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1.
Anim. Reprod. (Online) ; 19(1): e20210083, 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1360099

Resumo

Abstract The action of substances with non-permeable cryoprotectant potential, besides glucose, has not yet been studied for the species Prochilodus brevis. The objective of this work was to evaluate the action of four non-permeable cryoprotectants on this species sperm cryopreservation. Five pools were cryopreserved in a solution of 5% glucose and 10% dimethyl sulfoxide (Me2SO) associated or not (control) with cryoprotectants egg yolk (5, 10 or 12%), soy lecithin (2.5, 7.5 or 10%), sucrose (5, 10 or 20%) and lactose (5, 8 or 15%). After thawing, samples were evaluated for sperm kinetics (total motility, motility duration, velocities, and wobble - WOB), morphology and membrane and DNA integrity. The treatments containing egg yolk improved significantly (P<0.05) results when compared the control for the membrane integrity parameter. When compared to other treatments, egg yolk, at any concentration, presented higher results (P<0.05) for membrane integrity, total motility, curvilinear velocity (VCL) and average path velocity (VAP) parameters. Egg yolk also showed the best results for WOB, but it did not differ from 5% and 8% lactose and 5% and 20% sucrose. Soy lecithin had the lowest percentages of morphologically normal sperm (P<0.05), while the other treatments did not differ from each other. There was no difference regarding DNA integrity data. Thus, 5% egg yolk is indicated as a non-permeable cryoprotectant for P. brevis, in association with 5% glucose and 10% Me2SO.

2.
Anim. Reprod. ; 19(1): e20210083, 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-765785

Resumo

The action of substances with non-permeable cryoprotectant potential, besides glucose, has not yet been studied for the species Prochilodus brevis. The objective of this work was to evaluate the action of four non-permeable cryoprotectants on this species sperm cryopreservation. Five pools were cryopreserved in a solution of 5% glucose and 10% dimethyl sulfoxide (Me2SO) associated or not (control) with cryoprotectants egg yolk (5, 10 or 12%), soy lecithin (2.5, 7.5 or 10%), sucrose (5, 10 or 20%) and lactose (5, 8 or 15%). After thawing, samples were evaluated for sperm kinetics (total motility, motility duration, velocities, and wobble - WOB), morphology and membrane and DNA integrity. The treatments containing egg yolk improved significantly (P<0.05) results when compared the control for the membrane integrity parameter. When compared to other treatments, egg yolk, at any concentration, presented higher results (P<0.05) for membrane integrity, total motility, curvilinear velocity (VCL) and average path velocity (VAP) parameters. Egg yolk also showed the best results for WOB, but it did not differ from 5% and 8% lactose and 5% and 20% sucrose. Soy lecithin had the lowest percentages of morphologically normal sperm (P<0.05), while the other treatments did not differ from each other. There was no difference regarding DNA integrity data. Thus, 5% egg yolk is indicated as a non-permeable cryoprotectant for P. brevis, in association with 5% glucose and 10% Me2SO.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Peixes , Criopreservação , Characidae , Crioprotetores
3.
Semina ciênc. agrar ; 42(05): 2959-2977, set.-out. 2021. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1501884

Resumo

The study aimed to evaluate the in vitro antioxidant action of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) from the skinof Oreochromis niloticus, and to determine their ideal concentration to supplement the sperm freezing medium of Prochilodus brevis. In experiment 1, the in vitro antioxidant properties of GAGs were verified through the analysis of DPPH, chelating ferrous ability, and total antioxidant capacity. In experiment 2, milt pools were formed, which were frozen in solution supplemented or not with different GAGs concentrations: 0 (control), 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 2.5, 3.0, 3.5, 4.0, 4.5, or 5.0 mg mL-¹ (total of 10 treatments). The samples were evaluated for membrane integrity, DNA integrity, sperm morphology, and sperm kinetics. The results of experiment 1 showed that the GAGs exhibited, with the increase of the concentration, significant antioxidant action, for all the evaluated tests, mainly in the chelating ferrous ability. In experiment 2, it was observed that the increase of GAGs concentration decreased kinetic parameters (P < 0.05), however, the control and 0.5 mg mL-1 GAGs concentration showed similar results. For the other parameters (membrane integrity, DNA integrity, and sperm morphology), there was no decrease in results with the increase of GAGs concentration. In conclusion, GAGs extracted from O. niloticus skin have antioxidant action, and the concentration of 0.5 mg mL-¹ was the most adequate to supplement the P. brevis sperm-freezing medium.


