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1.
Acta sci., Biol. sci ; 40: 34916-34916, 20180000. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1460800

Resumo

Ulva lactuca (Chlorophyceae) has biotechnologically-important sulfated-polysaccharides (Ul-SPs), but their potentials on thrombin generation (TG) are unknown. This study analyzed the structural and physicalchemical features of the Ul-SPs as modulators of TG. Proteolytic digestion yielded (13.13%) extract containing sulfate (20.43%) and total sugars (65.72%), besides ulvan consisting of rhamnose, xylose, glucose, glucuronic acid and α-/β-types glycosidic linkages as characterized by one-/two-dimensions nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) experiments. Fractionation of the Ul-SPs by DEAE-cellulose chromatography yielded Ul-SP1 and Ul-SP2 (0.50 and 0.75 M NaCl, respectively) showing sulfation (15.72-18.04%) and total sugars (59.73-60.58%) consistent with the charge density pattern by combination of agarose/polyacrylamide gel eletrophoresis using sequential staining with toluidine blue and stains-all, although with slight differences in their sizes (40 and >100 kDa, respectively). By both activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) and prothrombin time (PT) tests, anticoagulation of the fractions was virtually detected by APTT (0.39 and 0.43 IU, respectively) against heparin (193 IU). Fractions acted differently on both intrinsic/extrinsic pathways in TG using 60-fold diluted human plasma, with 50% efficacies up to 8.3 μg, whereas at high concentrations suggested intrinsic hypercoagulability since heparin abolished both systems at low amounts. Ul-SPs block TG, but predicting thrombosis in increasing doses.


Clorofícea Ulva lactuca possui polissacarídeos sulfatados (Ul-PSs) importantes biotecnologicamente, porém são desconhecidos seus potenciais sobre geração de trombina (GT). Analisaram-se as características estruturais e físico-químicas dos Ul-PSs como moduladores de GT. Digestão proteolítica rendeu (13,13%) extrato contendo sulfato (20,43%) e açúcares totais (65,72%), além de ulvana, como caracterizada por experimentos de ressonância magnética nuclear uni-/bi-dimensionais, consistindo de ramnose, xilose, glucose, ácido glucurônico e ligações glicosídicas tipos-α/-β. Fracionamento dos Ul-PSs por cromatografia de DEAE-celulose rendeu Ul-PS1 e Ul-PS2 (0,50 e 0,75 M de NaCl, respectivamente) mostrando sulfatação (15,72-18,04%) e açúcares totais (59,73- 60,58%) consistentes com o grau de densidade de carga por combinação de eletroforese em gel de agarose/poliacrilamida usando coramento sequencial com azul de toluidina e "stains-all", embora com diferenças quanto aos seus tamanhos (40 e >100 kDa, respectivamente). Por ambos os testes do tempo de tromboplastina parcial ativada (TTPA) e do tempo de protrombina, anticoagulação das frações foi detectada virtualmente pelo TTPA (0,39 e 0,43 UI, respectivamente) frente heparina (193 UI). Frações atuaram diferentemente sobre ambas as vias intrínsica/extrínsica na GT usando plasma humano diluído 60 vezes, com eficácias de 50% até 8,3 μg, enquanto em concentrações maiores sugeriram hipercoagulabilidade intrínsica visto que heparina aboliu ambos os sistemas em quantidades baixas. Ul-PSs bloqueiam GT, porém prevendo trombose em doses crescentes.


Assuntos
Fenômenos Químicos/análise , Ulva/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Ulva/química , Trombina
2.
Acta Sci. Biol. Sci. ; 40: e34916-e34916, Jan.-Dec.2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-738794

