight loss, with an asymmetric increase of volume in the right nasal cavity, accompanied by dyspnea and bloody nasal discharge. Samples of the tumor mass were collected for cytological analysis of yeast structures compatible with Cryptococcus spp. After cytological diagnosis, the sheep was sent to the Livestock Development Center of the Federal University of Bahia. On physical examination, there was a large and firm irregular mass, strongly adhering to the right nasal cavity and causing facial asymmetry. Surgical removal was attempted, but a marked infiltrative character of the lesion was observed, with extensive tissue destruction. Owing to the unfavorable prognosis, euthanasia was carried out followed by necropsy, in which a large irregular mass was observed that almost completely obliterated the right nasal cavity. Resorption of the right nasal bone and the dorsal and middle nasal turbinates was also observed. Fragments of the nasal lesion were collected, fixed in 10% formalin, routinely processed for histopathology, and stained with hematoxylin and eosin (HE) and Mayers...(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Criptococose/diagnóstico , Criptococose/veterinária , Ovinos/microbiologia , Cryptococcus gattii/isolamento & purificação , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/veterinária , Rinite/veterinária
9.
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-9295

Resumo

We report three cases of stings by Africanized bees in cattle in the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Erythema, subcutaneous edema, necrosis accompanied by skin detachment, and subsequent skin regeneration were observed, especially on the head and dewlap. Histopathological examinations performed 45 days later revealed complete skin reepithelialization with moderate dermal fibrosis. The clinical picture and differential diagnosis are discussed in the present manuscript, with a focus on photosensitization, which causes cutaneous lesions on the head (sequela) with cicatricial curving of the ears and can be very similar to what is observed in cattle attacked by swarms of bees. The distinction between photosensitization and bee sting lesions can be made with a focus on history and clinical and pathological aspects.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Venenos de Abelha/toxicidade , Intoxicação/metabolismo , Acidentes , Ferimentos e Lesões/complicações , Abelhas , Bovinos
10.
Revista brasileira de medicina equina ; 13(77): 24-25, maio-jun. 2018.
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1495111

Resumo

O presente trabalho tem como objetivo descrever um caso clínico de Meningoencefalite Supurativa Bacteriana multifocal em um equino que apresentava relutância em andar, pouco reflexo ocular do lado esquerdo e incoordenação motora, com diminuição proprioceptiva e paresia. O diagnóstico inicial dado pelo médico veterinário responsável foi de mieloencefalopatia protozoária equina (MEP), o qual foi descartado pelo exame histopatológico. Este animal foi tratado conforme indicação da literatura, com leve melhora e posterior óbito.


The objective of this study was to describe a clinical case of suppurative bacterial multifocal meningoencephalitis in an equine that was reluctant to walk, had little ocular reflex on the left side and motor incoordination, with proprioceptive decrease and paresis. The initial diagnosis given by the veterinarian responsible was equine protozoal myeloencephalopathy (EPM), which was discarded by histopathological examination. This animal was treated as indicated in the literature, in which slight improvement and subsequent death.


El presente trabajo tiene como objetivo describir un caso clínico de meningoencefalitis bacteriana multifocal en un equino que presentó reticencia a caminar, poco reflejo ocular en el lado izquierdo e incoordinación motora, con disminución de la propioceptivo Y loharía. La diagnosis inicial dada por el médico veterinario responsable era Mieloencefalopatia protozoo equino (MEP), que fue desechado por el examen histopatológico. Este animal fue tratado como una indicación de la literatura, con la mejora suave y la muerte subsecuente.


Assuntos
Feminino , Animais , Cavalos , Infecções Bacterianas do Sistema Nervoso Central/veterinária , Meningoencefalite/diagnóstico , Meningoencefalite/veterinária
11.
R. bras. Med. equina ; 13(77): 24-25, maio-jun. 2018.
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-734608

Resumo

O presente trabalho tem como objetivo descrever um caso clínico de Meningoencefalite Supurativa Bacteriana multifocal em um equino que apresentava relutância em andar, pouco reflexo ocular do lado esquerdo e incoordenação motora, com diminuição proprioceptiva e paresia. O diagnóstico inicial dado pelo médico veterinário responsável foi de mieloencefalopatia protozoária equina (MEP), o qual foi descartado pelo exame histopatológico. Este animal foi tratado conforme indicação da literatura, com leve melhora e posterior óbito.(AU)