O estudo teve como objetivo avaliar in vitro a ação antioxidante de glicosaminoglicanos (GAGs) da pele de Oreochromis niloticus e determinar sua concentração ideal para suplementar o meio de congelação espermático de Prochilodus brevis. No experimento 1, foram verificadas as propriedades antioxidantes in vitro dos GAGs por meio das análises de DPPH, capacidade quelante do ferro e capacidade antioxidante total. No experimento 2, foram formados pool de sêmen, que foram congelados em solução suplementada, ou não, com diferentes concentrações de GAGs: 0 (controle); 0,5; 1,0; 1,5; 2,0; 2,5; 3,0; 3,5; 4,0; 4,5 ou5,0 mg mL-¹ (total de 10 tratamentos). As amostras foram avaliadas quanto à integridade da membrana, integridade do DNA, morfologia e cinética espermática. Os resultados do experimento 1, mostraram que os GAGs exibiram, com o aumento da concentração, ação antioxidante significativa, para todos os testes avaliados, principalmente na capacidade quelante do ferro. No experimento 2, observou-se que o aumento da concentração de GAGs diminuiu os parâmetros cinéticos (P < 0,05), porém o controle e a concentração de 0,5 mg mL-1 de GAGs apresentaram resultados semelhantes. Para os demais parâmetros (morfologia, integridade de membrana e de DNA), não houve diminuição dos resultados com o aumento da concentração de GAGs. Em conclusão, os GAGs, extraídos da pele de O. niloticus, possuem ação antioxidante, sendo a concentração de 0,5 mg mL-1 a mais adequada para suplementar o meio de congelação espermático de P. brevis.


Assuntos
Masculino , Animais , Antioxidantes/análise , Caraciformes/genética , Ciclídeos/fisiologia , Criopreservação/métodos , Criopreservação/veterinária , Glicosaminoglicanos/análise , Glicosaminoglicanos/farmacocinética
4.
Semina Ci. agr. ; 42(05): 2959-2977, set.-out. 2021. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-31838

Resumo

The study aimed to evaluate the in vitro antioxidant action of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) from the skinof Oreochromis niloticus, and to determine their ideal concentration to supplement the sperm freezing medium of Prochilodus brevis. In experiment 1, the in vitro antioxidant properties of GAGs were verified through the analysis of DPPH, chelating ferrous ability, and total antioxidant capacity. In experiment 2, milt pools were formed, which were frozen in solution supplemented or not with different GAGs concentrations: 0 (control), 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 2.5, 3.0, 3.5, 4.0, 4.5, or 5.0 mg mL-¹ (total of 10 treatments). The samples were evaluated for membrane integrity, DNA integrity, sperm morphology, and sperm kinetics. The results of experiment 1 showed that the GAGs exhibited, with the increase of the concentration, significant antioxidant action, for all the evaluated tests, mainly in the chelating ferrous ability. In experiment 2, it was observed that the increase of GAGs concentration decreased kinetic parameters (P < 0.05), however, the control and 0.5 mg mL-1 GAGs concentration showed similar results. For the other parameters (membrane integrity, DNA integrity, and sperm morphology), there was no decrease in results with the increase of GAGs concentration. In conclusion, GAGs extracted from O. niloticus skin have antioxidant action, and the concentration of 0.5 mg mL-¹ was the most adequate to supplement the P. brevis sperm-freezing medium.(AU)