Resumo

Ulva lactuca (Chlorophyceae) has biotechnologically-important sulfated-polysaccharides (Ul-SPs), but their potentials on thrombin generation (TG) are unknown. This study analyzed the structural and physicalchemical features of the Ul-SPs as modulators of TG. Proteolytic digestion yielded (13.13%) extract containing sulfate (20.43%) and total sugars (65.72%), besides ulvan consisting of rhamnose, xylose, glucose, glucuronic acid and α-/β-types glycosidic linkages as characterized by one-/two-dimensions nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) experiments. Fractionation of the Ul-SPs by DEAE-cellulose chromatography yielded Ul-SP1 and Ul-SP2 (0.50 and 0.75 M NaCl, respectively) showing sulfation (15.72-18.04%) and total sugars (59.73-60.58%) consistent with the charge density pattern by combination of agarose/polyacrylamide gel eletrophoresis using sequential staining with toluidine blue and stains-all, although with slight differences in their sizes (40 and >100 kDa, respectively). By both activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) and prothrombin time (PT) tests, anticoagulation of the fractions was virtually detected by APTT (0.39 and 0.43 IU, respectively) against heparin (193 IU). Fractions acted differently on both intrinsic/extrinsic pathways in TG using 60-fold diluted human plasma, with 50% efficacies up to 8.3 μg, whereas at high concentrations suggested intrinsic hypercoagulability since heparin abolished both systems at low amounts. Ul-SPs block TG, but predicting thrombosis in increasing doses.(AU)


Clorofícea Ulva lactuca possui polissacarídeos sulfatados (Ul-PSs) importantes biotecnologicamente, porém são desconhecidos seus potenciais sobre geração de trombina (GT). Analisaram-se as características estruturais e físico-químicas dos Ul-PSs como moduladores de GT. Digestão proteolítica rendeu (13,13%) extrato contendo sulfato (20,43%) e açúcares totais (65,72%), além de ulvana, como caracterizada por experimentos de ressonância magnética nuclear uni-/bi-dimensionais, consistindo de ramnose, xilose, glucose, ácido glucurônico e ligações glicosídicas tipos-α/-β. Fracionamento dos Ul-PSs por cromatografia de DEAE-celulose rendeu Ul-PS1 e Ul-PS2 (0,50 e 0,75 M de NaCl, respectivamente) mostrando sulfatação (15,72-18,04%) e açúcares totais (59,73- 60,58%) consistentes com o grau de densidade de carga por combinação de eletroforese em gel de agarose/poliacrilamida usando coramento sequencial com azul de toluidina e "stains-all", embora com diferenças quanto aos seus tamanhos (40 e >100 kDa, respectivamente). Por ambos os testes do tempo de tromboplastina parcial ativada (TTPA) e do tempo de protrombina, anticoagulação das frações foi detectada virtualmente pelo TTPA (0,39 e 0,43 UI, respectivamente) frente heparina (193 UI). Frações atuaram diferentemente sobre ambas as vias intrínsica/extrínsica na GT usando plasma humano diluído 60 vezes, com eficácias de 50% até 8,3 μg, enquanto em concentrações maiores sugeriram hipercoagulabilidade intrínsica visto que heparina aboliu ambos os sistemas em quantidades baixas. Ul-PSs bloqueiam GT, porém prevendo trombose em doses crescentes.(AU)


Assuntos
Ulva/química , Ulva/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Fenômenos Químicos/análise , Trombina
3.
Acta Sci. Biol. Sci. ; 38(1): 7-15, jan.-mar. 2016. graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-15734

Resumo

Acanthophora muscoides (Rhodophyta) has three polysulfated fractions    (Am-1, Am-2 and Am-3). Am-2 displayed anti-inflammation and serpin-independent anticoagulation; however, no effect of oligomers on thrombin-generation (TG) assay has been demonstrated. This study employed mild-acid hydrolysis to obtain low-molecular-size derivatives from Am-2 and compared in vitro inhibitory effects between intact Am-2 and its hydrolysates on a TG assay. The enzymatic extract was fractionated by DEAE-cellulose that revealed Am-2 eluted with 0.75-M NaCl containing sulfate (23%), hexoses (51%) and devoid of proteins, and indicating, by one-dimension nuclear magnetic resonance, structure of galactan similar to that of extract. The depolymerization with HCl (0.02 or 0.04-M, 60C) for different times progressively reduced the charge density and the molecular-size of Am-2 based on electrophoreses in agarose and polyacrylamide gels, respectively, where at higher acid concentration and critical time up to 5 h yielded fragment of   10-kDa similar to that of unfractionated heparin (UHEP). Regarding the TG assay, intact Am-2 inhibited concentration-dependent the intrinsic pathway, whereas its hydrolysates abolished it like UHEP, when in 60-fold diluted human plasma using chromogenic method by a continuous system. The results reveal an alternative approach for producing oligosaccharides(AU)


