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1.
Sci. agric ; 78(1): e20190031, 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1497917

Resumo

Increased planting density, different types of thinning management, and the use of beneficial microorganisms have been adopted as strategic tools in the effort to increase crop yields in a sustainable manner. This investigation evaluated the growth and production of ‘Prata Anã Gorutuba’ banana ( Musa spp., AAB) under different plant densities during two production cycles in the semiarid region of Minas Gerais, Brazil. Micropropagated plantlets were also inoculated with endophytic bacteria and cultivated as part of two mat management strategies. Planting density varied between 1,680 and 3,920 plant ha–1. During the experiment, water was less than optimal because of rationing due to drought in the region. Under field conditions, there was no difference between bacterially inoculated and non-inoculated plants. The dense planting system increased the crop cycle. The highest-density planting treatment (3,920 plant ha–1) resulted in the highest yield in the first cycle, but no net income was observed. However, the high-density planting treatments resulted in the highest yields and gross incomes in the second production cycle. Management with thinning of plants up to 10-months-old and thinning up to harvest associated with high planting density increased the length of the production cycles. Although the water restriction experienced in the first and second crop cycles, the vegetative and productive traits of ‘Prata Anã Gorutuba’ banana did not compromise the objectives of this study.


Assuntos
Bacillus , 24444 , Desidratação , Musa/crescimento & desenvolvimento
2.
Sci. agric. ; 78(1): e20190031, 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-27044

Resumo

Increased planting density, different types of thinning management, and the use of beneficial microorganisms have been adopted as strategic tools in the effort to increase crop yields in a sustainable manner. This investigation evaluated the growth and production of ‘Prata Anã Gorutuba banana ( Musa spp., AAB) under different plant densities during two production cycles in the semiarid region of Minas Gerais, Brazil. Micropropagated plantlets were also inoculated with endophytic bacteria and cultivated as part of two mat management strategies. Planting density varied between 1,680 and 3,920 plant ha–1. During the experiment, water was less than optimal because of rationing due to drought in the region. Under field conditions, there was no difference between bacterially inoculated and non-inoculated plants. The dense planting system increased the crop cycle. The highest-density planting treatment (3,920 plant ha–1) resulted in the highest yield in the first cycle, but no net income was observed. However, the high-density planting treatments resulted in the highest yields and gross incomes in the second production cycle. Management with thinning of plants up to 10-months-old and thinning up to harvest associated with high planting density increased the length of the production cycles. Although the water restriction experienced in the first and second crop cycles, the vegetative and productive traits of ‘Prata Anã Gorutuba banana did not compromise the objectives of this study.(AU)


Assuntos
Musa/crescimento & desenvolvimento , 24444 , Bacillus , Desidratação
3.
Ci. Rural ; 49(9): e20180353, 2019. graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-23711

Resumo

The present research aimed to evaluate the effect of applying gibberellic acid (GA3) with hand (HP) or natural pollination (NP) on fruit set and the fruit quality of ‘Red and ‘Lessard Thai sugar apple and ‘Gefner atemoya fruits.This study was performed in an experimental orchard located in Homestead, Florida, USA. The experimental design included randomized blocks, with eight treatments, four replicates and four plants per plot. Treatments included: (1) HP; (2) HP + 10 mg L-1 GA3; (3) HP + 100 mg L-1 GA3; (4) HP + 1,000 mg L-1 GA3; (5) NP; (6) NP + 10 mg L-1 GA3; (7) NP + 100 mg L-1 GA3 and (8) NP + 1,000 mg L-1 GA3. The HP plus 1,000 mg L-1 GA3 promoted fruit setting above 90% over the 14 weeks for all genotypes evaluated. Significant increments for length and total fruit weight were observed. ‘Red sugar apple and atemoya had a reduced number of seeds per fruit. The NP plus GA3 (1,000 mg L-1) was effective in producing high quality seedless ‘Gefner atemoya fruits. This investigation demonstrated that GA3 plus hand pollination produced high quality sugar apple and atemoya seeded fruits and in association with natural pollination promoted seedless ‘Gefneratemoya fruits.(AU)


O presente trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar o efeito da aplicação de ácido giberélico (GA3) associado com e sem polinização artificial, no pegamento e na qualidade de frutos das pinheiras ‘Red e ‘Lessard Thai e da atemoieira‘Gefner. O experimento foi realizado em pomar localizado em Homestead, EUA. O delineamento experimental foi em blocos casualizados, com oito tratamentos, quatro repetições e quatro plantas por parcela. Os tratamentos utilizados neste experimento foram: 1) Polinização Artificial (PA); 2) PA + 10 mg L-1 GA3; 3) PA + 100 mg L-1 GA3; 4) PA + 1000 mg L-1 GA3; 5) Polinização natural (PN); 6) PN + 10 mg L-1 GA3; 7) PN + 100 mg L-1 GA3; e 8) PN + 1000 mg L-1 GA3. A PA combinada com a concentração de 1000 mg L-1 de GA3 promoveu o estabelecimento de frutos acima de 90% durante as 14 semanas de avaliação para todos os genótipos avaliados. Incrementos significativos para o comprimento e peso dos frutos também foram observados a variedade de pinha “Red” e a atemoia, em que apresentaram redução no número total de sementes.A PN em associação com GA3 (1000 mg L-1) foi eficaz na produção de frutos sem sementes de alta qualidade em atemóia ‘Gefner. Estes dados mostram que o GA3, combinado com a polinização manual, produziu frutos com semente de alta qualidade e, em associação com a polinização natural, promoveu frutos sem sementes em atemóia ‘Gefner.(AU)