The objective of this study was to describe a clinical case of suppurative bacterial multifocal meningoencephalitis in an equine that was reluctant to walk, had little ocular reflex on the left side and motor incoordination, with proprioceptive decrease and paresis. The initial diagnosis given by the veterinarian responsible was equine protozoal myeloencephalopathy (EPM), which was discarded by histopathological examination. This animal was treated as indicated in the literature, in which slight improvement and subsequent death.(AU)


El presente trabajo tiene como objetivo describir un caso clínico de meningoencefalitis bacteriana multifocal en un equino que presentó reticencia a caminar, poco reflejo ocular en el lado izquierdo e incoordinación motora, con disminución de la propioceptivo Y loharía. La diagnosis inicial dada por el médico veterinario responsable era Mieloencefalopatia protozoo equino (MEP), que fue desechado por el examen histopatológico. Este animal fue tratado como una indicación de la literatura, con la mejora suave y la muerte subsecuente.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Cavalos , Meningoencefalite/diagnóstico , Meningoencefalite/veterinária , Infecções Bacterianas do Sistema Nervoso Central/veterinária
12.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1484531

Resumo

We report three cases of stings by Africanized bees in cattle in the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Erythema, subcutaneous edema, necrosis accompanied by skin detachment, and subsequent skin regeneration were observed, especially on the head and dewlap. Histopathological examinations performed 45 days later revealed complete skin reepithelialization with moderate dermal fibrosis. The clinical picture and differential diagnosis are discussed in the present manuscript, with a focus on photosensitization, which causes cutaneous lesions on the head (sequela) with cicatricial curving of the ears and can be very similar to what is observed in cattle attacked by swarms of bees. The distinction between photosensitization and bee sting lesions can be made with a focus on history and clinical and pathological aspects.


Assuntos
Animais , Acidentes , Intoxicação/metabolismo , Venenos de Abelha/toxicidade , Abelhas , Bovinos , Ferimentos e Lesões/complicações
13.
MEDVEP. Rev. cient. Med. Vet. ; 11(37): 76-83, jul.-set.. 2013. ilus
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-9447

Resumo

Descreve-se aqui um caso de linfoma multicêntrico de células T em um canino da raça Chow-Chow, emseus aspectos clínicos e anatomopatológicos. O animal apresentava como queixa principal anorexia,vômitose fraqueza nos membros posteriores.Ao exame físico constatou-se apatia, hipertermia, emaciação, dor a palpaçãoabdominal e, posteriormente, intensa dispnéia. Os exames radiográficos e ultrassonográficos revelaramefusão pleural, linfadenopatia, hepatomegalia e esplenomegalia. Após o óbito, o exame macroscópicomostrou linfonodos torácicos, baço e fígado aumentados de volume, nodulações pulmonar e pancreática,marcada efusão pleural e espessamento da porção distal do esôfago com formações nodulares cavitárias. Aanálise histopatológica dos linfonodos, pâncreas e esôfago revelou intensa e difusa infiltração de linfócitosintensamente pleomórficos com células pequenas e grandes clivadas e diversos focos infiltrativos em fígado,rim, pulmão, baço e sistema nervoso central. A análise imunoistoquímica demonstrou imunoreatividadepara CD3 e negatividade para CD79 a e CD18. De acordo com os achados morfológicos, foi estabelecidoo diagnóstico de linfoma multicêntrico de células T do tipo pleomórfico misto.(AU)


We describe here a case of multicentric T-cell lymphoma in a dog breed Chow-Chow, in its clinical andpathological findings. The animal presented as the main complaint anorexia, vomiting and weakness in thehind quarters. The physical examination has shown apathy, hyperthermia, emaciation, pain on abdominalpalpation and, later, severe dyspnea. Radiography and ultrasonography revealed pleural effusion, lymphadenopathy,hepatomegaly and splenomegaly. After dead, gross examination showed thoracic lymphnodes, spleen and live renlarged, pancreas and lung nodules, pleural effusion and marked thickening ofthe distal esophagus with cavitary nodules. The histopathological analysis of lymph nodes, pancreas and esophagus showed intense and diffuse infiltration of lymphocytes with highly pleomorphic small and largecleaved cells and various infiltrative foci in liver, kidney, lung, spleen and central nervous system. Immunohistochemicalanalysis showed immunoreactivity for CD3 and negative for CD79a CD18. According tothe morphological findings, it was diagnosed as multicentric lymphoma T- cell typepleomorphic mixed.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Cães , Linfócitos T , Cães , Anorexia/veterinária , Vômito
14.
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1485005