A rodofícea A. muscoides possui três frações polissulfatadas (-1, -2 e Am-3). Am-2 mostrou efeito anti-inflamação e anticoagulação independente de serpina. Entretanto, não se demonstrou efeito de oligômeros sobre ensaio de geração de trombina (GT). Este estudo empregou hidrólise ácida branda para obter derivados de tamanho molecular baixo de Am-2 e os efeitos inibitórios in vitro entre Am-2 intacta e hidrolisados comparados sobre um ensaio de GT. O extrato polissacarídico, fracionado por DEAE-celulose, revelou Am-2 eluída com NaCl-0,75M contendo sulfato (23%), hexoses (51%) e destituída de proteínas. E, ainda, por ressonância magnética nuclear-unidimensional, indicando galactana semelhante a do extrato. A depolimerização com HCl (0,02 ou 0,04-M; 60C) reduziu, progressivamente durante tempos diferentes, a densidade de carga e o tamanho molecular de Am-2 baseada nas eletroforeses em géis de agarose e de poliacrilamida, respectivamente, em que, concentração ácida elevada e tempo crítico de até 5h renderam fragmento de 14-kDa semelhante ao da heparina não fracionada (HEPNF). Já no ensaio de GT, Am-2 intacta, quando em plasma humano diluído 60 vezes, usando método cromogênico por meio de sistema contínuo, quem inibiu a via intrínseca dependente de concentração, ao passo que seus hidrolisados aboliram como HEPNF, exceto fragmento análogo (inibição 92,87%). Os resultados revelam(AU)


Assuntos
Hidrólise , Rodófitas/efeitos adversos , Rodófitas/química , Oligossacarídeos/síntese química , Trombina/antagonistas & inibidores
4.
Acta Sci. Biol. Sci. ; 37(1): 31-39, jan.-mar. 2015. tab, ilus, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-691156

Resumo

A demanda global de produtos naturais de algas marinhas tem aumentado mundialmente. Entretanto, a obtenção de polissacarídeos sulfatados (PSs) com álcool isoamílico (AIA) não é relatada. Investigou-se a eficiência de dois métodos (M) de precipitação de PSs da alga marinha vermelha Gracilaria cornea. Os PSs isolados enzimaticamente foram concentrados com cloreto cetilpiridimínio (M I) ou AIA (M II). Os extratos foram examinados, segundo seu rendimento, características estruturais e efeitos in vitro sobre o tempo de tromboplastina parcial ativada (TTPA) usando plasma humano normal e heparina padrão (193 UI mg-1). A diferença nos rendimentos foi 12,99% e semelhante determinação quantitativa de sulfato foi obtida entre os métodos ( 26%). A eletroforese em gel de agarose revelou diferenças em termos de densidade de cargas entre os extratos. Enquanto ambos os extratos revelaram agarocoloides, o método M II também se mostrou alternativo para lipídios, proteínas e ácidos nucleicos de acordo com a análise de infravermelho. Os extratos praticamente não modificaram o TTPA (1,95 e 2 UI mg-1 para M I e M II, respectivamente). Os resultados revelaram AIA como um solvente alternativo para obtenção de PSs da alga marinha vermelha G. cornea, dependendo do critério de utilização na indústria.(AU)


The global demand for natural products from seaweeds has increased worldwide; however, no description of the use of isoamly alcohol (IAA) for obtaining of sulfated polysaccharides (SPs) has been reported. We investigated the efficiency of two precipitation methods (M) in obtaining SPs from the red seaweed Gracilaria cornea. SPs enzymatically isolated were concentrated with cetylpyridinium chloride (M I) or IAA (M II) and extracts were examined with regard to their yield, structural features and in vitro effects on the activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) using normal human plasma and standard heparin (193 IU mg-1). Yield difference reached 12.99%. Quantitative determination of sulfate was similar between the two methods ( 26%), but extracts revealed different pattern on charge density by agarose gel electrophoresis. Whereas both extracts revealed as agarocolloids, alternative M II was also efficient for lipids, proteins and nucleic acids according to the infrared analysis. Extracts had virtually no effect on APPT (1.95 and 2 IU mg-1 for M I and M II, respectively). The results revealed IAA as an alternative solvent for obtaining SPs from the red seaweed G. cornea, depending on the industry usage criterion.(AU)