O estudo teve como objetivo avaliar in vitro a ação antioxidante de glicosaminoglicanos (GAGs) da pele de Oreochromis niloticus e determinar sua concentração ideal para suplementar o meio de congelação espermático de Prochilodus brevis. No experimento 1, foram verificadas as propriedades antioxidantes in vitro dos GAGs por meio das análises de DPPH, capacidade quelante do ferro e capacidade antioxidante total. No experimento 2, foram formados pool de sêmen, que foram congelados em solução suplementada, ou não, com diferentes concentrações de GAGs: 0 (controle); 0,5; 1,0; 1,5; 2,0; 2,5; 3,0; 3,5; 4,0; 4,5 ou5,0 mg mL-¹ (total de 10 tratamentos). As amostras foram avaliadas quanto à integridade da membrana, integridade do DNA, morfologia e cinética espermática. Os resultados do experimento 1, mostraram que os GAGs exibiram, com o aumento da concentração, ação antioxidante significativa, para todos os testes avaliados, principalmente na capacidade quelante do ferro. No experimento 2, observou-se que o aumento da concentração de GAGs diminuiu os parâmetros cinéticos (P < 0,05), porém o controle e a concentração de 0,5 mg mL-1 de GAGs apresentaram resultados semelhantes. Para os demais parâmetros (morfologia, integridade de membrana e de DNA), não houve diminuição dos resultados com o aumento da concentração de GAGs. Em conclusão, os GAGs, extraídos da pele de O. niloticus, possuem ação antioxidante, sendo a concentração de 0,5 mg mL-1 a mais adequada para suplementar o meio de congelação espermático de P. brevis.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Criopreservação/métodos , Criopreservação/veterinária , Antioxidantes/análise , Caraciformes/genética , Ciclídeos/fisiologia , Glicosaminoglicanos/análise , Glicosaminoglicanos/farmacocinética
5.
Ciênc. Anim. (Impr.) ; 30(04, Supl. 2): 332-336, 2020. graf, tab
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1472589

Resumo

This research aims to verify the influence of sulfated polysaccharides, extracted from the skin of tilapia, on the after thawing motility and morphology of P. brevis sperm. For this, 17 males were hormonally induced to reproduce, through the application of two doses of pituitary carp extract, 0.4 and 4.0mg kg-1. After the seminal collection, objective analyzes were performed and samples with motility greater than 80% were selected to form the pools. Then, the pools were frozen in solution supplemented, or not, with different concentrations of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs): 0 (control); 0.5; 1.0; 1.5; 2.0; 2.5; 3.0; 3.5; 4.0; 4.5 or 5.0mg mL-¹ (total of 10 treatments). The samples were placed in 0.25 mL French straws and submitted to an equilibrium time of 10 minutes at 4 ºC. Then, they were kept in the dry shipper for 15 minutes and finally stored in liquid nitrogen. After 15 days, samples were thawed in a water bath at 30 ºC for 16 seconds and evaluated for sperm motility and morphology. Thus, it was observed that the increase in GAGs caused a decrease in sperm motility, however the control and the concentration of 0.5mg mL-¹ presented very similar data. On the other hand, no decrease in normal sperm was observed with an increase in the concentration of GAGs. Therefore, it is concluded that the lowest concentration of GAGs is the most adequate to supplement the sperm freezing medium.


Assuntos
Masculino , Animais , Glicosaminoglicanos/administração & dosagem , Glicosaminoglicanos/efeitos adversos , Motilidade dos Espermatozoides/efeitos dos fármacos , Peixes , Sêmen/citologia , Sêmen/efeitos dos fármacos
6.
Ci. Anim. ; 30(04, Supl. 2): 332-336, 2020. graf, tab
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-32194

Resumo

This research aims to verify the influence of sulfated polysaccharides, extracted from the skin of tilapia, on the after thawing motility and morphology of P. brevis sperm. For this, 17 males were hormonally induced to reproduce, through the application of two doses of pituitary carp extract, 0.4 and 4.0mg kg-1. After the seminal collection, objective analyzes were performed and samples with motility greater than 80% were selected to form the pools. Then, the pools were frozen in solution supplemented, or not, with different concentrations of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs): 0 (control); 0.5; 1.0; 1.5; 2.0; 2.5; 3.0; 3.5; 4.0; 4.5 or 5.0mg mL-¹ (total of 10 treatments). The samples were placed in 0.25 mL French straws and submitted to an equilibrium time of 10 minutes at 4 ºC. Then, they were kept in the dry shipper for 15 minutes and finally stored in liquid nitrogen. After 15 days, samples were thawed in a water bath at 30 ºC for 16 seconds and evaluated for sperm motility and morphology. Thus, it was observed that the increase in GAGs caused a decrease in sperm motility, however the control and the concentration of 0.5mg mL-¹ presented very similar data. On the other hand, no decrease in normal sperm was observed with an increase in the concentration of GAGs. Therefore, it is concluded that the lowest concentration of GAGs is the most adequate to supplement the sperm freezing medium.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Sêmen/efeitos dos fármacos , Sêmen/citologia , Motilidade dos Espermatozoides/efeitos dos fármacos , Glicosaminoglicanos/administração & dosagem , Glicosaminoglicanos/efeitos adversos , Peixes
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