Resumo

Descreve-se aqui um caso de linfoma multicêntrico de células T em um canino da raça Chow-Chow, emseus aspectos clínicos e anatomopatológicos. O animal apresentava como queixa principal anorexia,vômitose fraqueza nos membros posteriores.Ao exame físico constatou-se apatia, hipertermia, emaciação, dor a palpaçãoabdominal e, posteriormente, intensa dispnéia. Os exames radiográficos e ultrassonográficos revelaramefusão pleural, linfadenopatia, hepatomegalia e esplenomegalia. Após o óbito, o exame macroscópicomostrou linfonodos torácicos, baço e fígado aumentados de volume, nodulações pulmonar e pancreática,marcada efusão pleural e espessamento da porção distal do esôfago com formações nodulares cavitárias. Aanálise histopatológica dos linfonodos, pâncreas e esôfago revelou intensa e difusa infiltração de linfócitosintensamente pleomórficos com células pequenas e grandes clivadas e diversos focos infiltrativos em fígado,rim, pulmão, baço e sistema nervoso central. A análise imunoistoquímica demonstrou imunoreatividadepara CD3 e negatividade para CD79 a e CD18. De acordo com os achados morfológicos, foi estabelecidoo diagnóstico de linfoma multicêntrico de células T do tipo pleomórfico misto.


We describe here a case of multicentric T-cell lymphoma in a dog breed Chow-Chow, in its clinical andpathological findings. The animal presented as the main complaint anorexia, vomiting and weakness in thehind quarters. The physical examination has shown apathy, hyperthermia, emaciation, pain on abdominalpalpation and, later, severe dyspnea. Radiography and ultrasonography revealed pleural effusion, lymphadenopathy,hepatomegaly and splenomegaly. After dead, gross examination showed thoracic lymphnodes, spleen and live renlarged, pancreas and lung nodules, pleural effusion and marked thickening ofthe distal esophagus with cavitary nodules. The histopathological analysis of lymph nodes, pancreas and esophagus showed intense and diffuse infiltration of lymphocytes with highly pleomorphic small and largecleaved cells and various infiltrative foci in liver, kidney, lung, spleen and central nervous system. Immunohistochemicalanalysis showed immunoreactivity for CD3 and negative for CD79a CD18. According tothe morphological findings, it was diagnosed as multicentric lymphoma T- cell typepleomorphic mixed.


Assuntos
Animais , Cães , Cães , Linfócitos T , Anorexia/veterinária , Vômito
15.
Seropédica; s.n; 01/01/2012. 117 p. ilus, tab.
Tese em Português | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1504674

Resumo

O presente trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar e comparar o efeito protetor da acetamida nas intoxicações experimentais por monofluoroacetato (MF) e por folhas frescas de Palicourea marcgravii em bovinos, no intuito de confirmar, de forma prática, que esse composto é o princípio tóxico responsável pelo quadro clínico-patológico e pela morte dos animais intoxicados por essa planta. Três bovinos receberam MF, por via oral, na dose de 0,5 mg/kg e, em seguida, a dois desses animais administraram-se acetamida, por via oral, nas doses de 0,38 e 2,0 g/kg. Outros dois bovinos receberam 1,0 g/kg de P. marcgravii, em seguida, a um deles administrou-se 1,0 g/kg de acetamida. Esta, quando administrada em quantidades suficientes (maior dose), evitou o aparecimento dos sinais clínicos e a morte de todos os animais intoxicados por MF ou P. marcgravii. Tal efeito protetor foi, de fato, confirmado após uma semana, quando o mesmo protocolo experimental foi repetido, para cada bovino, porém sem a administração de acetamida. Todos os bovinos não tratados com acetamida manifestaram sinais clínicos e morreram subitamente. O quadro clínico-patológico manifestado pelos bovinos intoxicados por MF ou P. marcgravii foi semelhante e, caracterizou-se por ?morte súbita?. Os animais em geral, apresentaram taquicardia, taquipnéia, tremores musculares, jugular repleta com pulso venoso positivo, polaquiúria, instabilidade, perda de equilíbrio, por vezes, cambaleavam e apoiavam a cabeça no flanco. Na fase final, todos os animais deitavam-se e levantavam-se com maior frequencia, deitavam ou caíam em decúbito lateral, esticavam os membros, faziam movimentos de pedalagem, apresentavam respiração ofegante, arritmia, opistótono, nistagmo, mugidos e morriam. A duração da ?fase dramática? variou de 2 a 26 min. À necropsia verificaram-se, em geral, aurículas, jugulares, ázigos e pulmonares leve a moderadamente ingurgitadas, leve a acentuado edema da subserosa da vesícula biliar, sobretudo, na sua inserção no fígado, bem como moderada quantidade de líquido espumoso róseo na traquéia e brônquios. Observaram-se ainda nos dois bovinos intoxicados com P. marcgravii, fragmentos reconhecíveis das folhas da planta no rúmen. O exame histopatológico revelou no rim de todos os animais leve a acentuada degeneração hidrópico-vacuolar das células epiteliais dos túbulos uriníferos contornados distais associada à picnose nuclear; no fígado, havia leve a moderada congestão, discreta a moderada tumefação e moderada vacuolização de hepatócitos, predominantemente, centrolobular, necrose de coagulação individual ou de grupos de hepatócitos e corpúsculos de choque. Os dados obtidos neste trabalho comprovam, de forma prática, que MF é o princípio tóxico de P. marcgravii responsável pelo quadro clínico-patológico e a morte dos animais que ingerem e se intoxicam naturalmente por essa planta, uma vez que a acetamida atua como antídoto eficaz (efeito antagônico) de forma idêntica em ambas as intoxicações