Assuntos
Gracilaria/química , Gracilaria/citologia , Gracilaria/metabolismo , Precipitação Química , Tempo de Tromboplastina Parcial
5.
Acta Sci. Biol. Sci. ; 36(4): 393-401, out.-dez. 2014. graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-694976

Resumo

Metabolites isolated from Gelidiella species (Rhodophyta) have been few studied. We evaluated a sulfated polysaccharidic fraction from G. acerosa collected from two Brazilian beaches on the northwestern coast of Brazil (Flecheiras-F and Pedra Rachada-PR) on coagulation proteases and thrombosis. Their toxicity in vivo was also assessed. Enzymatic extractions yielded 1.40%, and similar chromatographic profiles (DEAE-cellulose) were obtained, with fractions (Ga-IV) containing differences among the relative proportions of sulfate (5-42%), and revealing charge density patterns by electrophoresis. Ga-IV-PR had a discrete effect (3.01 IU mg-1) on normal human coagulation compared with heparin (193 IU mg-1) and was tested on coagulation proteases (thrombin and factor Xa) in the presence of antithrombin and in a model of venous thrombosis in rats using thromboplastin as the thrombogenic stimulus. The systems were inhibited; but at higher doses (>1.0 mg kg-1), this fraction reverted the antithrombotic effect. Regarding the toxicological study, consecutive Ga-IV (9 mg kg-1) for 14 days did not cause mortality in mice, but some biochemical and hematological parameters were discretely altered. Histopathological analysis revealed that increased liver and spleen sizes had no toxicological significance. Therefore, G. acerosa does not biochemically change its matrix polysaccharide compositi(AU)


Poucos estudos mostram metabólitos isolados de rodofíceas de espécies Gelidiella. Avaliou-se uma fração polissacarídica sulfatada de G. acerosa coletada a partir de duas praias brasileiras do Nordeste do Brasil (Flecheiras-F e Pedra Rachada-PR) sobre proteases da coagulação e trombose, e em ensaio de toxicidade in vivo. Extrações enzimáticas renderam 1,40% e foram obtidos perfis cromatográficos semelhantes (DEAE-celulose), apresentando frações (Ga-IV), contendo diferenças entre as proporções relativas de sulfato (5-42%), além de a eletroforese revelar diferenças na densidade de carga. A Ga-IV-PR apresentou discreto efeito (3,01 UI mg-1) sobre a coagulação humana normal comparada à heparina (193 UI mg-1) e foi testada sobre proteases da coagulação (trombina e fator Xa) na presença de antitrombina e em um modelo de trombose venosa em ratos usando tromboplastina com estímulo trombogênico, sendo inibidos esses sistemas. Entretanto, em elevadas doses (>1,0 mg kg-1) o efeito antitrombótico foi revertido. No estudo toxicológico, Ga-IV (9 mg kg-1) consecutiva durante 14 dias não causou mortalidade em camundongos, mas alterou discretamente alguns parâmetros bioquímicos e hematológicos. O aumento nos tamanhos do fígado e baço não apresentou significância toxicológica, segunda análise histopatológica. Portanto, G. acerosa não muda bioquimicamente a composição de polissacarídeo(AU)


Assuntos
Sintomas Toxicológicos/análise , /análise , Inibidores de Proteases/isolamento & purificação , Rodófitas , Polissacarídeos
6.
Acta sci., Biol. sci ; 34(4): 381-389, Oct.-Dec. 2012. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-859617

Resumo

Studies on macromolecules isolated from marine algae suggested sulfated polysaccharides (SPs) as possible molecular markers for species. We evaluated isolated and fractionated SPs from the green marine algae Caulerpa cupressoides, C. prolifera and C. racemosa collected at Pacheco Beach, as possible taxonomic molecular indicators. Total SPs were extracted with papain in 100 mM sodium acetate buffer (pH 5.0) containing cysteine and EDTA (both 5 mM), followed by ion-exchange chromatography on DEAE-cellulose using a NaCl gradient. The obtained fractions were analyzed by 0.5% agarose gel electrophoresis. Anticoagulant assays employing normal human plasma and standard heparin (193 IU mg-1) by the activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) test were also performed as comparison parameters. Low yields, and similar chromatographic profiles were found among species' SPs, but electrophoresis revealed distinct SPs resolution patterns. The changes in APTT of SP fractions were dependent on charge density as showed by electrophoresis profiles. Activities were 17.37 (C. cupressoides), 22.17 (C. racemosa) and 25.64 (C. prolifera) IU mg-1, respectively, similar to a previous study using the first and second species. The results suggest that comparative studies of SPs isolated from seaweeds may be an important tool for the identification of Caulerpaceae.


