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1.
Bol. Inst. Pesca (Impr.) ; 46(3): e589, 2020. map, tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1465475

Resumo

The migratory behavior of females of the freshwater prawn Macrobrachium amazonicum(Heller, 1862) can indicate a strategy that optimizes the population establishment. With this idea in mind, we evaluated the reproductive biology of M. amazonicum, hypothesizing that females were evenly distributed downstream of Hydroelectric Dam. Specimens were collected monthly for one year, from six sites of Rio Grande river. The specimens were sexed and measured (carapace length; CL). A total of 14,697 adults were captured, 2,864 males (AM), 11,082 non-breeding females (AF) and 751 breeding females (BF). The smallest BF had 3.8 mm CL. The distribution of demographic groups was assessed by a Principal Component Analysis (PCA), which explained 95.16% of the distribution over the collection sites. Breeding females were more abundant in the sites closest to the dam. This result can be explained by rainfall, which varied significantly throughout the year. As the breeding females migrated upstream toward the dam and were more abundant there, our hypothesis of homogeneous distribution was rejected. This behavior probably optimizes larval dispersion. The reproduction was continuous with peaks in the period preceding the maximum rainfall.


O comportamento migratório das fêmeas de Macrobrachium amazonicum (Heller, 1862) pode revelar estratégias para otimizar o estabelecimento da população. Com essa ideia em mente, avaliamos a biologia reprodutiva de M. amazonicum, hipotetizando que as fêmeas estavam uniformemente distribuídas a jusante da Usina Hidrelétrica. Os espécimes foram coletados mensalmente durante um ano, em seis localidades do Rio Grande, identificados quanto ao sexo e tiveram mensurado o comprimento da carapaça (CL). Foram capturados 14.697 camarões adultos, sendo 2.864 machos (AM), 11.082 fêmeas não-ovígeras (AF) e 751 fêmeas embrionadas (BF). A menor fêmea BF possuía 3,8 mm CL. A distribuição dos grupos demográficos foi avaliada por uma Análise de Componentes Principais (PCA), a qual explicou 95,16% da distribuição ao longo dos pontos de coleta (BF mais próximas da barragem). Tal explicação provavelmente foi relacionada com a precipitação, a qual variou significativamente ao longo do ano. Nossa hipótese de distribuição homogênea foi rejeitada, uma vez que as fêmeas ovígeras sobem o rio até as proximidades da barragem, provavelmente para otimizar a dispersão das larvas. A reprodução foi contínua com picos em períodos que antecedem os valores máximos de precipitação.


Assuntos
Animais , Centrais Hidrelétricas/efeitos adversos , Palaemonidae , Poluição de Lagos e Barragens/efeitos adversos , Reprodução
2.
Acta sci., Biol. sci ; 42: e48928, fev. 2020. map, tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1460925

Resumo

Freshwater shrimps play an important role in many ecological processes since they are epibenthic detritivores but also prey on other invertebrates and are predated by fishes. The knowledge about their biology allow the development of management strategies to improve the use of natural resources by avoiding overfishing and enhancing productivity. Here we evaluated the population structure of the shrimp Macrobrachium amazonicum in the river Rio Grande, upstream of the Água Vermelha hydroelectric dam. They were captured monthly from October 2017 until March 2018, in six sites along the river. The first site was ∿1000 m distant from the dam and the sixth was ∿4000 m distant. A sac-like sieve and traps were used to capture the shrimps. The sieve was dragged three times for 180o. The traps were left by the river margins for six hours. In the laboratory, the shrimps were sexed and measured (carapace length; CL). In total, 6455 individuals were captured: 4499 females (294 breeding), 1445 males, and 217 juveniles. Female mean size was 7.50 ± 3.47 mm, male mean size was 7.44 ± 2.40 mm, and juvenile mean size was 3.24 ± 1.10 mm. The smallest individual was found in site III and it was a juvenile of 1.08 mm. The largest had 20 mm and was found in site II. The smallest breeding female had 3.8 mm CL. The largest individuals were more abundant in the sites near the dam, whereas the smallest were more abundant in the farthest sites. The highest abundance was seen in sites III and IV, and the lowest, in site VI. Unlike males and juveniles, females (both breeding and non-breeding) were more abundant (Anova, p < 0.01) near the dam. By knowing the population structure of M. amazonicum it is possible to understand how they are being affected by the environmental changes caused by the hydroelectric dam