The aim of the study was to evaluate and compare the protective effect of acetamide in experimental poisoning by fresh leaves of Palicourea marcgravii and monoluoroacetate (MF) in catlle, in order to prove in a practical way that this compound is the toxic principle responsible for the clinical signs and death of animals that ingested the plant. MF was administered orally in single doses of 0.5mg/kg to three cows; a few minutes later, two of these cows received, orally, single doses of acetamide (0.38 or 2.0g/kg). Two other cows ingested 1.0g/kg of P. marcgravii, and one of these cows received some minutes later 1.0g/ kg of acetamide. Adequate doses of acetamide, administered right after the poisoning by P. marcgravii or MF, were able to prevented the onset of clinical signs and avoid the death of all animals. One week later, the experiments were repeated, but without the antidote. All animals not treated with acetamide showed symptoms of poisoning and died suddenly. MF and P. marcgravii caused the same clinical and pathological picture of “sudden death” in cattle. Clinically, the cattle presented palpitation, abdominal breathing, muscle tremors, engorged jugular vein with positive pulse, pollakiuria, slight loss of balance with sometimes swaying gait, the animals laying down and with the head on their lank. In the “dramatic phase”, all the animals fell into lateral decubitus, stretched the limbs, made paddling movements, presented opistotonus, arrhythmia, nystagmus, and died. The “dramatic phase” lasted from 2 to 26 minutes. At postmortem examination, the heart auricles, jugulars and pulmonary veins were slightly to moderately ingurgitated; slight to marked edema of the subserosa was seen in ixation sites of gall bladder to the liver. In one cow, pulmonary edema was observed. Histopathology revealed in all cows slight to marked hydropic-vacuolar degeneration of the epithelial cells of the distal convoluted uriniferous tubules associated with nuclear pyknosis. Coagulation necrosis of individual or groups of hepatocytes and slight to moderate hepatic congestion with numerous shock corpuscles were also observed. The experimental results showed in practice that MF is the toxic principle responsible for the clinical-pathological picture and death of the cattle that ingested P. marcgravii, since acetamide acts as an eficient antidote (antagonistic effect), identical in both poisonings. IN


Assuntos
Animais , Bovinos , Acetamidas/administração & dosagem , Acetamidas/análise , Acetamidas/farmacologia
16.
Seropédica; s.n; 01/01/2012. 117 p. ilus, tab.
Tese em Português | VETTESES | ID: vtt-523