A utilização de macromoléculas isoladas de organismos marinhos sugere correlacionar características em estudos taxonômicos e a investigação comparativa de polissacarídeos sulfatados (PSs) de algas despertam seu interesse como marcadores moleculares. Objetivou-se avaliar PSs isolados e fracionados das algas marinhas verdes Caulerpa cupressoides, C. prolifera e C. racemosa, coletadas na Praia do Pacheco, Estado do Ceará, como possíveis indicadores moleculares taxonômicos. Os PSs totais foram extraídos com papaína em tampão acetato de sódio 100 mM (pH 5,0) contendo cisteína e EDTA (ambos 5 mM), seguido por cromatografia de troca iônica em coluna de DEAE-celulose utilizando um gradiente de NaCl. As frações obtidas foram analisadas por eletroforese em gel de agarose a 0,5%. Ensaios anticoagulantes, utilizando o teste do tempo de tromboplastina parcial ativada (TTPA) com plasma humano normal e heparina padrão (193 UI mg-1), também foram realizados como parâmetros de comparação. Verificaram-se baixos rendimentos e semelhantes perfis cromatográficos entre os PSs das espécies, porém revelando, por eletroforese, diferenças moleculares marcantes. As alterações no TTPA das frações de PS foram dependentes da densidade de cargas negativas mostradas nos perfis eletroforéticos, cujas atividades foram 17,37 (C. cupressoides), 22,17 (C. racemosa) e 25,64 (C. prolifera) UI mg-1, respectivamente, e tal propriedade justificou um estudo já realizado utilizando a primeira e segunda espécies. Os resultados sugerem que estudos comparativos de PSs isolados de algas marinhas possam vir a ser uma ferramenta importante na identificação de Caulerpaceae.


Assuntos
Ativador de Plasminogênio Tecidual , Clorófitas
7.
Acta sci., Biol. sci ; 34(1): 5-11, Jan.-Mar. 2012. tab, ilus, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-868035

Resumo

Sulfated polysaccharides (SPs) have attracted growing interest for various biotechnological applications. We evaluated the efficiency of two methods of drying SPs (M I and II) extracted from Halymenia sp Rhodophyceae in order to compare the yield, purification and anticoagulant activity. The total SPs (TSPs) were first extracted with papain in 100 mM sodium acetate (pH 5.0) containing cysteine and EDTA (5 mM). The TSPs obtained were dried in an oven (M I) or lyophilized (M II) and then examined by ion exchange chromatography (DEAE-cellulose) using the NaCl gradient technique. The fractions were analyzed by 0.5% agarose gel electrophoresis and the in vitro anticoagulant activity was evaluated by the activated partial thromboplastin time test using normal human plasma and compared to heparin (HEP) (193.00 IU mg-1). There was a difference in TSP yield of 19.05% and similar chromatographic SP profiles. Electrophoresis revealed fractions with distinct resolutions. The fractions eluted with 0.75 M of salt (M I and II) were the most active, measuring 27.40 and 72.66 IU mg-1, respectively, when compared to HEP. Therefore, obtaining SP with anticoagulant activity from Halymenia sp. is more efficient by freeze-drying.


Os polissacarídeos sulfatados (PS) têm despertado interesse crescente para diversas aplicações em biotecnologia. Avaliou-se a eficiência de duas metodologias de secagem de PSs (M I e II) extraídos da rodofícea Halymenia sp. a fim de se comparar o rendimento, a purificação e a atividade anticoagulante. Inicialmente, os PS totais (PSTs) foram extraídos com papaína em tampão acetato de sódio 100 mM (pH 5,0) contendo cisteína e EDTA (5 mM). Os PSTs foram secados em estufa (M I) ou liofilizados (M II), seguido por cromatografia de troca iônica (DEAE-celulose) utilizando um gradiente de NaCl. As frações foram analisadas por eletroforese em gel de agarose a 0,5% e a atividade anticoagulante "in vitro" avaliada por meio do teste do tempo de tromboplastina parcial ativada usando plasma humano normal e comparadas à heparina (HEP) (193.00 UI mg-1). Verificaram-se diferença no rendimento de PSTs (19,05%) e semelhantes perfis cromatográficos de PS, revelando, por eletroforese, frações de PS distintas em grau de resolução entre os métodos. As frações eluídas com 0,75 M de sal (M I e II) foram as mais ativas, com valores de atividade da ordem de 27,40 e 72,66 UI mg-1, respectivamente, em relação à HEP. Portanto, a secagem por liofilização seria uma forma mais eficaz na obtenção de PSs com atividade anticoagulante de Halymenia sp.