Assuntos
Annona/efeitos dos fármacos , Annona/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Giberelinas/administração & dosagem , Reguladores de Crescimento de Plantas , Sementes/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Polinização , Estados Unidos
4.
Ci. Rural ; 46(8): 1350-1356, ago. 2016. graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-22578

Resumo

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of different doses of uniconazole (UCZ) on 'Palmer' mango vegetative and reproductive response and on fruit physical, chemical, and productive characteristics during the off-season in northern Minas Gerais, Brazil. The experiment followed a randomized block design. UCZ was tested at the following doses applied to leaves and expressed in g of UCZ active ingredient (a.i.) per tree: 0.0, 1.0, and 1.0+1.0 (2.0) after 30 days; 1.0+1.0+1.0 (3.0) subdivided into 30-day intervals; and 1.0+1.0+2.0 (4.0) subdivided into 30-day intervals. All of the UCZ treatments reduced branch elongation in the 'Palmer' mango trees, leading to a mean reduction of 81.6% compared to the control. However, the UCZ application of 1.0+1.0+2.0g a.i. per tree subdivided into 30-day intervals was efficient in promoting flowering during the off-season, enabling a 167% mean increase in the number of fruit per tree and a 9.78t ha-1 mean increase in productivity.(AU)


Este trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar a eficiência da aplicação de diferentes doses de uniconazole (UCZ) em mangueira 'Palmer' no comportamento vegetativo, reprodutivo e nas características físicas, químicas e produtivas dos frutos durante o período de entressafra na região Norte de Minas Gerais. O delineamento experimental foi em blocos ao acaso, testando-se as doses 0,0; 1,0; 1,0+1,0 (2,0) após 30 dias; 1,0+1,0+1,0 (3,0) parcelado a cada 30 dias; 1,0+1,0+2,0 (4,0) parcelado a cada 30 dias, em g, do ingrediente ativo (i.a.) de UCZ por planta, aplicado via foliar. Verificou-se que todos os tratamentos com uso de uniconazole reduziram o alongamento dos ramos da mangueira 'Palmer', quando comparada com a testemunha, apresentando uma redução média de 81,6%, no entanto, apenas a aplicação de 1,0+1,0+2,0g i.a. UCZ/planta parcelado a cada 30 dias foi eficiente em promover a floração no período da entressafra, possibilitando um incremento médio de 167% no número de frutos por planta e de 9,78t ha-1 na produtividade.(AU)


Assuntos
Mangifera/efeitos dos fármacos , Mangifera/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Mangifera/química , Mangifera/fisiologia , Produtos Agrícolas/efeitos dos fármacos , Produtos Agrícolas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Fenômenos Fisiológicos Vegetais/efeitos dos fármacos , Flores/efeitos dos fármacos , Flores/crescimento & desenvolvimento
5.
Ci. Rural ; 45(11): 1925-1931, Nov. 2015. graf, tab
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-27975

Resumo

O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o efeito da aplicação de CaCl2 em pré-colheita, em diferentes doses e épocas no controle do despencamento natural de frutos da bananeira 'FHIA-18'. O delineamento experimental foi o de blocos casualizados, em esquema fatorial 3x3+1 testemunha, sendo testadas as doses de 2, 4 e 6% de CaCl2 aos 60, 90 e 120 dias após a emissão do cacho, com cinco repetições e uma planta por parcela. Observou-se redução linear da resistência ao despencamento e do tempo de maturação do fruto com o acréscimo das doses de CaCl2. Os frutos apresentaram maior firmeza com três aplicações de CaCl2. Os teores de cálcio da casca e da polpa não foram alterados significativamente com as doses e épocas de aplicações do CaCl2, indicando que o cálcio não é absorvido efetivamente pelo fruto. A aplicação de CaCl2 na pré-colheita não reduz o despencamento dos frutos da bananeira 'FHIA-18'.(AU)


The objective of this research was to evaluate the effect of CaCl2 application in preharvest and in different doses and times in order to control the natural fruit dropping of banana 'FHIA-18'. The experimental design was in a randomized blocks, in a factorial scheme 3x3+1 control, with three doses of CaCl2 (2, 4 and 6%), three times of application (60, 90 and 120 days) after the bunch emission, with five replicates and one plant per parcel. A linear decrease of dropping resistance and fruit time maturation with increasing doses of CaCl2 was observed. The fruits showed to be more consistent with three applications of CaCl2. The calcium content of the peel and pulp were not significantly changed with the doses and applications of CaCl2, indicating that calcium is not absorbed effectively by the fruits. The application of CaCl2 in preharvest do not reduce the natural fruit dropping in banana 'FHIA-18'.(AU)


Assuntos
Musa/efeitos dos fármacos , Musa/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Cloreto de Cálcio/administração & dosagem , Frutas/efeitos dos fármacos , Frutas/crescimento & desenvolvimento
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