Assuntos
Animais , Astacoidea/classificação , Astacoidea/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Barragens/análise
3.
Acta Sci. Biol. Sci. ; 42: e48928, fev. 2020. mapas, tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-26759

Resumo

Freshwater shrimps play an important role in many ecological processes since they are epibenthic detritivores but also prey on other invertebrates and are predated by fishes. The knowledge about their biology allow the development of management strategies to improve the use of natural resources by avoiding overfishing and enhancing productivity. Here we evaluated the population structure of the shrimp Macrobrachium amazonicum in the river Rio Grande, upstream of the Água Vermelha hydroelectric dam. They were captured monthly from October 2017 until March 2018, in six sites along the river. The first site was ∿1000 m distant from the dam and the sixth was ∿4000 m distant. A sac-like sieve and traps were used to capture the shrimps. The sieve was dragged three times for 180o. The traps were left by the river margins for six hours. In the laboratory, the shrimps were sexed and measured (carapace length; CL). In total, 6455 individuals were captured: 4499 females (294 breeding), 1445 males, and 217 juveniles. Female mean size was 7.50 ± 3.47 mm, male mean size was 7.44 ± 2.40 mm, and juvenile mean size was 3.24 ± 1.10 mm. The smallest individual was found in site III and it was a juvenile of 1.08 mm. The largest had 20 mm and was found in site II. The smallest breeding female had 3.8 mm CL. The largest individuals were more abundant in the sites near the dam, whereas the smallest were more abundant in the farthest sites. The highest abundance was seen in sites III and IV, and the lowest, in site VI. Unlike males and juveniles, females (both breeding and non-breeding) were more abundant (Anova, p < 0.01) near the dam. By knowing the population structure of M. amazonicum it is possible to understand how they are being affected by the environmental changes caused by the hydroelectric dam(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Astacoidea/classificação , Astacoidea/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Barragens/análise
4.
B. Inst. Pesca ; 46(3): e589, 2020. mapas, tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-30372

Resumo

The migratory behavior of females of the freshwater prawn Macrobrachium amazonicum(Heller, 1862) can indicate a strategy that optimizes the population establishment. With this idea in mind, we evaluated the reproductive biology of M. amazonicum, hypothesizing that females were evenly distributed downstream of Hydroelectric Dam. Specimens were collected monthly for one year, from six sites of Rio Grande river. The specimens were sexed and measured (carapace length; CL). A total of 14,697 adults were captured, 2,864 males (AM), 11,082 non-breeding females (AF) and 751 breeding females (BF). The smallest BF had 3.8 mm CL. The distribution of demographic groups was assessed by a Principal Component Analysis (PCA), which explained 95.16% of the distribution over the collection sites. Breeding females were more abundant in the sites closest to the dam. This result can be explained by rainfall, which varied significantly throughout the year. As the breeding females migrated upstream toward the dam and were more abundant there, our hypothesis of homogeneous distribution was rejected. This behavior probably optimizes larval dispersion. The reproduction was continuous with peaks in the period preceding the maximum rainfall.(AU)


O comportamento migratório das fêmeas de Macrobrachium amazonicum (Heller, 1862) pode revelar estratégias para otimizar o estabelecimento da população. Com essa ideia em mente, avaliamos a biologia reprodutiva de M. amazonicum, hipotetizando que as fêmeas estavam uniformemente distribuídas a jusante da Usina Hidrelétrica. Os espécimes foram coletados mensalmente durante um ano, em seis localidades do Rio Grande, identificados quanto ao sexo e tiveram mensurado o comprimento da carapaça (CL). Foram capturados 14.697 camarões adultos, sendo 2.864 machos (AM), 11.082 fêmeas não-ovígeras (AF) e 751 fêmeas embrionadas (BF). A menor fêmea BF possuía 3,8 mm CL. A distribuição dos grupos demográficos foi avaliada por uma Análise de Componentes Principais (PCA), a qual explicou 95,16% da distribuição ao longo dos pontos de coleta (BF mais próximas da barragem). Tal explicação provavelmente foi relacionada com a precipitação, a qual variou significativamente ao longo do ano. Nossa hipótese de distribuição homogênea foi rejeitada, uma vez que as fêmeas ovígeras sobem o rio até as proximidades da barragem, provavelmente para otimizar a dispersão das larvas. A reprodução foi contínua com picos em períodos que antecedem os valores máximos de precipitação.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Reprodução , Palaemonidae , Poluição de Lagos e Barragens/efeitos adversos , Centrais Hidrelétricas/efeitos adversos
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