Assuntos
Coagulação Sanguínea , Substâncias Macromoleculares , Polissacarídeos
8.
Acta sci., Biol. sci ; 34(2): 141-148, Apr.-June 2012. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-860030

Resumo

O Brasil abriga uma das maiores biodiversidades marinhas do mundo, favorecendo a descoberta de fontes alternativas de compostos farmacológicos. Desta forma, objetivou-se avaliar o potencial anticoagulante de glicosaminoglicanos (GAGs) isolados das peles da palombeta (Chloroscombrus chrysurus) e guaiúba (Ocyurus chrysurus). Os GAGs foram extraídos com papaína bruta em tampão acetato de sódio 0,1 M (pH 5,0) contendo cisteína 5 mM e EDTA 5 mM, seguido por cromatografia de troca iônica do extrato total em coluna de DEAE-celulose. As frações obtidas foram analisadas quanto à composição química (proteínas contaminantes e carboidratos totais) e os GAGs identificados por eletroforese em gel de agarose a 0,5%. Os ensaios de atividade anticoagulante foram realizados por meio do tempo de tromboplastina parcial ativada (TTPA) usando plasma humano normal e heparina-padrão (193,00 UI mg-1). O procedimento de obtenção e fracionamento dos GAGs mostrou-se eficiente, indicando semelhantes perfis cromatográficos entre as espécies avaliadas e, revelando para C. chrysurus, bandas com mobilidades semelhantes ao dermatam sulfato e com atividade de apenas 3,30 UI mg-1.


A great number of pharmacological compounds is found in the Brazilian marine diversity. This study evaluated the anticoagulant potential of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) isolated from the skin of 'palombeta' Chloroscombrus chrysurus and 'guaiúba' Ocyurus chrysurus. GAGs were extracted with crude papain in 0.1 M sodium acetate buffer (pH 5.0) containing 5 mM cysteine and 5 mM EDTA, followed by ion exchange chromatography on DEAE-cellulose column. The chemical composition (contaminant proteins and total carbohydrates) and the analysis by 0.5% agarose gel electrophoresis of fractions were also determined. Anticoagulant assays were performed by activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) using normal human plasma and standard heparin (193.00 IU mg-1). The obtaining and fractionation procedures of GAGs were effective and similar chromatographic profiles were verified between the species. A similar mobility to dermatan sulfate was revealed for C. chrysurus. This GAG also showed a low activity of 3.30 IU mg-1.


Assuntos
Animais , Farmacologia , Coagulação Sanguínea , Ambiente Marinho , Ativador de Plasminogênio Tecidual , Biodiversidade , Glicosaminoglicanos
9.
Acta sci., Biol. sci ; 33(2): 133-140, Apr. - Jun. 2011.
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1460673

Resumo

The reportedly low standard quality of heparin (HEP) for use in cardiac surgeries has led to concern in the Brazilian and international markets. Sulfated polysaccharides (SPs) from seaweeds have been regarded as promising substitutes for HEP. The aim of this study was to sequentially extract total SPs (TSPs) from Caulerpa cupressoides (Chlorophyceae) with papain in 100 mM sodium acetate buffer (pH 5.0) containing 5 mM cysteine and 5 mM EDTA, followed by fractionation by ion-exchange chromatography (DEAE-cellulose), and then evaluate the anticoagulant potential of SP fractions by activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) using normal human plasma and compare it to standard HEP (193 IU mg-1). The obtained fractions were chemically characterized by chemical composition and agarose gel electrophoresis. The yield was 4.61%, and three fractions of SP (F I, F II and F III) eluted with 0.50, 0.75 and 1.00 M of NaCl, respectively, were observed on chromatography profiles; however, differences in charge densities patterns and degree of resolution among them were revealed by electrophoresis. SPs were capable of modifying APTT only in fractions eluted with 0.75 M of NaCl, whose activities were 23.37 and 25.76 IU mg-1, respectively, and the charge density was prerequisite to activity. Therefore, C. cupressoides is a source of SPs possessing low anticoagulant potential compared to HEP.