Resumo

O presente trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar e comparar o efeito protetor da acetamida nas intoxicações experimentais por monofluoroacetato (MF) e por folhas frescas de Palicourea marcgravii em bovinos, no intuito de confirmar, de forma prática, que esse composto é o princípio tóxico responsável pelo quadro clínico-patológico e pela morte dos animais intoxicados por essa planta. Três bovinos receberam MF, por via oral, na dose de 0,5 mg/kg e, em seguida, a dois desses animais administraram-se acetamida, por via oral, nas doses de 0,38 e 2,0 g/kg. Outros dois bovinos receberam 1,0 g/kg de P. marcgravii, em seguida, a um deles administrou-se 1,0 g/kg de acetamida. Esta, quando administrada em quantidades suficientes (maior dose), evitou o aparecimento dos sinais clínicos e a morte de todos os animais intoxicados por MF ou P. marcgravii. Tal efeito protetor foi, de fato, confirmado após uma semana, quando o mesmo protocolo experimental foi repetido, para cada bovino, porém sem a administração de acetamida. Todos os bovinos não tratados com acetamida manifestaram sinais clínicos e morreram subitamente. O quadro clínico-patológico manifestado pelos bovinos intoxicados por MF ou P. marcgravii foi semelhante e, caracterizou-se por ?morte súbita?. Os animais em geral, apresentaram taquicardia, taquipnéia, tremores musculares, jugular repleta com pulso venoso positivo, polaquiúria, instabilidade, perda de equilíbrio, por vezes, cambaleavam e apoiavam a cabeça no flanco. Na fase final, todos os animais deitavam-se e levantavam-se com maior frequencia, deitavam ou caíam em decúbito lateral, esticavam os membros, faziam movimentos de pedalagem, apresentavam respiração ofegante, arritmia, opistótono, nistagmo, mugidos e morriam. A duração da ?fase dramática? variou de 2 a 26 min. À necropsia verificaram-se, em geral, aurículas, jugulares, ázigos e pulmonares leve a moderadamente ingurgitadas, leve a acentuado edema da subserosa da vesícula biliar, sobretudo, na sua inserção no fígado, bem como moderada quantidade de líquido espumoso róseo na traquéia e brônquios. Observaram-se ainda nos dois bovinos intoxicados com P. marcgravii, fragmentos reconhecíveis das folhas da planta no rúmen. O exame histopatológico revelou no rim de todos os animais leve a acentuada degeneração hidrópico-vacuolar das células epiteliais dos túbulos uriníferos contornados distais associada à picnose nuclear; no fígado, havia leve a moderada congestão, discreta a moderada tumefação e moderada vacuolização de hepatócitos, predominantemente, centrolobular, necrose de coagulação individual ou de grupos de hepatócitos e corpúsculos de choque. Os dados obtidos neste trabalho comprovam, de forma prática, que MF é o princípio tóxico de P. marcgravii responsável pelo quadro clínico-patológico e a morte dos animais que ingerem e se intoxicam naturalmente por essa planta, uma vez que a acetamida atua como antídoto eficaz (efeito antagônico) de forma idêntica em ambas as intoxicações


The aim of the study was to evaluate and compare the protective effect of acetamide in experimental poisoning by fresh leaves of Palicourea marcgravii and monoluoroacetate (MF) in catlle, in order to prove in a practical way that this compound is the toxic principle responsible for the clinical signs and death of animals that ingested the plant. MF was administered orally in single doses of 0.5mg/kg to three cows; a few minutes later, two of these cows received, orally, single doses of acetamide (0.38 or 2.0g/kg). Two other cows ingested 1.0g/kg of P. marcgravii, and one of these cows received some minutes later 1.0g/ kg of acetamide. Adequate doses of acetamide, administered right after the poisoning by P. marcgravii or MF, were able to prevented the onset of clinical signs and avoid the death of all animals. One week later, the experiments were repeated, but without the antidote. All animals not treated with acetamide showed symptoms of poisoning and died suddenly. MF and P. marcgravii caused the same clinical and pathological picture of “sudden death” in cattle. Clinically, the cattle presented palpitation, abdominal breathing, muscle tremors, engorged jugular vein with positive pulse, pollakiuria, slight loss of balance with sometimes swaying gait, the animals laying down and with the head on their lank. In the “dramatic phase”, all the animals fell into lateral decubitus, stretched the limbs, made paddling movements, presented opistotonus, arrhythmia, nystagmus, and died. The “dramatic phase” lasted from 2 to 26 minutes. At postmortem examination, the heart auricles, jugulars and pulmonary veins were slightly to moderately ingurgitated; slight to marked edema of the subserosa was seen in ixation sites of gall bladder to the liver. In one cow, pulmonary edema was observed. Histopathology revealed in all cows slight to marked hydropic-vacuolar degeneration of the epithelial cells of the distal convoluted uriniferous tubules associated with nuclear pyknosis. Coagulation necrosis of individual or groups of hepatocytes and slight to moderate hepatic congestion with numerous shock corpuscles were also observed. The experimental results showed in practice that MF is the toxic principle responsible for the clinical-pathological picture and death of the cattle that ingested P. marcgravii, since acetamide acts as an eficient antidote (antagonistic effect), identical in both poisonings. IN(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Bovinos , Acetamidas/administração & dosagem , Acetamidas/análise , Acetamidas/farmacologia
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