The reportedly low standard quality of heparin (HEP) for use in cardiac surgeries has led to concern in the Brazilian and international markets. Sulfated polysaccharides (SPs) from seaweeds have been regarded as promising substitutes for HEP. The aim of this study was to sequentially extract total SPs (TSPs) from Caulerpa cupressoides (Chlorophyceae) with papain in 100 mM sodium acetate buffer (pH 5.0) containing 5 mM cysteine and 5 mM EDTA, followed by fractionation by ion-exchange chromatography (DEAE-cellulose), and then evaluate the anticoagulant potential of SP fractions by activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) using normal human plasma and compare it to standard HEP (193 IU mg-1). The obtained fractions were chemically characterized by chemical composition and agarose gel electrophoresis. The yield was 4.61%, and three fractions of SP (F I, F II and F III) eluted with 0.50, 0.75 and 1.00 M of NaCl, respectively, were observed on chromatography profiles; however, differences in charge densities patterns and degree of resolution among them were revealed by electrophoresis. SPs were capable of modifying APTT only in fractions eluted with 0.75 M of NaCl, whose activities were 23.37 and 25.76 IU mg-1, respectively, and the charge density was prerequisite to activity. Therefore, C. cupressoides is a source of SPs possessing low anticoagulant potential compared to HEP.

10.
Acta Sci. Biol. Sci. ; 33(2): 133-140, abr.-jun. 2011. graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-6449

Resumo

The reportedly low standard quality of heparin (HEP) for use in cardiac surgerieshas led to concern in the Brazilian and international markets. Sulfated polysaccharides (SPs) fromseaweeds have been regarded as promising substitutes for HEP. The aim of this study was tosequentially extract total SPs (TSPs) from Caulerpa cupressoides (Chlorophyceae) with papain in 100mM sodium acetate buffer (pH 5.0) containing 5 mM cysteine and 5 mM EDTA, followed byfractionation by ion-exchange chromatography (DEAE-cellulose), and then evaluate theanticoagulant potential of SP fractions by activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) usingnormal human plasma and compare it to standard HEP (193 IU mg-1). The obtained fractions werechemically characterized by chemical composition and agarose gel electrophoresis. The yield was4.61%, and three fractions of SP (F I, F II and F III) eluted with 0.50, 0.75 and 1.00 M of NaCl,respectively, were observed on chromatography profiles; however, differences in charge densitiespatterns and degree of resolution among them were revealed by electrophoresis. SPs were capableof modifying APTT only in fractions eluted with 0.75 M of NaCl, whose activities were 23.37 and25.76 IU mg-1, respectively, and the charge density was prerequisite to activity. Therefore, C.cupressoides is a source of SPs possessing low anticoagulant potential compared to HEP.(AU)


O baixo padrão dequalidade outrora declarado da heparina (HEP) para o uso em cirurgias cardíacas tem levadopreocupação nos mercados nacional e internacional. Os polissacarídeos sulfatados (PSs) de algasmarinhas têm sido considerados como promissores substitutos para HEP. Objetivou-se a extrairsequencialmente PSs totais (PSTs) da clorofícea Caulerpa cupressoides com papaína em tampãoacetato de sódio 100 mM (pH 5,0) contendo cisteína 5 mM e EDTA 5 mM, fracionar porcromatografia de troca iônica (DEAE-celulose) e avaliar o potencial anticoagulante das frações dePS por meio do tempo de tromboplastina parcial ativada (TTPA), utilizando plasma humanonormal e comparando-se à HEP padrão (193 IU mg-1). As frações obtidas foram caracterizadasquimicamente em composição química e por eletroforese em gel de agarose. O rendimento dePSTs foi 4,61% e os perfis cromatográficos, em DEAE-celulose, indicaram a separação de trêsfrações de PS (F I; F II e F III) eluídas nas concentrações 0,50; 0,75 e 1,00 M de NaCl,respectivamente, revelando, por eletroforese, diferenças em termos de densidade de cargas e graude resolução. Os PSs foram capazes de modificar o TTPA somente nas frações eluídas com 0,75M de NaCl, cujas atividades foram 23,37 e 25,76 IU mg-1, respectivamente, quando a densidadede cargas foi pré-requisito para atividade. Portanto, C. cupressoides é uma fonte de PSs com baixospotenciais anticoagulantes comparados à HEP.(AU)


Assuntos
Lycopodium , Polissacarídeos , Alga Marinha
11.
Acta sci., Biol. sci ; 34(1): 5-11, 2012.
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-765743

Resumo

Sulfated polysaccharides (SPs) have attracted growing interest for various biotechnological applications. We evaluated the efficiency of two methods of drying SPs (M I and II) extracted from Halymenia sp Rhodophyceae in order to compare the yield, purification and anticoagulant activity. The total SPs (TSPs) were first extracted with papain in 100 mM sodium acetate (pH 5.0) containing cysteine and EDTA (5 mM). The TSPs obtained were dried in an oven (M I) or lyophilized (M II) and then examined by ion exchange chromatography (DEAE-cellulose) using the NaCl gradient technique. The fractions were analyzed by 0.5% agarose gel electrophoresis and the in vitro anticoagulant activity was evaluated by the activated partial thromboplastin time test using normal human plasma and compared to heparin (HEP) (193.00 IU mg-1). There was a difference in TSP yield of 19.05% and similar chromatographic SP profiles. Electrophoresis revealed fractions with distinct resolutions. The fractions eluted with 0.75 M of salt (M I and II) were the most active, measuring 27.40 and 72.66 IU mg-1, respectively, when compared to HEP. Therefore, obtaining SP with anticoagulant activity from Halymenia sp. is more efficient by freeze-drying. 

12.
Acta sci., Biol. sci ; 33(2): 133-140, 2011.
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-765739

Resumo

The reportedly low standard quality of heparin (HEP) for use in cardiac surgeries has led to concern in the Brazilian and international markets. Sulfated polysaccharides (SPs) from seaweeds have been regarded as promising substitutes for HEP. The aim of this study was to sequentially extract total SPs (TSPs) from Caulerpa cupressoides (Chlorophyceae) with papain in 100 mM sodium acetate buffer (pH 5.0) containing 5 mM cysteine and 5 mM EDTA, followed by fractionation by ion-exchange chromatography (DEAE-cellulose), and then evaluate the anticoagulant potential of SP fractions by activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) using normal human plasma and compare it to standard HEP (193 IU mg-1). The obtained fractions were chemically characterized by chemical composition and agarose gel electrophoresis. The yield was 4.61%, and three fractions of SP (F I, F II and F III) eluted with 0.50, 0.75 and 1.00 M of NaCl, respectively, were observed on chromatography profiles; however, differences in charge densities patterns and degree of resolution among them were revealed by electrophoresis. SPs were capable of modifying APTT only in fractions eluted with 0.75 M of NaCl, whose activities were 23.37 and 25.76 IU mg-1, respectively, and the charge density was prerequisite to activity. Therefore, C. cupressoides is a source of SPs possessing low anticoagulant potential compared to HEP.


The reportedly low standard quality of heparin (HEP) for use in cardiac surgeries has led to concern in the Brazilian and international markets. Sulfated polysaccharides (SPs) from seaweeds have been regarded as promising substitutes for HEP. The aim of this study was to sequentially extract total SPs (TSPs) from Caulerpa cupressoides (Chlorophyceae) with papain in 100 mM sodium acetate buffer (pH 5.0) containing 5 mM cysteine and 5 mM EDTA, followed by fractionation by ion-exchange chromatography (DEAE-cellulose), and then evaluate the anticoagulant potential of SP fractions by activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) using normal human plasma and compare it to standard HEP (193 IU mg-1). The obtained fractions were chemically characterized by chemical composition and agarose gel electrophoresis. The yield was 4.61%, and three fractions of SP (F I, F II and F III) eluted with 0.50, 0.75 and 1.00 M of NaCl, respectively, were observed on chromatography profiles; however, differences in charge densities patterns and degree of resolution among them were revealed by electrophoresis. SPs were capable of modifying APTT only in fractions eluted with 0.75 M of NaCl, whose activities were 23.37 and 25.76 IU mg-1, respectively, and the charge density was prerequisite to activity. Therefore, C. cupressoides is a source of SPs possessing low anticoagulant potential compared to HEP.

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